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The KnowledgeBank at OSU (75.894 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

21st Denman Undergraduate Research Forum (2016)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 128

  1. Development and Assessment of an Oscillatory Motion Tutorial

    Young, Nicholas
    Our research over the previous two semesters has indicated that introductory physics students are not able to consistently determine the angular frequency, period, or frequency from graphical representations and do not have a firm grasp on these concepts. Since the harmonic oscillator is a fundamental model in many physical and biological systems, it is critical that students understand the concepts and relationships that underlie the model. In order to help students develop these skills, we created a tutorial that could be completed in a 40-minute group work session. The tutorial guided students to work in small groups to complete tasks...

  2. Development and Assessment of an Oscillatory Motion Tutorial

    Young, Nicholas
    Our research over the previous two semesters has indicated that introductory physics students are not able to consistently determine the angular frequency, period, or frequency from graphical representations and do not have a firm grasp on these concepts. Since the harmonic oscillator is a fundamental model in many physical and biological systems, it is critical that students understand the concepts and relationships that underlie the model. In order to help students develop these skills, we created a tutorial that could be completed in a 40-minute group work session. The tutorial guided students to work in small groups to complete tasks...

  3. Schooling individuals discover a novel food source via social learning faster than non-schooling individuals

    Troyer, Emily
    Novel information, such as the location of a new food source, can be transmitted throughout a group via social learning, as opposed to direct sampling of the environment. When learning is asocial, individuals will encounter a novel food source on their own, with no guidance from others. However, in a social learning environment, individuals will learn of a novel food source by directly observing others. Schooling or flocking behavior, which is often seen in fish and birds, also allows for social learning to occur, due to the close proximity individuals have with one another in their group. The purpose of...

  4. Schooling individuals discover a novel food source via social learning faster than non-schooling individuals

    Troyer, Emily
    Novel information, such as the location of a new food source, can be transmitted throughout a group via social learning, as opposed to direct sampling of the environment. When learning is asocial, individuals will encounter a novel food source on their own, with no guidance from others. However, in a social learning environment, individuals will learn of a novel food source by directly observing others. Schooling or flocking behavior, which is often seen in fish and birds, also allows for social learning to occur, due to the close proximity individuals have with one another in their group. The purpose of...

  5. An Econometric Study Evaluating the Role of "Office of Patient Experience" on Experiential Outcomes in U.S. Hospitals

    Jha, Anuvrat
    Since the inception of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), there has been a drastic change in the delivery of healthcare. Payment reform was one of the key attributes of the PPACA, shifting the reimbursement model from fee-for-service to value based purchasing (VBP). In the VBP model, payments are bundled and reimbursement is based on a VBP score. The VBP score is comprised of 70% process management (Quality & Safety) and 30% patient experience during their hospital stay. Patient experience is measured by the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) score. These measures are quantifiable...

  6. An Econometric Study Evaluating the Role of "Office of Patient Experience" on Experiential Outcomes in U.S. Hospitals

    Jha, Anuvrat
    Since the inception of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), there has been a drastic change in the delivery of healthcare. Payment reform was one of the key attributes of the PPACA, shifting the reimbursement model from fee-for-service to value based purchasing (VBP). In the VBP model, payments are bundled and reimbursement is based on a VBP score. The VBP score is comprised of 70% process management (Quality & Safety) and 30% patient experience during their hospital stay. Patient experience is measured by the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) score. These measures are quantifiable...

  7. Grain Size Analysis of Submarine Landslides in the Nankai Trough

    Rohan, Tyler
    A two part investigation of a mass transport deposit (MTD) in the Nankai Trough, offshore Japan was conducted to learn more about the dynamic behavior of submarine landslides. Hydrometer analysis of 50 sediment samples from the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 333, Site C0018 was completed with the objective to determine the grain size distribution within a prominent mass transport deposit (MTD-B). Core samples were collected from 90.17 to 191.17 meters below the seafloor (mbsf) with approximately 1 sample per 1 meter collected inside MTD-B. MTD-B was also cored at Site C0021, IODP Expedition 338 providing a valuable opportunity...

  8. Grain Size Analysis of Submarine Landslides in the Nankai Trough

    Rohan, Tyler
    A two part investigation of a mass transport deposit (MTD) in the Nankai Trough, offshore Japan was conducted to learn more about the dynamic behavior of submarine landslides. Hydrometer analysis of 50 sediment samples from the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 333, Site C0018 was completed with the objective to determine the grain size distribution within a prominent mass transport deposit (MTD-B). Core samples were collected from 90.17 to 191.17 meters below the seafloor (mbsf) with approximately 1 sample per 1 meter collected inside MTD-B. MTD-B was also cored at Site C0021, IODP Expedition 338 providing a valuable opportunity...

  9. Gender Differences in Venture Capital Funding on ABC’s Shark Tank

    Hunt, Tyler
    ABC Network’s reality television show “Shark Tank” gives entrepreneurs the opportunity to pitch their ideas to a panel of investors for the chance to receive funding. Each season more than 35,000 entrepreneurs apply to be on the show. Whether they receive an offer for funding or not, they still stand to gain the free advertising that comes with appearing on a show with more than seven million average viewers per episode. Although there are abundant resources for knowledge on Shark Tank, women in venture capital, and behavioral gender differences, sources are lacking on gender differences in venture capital funding on...

  10. Gender Differences in Venture Capital Funding on ABC’s Shark Tank

    Hunt, Tyler
    ABC Network’s reality television show “Shark Tank” gives entrepreneurs the opportunity to pitch their ideas to a panel of investors for the chance to receive funding. Each season more than 35,000 entrepreneurs apply to be on the show. Whether they receive an offer for funding or not, they still stand to gain the free advertising that comes with appearing on a show with more than seven million average viewers per episode. Although there are abundant resources for knowledge on Shark Tank, women in venture capital, and behavioral gender differences, sources are lacking on gender differences in venture capital funding on...

  11. Effect of diet and bacterial clearance on energy expenditure in the cockroach Periplaneta americana

    Ondrejech, Andy
    Gut microbiota presumably constitutes an important source of essential nutrients in insects. To study the effect of microbiota on the nutritional state of animals, it is common to use antibiotics and observe the effects of bacterial clearance. However, there might be a confounding effect between the physiological effects of nutritional stress and those produced by the antibiotic itself. In this study, we investigated the effect of clearance of gut microbes in the American Cockroach (P. americana). We fed cockroaches with either a high quality diet (dog food) or a low quality diet (dog food, 30%, mixed with cellulose, 70%). Within...

  12. Effect of diet and bacterial clearance on energy expenditure in the cockroach Periplaneta americana

    Ondrejech, Andy
    Gut microbiota presumably constitutes an important source of essential nutrients in insects. To study the effect of microbiota on the nutritional state of animals, it is common to use antibiotics and observe the effects of bacterial clearance. However, there might be a confounding effect between the physiological effects of nutritional stress and those produced by the antibiotic itself. In this study, we investigated the effect of clearance of gut microbes in the American Cockroach (P. americana). We fed cockroaches with either a high quality diet (dog food) or a low quality diet (dog food, 30%, mixed with cellulose, 70%). Within...

  13. Facebook Happiness

    Lu, Kailun
    As the world’s largest social networking site, Facebook has reached 1.59 billion monthly active users around the globe as of December 2015. People access Facebook because they want to connect with their friends and family. People want to find happiness on Facebook, but do they? The purpose of this research is to measure how Facebook users’ emotions change after looking at Facebook, and the role played by different types of Facebook posts and its social comparison. The research was conducted online using 128 college students ranging from the ages of 16 to 41. Since Facebook users were exposed to many...

  14. Facebook Happiness

    Lu, Kailun
    As the world’s largest social networking site, Facebook has reached 1.59 billion monthly active users around the globe as of December 2015. People access Facebook because they want to connect with their friends and family. People want to find happiness on Facebook, but do they? The purpose of this research is to measure how Facebook users’ emotions change after looking at Facebook, and the role played by different types of Facebook posts and its social comparison. The research was conducted online using 128 college students ranging from the ages of 16 to 41. Since Facebook users were exposed to many...

  15. Scaling Social Enterprse in Developed and Developing Countries

    Rumburg, Kelsey
    Social enterprise is an emerging field focusing on the use of entrepreneurship and earned income to run a business with a social focus and mission. While the idea is certainly not new, academic analysis, coursework, and degree programs are a recent development in this interdisciplinary subject. Prominent research in the field currently focuses on the key traits of a social entrepreneur, case studies for specific countries, and the sectors in which social enterprise develops and thrives. However, very little research has been done on social enterprise as it spans different economies. As social enterprises seek to solve major societal issues,...

  16. Scaling Social Enterprse in Developed and Developing Countries

    Rumburg, Kelsey
    Social enterprise is an emerging field focusing on the use of entrepreneurship and earned income to run a business with a social focus and mission. While the idea is certainly not new, academic analysis, coursework, and degree programs are a recent development in this interdisciplinary subject. Prominent research in the field currently focuses on the key traits of a social entrepreneur, case studies for specific countries, and the sectors in which social enterprise develops and thrives. However, very little research has been done on social enterprise as it spans different economies. As social enterprises seek to solve major societal issues,...

  17. Registered Nurses’ Perception of Top of License Practice Activities

    Hlahol, Melanie
    The rapid changes in health care in tandem with the increasing complexity of inpatient care requires that nursing leaders and healthcare administrators think carefully about how best to maximize the education and skill set of the Registered Nurse (RN). Given the shortage of healthcare providers, gaps in care often fall to the RN, and thus RNs have to take on responsibilities that fall below their scope of practice. RNs therefore are unable to perform other activities that they see as value added, such as spending more time with the patient and providing important patient education. The purpose of this study...

  18. Registered Nurses’ Perception of Top of License Practice Activities

    Hlahol, Melanie
    The rapid changes in health care in tandem with the increasing complexity of inpatient care requires that nursing leaders and healthcare administrators think carefully about how best to maximize the education and skill set of the Registered Nurse (RN). Given the shortage of healthcare providers, gaps in care often fall to the RN, and thus RNs have to take on responsibilities that fall below their scope of practice. RNs therefore are unable to perform other activities that they see as value added, such as spending more time with the patient and providing important patient education. The purpose of this study...

  19. A systematic review of the link between childhood obesity and adult cancers

    Schumacher, Makaila A.
    Over the past three decades, Americans’ rates of overweight and obese have steadily increased. It has been suggested that childhood obesity may increase the risk of cancer in adulthood. Much literature has focused on specific cancers or the mechanisms of obesity and its sequelae. Consequently, a systematic review is needed to more fully examine the relationship between childhood obesity and adult-related cancers. This review examined the evidence of the obesity and cancer relationship. A secondary aim was to determine the adult cancers most associated with childhood obesity. Pubmed and Cinahl were searched during the fall of 2014. Criteria for inclusion...

  20. A systematic review of the link between childhood obesity and adult cancers

    Schumacher, Makaila A.
    Over the past three decades, Americans’ rates of overweight and obese have steadily increased. It has been suggested that childhood obesity may increase the risk of cancer in adulthood. Much literature has focused on specific cancers or the mechanisms of obesity and its sequelae. Consequently, a systematic review is needed to more fully examine the relationship between childhood obesity and adult-related cancers. This review examined the evidence of the obesity and cancer relationship. A secondary aim was to determine the adult cancers most associated with childhood obesity. Pubmed and Cinahl were searched during the fall of 2014. Criteria for inclusion...

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