Using data from 2006 to 2015, we study the impacts of the Global Financial Crisis, the Arab
Spring, and the conflict in Ukraine on European Investment Bank (EIB) investments in the
European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) countries and in Turkey. Our dataset offers insights
on how the EIB adjusts its investments in the aftermath of the three events at the global,
regional and country level. The impacts of the events vary at the global ENP level. They also
vary between and within the two ENP dimensions and between the ENP countries. We find
mixed impacts for Turkey. Our results indicate that political motivation rather than economic
Banks, Joanne; Conway, Paul; Darmody, Merike; Leavy, Aisling; Smyth, Emer; Watson, Dorothy
The Droichead pilot programme is designed to provide whole-school support for teacher induction. The programme is innovative in being led at school level, by a Professional
Support Team (PST) consisting of the principal, mentor(s) and other member(s). This working paper presents preliminary findings from a large-scale study of the programme, placing them in the context of previous international and national research on teacher induction.
McGuinness, Seamus; Kelly, Elish; Phuong, Pham Thi Thu; Thuy, Ha Thi Thu
Using data from the Vietnam Household Living Standards Survey, this paper examines the returns to education in Vietnam in 2002 and 2010, and how these returns changed over time. Given the economic growth that took place during this time period, the relative demand for labour is also
assessed in order to identify if skill-biased technical change played a role in explaining the returns to education in Vietnam at a time of exceptional economic growth. The male and female education returns displayed a linear pattern in both 2002 and 2010, with earnings rising with
increased levels of education. Relative to males...
McQuinn, Kieran; Whelan, Karl
Even before the financial crisis of 2007/08, there were significant questions about Europe's long-term growth prospects. After a long period of catching up with US levels of labour productivity, euro area productivity growth had, from the mid-1990s onwards, fallen significantly behind. Using data for the period 1970 to 2006, McQuinn and Whelan (2008) identified declining rates of total factor productivity (TFP) growth and weaker capital accumulation as areas for concern in an European context. In updating this earlier analysis, we find that the growth prospects of the euro area have deteriorated further. With TFP growth continuing to fall, Europe's demographics...
O'Toole, Conor M.; Morgenroth, Edgar; Thuy, Ha Thi Thu
Our research tests the difference in investment efficiency between state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and private firms and then evaluates the effect of privatisation and
equitisation policies on the investment efficiency of former state owned enterprises (SOEs). We use a novel dataset from Viet Nam which covers large and non-listed SMEs across the construction, manufacturing, and services sectors. Our methodology uses a structural model to test the relationship between Tobin’s Q and capital spending. We find no evidence of investment spending being linked to marginal returns by SOEs across all sectors and size classes. However, former SOEs which have been privatised and...
Curtis, John; Pentecost, Anne
This paper combines data on residential building energy performance certificates (EPC) and household energy expenditure to estimate expenditure equations (Engel curves) as a function of building energy efficiency and household characteristics. Engle curves for gas, oil, electricity, solid fuel, and aggregate fuel expenditure are estimated for a sample of 5,891 households in the Republic of Ireland. With building energy performance measured using a 7 point letter scale (A to G) our results find that households living in relatively energy inefficient properties spend between €160-€419 per annum more on energy than households in B rated properties. In percentage terms a one...
Since January 2013 Rike Sohn is a Research Fellow at ZEI and a Coordinator of the comparative research and consulting project “Sustainable Regional Integration in West Africa and Europe”, jointly implemented with the West Africa Institute (WAI), funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). She has observed international climate negotiations since working for
ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability at COP15 in
Copenhagen. Rike Sohn holds an M.A. in International Political Economy and Development from Fordham University, New York, and is currently studying for an M.S. in Environmental Studies at University of Hagen.
Warren, Mark E.
The principle that all those affected by a collective decision should be included in
the decision is long-standing, dating at least back to the Justinian Code (V,59,5,2) in Roman
private law: “what touches all must be approved by all” (Quod omnes tangit debet ab
omnibus approbari; see also Lane, this volume, for a history). Over the last several decades,
the idea has migrated into democratic theory (Young 2000, chaps 1-2; Habermas 1996,
10511; Dahl 1970, 49-63, Benhabib 2004; cf. Fung 2013, Goodin 2007, Näsström 2011,
Shapiro 2003, chap. 1). The reason, no doubt, is the principle expresses a very basic
intuition about what democracy is good for:...
'Agencification' in the European Union has emerged as an important research topic at the intersection between political science and organizational studies. This Working Paper focuses on a group of six agencies under the wings of the European Commission that is often overlooked in the literature, despite the fact that these agencies are now set up for more than a decade, and despite the fact that their portfolio is growing. It sheds light on the historical context of their establishment and their legal foundation, looks at their organizational structure, and investigates the fields of action in which they are tasked to...
Scott, Sue; Lyons, Sean; Keane, Claire; McCarthy, Donal; Tol, Richard S.J.
This paper provides updated estimates for the scale of fuel poverty in the Republic of Ireland using two measures: one based on fuel expenditure as a share of income and the other based on self-reported deprivation. It also presents modeling results as to the characteristics of households most vulnerable to fuel poverty, examines the potential effects of future fuel price changes, outlines policies in place in Ireland and other countries, and discusses policy issues.
O'Doherty, Joe; Tol, Richard S.J.
This paper is presented in two parts. The first part demonstrates an environmental input-output model for Ireland for the year 2000. Selected emissions are given a monetary value on the basis of benefit-transfer. This modelling procedure reveals that certain sectors pollute more than others – even when normalised by the sectoral value added. Mining, agriculture, metal production and construction stand out as the dirtiest industries. On average, however, each sector adds more value than it does environmental damage. The second part uses the results of this input-output model – as well as historical data – to forecast emissions, waste and...
The strong link between private pensions and employment status means that there is little interest in the equity of private pension arrangements since it is expected that inequality in earnings will be reproduced in inequality in pensions. Nevertheless, the equity of private pensions is an issue as governments in mainly English speaking OECD countries subsidise their provision through the tax system and governments in a number of EU countries are now considering this policy as a way of coping with increases in long-term pension costs due to ageing of their populations.
Aydin, Mustafa; Triantaphyllou, Dimitrios
The Black Sea region is coming into its own - but it is a contested and sometimes dangerous neighbourhood. It has undergone countless political transformations over time. And now, once again, it is becoming the subject of an intense debate. This reflects the changing dynamics of the Black Sea countries and the complex realities of their politics and conflicts, economies and societies. Geography, the interests of others and the region’s relations with the rest of the world in large part explain its resurgence. Straddling Europe and Asia, the
Black Sea links north to south and east to west. Oil, gas, transport...
Mehrotra, Santosh; Raman, Ravi; Kumra, Neha; Kalaiyarasan, .; Röß, Daniela
India is among the countries with the lowest proportion of trained youth in the world. Even worse, vocational education in secondary schools has received very limited funding since the mid-1980s;nit has remained non-aspirational, of poor quality and involves little industry collaboration. The Vocational Education and Training (VET) system in Germany, in contrast, shows a much higher proportion of youth participation, more intense involvement of the private sector and is anchored in the law.
Dragolov, Georgi; Ignácz, Zsófia; Lorenz, Jan; Delhey, Jan; Boehnke, Klaus
The study Social Cohesion Radar – An international Comparison of Social Cohesion offers an assessment of the degree of social cohesion in 34 advanced societies (27 member states of the European Union and seven other Western OECD countries: Australia, Canada, Israel, New Zeal-and, Norway, Switzerland, and the US) in four time periods from 1989 to 2012. This Methods Report presents a detailed documentation of the methodology behind it.
Youth unemployment is one of the biggest problems facing Europe. It has increased substantially in most countries since the 2008–2009 financial crisis, but has been rising
relative to the unemployment rate of older adults for far longer. This report presents new statistical analysis of the problem, and uses the results to assess the different roles that education and training, business behaviour and labour market institutions play in young people’s transition from compulsory schooling to a job suitable to their level of skills and qualifications. It concludes that policymakers need to focus on this transition
in its entirety, rather than on narrow labour-market...
Böhmer, Michael; Weisser, Johannes; Hoch, Markus; Schneidenbach, Tina
The “Globalization report 2014: Who benefits most from globalization?” study comprises two parts. The first part focuses on the question to what extent different countries have benefited from globalization in the past and to which degree this is possible in the future. The second part uses the Prognos Free Trade and Investment Index to offer a differentiated measure for the attractiveness of foreign markets for German companies.
Glosserman, Brad; Walkenhorst, Peter; Xu, Ting
The global order has been in flux since the end of the Cold War. Two fundamental trends are reshaping the international system: Power shifts at the global level are creating a more diverse international order, in which emerging and resurgent players pursue and assert their own interests. While it is not clear whether Western economic, political, and cultural dominance is coming to an end, there is no mistaking the world’s growing pluralism. At the same time, the emerging international concert – or cacophony – is characterized by deepening interdependence. All major (and minor) powers are facing challenges of economic growth,...
Baker, Terence J.
Garrett, Shane; Mathieu, Catherine; Nolan, Anne; Nolan, Brian; Sterdyniak, Henri
1 IN SEACH OF AN APPROPRIATE EUROPEAN FISCAL FRAMEWORK 4
Catherine Mathieu and Henri Sterdyniak
2 RELATIVE INCOME POVERTY: LEARNING FROM THE BEST-PERFORMING COUNTRIES 54 Tim Callan and Brian Nolan
3 IRELAND’S HEALTH CARE SYSTEM: SOME ISSUES AND
CHALLENGES 70 Anne Nolan and Brian Nolan