BARRO TRASTOY, DANIELA
La formación de óvulos y semillas es un proceso esencial para las plantas, ya que asegura su correcta reproducción, y para el ser humano, pues tiene una gran importancia económica al repercutir directamente en el rendimiento de muchos cultivos. La formación de óvulos se trata, además, de un proceso de desarrollo complejo en el que participan varias redes génicas y hormonales. Actualmente se conocen algunos de los genes clave implicados en el control de la iniciación y desarrollo de los óvulos en Arabidopsis thaliana. Entre los componentes genéticos más relevantes se encuentran AINTEGUMENTA (ANT) y CUP-SHAPE COTYLEDON1 y 2 (CUC1...
CHANZÁ MARTORELL, AMPARO GEMA
The growth of the microorganism is remarked by the integration and coordination of different types of development. In plants, the secondary growth represents the radial growth of the roots and stems in thickness. This process is very important because contributes to the mechanical support and stability for a good length growth and properly maintain their organs. In addition, the secondary growth is the source of a huge amount of biomass that is the origin of the wood of the trees. Even it is so important it is unknown its genetic and molecular regulation. In our Lab a previous experiment was...
FORTÚN CHOCARRO, MARÍA TERESA
Las raíces dan capacidad de anclaje a la planta y son los órganos esenciales para explorar y explotar los recursos del suelo. El creciente interés por manipular el desarrollo radicular emana de los retos a los que tendrá que enfrentarse la agricultura en los próximos años: suelos con menores recursos de agua y nutrientes. Se ha propuesto que el desarrollo de nuevos cultivares con sistemas radiculares más eficientes para la adquisición de agua en condiciones de estrés hídrico podría tener un impacto significativo en la producción alimentaria mundial, pero este objetivo sólo podrá lograrse sobre la base del conocimiento de...
LEGIDO PEÑA, SERGIO
Continuously organisms are persistently exposed to different elements that
compromise their survival. In this context, the plants, as sessile organisms, are
especially vulnerable. Nevertheless, during the evolution, plants have developed
mechanisms that allow to maintain their cellular homeostasis while maintaining a
relative plasticity under exposition to different stresses. Between the different
phytopathogens there are the viroids, whose vital cycle is tightly linked to their host.
Recently, studies carried out with “Hop Stunt Viroid” point to a new mechanism that
include the interference of the epigenetic host pattern Cucumis sativus. Surprisingly,
it has been proven that this modification also affects the germinal line of male plants,
affecting their gametophyte: the...
ROMERO CORTÉS, PABLO YUSSEF
Detection of mutants with some alteration in leaf development is the best strategy to identify the genes that control these characters. Among the possible alternatives to generate mutants (e.g., radiations, chemical products such as EMS, etc.), insertional mutagenesis is the most appropriate to address this objective. With this strategy, after obtaining a large number of transgenic plants, their phenotype is evaluated in order to detect alterations caused by the integration of T-DNA. If the disruption of an endogenous gene occurs, a loss-of-function mutant is usually obtained, whereas the insertion of the T-DNA in a control region or in the vicinity...
GARCÍA MAQUILÓN, IRENE
Drought is one of the most important causes of productivity loss in crops worldwide. For this reason it is of great importance to study the processes of adaptation and tolerance of plants to water stress, especially in plants with agronomic interest. Abscisic acid (ABA) regulates development and stress responses in plants, playing a fundamental role in the adaptation to water stress conditions. In order to improve drought tolerance in economically important crops, we have carried out a project aimed to identify ABA agonists and to implement genome editing techniques in the C4 model plant Setaria viridis. In this work, we...
FREIXAS CARDONA, JOAN
There are many factors that regulated the development of the ovules in plants. Different hormones, which have a fundamental role, participate in the control of this process. In the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, the role of the auxin hormones (AUX), brassinosteroids (BRs) and cytokinins (CKs) has been determined and the interactions between these hormones have been suggested at the beginning of ovules formation, as well as during the development phase. The gibberellins (GAs) control various processes of plant development; however, their participation in ovules formation has recently been suggested by studies carried out in our laboratory showed that the mutations...
BARBERÁ MORENO, SAMUEL
Seed longevity is a crucial factor in agriculture because seeds lose their viability during
long-term storage. So, farmers need to buy new seeds every year. The reduction of the crop
yield associated with an increase of expenses makes seed longevity an important trait for
agricultural economy. Thus, the identification of genes involved in seed longevity constitutes a
new target in breeding programs. The purpose of this project is to characterize peroxidases
involved in the Arabidopsis thaliana’s seed coat formation and seed longevity. Peroxidases
might play an important role for the polymerization of suberin in the outer integument of the
seed coat. To identify what peroxidases are involved...
ABARCA LÁZARO, JAVIER
The prospects of treatment for neurodegenerative diseases require tackling the issue that the blood-brain barrier signifies for the appropriate drug delivery towards the central nervous system. Through the last decades numerous approaches have been considered to overcome this barrier and the research goes on, searching for new, more effective strategies that manage not only to deliver the drug to its molecular target but to ensure a proper distribution and dosage, reducing the potential risks for the patient. In our experimental assay we explore three protocols to achieve the production of poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA), poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) and chitosan microparticles, biopolymers...
DÍAZ IZA, HAROLD JOSÉ
In general, validation of a camera calibration process is based on the reprojection error calculated with the computed model. Given the coupling that exists between several parameters of the camera model, this error can be zero even if the computed camera model does not represent it. In this work a validation of which camera calibration methods obtain better results is done, from the point of view of knowing which model bettrer represents the camera intrinsic parameters and the conditions under which the calibration process is being performed.
FORNER SÁNCHEZ, JUAN VICENTE
The work consists of the implementation of libraries that allow the communication from the BeagleBone Black to the Dynamixel RX-64 actuators, so that it solves all the functions associated with the motor like reading of temperature, maximum voltage, torque, etc. In addition to a use of functions that synchronize several motors of this type in order to achieve synchronized and fluid movements. A case study will be carried out.
Furió Novejarque, Clara
Real-time systems support a high variety of applications with hard real-time (HRT) constraints or soft (i.e. non-strict) real-time (SRT) constraints. Systems observing HRT constraints must guarantee execution time bounds for tasks with mandatory deadlines and usually do not require from complex processors. In contrast, applications with relaxed time constraints do not cause a system failure when missing a deadline, which just affects their quality of service. Examples of SRT applications are video encoding and decoding, which are becoming ubiquitous in our lifes. Unlike HRT applications, the computational requirements of SRT applications requires from complex microarchitectural techniques such as Simultaneous Multithreading...
ORQUERA ARGUERO, KARINA GABRIELA
Today global warming, climate change and greenhouse gas (GHG) production are topics of great interest as it has been found that different human activities, including agriculture and livestock, are an important source of pollution. Different initiatives with the aim of reducing these emissions and at the same time being productive. Several factors are involved in the plan to reduce GHG emissions from livestock and this study will focus on small ruminants; these factors are such as nutrition, use of supplements, management of manure, etc.
This study was carried out at the Polytechnic University of Valencia. It consisted of two phases, first...
SOLER LÓPEZ, BEATRIZ
The pourpose of this mater thesis is to identify the best method for costumer segmentation for the Company VISUALNACERT. A Company dedicated to develop an agricultural mangament software. It is essential for VISUALNACERT to introduce a customer loyalty program with the objective of achive a hundred per cent of customer renewal. The Company so far lacked a customer loyalty program. It is intend to use AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) method to identify the best alternative.
A study of the linguistic codification of the speech act of requests in chinese and spanish in oral contexts within the framework of Linguistic politeness
BARO REBOLLO, PABLO
Se plantea resolver una estructura con elementos prefabricados, diseñando y calculando estos para las necesidades específicas a las que van a estar sometidos. El modelado de la estructura se realiza con software BIM.
RUFES QUILIS, IRIS
The present study aims, fundamentally, to analyze the adequacy of ICT resources in the different manuals of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) which have been found. These manuals are framed in the context of the Comunitat Valenciana (Spain) in the last cycle of Primary Education.
CHIQUILLO GALEANO, JULIÁN CAMILO
he project objective is to develop a model for simulation and fault diagnosis in a floating wind power.
The simulation model allows diagnosis of various incidents that may affect the operation of the system and monitoring.
COSTA BALAGUER, JOSÉ LUIS
The Júcar Hydrological Plan corresponding to the 2015-2021 planning cycle (PHJ 15-21) includes an indicator of the ichthyofauna, in this case the IBI-J, in the evaluation of the state of the water bodies. The PHJ 15-21 defines 304 water bodies (including reservoirs), in 200 of these bodies of water the good condition (66%) is not reached, and in 84 of them only the biological indicators, mainly the IBI -J and the IBMWP. In order to reach the environmental objectives in these masses the Plan provides a series of measures of river restoration in the different horizons of planning.
However, with the...
SARGAS SIMARRO, CLAUDIA
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a hematologic malignancy characterized by the accumulation of hematopoietic mature myeloid cells in bone marrow and peripheral blood. Leukemic stem cells acquire a broad spectrum of cooperating genetic (chromosomic and molecular) and epigenetic lesions, which leads to proliferation, apoptosis and differentiation deregulation and transformation of hematopoietic stem cells 1,2
Cytogenetic analyses allow patient stratification in different risk groups that can be treated accordingly. Normal karyotype AML (NK-AML) represents 50% of patients and it is included within the intermediate risk group, Howerver, his group shows a very heterogeneous clinical outcome. Therefore, identification of molecular alterations is especially...