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ARCHIVE OF EUROPEAN INTEGRATION (99.130 recursos)

A subject based repository for research materials on European integration and unification with materials from members of 15 institutions in Europe and the United States. The associated search engine AEIPlus allows simultaneous searching of both the AEI, and the European Research Papers Archive (ERPA), including the European Integration online Papers (EIOP).

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Mostrando recursos 121 - 140 de 8.173

  1. The Quest for a Regional Order in the Middle East. Security Policy Brief, No. 94 February 2018

    Otte, Marc
    The Middle East is once again going through a period of war and upheaval, including mass murder of civilians, state failure, transnational terrorism, sectarian wars, physical and societal destruction, massive arms purchases, use of nonconventional weapons (notably chemical) and a permanent risk of proliferation of WMD. These developments are a threat to the region, but also to the rest of the world and to Europe in particular. The current turmoil should not be underestimated for its potential to trigger an even bigger hot war that could involve other players, if only because of miscalculations by some of the parties involved.

  2. Belgian Defence in 2018: Regeneration Time? Security Policy Brief No. 95 February 2018

    Mattelaer, Alexander
    The Belgian defence budget for 2018 increases by a factor of 4.7 in commitment credits. Not only does this allow for offsetting the significant investment shortfalls of the previous years, it also provides a window of opportunity for regenerating the Belgian armed forces with a view to meeting future challenges. This Security Policy Brief makes the case that the longawaited modernisation of the major weapon systems needs to go hand in hand with a significant recruitment effort to address the critical human resources situation the Ministry of Defence finds itself in. Yet adding up personnel and equipment, the 25,000-strong force structure outlined in the Strategic Vision still risks being insufficient for meeting future requirements as they emerge in both the...

  3. Is there an escape from ‘Ever Closer Union’? European Policy Brief No. 49 February 2018

    De Ruyt, Jean
    The EU Treaty objective of establishing ‘an ever closer Union among the peoples of Europe’ means that European integration is a step by step process requiring the use of supranational institutions. It has never been popular with nationalists and was strongly rejected by David Cameron in his quest for a EU reform deal in 2015-16. However, the Brexit negotiations demonstrate that renouncing it will only create harm, whichever ‘leave’ scenario is retained. Ever closer union is also required in the field of Economic and Monetary Union to help the Euro resist new potential threats. In effect, Europe has no choice but to integrate further if it wants to keep its place in an ever more competitive...

  4. Dnipropetrovsk Oblast: new times, old rules. OSW Commentary NUMBER 260 | 08.02.2018

    Tomasz, Tomasz
    The war in Donbass and the loss of control over part of the country’s strongly industrialised areas resulted in the significance of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast increasing for Ukraine in both economic and political terms. This region already accounts for 20% of domestic industrial production. The fact that the military operation is taking place in neighbouring areas has turned Dnipropetrovsk Oblast into a direct supply base for the Ukrainian army and a migration target for many people from the conflict area. Furthermore, the situation in the oblast may serve as a good case study illustrating Ukraine’s problems on the regional level four years on from the Revolution of Dignity....

  5. The beginning of the celebrations of the centenary of Ukraine’s independence. OSW Commentary NUMBER 261 | 20.02.2018

    Olszański, Tadeusz A.
    January 2018 saw the first celebrations commemorating the centenary of Ukraine’s fight for independence (1917–1921). The first two of these events, commemorating the declaration of independence (22 January 1918) and the battle of Kruty (29 January 1918), were surprisingly small-scale, especially with regard to the participation of Ukraine’s leadership in them. This may mean that the ruling elite has no concept of how to use the centenary to solidify its political position, also in the context of the presidential and parliamentary elections planned for 2019. At the same time, a profound shift in the narrative regarding the fight from a century ago has been evident in the...

  6. Is the crisis over? The economic situation in Belarus after two years of recession. OSW Commentary NUMBER 262 | 27.02.2018

    Kłysiński, Kamil
    In 2017, Belarus’s GDP went up 2.4%, the first positive result since 2014. This meant an exit from a two-year recession, further proof of which includes an upward trend in industrial production, low inflation and a relatively high level of currency reserves. It appears that Belarus has returned to the path of economic growth, above all as an effect of the improvement of the situation on the global fuel markets, resulting in increasing income from the sale of petroleum products, one of its main exports. The fact that the Belarusian-Russian dispute over the terms of oil and gas supplies from Russia, which had continued for more...

  7. The Silk Railroad. The EU-China rail connections: background, actors, interests. OSW Studies Number 72, February 2018

    Jakóbowski, Jakub; Popławski, Konrad; Kaczmarski, Marcin
    The report discusses the current state and future prospects of rail connections between China and the countries of the European Union. Special emphasis is placed on the role of Central Europe. It presents the goals and the policy adopted by the Chinese side in the process of building rail connections with European countries, compares the current and the planned transport corridors, offers an analysis of the economic potential of the China-Europe rail connections. It also discusses various business models of cooperation with China in rail transport. The report has been drawn up based on the desk research and interviews with representatives...

  8. Squaring the MFF circle: How match funding can deliver the EU’s new priorities. EPC Commentary, 23 February 2018

    Zuleeg, Fabian
    The informal EU summit has ended without a breakthrough on the size and details of the next Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF), the Union’s multi-year budget from 2021 onwards. This is hardly surprising. We are only at the beginning of a long negotiation process that has always been contentious; more so this time due to the dual pressure of lower contributions - with the exit of the UK, one of the main net payers - and the need to finance the EU’s pressing priorities - migration, internal and external security and possibly new instruments to strengthen the Economic and Monetary Union...

  9. EPIM Policy Update. European Policy Center, 20 February 2018

    Bamberg, Katharina; De Somer, Marie; Valsells, Marta Llonch
    The question of intra-EU solidarity in managing migration is still a hot topic of debate among member states, and between different EU institutions. The most heated discussions concern relocation quotas and whether these should be mandatory or voluntary (see Special Focus section). In the run-up to the EU Council Summit in December, Donald Tusk, President of the Council, and Dimitris Avramopoulos, Commissioner for Migration and Home Affairs, had a head-to-head confrontation over the issue. An agreement is unlikely to be reached any time soon.

  10. Tailor-made cooperation? Armenia’s new partnership agreement with the EU. EPC Policy Brief, 15 February 2018

    Poghosyan, Benyamin
    At the Eastern Partnership (EaP) Summit on 24 November 2017, Armenia and the European Union (EU) signed a new Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement (CEPA). It represents a second chance for Armenia to deepen ties with the EU, after the four-year relationship limbo that followed Armenia's surprise rejection of an Association Agreement in 2013. The new agreement is the first example of the EU's new differentiated approach towards the EaP countries, which takes into consideration the constraints and specific conditions unique to each of them. While the new agreement excludes free trade provisions, which would contradict Armenia's commitment to the Russia-led Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), it creates...

  11. How to govern Europe better: Reflections on reform of the European Parliament, Commission and Council. EPC Discussion Paper, 13 February 2018

    Duff, Andrew
    Donald Tusk, President of the European Council, has called an informal meeting of EU 27 on 23 February to discuss the EU's institutions. This will be the first time since 2014 that the leaders dedicate a whole session to constitutional questions. It is their opportunity to assess the damage that Brexit has done to the political mission of the Union, and to prepare for some important decisions later in the year about the future of the European Parliament, the Commission and EU finances. Emmanuel Macron wants to promote "une Europe souveraine" and has made a number of proposals to this end.

  12. Over-the-counter interest rate derivatives: The clock is ticking for the UK and the EU. ECMI Research Report No. 13/March 2018

    Thomadakis, Apostolos
    Over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives markets, in particular interest rate derivatives (IRD), have grown significantly in recent decades and now constitute a systemically important component of financial services activity. The UK plays a central role in clearing derivatives, both at a global and EU level. It is the single biggest venue for OTC derivatives activity and is even larger in terms to euro-denominated IRD contracts clearing. Yet, the fact that a large share of euros is traded, and will be traded after Brexit, in a non-euro area country raises questions about the regulation and supervision of such markets and the sustainability of liquidity provision, particularly during a time...

  13. Navigating the minefield of the ESA review. ECMI Commentary No. 49 / 27 February 2018

    Demarigny, Fabrice; Lannoo, Karel
    In its review of the European Supervisory Authorities (ESAs), the European Commission is proposing a radical expansion of the competences of the European Securities Markets Authority (ESMA), but without changing the final decision-making structure of the ESAs. Such a change of scale, creating important new powers for ESMA in capital markets’ supervisory functions for the EU-27, was not expected by most market participants. With the biggest financial centre soon leaving the EU, the review introduces some provisions on future cooperation with third countries but outside any strategic thinking about the competitiveness and attractiveness of the post-Brexit Capital Markets Union (CMU).

  14. The Strategic Potential of the Emerging Wider European Economic Area. CEPS Policy Insights No 2018/05, February 2018

    Emerson, Michael
    Independent evaluations of the current European Neighbourhood Policy are highly critical, and have not been dissipated by a recent review of the policy. At the same time, however, a new reality has emerged, which might be called the Wider European Economic Area (WEEA). The core area covers the EU, EEA/EFTA states, the Balkans, and the East European states that now have Association Agreements (and DCFTAs) with the EU. This comprehensive map of all of Europe, except for the Russian-led Eurasian Economic Union, already has a growing and impressive array of common economic instruments at its disposal. A few South Mediterranean...

  15. Strengthening the Relationship between Science and Trade Policy in the European Union

    Trobbiani, Riccardo
    The European Union faces evolving environmental, social, health, economic, and political challenges, including attaining the UN Sustainable Development Goals to which the EU has committed, such as clean water and climate action. Trade policy is an important tool for addressing these challenges, as well as a field in which the EU enjoys exclusive competence and extensive experience. Because many of these challenges require innovative scientific and technological solutions, this article argues that S&I should receive more attention within EU trade policy, and vice versa. In addition to discussing the current neglect in the EU between S&I and bilateral and multilateral...

  16. België moet wat gas terugnemen = Belgium has to take back some gas. Egmont Commentary, 30 March 2003

    Davignon, Etienne; Dehousse, Franklin
    No abstract.

  17. Mid-term evaluation of the Hercule III programme. CEPS Research Report, February 2018

    Núñez Ferrer, Jorge; Simonelli, Felice; Renda, Andrea.; Di Salvo, Mattia; Zarra, Antonella; Bosc, Romain; Bouyon, Sylvain; Rinaldi, David
    The Hercule III programme was established by the European Commission to promote activities against fraud, corruption and any other illegal activities affecting the financial interests of the Union. In compliance with Article 13 of Regulation (EU) No 250/2014 establishing the Hercule III Programme, the Evaluation Roadmap prepared by OLAF and the Better Regulation Guidelines, CEPS was commissioned to carry out a mid-term evaluation, together with three other institutes, to assess the relevance, coherence, effectiveness, efficiency, EU added value and sustainability of the programme. Based on primary data collected from 574 stakeholders and extensive desk research, the study concludes that Hercule...

  18. Incomplete Hegemonies, Hybrid Neighbours: Identity games and policy tools in Eastern Partnership countries. CEPS Working Document No 2018/02, February 2018

    Makarychev, Andrey
    This paper applies the concepts of hegemony and hybridity as analytical tools to help understand the structural changes taking place within the Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries and beyond. The author points to the split identities of many post-Soviet societies and the growing appeal of solutions aimed at balancing Russia’s or the EU’s dominance as important factors shaping EaP dynamics. Against this background, he explores how the post-Soviet borderlands can find their place in a still hypothetical pan-European space, and free themselves from the tensions of their competing hegemons. The EaP is divided into those countries that signed Association Agreements with the EU and those preferring to...

  19. Messori and Micossi’s reading of the Franco-German 7+7 paper is a misrepresentation. CEPS Commentary, 19 February 2018

    Pisani-Ferry, Jean; Zettelmeyer, Jeromin
    Rejecting the critique by Messrs Messori and Micossi of their earlier paper as “fundamentally inaccurate and misleading”, Jean Pisani-Ferry and Jeromin Zettelmeyer offer a succinct rebuttal in this new contribution.

  20. EU Cybersecurity and the Paradox of Progress. CEPS Policy Insights No 2018/06, February 2018

    Pupillo, Lorenzo
    Technological revolutions bring opportunities, but sometimes even greater threats. This ‘paradox of progress’ affects cyberspace today, threatening to undermine the very principle and foundation of the open internet. The global debate on cyber-governance is currently in a stalemate on the norms for global stability of cyberspace and the fight against cybercrime, although the EU is making considerable efforts to strengthen the resilience of cyberspace and the critical information infrastructure. The newly proposed Cybersecurity Act should, however, be supported by additional measures to increase awareness, devise smarter policy and enable effective governance. Too many users and businesses are still failing to...

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