The development of the modern welfare state is one of
the major social and political changes in the Western countries
during the past century. Together with a group of colleagues at
the Swedish [nstitt|te for Social Research, Stockbolm University, l
have for some time been involved in a comparative study of tbis
change in 18 OECD countries. The purpose of this comparative
researcb programme is to describe welfare state development in
the Western countries, to attempt to explain tbis development,
and also to look at some of the consequences of welfare state
development.I To use the vocabulary of T. H. Marshall (1950)
one coutd say that we are studying the...
Whelan, Christopher T.; Layte, Richard; Maitre, Bertrand
In recent years, the use of direct measures of deprivation alongside current income has
shown that the latter provide a rather imperfect measure of permanent income or
command over resources. Research has shown though that the relationship between
income and deprivation increases if panel measures of income are used to highlight
persistent income poverty. In this paper we confirm this relationship before moving
on to the analysis of panel measures of deprivation and the relationship between
persistent income and persistent deprivation poverty measures. Our analysis shows
that that while there is a clear and systematic relationship between persistent poverty
and persistent deprivation, the degree of overlap is far...
Geary, R. C.
One of the episodes in a long lifetime in statistics which, on
recoiiection,,gives the writer most satisfaction was a forthright
attack he delivered many years ago at ~a~Dublin Rotary Club
Luncheon on Opini0n-type polls. The immediate provocation
was a banner headline in a newspaper "XY Poll Does It Again"m
in a UK general election. The argument ran that as XY prophesied
that Labour would poll 49 per cent of the votes when the actual
poll turned out to be 5o per cent (both figures imaginary) this
represented an error of"only .I p e,rcent ."~ It was easy to point out
the falsityof this claim: no one in his senses.wouldhave...
de Schoutheete, Philippe
The three presidents to be elected (President of the Commission, president of the Council and high representative) and an ambiguous treaty of Lisbon, they should live in harmony to avoid a paralysis of the European Institutions says Philippe de Schoutheethe.
Bosch, Xavier Vanden
Les élections italiennes font resurgir les interrogations quant au soutien effectif de la Banque Centrale Européenne pour prévenir une augmentation des taux d’emprunts publics.
Bosch, Xavier Vanden
Pour mieux tenir compte des faibles perspectives de croissance et assurer la crédibilité de la trajectoire budgétaire, la Belgique devrait reformuler l’objectif d’équilibre en termes structurels et non plus nominaux.
de Schoutheete, Philippe
Europe La presse britannique a constaté, à juste titre, que la politique européenne annoncée dans le récent discours du Premier ministre britannique se définit comme un double pari. Il parie qu’il obtiendra de ses partenaires européens des concessions, modifiant un certain nombre de politiques convenues, ou de décisions agréées, qui ne conviennent plus à l’opinion publique de son pays. Il parie ensuite que ces concessions futures, présumées substantielles, suffiront à gagner, en 2017, un referendum qu’il se propose d’organiser sur le maintien du Royaume-Uni dans l’Union européenne…
Bosch, Xavier Vanden
Suite à la vente par l’Etat belge de sa participation dans BNP Paribas Fortis, des questions se sont posées sur les motivations de l’opération. Au-delà des considérations portant sur la vocation de l’Etat à être actionnaire d’une banque, l’objectif affiché était clairement d’ordre budgétaire. Il était question de dégager des surplus de trésorerie immédiats permettant de réduire le niveau d’endettement public. En particulier, la Belgique s’était fixé l’été dernier l’objectif de refaire passer la dette sous la barre des 100% du PIB cette année. Selon de nombreux commentaires, cette dernière motivation s’expliquerait par la pression exercée par l’Europe par l’entremise...
Tasheva, Iva; Zuleeg, Fabian
The history of media, including press publishing, has always been linked to technology advancement. The sector
has been continuously transforming itself in line with the emergence of new distribution models and evolving
consumer behaviour. Today, digitalisation is the main driver of that change. The media industry has no other option
but to invest in innovation and modernise its business model. Outlets that have proven successful in doing so have
gained access to bigger markets and found new audiences. Those who will fail to keep up with the digital
transformation will progressively lose relevance. As it has already been doing for centuries, the media has to...
Our society is in the midst of a vast and pervasive data revolution. Enormous amounts of data are produced and
exchanged daily and people are increasingly using all sort of digital tools in almost any aspects of their life. Health
is no exception. A 2013 survey shows that 75% of European hospitals have some type of electronic health records
(EHR) system in place.1 In 2014, six out of ten Europeans have searched for health information on the Internet2 and
the download of health and well-being applications in 2016 has reached 3 billion globally.3
External processing involves applications for international protection being processed beyond the European Union’s (EU) external borders, in third states. An individual who has been processed externally would then, in theory, be resettled to an EU member state. The reality is that external processing has, thus far, only served as a talking shop for member states. Without proper examination of what the policy could add and of the political, legal and institutional hurdles involved, external processing will simply remain as member states’ go-to ‘crisis’ policy without any real intention of ever pursuing it.
Si une guerre éclate en Irak, nous aurons notre part directe de responsabilité. Tout en la stigmatisant, les Européens sont par leur bêtise un des supports essentiels de la suprématie américaine. Les Etats-Unis sont une hyperpuissance d’abord parce que l’Europe est une hyperimpuissance. Lorsqu’elle stigmatise dans des discours outragés l’impérialisme américain, la classe politique européenne ne fait que contempler sa propre médiocrité dans un miroir.
Struye, Tanguy; Renard, Thomas
Yes, Afghanistan is important!
Since the end of 2015 Vlad Plahotniuc, an oligarch and the richest man in Moldova, leader
of the ruling, nominally pro-European Democratic Party, has been de facto the only person
who counts in Moldovan politics and business. He is an extremely unpopular politician who
has been accused of transforming Moldova into a classic ‘captured state’. However, he has
been forced to work with Igor Dodon, the country’s nominally opposition and pro-Russian
President, who enjoys the most public trust, as well as with the Socialist party (PSRM) which
stands behind him. Both politicians have created a particular system of government which
is something like a political cartel. The...
On 29 January, the administration of President Donald Trump sent Congress a batch of documents
which provide the basis for a possible further expansion of sanctions against Russia:
a report on the Russian business and political elite, and a report on the consequences of selected
financial sanctions. At the same time, the authorisation for the possible introduction of
extraterritorial sanctions against entities from the Russian security sector and arms industry
came into effect. This was in line with the requirements of the Countering America’s Adversaries
Through Sanctions Act, No. 3364 from 2 August 2017. This Act covers US sanctions against
Iran, Russia and North Korea. As of...
Summary. Russia’s policy in the Middle East is part of a wider strategy aimed
at creating an international order which would shield Russia against
Western interference in its internal affairs and would guarantee it an
equal footing with the United States. In practice, that means that Russia’s
Middle Eastern policy is subordinated to the Kremlin’s global
strategy towards Washington. In the Middle East, Moscow seeks to create
a regional variant of what it believes to be the best model of the
international order, i.e. a concert of powers that would include, apart
from Russia, also the regional powers of Turkey and Iran, as well as the
United States; provided...
Alessi, Monica; Núñez Ferrer, Jorge
This paper focuses on the damage – and the potential for inflicting further damage – to investor
confidence arising from legal uncertainties surrounding renewable energy support in some EU
member states. A higher-than-expected expansion of the renewables sector, resulting in higher
costs of the support, combined with the financial crisis, has driven some member states to
radically curtail renewable energy support schemes. Loss-making investors unsuccessfully
challenged these EU governments in national courts, arguing that their rights had been violated
and denounced reforms that they considered to be retroactively punitive in nature. A number
of EU-based international investors turned to international arbitration courts under the
provisions of the Energy...