ETD at Indian Institute of Science
Repository of Theses and Dissertations of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. The repository has been developed to capture, disseminate and preserve research theses of Indian Institute of Science.
Molecular Biophysics Unit (mbu)
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Structural Studies On Three-Fold Symmetric Plant Lectins - Sharma, Alok
Lectins, multivalent carbohydrate-binding proteins of non-immune origin, have the unique ability to decode the information contained in complex carbohydrate structures of glycoproteins and glycolipids by stereo-specifically recognizing and binding to carbohydrates and carbohydrate linkages. The ubiquitous distribution of lectins in all forms of life and viruses along with their involvement in various biological processes such as cell-cell communication, host-pathogen interaction, cancer metastasis, embryogenesis, tissue development and mitogenic stimulation further emphasizes the importance of lectins in biological systems. Although not much is known about the endogenous roles of plant lectins, they constitute the most thoroughly studied class of lectins. On the...
Insights Into The Mechanistic Details Of The M.Tuberculosis Pantothenate Kinase : The Key Regulatory Enzyme Of CoA Biosynthesis - Parimal Kumar, *
Tuberculosis (TB), caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, has long been the scourge of humanity, claiming millions of lives. It is the most devastating infectious disease of the world in terms of mortality as well as morbidity (WHO, 2009). The lack of a uniformly effective vaccine against TB, the development of resistance in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis against the present antitubercular drugs and its synergy with AIDS has made the situation very alarming. This therefore necessitates a search for new antitubercular drugs as well as the identification of new and unexplored drug targets (Broun et aI., 1992). Coenzyme A is an essential cofactor...
Structural Studies On Physalis Mottle Virus Capsid Proteins & Stress Response Proteins Of Oryza Sativa And Salmonella Typhimurium - Sagurthi, Someswar Rao
X-ray crystallography is one of the most powerful tools for the elucidation of the structure of biological macromolecules such as proteins and viruses. Crystallographic techniques are extensively used for investigations on protein structure, ligand-binding, mechanisms of enzyme catalyzed reactions, protein-protein interactions, role of metal ions in protein structure and function, structure of multi-enzyme complexes and viruses, protein dynamics and for a myriad other problems in structural biology. Crystallographic studies are essential for understanding the intricate details of the mechanism of action of enzymes at molecular level. Understanding the subtle differences between the pathogenic enzymes and host enzymes is necessary for...
Promoter Prediction In Microbial Genomes Based On DNA Structural Features - Rangannan, Vetriselvi
Promoter region is the key regulatory region, which enables the gene to be
transcribed or repressed by anchoring RNA polymerase and other transcription factors, but it is difficult to determine experimentally. Hence an in silico identification of promoters is crucial in order to guide experimental work and to pin point the key region that controls the transcription initiation of a gene. Analysis of various genome sequences in the vicinity of experimentally identified transcription start sites (TSSs) in prokaryotic as well as eukaryotic genomes had earlier indicated that they have several structural features in common, such as lower stability, higher curvature and...
Protein-DNA Graphs And Interaction Energy Based Protein Structure Networks - Vijayabaskar, M S
Proteins orchestrate a number of cellular processes either alone or in concert with other biomolecules like nucleic acids, carbohydrates, and lipids. They exhibit an intrinsic ability to fold de novo to their functional states. The three–dimensional structure of a protein, dependent on its amino acid sequence, is important for its function. Understanding this sequence– structure–function relationship has become one of the primary goals in biophysics. Various experimental techniques like X–ray crystallography, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR), and site–directed mutagenesis have been used extensively towards this goal. Computational studies include mainly sequence based, and structure based approaches. The sequence based approaches such...
Topology-based Sequence Design For Proteins Structures And Statistical Potentials Sensitive To Local Environments - Jha, Anupam Nath
Proteins, which regulate most of the biological activities, perform their functions through their unique three-dimensional structures. The folding process of this three dimensional structure from one dimensional sequence is not well understood. The available facts infer that the protein structures are mostly conserved while sequences are more tolerant to mutations
i.e. a number of sequences can adopt the same fold. These arch of optimal sequences for a chosen conformation is known as inverse protein folding and this thesis takes this approach to solve the enigmatic problem.
This thesis presents a protein sequence design method based on the native state topology of protein...
Structural, Biophysical And Biochemical Studies On Mannose-Specific Lectins - Gupta, Garima
For a long time, the scientific community underestimated the value of carbohydrates and the approach of most scientists to the complex world of glycans was apprehensive. The scenario, however, has changed today. With the development of new research tools and methodologies the study of carbohydrates and glycoconjugates has progressed rapidly, increasing our understanding of these molecules. Carbohydrates are most abundant amongst biological polymers in nature and vital for life processes. In their simplest form, they serve as a primary source of energy to most living organisms. In generalis, they exist as complex structures (glycans), and as conjugates of protein (glycoproteins,...