ETD at Indian Institute of Science
Repository of Theses and Dissertations of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. The repository has been developed to capture, disseminate and preserve research theses of Indian Institute of Science.
Civil Engineering (civil)
Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 126
Reliability And Response Uncertainty Analyses Of Piping And Shutdown Systems Of Nuclear Power Plants Under Seismic Loading - Sajish, S D
Earthquake safety engineering of nuclear power plant structures poses several challenges to the analyst and designer. These problems are characterized by highly transient and dynamic nature of earthquake induced excitations, random nature of details of support motions (in terms of duration, frequency content, amplitude modulation, multiple components, and spatial variability), nonlinear nature of structural behavior, geometrical complexity of the primary and a large number of secondary systems (such as, for example, piping, rotors, and machine panels), soil-structure interactions, demands on high level of safety expected of these structures, and general paucity of recorded data on strong ground motions appropriate for...
Fracture Energy And Process Zone In Plain Concrete Beams (An Experimental Study Including Acoustic Emission Technique) - Muralidhara, S
Concrete, which was hitherto considered as a brittle material, has shown much better softening behavior after the post peak load than anticipated. This behavior of concrete did put the researchers in a quandary, whether to categorize concrete under brittle materials or not. Consequently concrete has been called a quasi-brittle material. Fracture mechanics concepts like Linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) and Plastic limit analysis applicable to both brittle and ductile materials have been applied to concrete to characterize the fracture behavior. Because of quasi-brittle nature of concrete, which lies between ductile and brittle response and due to the presence of process...
Capacity Spectrum Method : Energy Based Approach - Patankar, Digvijay Babasaheb
The capacity spectrum method is a very popular tool in the performance based earthquake resistant design of structures. Though it involves nonlinear static analysis, it can be used to predict the dynamic behaviour of the building under earthquake load. Since the analysis is only static and not dynamic, it is very well suited for the design offices and low end computer terminals as opposed to dynamic analysis which is very resource consuming.
There are several methods/variations of methods, to perform the nonlinear static analysis, popularly known as pushover analysis and convert it to capacity spectrum. Displacement based pushover analysis, force...
Assessment Of Seismic Hazard With Local Site Effects : Deterministic And Probabilistic Approaches - Vipin, K S
Many researchers have pointed out that the accumulation of strain energy in the Penninsular Indian Shield region may lead to earthquakes of significant magnitude(Srinivasan and Sreenivas, 1977; Valdiya, 1998; Purnachandra Rao, 1999; Seeber et al., 1999; Ramalingeswara Rao, 2000; Gangrade and Arora, 2000). However very few studies have been carried out to quantify the seismic hazard of the entire Pennisular Indian region. In the present study the seismic hazard evaluation of South Indian region (8.0° N - 20° N; 72° E - 88° E) was done using the deterministic and probabilistic seismic hazard approaches. Effects of two of the important...
Modeling Of Contaminant Transport Through Soils And Landfill Liners - Bharat, Tadikonda Venkata
Accurate modeling of contaminant transport and sorption processes in the soil and landfill liners is a prerequisite for realistic model simulations of contaminant fate and transport in the environment. These studies are also important for the remediation of soil and groundwater contamination. Modeling of contaminant transport through soils and landfill liners consists of either solving the direct/forward problem or the inverse problem.
In this thesis, an automated time-stepping implicit procedure is developed from the convergence and error studies of explicit and implicit finite-difference solutions for the advection-dispersion transport of contaminants through soil with different sorption mechanisms. This study is further...