Recursos de colección

ETD at Indian Institute of Science (2.878 recursos)

Repository of Theses and Dissertations of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. The repository has been developed to capture, disseminate and preserve research theses of Indian Institute of Science.

Materials Research Centre (mrc)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 53

  1. Investigations of Solution Combustion Process and their Utilization for Bioceramic Applications

    Sherikar, Baburao Neelkantappa
    Solution combustion synthesis (SCS) with its origin at IPC department of IISc has been widely practiced for synthesis of oxide materials. It is simple and low cost process, with energy and time savings that can be used to produce homogeneous, high purity, uniformly doped, nano crystalline ceramic powders. The powders characteristics such as crystallite size and surface area are primarily governed by enthalpy, flame temperature of combustion, fuel and fuel to oxidizer ratio ( F/O). In the present work an attempt has been made to investigate the process in order to exercise a control over the phase formation and nature...

  2. "Developing Device Quality Vanadium Dioxide Thin Films for Infrared Applications"

    Bharathi, R
    Vanadium oxides are being used as the thermal sensing layer because of their applications in infrared detectors. They have high temperature coefficient of resistance, favorable electrical resistance and compatibility with the MEMS technology. Of all oxides of vanadium, only vanadium dioxide (VO2)has been highly investigated as it shows first order transition (semiconducting to metal transition-SMT)at 68 oC. First order transition is understood as the sharp change in the electrical resistance. The change in resistivity in this case is of the order of 105 over a temperature change of 0.1 oC at 68 oC in a single crystal. Doping vanadium oxides...

  3. "Developing Device Quality Vanadium Dioxide Thin Films for Infrared Applications"

    Bharathi, R
    Vanadium oxides are being used as the thermal sensing layer because of their applications in infrared detectors. They have high temperature coefficient of resistance, favorable electrical resistance and compatibility with the MEMS technology. Of all oxides of vanadium, only vanadium dioxide (VO2)has been highly investigated as it shows first order transition (semiconducting to metal transition-SMT)at 68 oC. First order transition is understood as the sharp change in the electrical resistance. The change in resistivity in this case is of the order of 105 over a temperature change of 0.1 oC at 68 oC in a single crystal. Doping vanadium oxides...

  4. Thermal Oxidation Strategies for the Synthesis of Binary Oxides and their Applications

    Shinde, Satish Laxman
    Binary oxides constitute an outstanding class of functional materials with potential applications in many fields such as catalysis, gas sensing, field emission, solar cells, photodetection, etc. Due to the difference in their physical/chemical properties, different oxides have been explored for different applications. For examples, SnO2, Cr2O3 and ZnO are being explored for gas sensing due to their high adsorption capacity for volatile gases, ZnO, Cu2O etc. are being explored in solar cells because of high adsorption coefficient in UV/visible region and so on. Various techniques are available for synthesis of binary oxides and tuning their properties. Most of the physical...

  5. Thermal Oxidation Strategies for the Synthesis of Binary Oxides and their Applications

    Shinde, Satish Laxman
    Binary oxides constitute an outstanding class of functional materials with potential applications in many fields such as catalysis, gas sensing, field emission, solar cells, photodetection, etc. Due to the difference in their physical/chemical properties, different oxides have been explored for different applications. For examples, SnO2, Cr2O3 and ZnO are being explored for gas sensing due to their high adsorption capacity for volatile gases, ZnO, Cu2O etc. are being explored in solar cells because of high adsorption coefficient in UV/visible region and so on. Various techniques are available for synthesis of binary oxides and tuning their properties. Most of the physical...

  6. Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Nucleation and Growth of Silicon Nanowires

    Shakthivel, Dhayalan
    Si nanowires have potential applications in a variety of technologies such as micro and nanoelectronics, sensors, electrodes and photovoltaic applications due to their size and specific surface area. Au particle-assisted vapour-liquid-solid or VLS growth method remains the dominant process for Si nanowire growth. A comprehensive kinetic model that addresses all experimental observations and provides a physico-chemical model of the VLS growth method is thus essential. The work done as part of this research is divided into two sections. A steady state kinetic model was first developed for the steady state growth rate of Si nanowires using SiCl4 and SiH4 as...

  7. Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Nucleation and Growth of Silicon Nanowires

    Shakthivel, Dhayalan
    Si nanowires have potential applications in a variety of technologies such as micro and nanoelectronics, sensors, electrodes and photovoltaic applications due to their size and specific surface area. Au particle-assisted vapour-liquid-solid or VLS growth method remains the dominant process for Si nanowire growth. A comprehensive kinetic model that addresses all experimental observations and provides a physico-chemical model of the VLS growth method is thus essential. The work done as part of this research is divided into two sections. A steady state kinetic model was first developed for the steady state growth rate of Si nanowires using SiCl4 and SiH4 as...

  8. Design and Development of Microstereolithography (MSL) System and Its Applications in Microfabrication of Polymer and Ceramic Structures

    Goswami, Ankur
    In the present era where MEMS (Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems) technology is in¬evitable from the perspective of applications in non-silicon based micro-devices (such as biosensors, microfluidics, microvalves etc.), it is imperative to develop different micro¬fabrication technologies which are simple in operation, have low operational cost and high versatility in terms of incorporating different materials. The microfabrication tech¬nologies (e.g: bulk micromachining, surface micromachining, X-ray LIGA (lithoqraphie galvanoformung abformung) etc.), which exist commercially are mostly limited to sili¬con based technologies. They are either constrained in fabricating complex geometry in micro dimension or have high operational cost. Microstereolithography (MSL) is one such rapid prototyping...

  9. Rational Design of Advanced Hybrid Nanostructures for Catalysis and Electrocatalysis

    Barman, Barun Kumar
    The hybrid nanostructures exhibit excellent performances in various fields such as catalysis, sensing, and energy conversion as compared to their individual ones. The thesis deals with the new methods for the synthesis of different type of hybrids with doped/pristine carbon nanostructures in the form of graphene, multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as one component and metals nanostructures (Ag, Pd, Pt and Au), carbide (Fe3C), metal chalcogenides (Ni3S2 and Co9S8) and oxide (CoO) as the other components. Various synthesis techniques such as modified galvanic replacement reaction at room temperature, hydrothermal, microwave and pyrolysis have been explored for the synthesis of different hybrid...

  10. Rational Design of Advanced Hybrid Nanostructures for Catalysis and Electrocatalysis

    Barman, Barun Kumar
    The hybrid nanostructures exhibit excellent performances in various fields such as catalysis, sensing, and energy conversion as compared to their individual ones. The thesis deals with the new methods for the synthesis of different type of hybrids with doped/pristine carbon nanostructures in the form of graphene, multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as one component and metals nanostructures (Ag, Pd, Pt and Au), carbide (Fe3C), metal chalcogenides (Ni3S2 and Co9S8) and oxide (CoO) as the other components. Various synthesis techniques such as modified galvanic replacement reaction at room temperature, hydrothermal, microwave and pyrolysis have been explored for the synthesis of different hybrid...

  11. Efficient Dislocation Reduction Methods for Integrating Gallium Nitride HEMTs on Si

    Mohan, Nagaboopathy
    Gallium Nitride (GaN) and its alloys with InN and AlN, the III-nitrides, are of interest for a variety of high power-high frequency electronics and optoelectronics applications. However, unlike Si and GaAs technology that have been developed on native substrates, III-nitride devices have been developed on non-native substrates such as Si, sapphire and SiC. This is because bulk cheap native III-nitride substrates are unavailable. Among the known substrates, III-nitride technology development on Si is desirable because of its large substrate size and low cost. However, the large lattice and thermal expansion mismatch between the III-nitrides films and Si substrate leads to...

  12. A Dynamical Approach to Plastic Deformation of Nano-Scale Materials : Nano and Micro-Indentation

    Srikanth, K
    Recent studies demonstrate that mechanical deformation of small volume systems can be significantly different from those of the bulk. One such interesting length scale dependent property is the increase in the yield stress with decrease in diameter of micrometer rods, particularly when the diameter is below a micrometer. Intermittent flow may also result when the diameter of the rods is decreased below a certain value. The second such property is the intermittent plastic deformation during nano-indentation experiments. Here again, the instability manifests due to smallness of the sample size, in the form of force fluctuations or displacement bursts. The third...

  13. Tuning Electronic Properties of Low Dimensional Materials

    Bhattacharyya, Swastibrata
    Discovery of grapheme has paved way for experimental realization of many physical phenomena such as massless Dirac fermions, quantum hall effect and zero-field conductivity. Search for other two dimensional (2D) materials led to the discovery of boron nitride, transition metal dichalcogenides(TMDs),transition metal oxides(MO2)and silicene. All of these materials exhibit different electronic and transport properties and are very promising for nanodevices such as nano-electromechanical-systems(NEMS), field effect transistors(FETs),sensors, hydrogen storage, nano photonics and many more. For practical utility of these materials in electronic and photonic applications, varying the band gap is very essential. Tuning of band gap has been achieved by doping,...

  14. Tuning Electronic Properties of Low Dimensional Materials

    Bhattacharyya, Swastibrata
    Discovery of grapheme has paved way for experimental realization of many physical phenomena such as massless Dirac fermions, quantum hall effect and zero-field conductivity. Search for other two dimensional (2D) materials led to the discovery of boron nitride, transition metal dichalcogenides(TMDs),transition metal oxides(MO2)and silicene. All of these materials exhibit different electronic and transport properties and are very promising for nanodevices such as nano-electromechanical-systems(NEMS), field effect transistors(FETs),sensors, hydrogen storage, nano photonics and many more. For practical utility of these materials in electronic and photonic applications, varying the band gap is very essential. Tuning of band gap has been achieved by doping,...

  15. Dissimilar Hetero-Interfaces with Group III-A Nitrides : Material And Device Perspectives

    Chandrasekar, Hareesh
    Group III-A nitrides (GaN, AlN, InN and alloys) are materials of considerable contemporary interest and currently enable a wide variety of optoelectronic and high-power, high-frequency electronic applications. All of these applications utilize device structures that employ a single or multiple hetero-junctions, with material compositions varying across the interface. For example, the workhorse of GaN based electronic devices is the high electron mobility transistor (HEMT) which is usually composed of an AlGaN/GaN hetero-junction, where a two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) is formed due to differences in polarization between the two layers. In addition to such hetero-junctions in the same material family, formation...

  16. Study Of Relaxor Ferroelectric PMN-PT Thin Films For Energy Harvesting Applications

    Saranya, D
    The present research work mainly focuses on the fabrication of 0.85PMN-0.15PT thin film relaxor ferroelectrics for energy harvesting applications. Chapter 1 gives a brief review about why energy harvesting is required and the different ways it can be scavenged. An introduction to relaxor ferroelectrics and their characteristics structural features are discussed. A brief introduction is given about charge storage, electrocaloric effect , DC-EFM and integration over Si substrate is discussed. Finally, the specific objectives of the current research are outlined. Chapter 2 deals with the various experimental studies carried out in this research work. It gives the details of the...

  17. Group III Nitride/p-Silicon Heterojunctions By Plasma Assisted Molecular Beam Epitaxy

    Bhat, Thirumaleshwara N
    The present work focuses on the growth and characterizations of GaN and InN layers and nanostructures on p-Si(100) and p-Si(111) substrates by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy and the studies of GaN/p-Si and InN/p-Si heterojunctions properties. The thesis is divided in to seven different chapters. Chapter 1 gives a brief introduction on III-nitride materials, growth systems, substrates, possible device applications and technical background. Chapter 2 deals with experimental techniques including the details of PAMBE system used in the present work and characterization tools for III-nitride epitaxial layers as well as nanostructures. Chapter 3 involves the growth of GaN films on p-Si(100)...

  18. Graphene Nanostructures : A Theoretical Study Of Electronic, Magnetic And Structural Properties

    Bhowmick, Somnath
    Graphene is a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in honeycomb lattice. Over a long period of time it was treated as a hypothetical material to understand the properties of other allotropes of carbon, such as graphite, carbon nanotube etc. Half decade back, a single layer of graphene was finally isolated and since then the field has observed a flurry of activities. Low energy excitations in graphene are massless Dirac Fermions and quantum electrodynamic effects can be observed at room temperature in graphene, which makes it very popular among the condensed matter community. In addition graphene also shows many interesting...

  19. Tuning Zinc Oxide Layers Towards White Light Emission

    Chirakkara, Saraswathi
    White light emitting diodes (LED) have drawn increasing attention due to their low energy consumption, high efficiency and potential to become primary lighting source by replacing conventional light sources. White light emission is usually generated either by coating yellow phosphor on a blue-LED or blending red, green and blue phosphor in an appropriate ratio. Maintaining appropriate proportions of individual components in the blend is difficult and the major demerit of such system is the overall self-absorption, which changes the solution concentration. This results in uncontrolled changes in the whiteness of the emitted light. Zinc Oxide (ZnO), a wide bandgap semiconductor...

  20. Epitaxial Perovskite Superlattices For Voltage Tunable Device Applications

    Choudhury, Palash Roy
    Perovskite based artificial superlattices has recently been extensively investigated due to the immense promise in various device applications. The major applications include non-volatile random access memories, microwave devices, phase shifters voltage tunable capacitor applications etc. In this thesis we have taken up the investigation of two different types of symmetric superlattices, viz. BaZrO3/BaTiO3 and SrTiO3/BaZrO3, with possible applicability to voltage tunable devices. Chapter 1 deals with the introduction to the perovskite based functional oxides. Their various applications and the specific requirements for voltage tunable device applications has also been discussed in detail. The basic properties of BaTiO3 and SrTiO3, which...

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