Wynne, A. James; Challa, Chandrashekar; Palesis, John; Farkas, Bernie
Research on the impact of social media in the workplace has focused on identifying ways in which the latest modes of shared communications has influenced productivity in project development, testing, and implementation. Traditionally, a written formal project management communication plan has been key in supporting the integration management that coordinates the project from beginning-to-end, to ensure a greater level of collaboration when managing project scope, schedule, budget and quality, and also to provide a greater sense of confidence in completing the project successfully.
However, how beneficial are social media networks in improving the project team’s dynamics, which are important for successfully...
Soares, Maria Eduarda; Correia, António Damasceno
Integrative negotiation is the type of negotiation reputed to generate the most positive results, since it focusses on reaching win-win solutions and aims to increase joint outcomes. The purpose of this article is to analyse variables which may foster willingness to engage in integrative negotiation. More specifically, the study investigates two variables that have not been studied in previous research on integrative negotiation - cognitive flexibility and perception of integrity. It also includes one variable which has been widely researched, but for which inconsistent results have been reported – risk propensity. Results show that, while the alternatives subscale of cognitive...
Veríssimo, José; Lacerda, Teresa
Little systematic research has been conducted to advance understanding about the role of transformational leadership to explain a corporate strategy focused on social responsibility. Using data from 50 Portuguese firms, we examined the role played by transformational leadership and its four dimensions, namely: idealized influence; inspirational motivation; intellectual stimulation, and; individualized consideration as well as ethical integrity in firms’ strategic orientation to corporate social responsibility. The results indicated that transformational leadership is significantly positively related to a firm’s strategic orientation to corporate social responsibility. However, leaders’ ethical integrity was not significantly linked to the adoption of corporate social responsibility practices....
Gaio, Cristina; Pinto, Inês; Rodrigues, Luís
Prior research suggests that state-owned enterprises (SOE) have lower performance levels than non-state-owned enterprises (NSOE). The main goal of this study is to analyse the impact of State ownership on profitability, using two major measures of performance: Return on Equity and Return on Assets, and a broader sample of about 11,000 firms, from 37 countries, between 2003 and 2011. Our main results suggest that SOE are less profitable than NSOE for both performance measures. This finding remains equal in the crisis periods and for Western and Eastern Europe countries. We also find a negative relationship between State control and SOE´s...
Ryan, Michael; Ryan, Sandra
We examine a pedagogy for ethical decision-making that bridges the academic and theoretical with a dynamic and practical approach. We consider how two perspectives of mindfulness contribute to a sustainable practice. First, students explore their inner selves to build and strengthen their self-awareness. Building self-awareness and examining values and beliefs aligns with mindfulness meditation as presented by Lampe and Engleman-Lampe (2012). Second, a cognitive approach is used to examine ethics in depth using theory. This perspective aligns with the construct proposed by Langer and Moldoveanu (2000). We build on these approaches by engaging the individual’s belief and values system with...
Matos, Pedro Verga; Coelho, Miguel
For several years, there has been an ongoing debate about one inefficiency of markets, namely, stock market myopic behavior or stock market short-termism. This inefficiency is described as being a situation where investors overvalue short-term earnings and undervalue long-term earnings. This study examines whether the Portuguese stock market exhibits such preference for short-term earnings for the period between 2000 and 2008, using the Abarbanell and Bernard (2000) accounting-based valuation model, which generates predictions about how prices should relate to book value, as well as expected short-term and long-term earnings. Empirical analysis is not conclusive. In fact the evidence collected for...
Uddin, Mohammad Aftab; Rahman, Mohammad Sahidur; Howladar, Mohammad Harisur Rahman
This paper studies the relationships between transformational leadership, deviant behaviour, job performance, and gender. Data collected from 160 respondents from different organisations using the convenience sampling method was analysed using descriptive statistics, bivariate correlation, and regression analysis.
Results reveal that there is a negative relationship between transformational leadership and deviant behaviour, while a positive association exists between transformational leadership and job performance, with a negative correlation between deviant workplace behaviour and job performance. Gender analysis shows that female ratings for different indicators, such as transformational leadership, deviant behaviour, and job performance were not significantly distinct from those of males. The main...
Göhner, Lara; Mello, Luiz Carlos Brasil de Brito; Bandeira, Renata Albergaria de Mello
Multinational companies with production subsidiaries in Brazil are generally recognized as being highly productive companies. However, in large, their productivity potential is not fully achieved. Lean Manufacturing (LM) has proved to be a valuable aid to achieve competitiveness in the long run. In the light of the increasing importance of the successfully implementation of LM by multinationals in Brazil and an apparent lack of discussion regarding LM in Brazil, this paper aims to propose a comprehensive implementation roadmap, to enable multinationals to achieve an advanced sustainable LM system in a practical manner, based on a systematic approach. Findings from the...
Sethi, Rajesh; Pant, Somendra; Sethi, Anju
Original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) are increasingly being urged to integrate their business-to-business customers into their supply chain. This involves integrating the information systems of the OEM’s supply chain with those of the customers. However, the literature has little to say about what it takes to integrate the information systems of OEMs’ supply chain and business customers. This paper develops a framework that identifies different levels of integration of business customers’ information systems with those of the OEM’s supply chain. It then discusses how this integration affects market performance and strategic gains that accrue to the chain. However, if such systems...
Garcia, Maria Teresa; Borrego, Daniel
This paper estimates the efficient frontier and the capital market line using listed stocks of the Portuguese capital market that are part of the PSI20 index, considering two different periods - before and after the 2008 financial crisis, known as the Global Financial Crisis. The results show the impact of the 2008 financial crisis on the global minimum variance portfolio and on the market portfolio. The sensitivity analysis of the results to the inclusion or not of the year 2008 is also considered
This study aims to identify the most important determinants to explain the capital structure of exporter SMEs during the financial crisis. Capital structure is measured using three alternative ratios: total debt, long-term debt, and short-term debt, as the impact of the determinants can depend on debt maturity. Analysing an unbalanced sample of 277 Portuguese exporter SMEs, from 2008 until 2014, and using a panel data methodology, estimating the models with fixed effects for firms, the results suggest that size, profitability, asset structure, non-debt tax shields, growth, liquidity, and age are important determinants for explaining firms’ capital structure. Furthermore, exports intensity...
Pulido, Matilde; Barros, Victor
The aim of this paper is to study the longstanding relationship between corporate tax avoidance and ex ante equity cost of capital in Europe, taking into consideration country specific characteristics, which are essential in a context of corporate tax competition. We find that investors apprehend tax avoidance differently at distinct levels of tax avoidance. We provide strong evidence that as low tax avoidance firms engage in greater tax avoidance, the ex ante equity cost of capital decreases. On the contrary, when high-tax avoidance firms undertake greater levels of tax avoidance, the ex ante equity cost of capital appears to increase....
In this paper we assess the critical factors of Value Added Tax revenues in the European Union, by using a panel data of the 27 countries, between 1998 and 2011. Our findings show that EU governments have been using tax rates increases to collect more revenues, both at the normal and the minimum rate. It was also found that an increase in the implicit rate increases revenues as well. Tax administration efficiency and experience is a critical factor for the capacity to collect VAT revenues. A better legal and institutional environment is shown to be related with higher revenues. Finally,...
Mateus, Márcio; Proença, Isabel; Júlio, Paulo
Researchers usually investigate the determinants of aggregated Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), although there is evidence that the sectoral distribution of FDI matters and that too much FDI in the non-tradable sector can exacerbate external imbalances. This paper differs from most existing studies on FDI determinants by focusing on tradable sector FDI. We show that countries with a large market size, a higher degree of economic openness, a higher productivity level and good institutions are more likely to receive FDI in the tradable sector. We also show that physical distance does not represent so large an obstacle for tradable sector FDI,...