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PANGAEA tech-keyword 'featured' (6 data sets)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 229

  1. Branched GDGTs of sediment and soil samples from Svalbard

    Peterse, Francien; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Schouten, Stefan; Klitgaard-Kristensen, Dorthe; Koç, Nalân; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S
    Branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) are membrane lipids of unknown bacteria that are ubiquitous in soil and peat. Two indices based on the distribution of these lipids in soils, the Cyclization of Branched Tetraethers (CBT) and the Methylation of Branched Tetraethers (MBT) indices have been shown to correlate with soil pH, and mean annual air temperature (MAT) and soil pH, respectively, and can be used to reconstruct MAT in palaeoenvironments. To verify the extent to which branched GDGTs in marine sediments reflect the distribution pattern on land and whether these proxies are applicable for palaeoclimate reconstruction in high latitude...

  2. Branched GDGTs in the Tagus River drainage basin and its outflow into the Atlantic Ocean

    Warden, Lisa; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Zell, Claudia; Vis, Geert-Jan; de Stigter, Henko; Bonnin, Jerome; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S
    The distributions of branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (brGDGTs), which are transported from the soils where they are predominantly produced to marine sediments via rivers, have been applied in reconstructing mean annual air temperature (MAT) and pH of soils. However, paleoclimate reconstructions using sedimentary brGDGTs have proven difficult in arid regions, including the Iberian Peninsula. Recently, six novel 6-methyl brGDGTs have been described using new analytical methods (in addition to the nine 5-methyl brGDGTs previously used for climate reconstructions), and so new pH and MAT calibrations have been developed that were shown to improve the accuracy of reconstructions in a...

  3. Branched GDGTs in the Tagus River drainage basin and its outflow into the Atlantic Ocean

    Warden, Lisa; Kim, Jung-Hyun; Zell, Claudia; Vis, Geert-Jan; de Stigter, Henko; Bonnin, Jerome; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S
    The distributions of branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (brGDGTs), which are transported from the soils where they are predominantly produced to marine sediments via rivers, have been applied in reconstructing mean annual air temperature (MAT) and pH of soils. However, paleoclimate reconstructions using sedimentary brGDGTs have proven difficult in arid regions, including the Iberian Peninsula. Recently, six novel 6-methyl brGDGTs have been described using new analytical methods (in addition to the nine 5-methyl brGDGTs previously used for climate reconstructions), and so new pH and MAT calibrations have been developed that were shown to improve the accuracy of reconstructions in a...

  4. Stable carbon isotope record of Lake Challa

    Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S; Verschuren, Dirk; Ossebaar, Jort; Blokker, Jord; van Houten, Rianne; van der Meer, Marcel T J; Plessen, Birgit; Schouten, Stefan
    The debate of climate versus CO2 in controlling the long-term dynamics of tropical African vegetation has focused on events at the upper tree-line, since the relevant paleodata tend to be from mid-elevation sites (~2000-3000 m). Less well known is the relative importance of CO2 in regulating the dynamics of tropical lowland (<1500 m) vegetation, particularly that of the dry open woodlands, bush- and grasslands covering much of eastern equatorial Africa. Here we examine the stable carbon isotopic composition of n-alkanes in the sediment record of Lake Challa, a lowland crater lake near Mt. Kilimanjaro, covering the last 25,000 years. The...

  5. Stable carbon isotope record of Lake Challa

    Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S; Verschuren, Dirk; Ossebaar, Jort; Blokker, Jord; van Houten, Rianne; van der Meer, Marcel T J; Plessen, Birgit; Schouten, Stefan
    The debate of climate versus CO2 in controlling the long-term dynamics of tropical African vegetation has focused on events at the upper tree-line, since the relevant paleodata tend to be from mid-elevation sites (~2000-3000 m). Less well known is the relative importance of CO2 in regulating the dynamics of tropical lowland (<1500 m) vegetation, particularly that of the dry open woodlands, bush- and grasslands covering much of eastern equatorial Africa. Here we examine the stable carbon isotopic composition of n-alkanes in the sediment record of Lake Challa, a lowland crater lake near Mt. Kilimanjaro, covering the last 25,000 years. The...

  6. Marine Litter quantities on six Beaches of northern Svalbard in 2016 determined by citizen scientists

    Bergmann, Melanie; Gutow, Lars
    Beaches on remote Arctic islands may be sinks for marine litter and reflect pollution levels of the surrounding waters particularly well. We provide the first quantitative data from surveys carried out by citizen scientists on six beaches of northern Svalbard. Litter quantities recorded by cruise tourists varied from 9-524 g m-2 and were similar to those from densely populated areas. Plastics accounted for >80% of the overall litter, most of which originated from fisheries. Our study highlights the potential of citizen scientists to provide scientifically valuable data on the pollution of sensitive remote ecosystems. The results stress once more that...

  7. Marine Litter quantities on six Beaches of northern Svalbard in 2016 determined by citizen scientists

    Bergmann, Melanie; Gutow, Lars
    Beaches on remote Arctic islands may be sinks for marine litter and reflect pollution levels of the surrounding waters particularly well. We provide the first quantitative data from surveys carried out by citizen scientists on six beaches of northern Svalbard. Litter quantities recorded by cruise tourists varied from 9-524 g m-2 and were similar to those from densely populated areas. Plastics accounted for >80% of the overall litter, most of which originated from fisheries. Our study highlights the potential of citizen scientists to provide scientifically valuable data on the pollution of sensitive remote ecosystems. The results stress once more that...

  8. Marine Litter quantities on six Beaches of northern Svalbard in 2016 determined by citizen scientists

    Bergmann, Melanie; Gutow, Lars
    Beaches on remote Arctic islands may be sinks for marine litter and reflect pollution levels of the surrounding waters particularly well. We provide the first quantitative data from surveys carried out by citizen scientists on six beaches of northern Svalbard. Litter quantities recorded by cruise tourists varied from 9-524 g m-2 and were similar to those from densely populated areas. Plastics accounted for >80% of the overall litter, most of which originated from fisheries. Our study highlights the potential of citizen scientists to provide scientifically valuable data on the pollution of sensitive remote ecosystems. The results stress once more that...

  9. Marine Litter quantities on six Beaches of northern Svalbard in 2016 determined by citizen scientists

    Bergmann, Melanie; Gutow, Lars
    Beaches on remote Arctic islands may be sinks for marine litter and reflect pollution levels of the surrounding waters particularly well. We provide the first quantitative data from surveys carried out by citizen scientists on six beaches of northern Svalbard. Litter quantities recorded by cruise tourists varied from 9-524 g m-2 and were similar to those from densely populated areas. Plastics accounted for >80% of the overall litter, most of which originated from fisheries. Our study highlights the potential of citizen scientists to provide scientifically valuable data on the pollution of sensitive remote ecosystems. The results stress once more that...

  10. Marine Litter quantities on six Beaches of northern Svalbard in 2016 determined by citizen scientists

    Bergmann, Melanie; Gutow, Lars
    Beaches on remote Arctic islands may be sinks for marine litter and reflect pollution levels of the surrounding waters particularly well. We provide the first quantitative data from surveys carried out by citizen scientists on six beaches of northern Svalbard. Litter quantities recorded by cruise tourists varied from 9-524 g m-2 and were similar to those from densely populated areas. Plastics accounted for >80% of the overall litter, most of which originated from fisheries. Our study highlights the potential of citizen scientists to provide scientifically valuable data on the pollution of sensitive remote ecosystems. The results stress once more that...

  11. Roosevelt Island Climate Evolution (RICE) ice core isotope record

    Bertler, Nancy A; Conway, Howard; Dahl-Jensen, Dorthe; Emanuelsson, Urban; Winstrup, Mai; Vallelonga, Paul T; Lee, James E; Brook, Edward J; Severinghaus, Jeffrey P; Fudge, Tyler J; Keller, Elizabeth D; Baisden, W Troy; Hindmarsh, Richard C A; Neff, Peter D; Blunier, Thomas; Edwards, Ross L; Mayewski, Paul A; Kipfstuhl, Sepp; Buizert, Christo; Canessa, Silvia; Dadic, Ruzica; Kjær, Helle A; Kurbatov, Andrei; Zhang, Dongqi; Waddington, Edwin D; Baccolo, Giovanni; Beers, Thomas; Brightley, Hannah J; Carter, Lionel; Clemens-Sewall, David; Ciobanu, Viorela G; Delmonte, Barbara; Eling, Lukas; Ellis, Aja A; Ganesh, Shruthi; Golledge, Nicholas R; Haines, Skylar A; Handley, Michael; Hawley, Robert L; Hogan, Chad M; Johnson, Katelyn M; Korotkikh, Elena; Lowry, Daniel P; Mandeno, Darcy; McKay, Robert M; Menking, James A; Naish, Timothy R; Noerling, Caroline; Ollive, Agathe; Orsi, Anais J; Proemse, Bernadette C; Pyne, Alexander R; Pyne, Rebecca L; Renwick, James; Scherer, Reed P; Semper, Stefanie; Simonsen, Marius; Sneed, Sharon B; Steig, Eric J; Tuohy, Andrea; Ulayottil Venugopal, Abhijith; Valero-Delgado, Fernando; Venkatesh, Janani; Wang, Feitang; Wang, Shimeng; Winski, Dominic A; Winton, Victoria H L; Whiteford, Arran; Xiao, Cunde; Yang, Jiao; Zhang, Xin
    High-resolution, well-dated climate archives provide an opportunity to investigate the dynamic interactions of climate patterns relevant for future projections. Here, we present data from a new, annually-dated ice core record from the eastern Ross Sea. Comparison of the Roosevelt Island Climate Evolution (RICE) ice core records with climate reanalysis data for the 1979-2012 calibration period shows that RICE records reliably capture temperature and snow precipitation variability of the region. RICE is compared with data from West Antarctica (West Antarctic Ice Sheet Divide Ice Core) and the western (Talos Dome) and eastern (Siple Dome) Ross Sea. For most of the past...

  12. Roosevelt Island Climate Evolution (RICE) ice core isotope record

    Bertler, Nancy A; Conway, Howard; Dahl-Jensen, Dorthe; Emanuelsson, Urban; Winstrup, Mai; Vallelonga, Paul T; Lee, James E; Brook, Edward J; Severinghaus, Jeffrey P; Fudge, Tyler J; Keller, Elizabeth D; Baisden, W Troy; Hindmarsh, Richard C A; Neff, Peter D; Blunier, Thomas; Edwards, Ross L; Mayewski, Paul A; Kipfstuhl, Sepp; Buizert, Christo; Canessa, Silvia; Dadic, Ruzica; Kjær, Helle A; Kurbatov, Andrei; Zhang, Dongqi; Waddington, Edwin D; Baccolo, Giovanni; Beers, Thomas; Brightley, Hannah J; Carter, Lionel; Clemens-Sewall, David; Ciobanu, Viorela G; Delmonte, Barbara; Eling, Lukas; Ellis, Aja A; Ganesh, Shruthi; Golledge, Nicholas R; Haines, Skylar A; Handley, Michael; Hawley, Robert L; Hogan, Chad M; Johnson, Katelyn M; Korotkikh, Elena; Lowry, Daniel P; Mandeno, Darcy; McKay, Robert M; Menking, James A; Naish, Timothy R; Noerling, Caroline; Ollive, Agathe; Orsi, Anais J; Proemse, Bernadette C; Pyne, Alexander R; Pyne, Rebecca L; Renwick, James; Scherer, Reed P; Semper, Stefanie; Simonsen, Marius; Sneed, Sharon B; Steig, Eric J; Tuohy, Andrea; Ulayottil Venugopal, Abhijith; Valero-Delgado, Fernando; Venkatesh, Janani; Wang, Feitang; Wang, Shimeng; Winski, Dominic A; Winton, Victoria H L; Whiteford, Arran; Xiao, Cunde; Yang, Jiao; Zhang, Xin
    High-resolution, well-dated climate archives provide an opportunity to investigate the dynamic interactions of climate patterns relevant for future projections. Here, we present data from a new, annually-dated ice core record from the eastern Ross Sea. Comparison of the Roosevelt Island Climate Evolution (RICE) ice core records with climate reanalysis data for the 1979-2012 calibration period shows that RICE records reliably capture temperature and snow precipitation variability of the region. RICE is compared with data from West Antarctica (West Antarctic Ice Sheet Divide Ice Core) and the western (Talos Dome) and eastern (Siple Dome) Ross Sea. For most of the past...

  13. Neodymium isotopic composition of mixed planktonic foraminifera species and epsilon-Nd of scleractinian cold-water corals

    Dubois-Dauphin, Quentin; Montagna, Paolo; Siani, Giuseppe; Douville, Eric; Wienberg, Claudia; Hebbeln, Dierk; Liu, Zhifei; Kallel, Nejib; Dapoigny, Arnaud; Revel, Marie; Pons-Branchu, Edwige; Taviani, Marco; Colin, Christophe
    We present the neodymium isotopic composition (epsilon-Nd) of mixed planktonic foraminifera species from a sediment core collected at 622 m water depth in the Balearic Sea, as well as epsilon-Nd of scleractinian cold-water corals (CWC; Madrepora oculata, Lophelia pertusa) retrieved between 280 and 442 m water depth in the Alboran Sea and at 414 m depth in the southern Sardinian continental margin. The aim is to constrain hydrological variations at intermediate depths in the western Mediterranean Sea during the last 20 kyr. Planktonic (Globigerina bulloides) and benthic (Cibicidoides pachyderma) foraminifera from the Balearic Sea were also analyzed for stable oxygen...

  14. Neodymium isotopic composition of mixed planktonic foraminifera species and epsilon-Nd of scleractinian cold-water corals

    Dubois-Dauphin, Quentin; Montagna, Paolo; Siani, Giuseppe; Douville, Eric; Wienberg, Claudia; Hebbeln, Dierk; Liu, Zhifei; Kallel, Nejib; Dapoigny, Arnaud; Revel, Marie; Pons-Branchu, Edwige; Taviani, Marco; Colin, Christophe
    We present the neodymium isotopic composition (epsilon-Nd) of mixed planktonic foraminifera species from a sediment core collected at 622 m water depth in the Balearic Sea, as well as epsilon-Nd of scleractinian cold-water corals (CWC; Madrepora oculata, Lophelia pertusa) retrieved between 280 and 442 m water depth in the Alboran Sea and at 414 m depth in the southern Sardinian continental margin. The aim is to constrain hydrological variations at intermediate depths in the western Mediterranean Sea during the last 20 kyr. Planktonic (Globigerina bulloides) and benthic (Cibicidoides pachyderma) foraminifera from the Balearic Sea were also analyzed for stable oxygen...

  15. Plant macrofossil records from permafrost deposits of the Bykovsky Peninsula (NE Siberia)

    Kienast, Frank; Schirrmeister, Lutz; Siegert, Christine; Tarasov, Pavel E
    Plant macrofossils from the Mamontovy Khayata permafrost sequence on the Bykovsky Peninsula reflect climate and plant biodiversity in west Beringia during the last cold stage. 14C dates suggest sediment accumulation between about 60,000 and 7500 14C yr B.P. The plant remains prove that during the last cold-stage arctic species coexisted with aquatic, littoral, meadow and steppe taxa. The reconstructed vegetation composition is similar to modern vegetation mosaics in central and northeast Yakutian relict steppe areas. Thus, productive meadow and steppe communities played an important role in the Siberian Arctic vegetation during the late Pleistocene and could have served as food...

  16. Plant macrofossil records from permafrost deposits of the Bykovsky Peninsula (NE Siberia)

    Kienast, Frank; Schirrmeister, Lutz; Siegert, Christine; Tarasov, Pavel E
    Plant macrofossils from the Mamontovy Khayata permafrost sequence on the Bykovsky Peninsula reflect climate and plant biodiversity in west Beringia during the last cold stage. 14C dates suggest sediment accumulation between about 60,000 and 7500 14C yr B.P. The plant remains prove that during the last cold-stage arctic species coexisted with aquatic, littoral, meadow and steppe taxa. The reconstructed vegetation composition is similar to modern vegetation mosaics in central and northeast Yakutian relict steppe areas. Thus, productive meadow and steppe communities played an important role in the Siberian Arctic vegetation during the late Pleistocene and could have served as food...

  17. Plant macrofossil records from permafrost deposits of the Bykovsky Peninsula (NE Siberia)

    Kienast, Frank; Schirrmeister, Lutz; Siegert, Christine; Tarasov, Pavel E
    Plant macrofossils from the Mamontovy Khayata permafrost sequence on the Bykovsky Peninsula reflect climate and plant biodiversity in west Beringia during the last cold stage. 14C dates suggest sediment accumulation between about 60,000 and 7500 14C yr B.P. The plant remains prove that during the last cold-stage arctic species coexisted with aquatic, littoral, meadow and steppe taxa. The reconstructed vegetation composition is similar to modern vegetation mosaics in central and northeast Yakutian relict steppe areas. Thus, productive meadow and steppe communities played an important role in the Siberian Arctic vegetation during the late Pleistocene and could have served as food...

  18. (Table 1) SPM samples and sites along the Rhône Rive

    Kim, Jung-Hyun; Buscail, Rosalyne; Fanget, Anne-Sophie; Eyrolle-Boyer, Frédérique; Bassetti, Maria Angela; Dorhout, Denise J C; Baas, Marianne; Berné, Serge; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S
    We tested the applicability of the BIT (branched and isoprenoid tetraether) index as a proxy for palaeoflood events in the river-dominated continental margin of the Gulf of Lions (NW Mediterranean). We compared the concentrations of branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (br GDGTs) and crenarchaeol in suspended particulate matter (SPM) collected downstream in the Rhône River, as well as in surface sediments and a ca. 8m piston core from the Rhône prodelta. The core covered the last 400 yr, with four distinct intervals recording the river influence under natural and man-induced shifts in four main channels of the river mouth (Bras...

  19. (Table 1) SPM samples and sites along the Rhône Rive

    Kim, Jung-Hyun; Buscail, Rosalyne; Fanget, Anne-Sophie; Eyrolle-Boyer, Frédérique; Bassetti, Maria Angela; Dorhout, Denise J C; Baas, Marianne; Berné, Serge; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S
    We tested the applicability of the BIT (branched and isoprenoid tetraether) index as a proxy for palaeoflood events in the river-dominated continental margin of the Gulf of Lions (NW Mediterranean). We compared the concentrations of branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (br GDGTs) and crenarchaeol in suspended particulate matter (SPM) collected downstream in the Rhône River, as well as in surface sediments and a ca. 8m piston core from the Rhône prodelta. The core covered the last 400 yr, with four distinct intervals recording the river influence under natural and man-induced shifts in four main channels of the river mouth (Bras...

  20. Hydroclimate proxy data from the eastern tropical Indian Ocean

    Mohtadi, Mahyar; Prange, Matthias; Schefuß, Enno; Jennerjahn, Tim C
    Mg/Ca-based SST and thermocline temperatures with 1Sigma error at different sites, their difference (DeltaT), and the average DeltaT values for different periods with 95% confidence interval (CI). Also shown are hydrogen isotope (dD) values of n-C31 alkanes relative to the standard mean ocean water (per mil SMOW) with the 95% CI (LGM values are corrected for ice-volume), the C31 n-alkane concentrations in nanogram per gram sediment (ng g-1), the Carbon Preference Index (CPI27-33) as a measure of the degree of terrestrial organic matter degradation (higher CPI reflects less degraded plant waxes and vice versa), and their 1Sigma standard deviations (SD).

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