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A subject based repository for research materials on European integration and unification with materials from members of 15 institutions in Europe and the United States. The associated search engine AEIPlus allows simultaneous searching of both the AEI, and the European Research Papers Archive (ERPA), including the European Integration online Papers (EIOP).

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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 7.514

  1. EU External Energy Policy in Natural Gas: A Case of Neofunctionalist Integration? ZEI Discussion Paper C241/2017

    Stüwe, Robert
    The energy policy of the European Commission has deepened integration of EU natural gas matters. Energy cooperation at EU level and policy mechanisms for cooperation with third countries are harmonized to a large extent. The author concludes that integration strategies of the EU Commission follow the spillover-logic as set out by the theory of Neofunctionalism - a concept first developed by Ernst Bernard Haas to explain the post-war creation of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) as peace-preserving institutions. According to this theory, integration in one sector creates further integration in related policy...

  2. Internal Market as an Excuse: The Case of EU Anti-Tobacco Legislation. Case Notes 02/2017

    Delhomme, Vincent
    In spite of its limited competence in the matter2, the EU has engaged in an ambitious struggle against lifestyle risks (tobacco, alcohol, diets, etc.)3 using its harmonisation powers under Article 114 TFEU concerning the internal market. While this objective may be laudable, it is also true that when the internal market objective completely disappears behind the public health objective, the EU faces an eminent constitutional problem. Indeed, the question of when the EU can, and cannot, use its broad harmonisation power under Article 114 TFEU4 has long agitated the European legal community, for it is a crucial element of the vertical repartition of competences between the Union and...

  3. A strong revision of the EU ETS, but the future may bring impetus for further reform. CEPS Commentary, 14 November 2017

    Elkerbout, Milan
    The ETS will be much stronger after the Phase 4 revision. But further adjustments may be inevitable in the future, given ongoing developments in the climate/energy world.

  4. US trade policy in the age of Trump: What role for Europe in the “New Nationalism”? EPC Commentary, 13 November 2017

    Rashish, Peter S.
    A year ago[1] the United States had just elected in Donald Trump a Republican president whose hostility to business-as-usual in trade policy helped propel him to victory over his Democratic rival, Hillary Clinton. In the new President’s view, the economic pillar of the liberal international order – the World Trade Organization (WTO) and trade agreements like the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) – was not a generator of US prosperity and a multiplier of its national interest. Rather, these institutions and agreements had sapped US manufacturing...

  5. European social rights need more than a proclamation: Recommendations for an ambitious social summit. EPC Commentary, 15 November 2017

    Dhéret, Claire
    Heads of state and government will endorse the European Pillar of Social Rights – presented by the European Commission as “a guide towards efficient employment and social outcomes”[1] and “a compass for the renewed convergence within the euro area”[2] – at the upcoming social Summit in Gothenburg on 17 November. At the Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs Council of 23 October, member states gave their green light to an interinstitutional proclamation of the Pillar. This is a step in the right direction and a clear victory for the Commission. Much uncertainty lingers, however, over the successful implementation of...

  6. New Pact for Europe National Report POLAND. EPC Report, November 2017

    Kucharczyk, Jacek; Korniychuk, Andriy
    From the executive summary. Following the 2015 elections, the Polish government has become increasingly disapproving of the current state of the European Union (EU); while EU institutions, most notably the Commission, criticised the PiS government for infringement of the rule of law and other values and principles enshrined in Article 2 of the TEU. The deepening rift between Warsaw and Brussels is accompanied by a deep polarisation of Polish public opinion and elites on many crucial issues regarding the future of Europe. These facts notwithstanding, Polish society strongly supports Poland’s EU membership and the government’s ‘Brussels bashing’ has had limited impact on the general support for...

  7. The Axiology of EU Cultural Diplomacy in Muslim Majority Countries. The Paradox of Turkey. EL-CSID Working Paper Issue 2017/3 • June 2017

    Senocak, Naciye Selin
    The principal purpose of this theoretical analysis is to identify the different assumptions between Europe and Turkey regarding the axiological perspective which distinguishes the value judgments used as an instrument of persuasion by each culture. For decades, Turkey’s accession process within the EU is a highly controversial issue which has been an intensive process, brimmed with ups and downs. Due to its geopolitical position and cultural identity, as a Muslim secular state, Turkey is a cultural bridge between the West and Muslim countries, making it particularly important in cultural diplomacy for EU foreign policy. Nevertheless, the cultural misunderstanding, the misinterpreted perceptions, the axiological nihilism between Turkey and...

  8. The Arab Representation of European Democratic Values and the Influence of Euro-Arab Relations. EL-CSID Working Paper Issue 2017/4 • June 2017

    Nohra, Fouad
    As cultural diplomacy is usually grounded in a set of values that state or non-state actors are expected to share, we opted for a preliminary study of the cross perception of fundamental European values as they are perceived on the Arab side, with a limited scope and a selected theoretical object that is the model of European political models and especially the European liberal democracy as perceived by the Arab intellectuals.

  9. Cultural Integration of Muslims in Europe: Prevention of Cultural Misunderstanding and Radicalism. EL-CSID Working Paper Issue 2017/5 • July 2017

    Senocak, Naciye Selin
    In recent years, the European Union (EU) has been promoting cultural diplomacy, framed in terms of dialogue between civilisations/cultures, and has aimed to exploit its role in the conduct of foreign policy. A recent declaration from the EU’s High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini, has urged caution, emphasising the importance of cultural diplomacy: “Investing in cultural diplomacy could help strengthening the economy of your region, but especially creating bridges, letting others know us and knowing others reciprocally, establishing bonds among people especially during these hard times, to prevent fears and radicalisation both in Europe and abroad. This is why we have worked so hard to the first European strategy for cultural diplomacy.” 1

  10. Case Study. Science and technology agreements in the toolbox of science diplomacy: Effective instruments or insignificant add-ons? EL-CSID Working Paper Issue 2017/6 • September 2017

    Nicolas Rüffin, Nicolas Rüffin; Schreiterer, Ulrich
    From the Introduction. In the wake of increasing global competition and challenges, science and technology (S&T) issues gain more and more attention in international relations and foreign policy. Eager for enhancing their S&T capabilities and international position, national governments, research organisations, foundations and companies engage Diplomacy for Science to stimulate and bolster global research collaborations and internationalisation. In addition, science has come to be seen as means to foster diplomatic relations between nations, following the idea of Science for Diplomacy (Royal Society, 2010).

  11. EU-Latin American Science Diplomacy. EL-CSID Working Paper Issue 2017/8 • September 2017

    Selleslaghs, Joren
    he European Union (EU) has adopted a very generous region-to-region approach towards Latin America in recent decades. However, although the EU adopted the same interregional strategy across different policy areas, the quality of interregional interaction (and success) vary significantly. A telling example is the EU’s interregional approach to sign a far-reaching region-to-region association agreement with Latin America: instead of having one overarching EU-LAC agreement, the EU had to negotiate agreements with sub-regions in Latin America, and eventually only successfully concluded an Association Agreement with the Central American region (SICA) as negotiations with MERCOSUR have only recently been re-launched after a...

  12. Exploring the Impact of the EU’s Promotion of Regional and Inter-regional Processes in the Black Sea Region through Science Diplomacy. EL-CSID Working paper Issue 2017/7 • September 2017

    Boers, Elke
    Building on the analytical tools defined by Kingah, Amaya & Van Langenhove (2016) in the EL-CSID Working Paper 1, this paper assesses the willingness, capacity and acceptance of EU SD policies in the Black Sea Region (BSR). This qualitative mapping looks at science initiatives that aimed to enhance regional cooperation, both in the BSR itself and between those countries and the EU. There has been widespread commitment and willingness from the EU and the BSR to involve in science cooperation projects, and the projects under FP6, FP7 and H2020 did not face acceptance issues from national or regional leaders. However,...

  13. Strengthening International Climate Governance: The Case for a Sectoral Approach. EL-CSID Policy Brief Issue 2017/04 • October 2017

    Oberthür, Sebastian; Hermwille, Lukas; Khandekar, Gauri; Obergassel, Wolfgang
    Significant potential exists to accelerate the climate transition by advancing sectoral approaches and institutions in international climate governance. To achieve the Paris Agreement objectives and quicken the urgently needed decarbonisation of our societies and economies, the simultaneous transformation of a wide range of interdependent sectoral systems is required. Each of these systems faces very specific transformation challenges and potentials for international governance. This calls for advancing tailor-made sectoral approaches to reinforce global climate governance, in the context of the further development of both the Paris Agreement and the system of intergovernmental institutions and transnational arrangements, including the increasing number of...

  14. EU hotspots, relocation and absconded migrants in Italy. How to save Schengen within a failing Dublin system? EL-CSID Policy Brief Issue 2017/03 • October 2017

    Orsini, Giacomo; Roos, Christof
    Italy is the main gate of entry for undocumented migration to the EU which seriously stresses local reception capacity. Secondary movements of migrants to other member states have become a salient issue challenging the border free Schengen area. The EU has been responsive to this situation, introducing ‘hotspots’ and a relocation mechanism that are meant to support local authorities. The policy brief asks whether EU measures can effectively foster migration management in Italy and decrease migrant absconding. Our research on the implementation of EU hotspots in Sicily, the relocation mechanism, and the asylum system in Italy shows that the effectiveness...

  15. Digital diplomacy of the European Embassies in Kazakhstan. EL-CSID Policy Brief Issue 2017/03 • September 2017

    Collins, Neil; Bekenova, Kristina
    At the beginning of her term, Vice President of the Commission Federica Mogherini decided to make Twitter and Facebook fundamental tools for EU’s diplomacy and for promoting core European values of democracy, human rights, rule of law, good governance and international cooperation. In a short time, various digital channels have become an important part of the communication strategies of the European External Action Service (EEAS).

  16. The first year of implementation of the EU Action Plan on Integration: An evaluation of European policy coordination on migrant integration. Policy Brief Issue 2017/02 • July 2017

    Leão, Augusto Veloso; Westerveen , Laura; Adam, Ilke
    In June 2016, the European Commission launched the ‘EU Action Plan on Integration of third country nationals’. The Action Plan provides a common policy framework for integration policies in the Member States and aims to promote cooperation and policy coordination in the field of migrant integration. Due to the multilevel and cross-sectoral character of migrant integration, policy coordination is crucial to an effective policy strategy in this area of policymaking. In this policy brief, we take the one year anniversary of the Action Plan as an occasion to evaluate the role of the European Commission in European policy coordination on...

  17. EU Cultural Diplomacy: time to define strategies, means and complementarity with Member States. EL-CSID Policy Brief ssue 2017/2 • May 2017

    Trobbiani, Riccardo
    On the 23rd of May 2017, the Council of the European Union adopted conclusions on Culture in the European Union's external relations, by welcoming the Joint Communication Towards an EU strategy for international cultural relations presented by the European Commission in June 2016. This EL-CSID Policy brief argues that, if the EU wants to define a real strategy for its external cultural action, it needs to provide a clearer definition of what ‘culture’ it is promoting (and how), and of what ‘complementarity’ with Member States means. First, EU Cultural Diplomacy should build upon EU’s experience in intercultural dialogue and capacity...

  18. Moon’s Election and the Security of the Korean Peninsula. EC-CSID Policy Brief Issue 2017/01 • May 2017

    Simón, Luis
    On 10 May 2017, Moon Jae-in, a liberal human rights lawyer, was elected as the 12th President of the Republic of Korea (ROK). Moon’s election puts an end to a period of instability in South Korean politics, unleashed by the political scandal which broke out in Autumn 2016 and led to the impeachment of conservative President Park Geun-hye. Moon has promised dialogue with North Korea and a warmer relationship with China1 . He has also raised questions about the ‘comfort women’ agreement reached between South Korea and Japan in 2015, painstakingly negotiated by the Park administration and widely hailed as a stepping stone for greater cooperation between Seoul and Tokyo2 . Moreover,...

  19. A new instrument for a better implementation of thse European Union environmental law: the Environmental Implementation Review. Bruges Political Research Papers 62/2017

    Saint-Genis, Camille
    The present work seeks to analyse the reasons behind the creation of a new instrument by the European Commission in order to improve the implementation of the European Union (EU) environmental law: the Environmental Implementation Review (EIR). To do so, it builds upon existing theoretical frameworks developed in the analysis of policy implementation, public policy instruments and public policy change. The analysis of the empirical evidence leads to conclude the significance of organisational factors-the Better Regulation reform program and the new Commission's executive. The design of the EIR itself seems to have been influenced by both the instrument mix already...

  20. European Diplomacy in the Iran Nuclear Negotiations: What Impact Did It Have? Bruges Political Research Papers 61/2017

    Jessen, Erik
    This study explores the EU’s role in reaching the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) with Iran on 14 July 2015. More specifically, the paper examines the validity of a statement made by High Representative Federica Mogherini, which suggests that it “mainly” was due to the EU that it was possible to settle the historic nuclear deal. This topic is particularly interesting because most recent studies have focused on the provisions of the JCPOA and its geostrategic impact rather than the political process behind the deal. In particular, the last stage of negotiations from November 2013 – July 2015 is under-investigated. The paper hypothesizes that the...

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