Aguado, Luis; Martínez-García, Natalia; Solís-Olce, Andrea; Dieguez-Risco, Teresa
Contextual influences on responses to facial expressions of emotion were studied using a context-target paradigm
that allowed distinguishing the effects of affective congruency (context and target of same/different valence:
positive or negative) and emotional congruency (context and target representing the same/different emotion:
anger, fear, happiness). Sentences describing anger, fear or happiness-inducing events and faces expressing each
of these emotions were used as contexts and targets, respectively. While between-valence comparisons (context
and target of similar/different valence) revealed affective congruency effects, within-valence comparisons
(context and target of similar valence and same/different emotion) revealed emotional congruency effects. In
Experiment 1 no evidence of emotional congruency and limited evidence of affective...
Hall, Deborah Ann; Fackrell, Kathryn; Li, Anne Beatrice; Thavayogan, Rachel; Smith, Sandra; Kennedy, Veronica; Tinoco, Catarina; Rodrigues, Evelina D.; Campelo, Paula; Martins, Tânia D.; Lourenço, Vera Martins; Ribeiro, Diogo; Haider, Haúla F.
Background: There are a large number of assessment tools for tinnitus, with little consensus on what it is
important to measure and no preference for a minimum reporting standard. The item content of tinnitus
assessment tools should seek to capture relevant impacts of tinnitus on everyday life, but no-one has yet
synthesised information about the range of tinnitus complaints. This review is thus the first comprehensive and
authoritative collection and synthesis of what adults with tinnitus and their significant others report as problems in
their everyday lives caused by tinnitus.
Methods: Electronic searches were conducted in PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, as well as grey literature sources to
Spexoto, Maria Cláudia Bernardes; Serrano, Sergio Vicente; Halliday, Vanessa; Maroco, João; Wilcock, Andrew; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini
Objective: To evaluate the psychometric properties, along with
cross-cultural invariance analysis, of the Cancer Appetite and
Symptom Questionnaire (CASQ).
Method: Data from 555 United Kingdom (UK) cancer patients
were used to evaluate the psychometric properties of the CASQ.
Construct validity was assessed through factorial and convergent
validity. We conducted a confirmatory factor analysis using as
indices the chi-square ratio by degrees of freedom (χ2/df), the
comparative fit index (CFI), the goodness of fit index (GFI),
and the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA).
Convergent validity was estimated by the items’ average
variance extracted (AVE). Reliability was estimated by composite
reliability and internal consistency. Factorial invariance analysis
of the CASQ was evaluated by...
von Humboldt, Sofia; Carneiro, Francis Anne Teplitzky; Leal, Isabel Pereira
This study aims to build a structural model to explore the predictors of
adjustment to aging (AtA) reported by older women in breast cancer remission. A
community-dwelling sample of 771 older women in breast cancer remission aged
between 75 and 98 years answered a questionnaire to determine socio-demographic
(age, income, marital status, education, household, and living setting), and healthrelated
characteristics (self-reported functional limitations and disabilities, time since
remission, other type of cancer, breast reconstruction, perceived health, recent disease
and medication). Several measures were employed to assess AtA, sense of coherence
and subjective well-being. Structural equation modeling was used to explore a structural
model of the self-reported AtA, encompassing all...
Torres, Nuno; Martins, Daniel; Santos, António José; Prata, Diana; Veríssimo, Manuela
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT); BIAL
Sinval, Jorge; Pasian, Sonia Regina; Queirós, Cristina; Maroco, João
The aim of this paper is to present a revision of international versions of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale and to describe the psychometric properties of a Portuguese version of the UWES-9 developed simultaneously for Brazil and Portugal, the validity evidence related with the internal structure, namely, Dimensionality, measurement invariance between Brazil and Portugal, and Reliability of the scores. This is the first UWES version developed simultaneously for both countries, and it is an important instrument for understanding employees' work engagement in the organizations, allowing human resources departments to better use workforces, especially when they are migrants. A total of...
Mendonça, Alexandre de; Felgueiras, Helena; Verdelho, Ana; Câmara, Sara; Grilo, Cláudia; Maroco, João; Pereira, Antonina; Guerreiro, Manuela
Objective: Patients with amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment (aMCI), usually
considered an early stage of Alzheimer's disease, have deficits not only in retrospective
memory (RM), that is, recalling of past events, words or people, but also on
prospective memory (PM), the cognitive ability of remembering to execute delayed
intentions in the future. This study investigated whether patients with aMCI refer
more PM complaints as compared with RM complaints, and whether this might
depend upon short‐term vs long‐term items or time‐based vs event‐based tasks.
Methods: Patients with aMCI (n = 178) and healthy controls (n = 160) underwent
the Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ), a 16‐item instrument
to appraise differences...
Carvalho, Marina; Faria, Miguel; Conceição, Andreia; Matos, Margarida Gaspar de; Essau, Cecilia A.
The Inventory of Callous and Unemotional Traits (ICU) was developed to measure callous-unemotional (CU) psychopathic traits in
children and adolescents. Studies that have examined the factor structure of ICU showed considerable controversy. The aim of this study was
to examine the factor structure and psychometric proprieties of the Portuguese translation of the ICU. A total of 1,011 children and
adolescents (495 boys and 516 girls), mean age of 13.36 years, participated in this study. Exploratory factor analysis produced two factors:
uncaring and callousness; Cronbach’s α for each of the factor was .83 and .79 for the total score. Significant main gender and interaction
Guedes, Maryse; Santos, António José; Ribeiro, Olívia; Freitas, Miguel da Costa Nunes de; Rubin, Kenneth; Veríssimo, Manuela
Peer victimization is one of the most prominent problems during adolescence. Research has
distinguished aggressive and non-aggressive victims; however, there are still significant drawbacks
in understanding the social and family functioning of these different groups of victimized
adolescents. This study aimed to compare social behavior and perceived attachment security to
parents of Portuguese adolescents, classified as aggressive victims, non-aggressive victims and
non-victims. The sample consisted of 222 adolescents (115 boys, 107 girls) who completed the
Kerns Security Scale and the Extended Class Play, to assess perceived attachment security and
social behavior, respectively. Controlling for age and sex, aggressive victims and non-aggressive
victims differed in anxious withdrawal but shared...
Loureiro, Filipe Pereira; Garcia-Marques, Teresa
Material suplementar disponível em: https://doi.org/10.1080/13546783.2018.1448300
Ramos-Villagrasa, Pedro J.; Silva, Pedro Marques-Quinteiro Fernandes da; Navarro, José; Rico, Ramón
At the turn of the century, Arrow, McGrath, and Berdahl portrayed teams
as complex adaptive systems (CAS). And yet, despite broad agreement that
this approach facilitates a better understanding of teams, it has only now
been timidly incorporated into team research. To help fully incorporate the
logic of teams as CAS in the science of teams, we review extant research
on teams approached from a nonlinear dynamical system theory. Using a
systematic review approach, we selected 92 articles published over the last
17 years to integrate what we know about teams as CAS. Our review reveals
the evidence supporting teams as CAS, and the set of analytical techniques...
Curral, Luís Alberto; Leitão, Paulo; Gomes, Catarina; Silva, Pedro Marques-Quinteiro Fernandes da; Lind, Pedro G.
This research tested the hypothesis that enabling leadership behaviors are positively related to the objective and
subjective dimensions of teamwork effectiveness. Hypotheses testing was done during a laboratory task in which
40 teams of 5 people each (N = 200) engaged in a simulation task using the pc game SimCity4. The results suggest
that enabling leadership and task cohesion are not related to team performance, R2 = .08, MSE = 1.02, F(4, 35) = .79,
p = .54; and that enabling leadership is positively related to team viability, mediated by task cohesion, R2 = .71, MSE =
0.31, F(4, 35) = 21.87, p < .001....
Gaspar, Rui; Domingos, Samuel; Demétrio, Patrícia
To enable consumers to make informed decisions based on communications about food risks and particularly
intake recommendations, it is essential that individuals understand the information presented to them. Thus,
research into the way people make sense and understand newly received information is important from a public
policy perspective. This is the case when dealing with scientific information destined for the general public, such
as recommended food intake serving sizes provided in numerical format. Hence, this study analysed responses
from exposure to information concerning red meat intake risks and a numerical serving size recommendation.
The study analysed: 1) participants’ reported difficulties in understanding a recommended serving size...
Calado, Ana; Neves, Pedro Miguel; Santos, Teresa Cristina; Ravasco, Paula
Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers and the second most responsible for cancer mortality worldwide. In 2014, in Portugal approximately 27,200 people died of cancer, of which 1,791 were women with breast cancer. Flaxseed has been one of the most studied foods, regarding possible relations to breast cancer, though mainly in experimental studies in animals, yet in few clinical trials. It is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, α-linolenic acid, lignan, and fibers. One of the main components of flaxseed is the lignans, of which 95% are made of the predominant secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG). SDG is converted into...
Mello, Joana José de; Garcia-Marques, Teresa
The statement “what is beautiful is good” reflects a persuasive heuristic that may be
supported either by a general association of attractiveness with positivity or by a
specific association with the perceived credibility of an attractive source. In one study
(N = 58), we approach this question using an explicit and an implicit measure (Stroop
Task) to assess whether attractiveness is more likely associated with valenced words
when these are related (vs. unrelated) to credibility. Results show that this effect occurs
but only for the implicit measure. When the word-face associations were made at an
explicit level, we found a general association between positivity and attractiveness,
Frasquilho, Diana; Ozer, Emily J.; Ozer, Elizabeth M.; Branquinho, Cátia; Camacho, Inês; Reis, Marta; Tomé, Gina; Santos, Teresa Cristina; Gomes, Paulo; Cruz, Jaqueline; Ramiro, Lúcia; Gaspar, Tânia; Simões, Celeste; Piatt, Amber Akemi; Holsen, Ingrid; Matos, Margarida Gaspar de
This article describes the implementation process of a nationwide project to enhance young people's participation and active citizenship in the context of Portugal's economic recession. This project used an innovative Positive Youth Development approach that engaged Portuguese youth (aged 11-18 years) through social media tools to facilitate their civic engagement and development. Participants from all over the country were empowered (1) to design and conduct research activities on topics of their choice and about their life contexts and (2) to create ways to improve youth civic participation in their communities, while developing supportive interactions with adults and peers. Overall, youth...
Monteiro, Ana; von Humboldt, Sofia; Leal, Isabel Pereira
Aim: The way caregivers experience the sexuality of older adults has implications to their identity and sexual manifestations. There are few
studies that focus on the meaning of caring of older adults, taking into account their sexuality. This study aims to explore the experiences of
formal caregivers (FC) towards sexuality among older adults, and to obtain a description of their experiences.
Method: Complete data were available from six caregivers working in a nursing home. We used a sociodemographic questionnaire and
topic interview guide. The data was subjected to content analysis.
Results: The most prevalent response of the interviewed participants for ‘beliefs about the interest in...
Ramos, Tânia; Marques, João Amaral; Garcia-Marques, Leonel
Implicit memory reflects itself on situations in which previously acquired
information is expressed, without awareness or intention. The study of
implicit memory has had a profound impact on how researchers have
investigated the human memory. In this paper, we review the main studies
which have revealed dissociations between direct and indirect tests of
memory, and address the two main theoretical approaches used to explain
these dissociations: the processing view and the multiple systems view. We
then describe recent neuroscience studies and discuss its contributions to
help clarify the debate about the mechanisms involved in explicit and
implicit memory. Finally, we critically analyze some questions and
controversies surrounding this literature, such...
Frasquilho, Diana; Matos, Margarida Gaspar de; Currie, Candace; Neville, Fergus G.; Whitehead, Ross; Gaspar, Tânia; Almeida, José Miguel Caldas de
In Europe the rate of unemployment increased due to the 2008–2009
economic recession. The negative effect of unemployment on adult well-being has
been demonstrated and there are strong reasons to believe that young people living in unemployed households may be also affected. Unemployment protection policies and
family support programmes might help buffer such effects. The aim of this study was to
explore the associations between parental unemployment and youth mental well-being
outcomes, and to examine possible heterogeneity between two countries with different
labourmarket policies and parental support programme availability (Portugal and Scotland).
Data were collected in 2014 by the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study in
Sinval, Jorge; Pinto, Alexandra Marques; Queirós, Cristina; Maroco, João
Rescue workers have a stressful and risky occupation where being engaged is crucial to face physical and emotional risks in order to help other persons. This study aims to estimate work engagement levels of rescue workers (namely comparing nurses, firefighters, and police officers) and to assess the validity evidence related to the internal structure of the Portuguese versions of the UWES-17 and UWES-9, namely, dimensionality, measurement invariance between occupational groups, and reliability of the scores. To evaluate the dimensionality, we compared the fit of the three-factor model with the fit of a second-order model. A Portuguese version of the instrument...