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The KnowledgeBank at OSU (82.538 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

30th Hayes Graduate Research Forum (February, 2016)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 35

  1. Measuring Family Quality of Life for Children with Autism

    Settle, Theresa
    The purpose of this study was to investigate family quality of life for children with autism. In order to measure family quality of life, family leisure was used as a key indicator. The aims of the study were as follows: 1) to describe family leisure for children with autism, 2) to investigate which child characteristics were associated with family leisure for children with autism, 3) to compare family leisure for children with autism to family leisure for typically developing children.

  2. Is Genocidal Behavior Learned? Assessing the Familial Ties of Genocide Perpetrators

    Gertz, Evelyn
    Samantha Power, United States ambassador to the United Nations, designated the 20th century “the age of genocide.” Since 1945, nearly 50 such events have occurred, causing more deaths than all internal and international wars combined. Foundational research on genocide perpetrators dates back to post-WWII and examines the motives of Nazi killers. These studies, with important exceptions, generally conclude that perpetrators are simply “ordinary men” responding to bureaucratic obedience structures. More recently, scholars have highlighted the role of interpersonal networks in shaping the dynamics of genocide. Fujii and McDoom find that local social ties, particularly those connected to kinship, explain patterns...

  3. 'Dulce et Decorum Est': A Lost Generation of Roman Elites in the Hannibalic War

    Barber, Cary
    A five-year embargo was granted for this item.

  4. Parental Exposure to Light at Night Prior to Conception Impairs Offspring Immune Function

    Cisse, Yasmine M.
    Environmental light is the most potent signal for synchronizing the circadian system. Adoption of electrical lighting has occurred without consideration or understanding of the wide ranging physiological and psychological effects of light at night. Disruption of natural light/dark cycles by light at night (LAN) dampens endogenous biological rhythms to maintain optimal functioning of various organ systems. The immune system, especially T cell proliferation and NK-cell activity, displays circadian rhythms in function. Dim LAN (dLAN) exposure decreases plasma bactericidal capacity and impairs response to delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH), an antigen specific T-cell mediated immune response, in Siberian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus). Studies...

  5. Five Phases Belief in Chu 楚: Sacrificing White Dogs to Save the Kingdom?

    Kong, Xueying
    This paper is a corpus-based study on excavated bamboo-slip inscriptions from Chu state around 700 BCE. -300 BCE. It examines in detail a particular sacrifice made of white dogs and the historical and religious contexts for this ritual. The results show that this occult practice was performed as part of the five-god ritual system of Chu state. In the ritual Chu people singled out white dogs as appropriate sacrifice because in their belief, the energy flow from white dogs were able to destroy Chu state. The whole idea was based on the Five Phases theory, which served as a logical...

  6. Traumatic Brain Injury Causes the Formation of Rod Microglia/Macrophages in the Cortex

    Witcher, Kristina
    A five-year embargo was granted for this item.

  7. GDC-0853 inhibits both wild type and C481S BTK variants while preserving NK cell mediated ADCC

    Reiff, Sean
    A five-year embargo was granted for this item.

  8. Dynamics of Colonization of Cucurbits by the Bacterial Plant Pathogen Erwinia tracheiphila

    Vrisman, Claudio M.
    Purpose of the study Bacterial wilt, caused by Erwinia tracheiphila, is one of the most destructive diseases of cucurbits (cucumbers, melons, squash, and pumpkins) in the Midwestern and Northeastern US. Younger plants are more susceptible than older ones, and can wilt within 6 days after infection. Wilting occurs due to multiplication of bacteria inside xylem tissue. Erwinia tracheiphila strains display a preference for colonizing the Cucumis (cucumber and melon) or Cucurbita (squash and pumpkin) host genus from which they were isolated. Although this disease has been studied since 1900, the dynamics of colonization remains unclear. As for most systemic bacterial diseases...

  9. ACD-crosslinked actin oligomers are potent toxins inhibiting formin-mediated actin polymerization

    Heisler, David B.
    Bacterial toxins are the deadliest compounds on the planet; a single copy of a toxin is capable of compromising a host cell. Amplification of toxicity is typically achieved by enzymatically targeting signaling cascades or inhibiting vital host proteins/complexes present in relatively few copies. Due to its fundamental importance for a living cell, a major cytoskeletal protein, actin, is a common target of many toxins. However, due to the high abundance of actin in the cytosol it is not clear how actin-targeting toxins can achieve their high efficiency. One of such toxins produced by pathogenic strains of Vibrio cholerae, Vibrio vulnificus,...

  10. Social Stress Causes Extramedullary Hematopoiesis in the Spleen

    McKim, Daniel
    A five-year embargo was granted for this item.

  11. A theory for accelerated stress corrosion cracking in arc-welded aluminum alloys and mitigation by precision additive dressing

    Borchers, Tyler
    Where stress corrosion cracking (SCC) of an un-welded high-strength aluminum alloy may not occur, gas-metal arc welding of the same alloy can induce SCC in an accelerated timeframe. This was found to originate from a metallurgical weld region called the fused-overlap zone (FOZ); the corrosion (pitting) reaction that occurs within the FOZ acts as the catalyst for accelerated SCC. Each of the necessary factors for SCC (i.e. corrosive environment, tensile stress, and susceptible material) is affected by arc-welding. In a saline solution, the corrosive environment becomes more acidic because of FOZ pitting; tensile stress intensity is increased by the geometric...

  12. Word-of-Mouth: Positive and Negative Experiences with Hedonic and Utilitarian Products

    Teeny, Jacob
    A five-year embargo was granted for this item.

  13. Contrasting Expressive Content in First and Second Musical Themes

    Warrenburg, Lindsay
    Since the 18th century, music theorists have noted the tendency for art-music works to contain themes exhibiting contrasting expressive content. In music exhibiting two main themes, the first theme is commonly characterized as stronger or more energetic, whereas the second theme tends to be gentler or more lyrical (Marx, 1845; Koch, 1793). In the first study, an examination of 1063 musical works was conducted using the Humdrum Toolkit, where first and second themes were compared on six structural features: modality, average interval size, rhythmic smoothness (nPVI), pace, dynamics, and articulation. Consistent with the higher energy hypothesis, first themes tend to...

  14. Generating Illegality and Precarity through Forced Resettlement in Peri-urban Delhi in India

    Bose, Debangana
    The United Nations (UN) entrusted the UN Habitat in 2006 with the responsibility to assist member states to monitor and gradually attain the “cities without slum” target, also known as Target 11 of the Millennium Development Goals (Millennium Development Report 2015). In large cities in India, migrants frequently squat on public land in inner city where they have easy access to basic amenities such as sanitation, drinking water, and health care as well as job opportunities. Target 11 prescribes its member states to provide tenure rights to the poor squatting in public land in large cities. However, instead of ensuring...

  15. Lincoln's Divided Legion: Emancipation and the Political Culture of the Army of the Potomac, 1861-1865

    Fry, Zachery
    A five-year embargo was granted for this item.

  16. Rocking the Boat: The Effects of Status Change on Helping Behaviors within Hierarchical Groups

    Doyle, Sarah
    A five-year embargo was granted for this item.

  17. Motivation of Electroceutical Bandages for Treatment of Chronically Infected Wounds

    Bennett, Molly
    A five-year embargo was granted for this item.

  18. Genetic Ablation of Smoothened in Tumor-Associated Fibroblasts Promotes Pancreatic Tumorigenesis

    Pitarresi, Jason R.
    A five-year embargo was granted for this item.

  19. Visualizing Sight Experience

    Baczeski, Lillianna Marie
    Eye-tracking technology is used by scientists to explore and make measurable claims to advance knowledge in pursuit of the question: How do humans see? Though I am not a scientist, my investigations originate from the same question. In my current work, I approach this question with the tools of a scientist, but with the capacity of an artist.

  20. Cosmic-ray muon spallation backgrounds for MeV astrophysical neutrino signals in Super-Kamiokande

    Li, Shirley
    When muons travel through matter, their energy losses lead to nuclear breakup ("spallation") processes. The delayed decays of unstable daughter nuclei produced by cosmic-ray muons are important backgrounds for low-energy astrophysical neutrino experiments, e.g., those seeking to detect solar neutrino or diffuse supernova neutrino background (DSNB) signals. Even though Super-Kamiokande has strong general cuts to reduce these spallation-induced backgrounds, the remaining rate before additional cuts for specific signals is much larger than the signal rates for kinetic energies of about 6–18 MeV. Surprisingly, there is no published calculation of the production and properties of these backgrounds in water, though there...

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