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ARCHIVE OF EUROPEAN INTEGRATION (50.707 recursos)
A subject based repository for research materials on European integration and unification with materials from members of 15 institutions in Europe and the United States. The associated search engine AEIPlus allows simultaneous searching of both the AEI, and the European Research Papers Archive (ERPA), including the European Integration online Papers (EIOP).

Status = Unpublished

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 1.642

1. The meaning of 'nationality' in Article 12 EC; a plea for a more inclusive reading - Kochenov, Dimitry
The change in the legal status of third country nationals who are long term EU residents in Community law coupled with the growing powers of the Community in the field of immigration beg for a fundamental reinterpretation of Article 12 EC. The narrow reading of the term ‘nationality’ in Article 12 EC limiting it to the nationalities of the Member States for the purposes of Community law seems to be impermissible given the growing number of third country nationals falling within the scope of Community law to whom the article should potentially apply. Given that Directive 2003/109/EC does not outlaw nationality discrimination the non-application of Article...

2. Access of Experts: Information and EU decision making - Gornitzka, Asa; Sverdrup, Ulf
Who provides the European Union with information? This paper examines patterns of participation in the large expert group system under the European Commission. We explore competing propositions about the character of the Commission’s information system, and test four hypothesis about what affects participation in the EU expert group system. We separate between three kinds of information providers: scientists, societal actors and government officials. The empirical section of the paper builds upon an analysis of a data set covering all of Commission expert groups (N=1237). Although scientists, and interest groups, industries and NGOs are prevalent information providers for the Commission, we...

3. Multilevel venue-shopping in Europe: A comparative analysis of interest organizations in four EU member-states - Beyers, Jan
This paper describes and explains the variable extent to which domestic interest organizations seek access to the multiple venues provided by the EU system of governance. Our in-depth analysis of four member-states – France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany – reveals substantial variance in multilevel venue-shopping, differences that disconfirm some descriptive accounts reported in the Europeanization literature. Surprising is that French organizations develop extensive Europeanized network strategies whereas the political strategies of Dutch interest organizations are, compared to other countries, rather weakly Europeanized. Our multivariate analysis reveals that the nature of policy issues significantly explains the extensiveness of multilevel venue-shopping and that generic information on policy sector or...

4. Making the Case for Europe? An Exploratory Study of EU Consular Crisis Management Cooperation as a Means of EU Public Diplomacy - Sundholm, Mattias
Initially off to a slow start, European Union (EU) consular crisis management cooperation eventually developed as a response to exogenous factors. Given that guaranteeing the safety of one’s citizens is seen as one of the core responsibilities of the nation state, however, the EU’s Member States still seem reluctant to transfer this responsibility to the European level and the EU institutions. At times equated with propaganda, both the terminology and practice surrounding public diplomacy has received increased attention recently. Though not always labelled as such, public diplomacy efforts have gradually been stepped up by national foreign ministries and the EU institutions....

5. Determinants of Competitiveness and Economic Governance: Some Evidence from the new EU Member States and Croatia - Cuckovic, Nevenka; Jurlin, Kresimir
The issues of competitiveness and economic governance are very much interrelated notions as they reflect well the general level of efficiency of an economy as a whole and especially of an enterprise sector. In the EU context, two levels of economic governance do affect the level of country competitiveness: domestic economic governance mechanisms (policies and institutions) and the EU economic governance mechanisms for both member states and acceding countries such as Croatia. Apart from that, at the country level, macroeconomic and microeconomic governance mechanisms have a direct impact on both domestic and international economic competitiveness. Coordination and economic policy mix...

6. Choosing Europe? Why Voter Preferences (sometimes) are not Reflected in National Positions in EU Constitutional Negotiations - Beach, Derek
Why have governments systematically taken positions that are out of synch with what voters want in negotiations on transferring national sovereignty to the EU? Despite the centrality of this question there is little research that has focused explicitly on explaining why governments take positions that are out of synch with their voters. Most existing studies of voter preferences towards European integration have focused either upon the sources of voter preferences or upon party views towards integration. In comparison, there have been almost no studies that have investigated the ‘electoral connection’; in other words the process whereby voter preferences are translated into actual national positions in EU...

7. Bridges over Convulsing Waters: the EU aspiring Eastern Partners’ Role in the Regional Governance - Verdun, Amy; Chira, Gabriela E.
The enlargement of the European Union (EU) to the East in 2004 and 2007 so as to include ten former communist countries and two small Mediterranean islands has triggered new questions on the nature of EU governance. We argue that the accession of Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) to the EU has affected governance patterns in the EU and beyond. Undeniably, the most recent waves of enlargement have had feed-back effects on Europeanisation mechanisms (Grabbe 2006). Also, the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) conditionality attached to the Eastern partners will likely follow similar patterns. The EU is proud of its...

8. Towards a theoretical link between EU widening and deepening - Umbach , Gaby; Hofmann, Andreas
Following the focus of the 2009 EUSA conference EU-CONSENT panel on ‘Theorising “EU Deepening and Widening”: A Return to Grand Theory?’ this paper presents main aspects and outcomes of the theoretical work of the Network of Excellence EU-CONSENT over the past four years. The paper presents a set of multi-disciplinary ideas and assumptions about interrelated causes and effects of EU widening and deepening. It discusses and reflects on how to merge these assumptions and the approaches of different academic disciplines into a more integrated structure to further guide and conceptualise research. It elaborates on assumptions developed as common points of reference and proposes ideas for a theoretical link...

9. The Open Method of Coordination and integration theory: are there lessons to be learned? - Tsarouhas, Dimitris
This paper seeks to contextualize the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) and enrich our understanding of it by submitting constructivist insights to its policy assessment with a focus on the Employment Strategy (EES). The most developed and longest-standing OMC policy area, employment provides fertile ground for the assessment of a rapidly expanding theoretical perspective in IR and European integration applied to a growing policy process. Normative considerations as to the essence of the EU and its future trajectory were highly influential in the process of launching the OMC. The paper provides a framework of integration theory and highlights the particular contribution that the ‘thin’ variant of constructivism has made...

10. Family reunification rights of (migrant) Union citizens: Towards a more liberal approach - Tryfonidou, Alina
Over the years, in the case-law of the European Court of Justice (ECJ) determining the availability of family reunification rights for migrant Member State nationals, the pendulum has swung back and forth, from a „moderate approach‟ in cases such as Morson and Jhanjan (1982) and Akrich (2003), towards a more „liberal approach‟ in cases such as Carpenter (2002) and Jia (2007). Under the Court‟s „moderate approach‟, family reunification rights in the context of the Community‟s internal market policy are only granted in situations where this is necessary for enabling a Member State national to move between Member States in the...

11. European Integration, Economics, and Voting Behavior in the 2001 British General Election - Tillman, Erik R.
This paper develops and tests three hypotheses about the effects of European integration on voting behavior in the 2001 British General Election. First, preferences over joining the common currency (Euro) influence voting behavior, as predicted by the EU issue voting hypothesis. Second, economic voting is weaker among those who believe the national economy to be influenced more by the EU than by the national government. Third, voter abstention is higher among those who believe that the economy is influenced more by the EU than by the national government. Analyses of data from the 2001 British Election Study find support for the first and third hypotheses, suggesting multiple...

12. The Impact of Tobacco Control Policies in the EU: Comparing Old and New Member States - Studlar, Donley T; Frisbee, Stephanie J.
This paper compares the changes in the structures, process, and outcomes related to tobacco control and population health between (1) the “old EU” 15 members and (2) the recent 12 accession members, mainly from Central and Eastern Europe. Based on the stages of the Tobacco Epidemic Model and coercive policy transfer through the EU, we expect to find that policies in these two sets of countries will increasingly converge and that establishment of stronger tobacco control policies will improve population health indicators in both parts of Europe, but more rapidly in Accession members than in old-EU members. Utilizing a large data set from WHO Europe, we compare...

13. Traffic Safety Policy in the European Union: The Role of Interest Groups - Shaw, Kelly B.
This preliminary research examines traffic safety variables that are influencing the behavior of interest groups in the European Union. Utilizing a fixed effects estimation model, this research identifies variables that are influencing traffic deaths in the 15 member states that made up the European Union prior to May 1, 2004. Time series data analyzing the impact of vehicle concentration in member states, unemployment, length of roadways, legal driving blood alcohol levels, speed on roadways, gross domestic product per capita, and alcohol consumption per capita are examined across time in these countries. Further research on this question will investigate how interest groups are altering the relationship between these...

14. Social regulation through anti-discrimination law: the EU and the US compared - Mabbett, Deborah.
This paper seeks to derive insights into the effect of economic integration on social policy by looking at the application of anti-discrimination rules to social policy categories. The normative motivation for rules prohibiting discrimination in market transactions can be distinguished from the normative basis for nondiscrimination in the relationship between a government and its citizens in social policy. However, the two spheres are closely related. Judicial decision-making, which is of central importance in a federal or multi-level governance structure, mediates this relationship and creates processes of transmission and spillover from market norms to social policy. The paper traces how these spillovers are handled by reviewing cases that have come...

15. Global REACH?: The Potential International Impact of EU Chemicals Regulation - Biedenkopf, Katja
The central question of this paper is: Could the new EU chemicals regulation REACH play a role in international chemicals governance – and if so, how? The REACH Regulation is one of the largest and most controversial pieces of legislation that the EU has ever adopted. It introduces a comprehensive and ambitious system for chemicals management, which moves away from a hazard-based approach toward a more risk-based approach. Furthermore, REACH introduces increased responsibilities for private actors and aims at encouraging more innovation. These new EU rules for the management of chemical substances are more comprehensive and more ambitious than current efforts at the...

16. Explaining the Use of Preliminary References by Domestic Courts in EU Member States: A Mixed-Method Comparative Analysis - Vink, Maarten; Claes, Monica; Arnold, Christine
The preliminary reference procedure has been crucial in the legal integration of the Europe Union. The procedure allows the European Court of Justice (ECJ) to involve national courts in the application and enforcement of European law. In this paper we analyze why the ECJ receives more requests for a preliminary reference from some member states than from others. While this is not a new question, only a few systematic comparative tests have been presented to date, and these display important theoretical and methodological shortcomings. Theoretically, previous studies underestimate or neglect two intuitively plausible factors: country size and litigation rates. We argue that courts in bigger and highly judicialized...

17. New Governance and EU Constitutionalism: Friends or Foes? - Velluti, Samantha
The current EU is a highly institutionalized template for integration, equipped with a whole spectrum of different modes of regulation ranging from ‘hard’ to ‘soft’ which, particularly in recent years, have been pragmatically combined together to develop a hybrid and multi-tiered EU system. The dramatic expansion of the EU governance tool-kit and variety of the objectives and internal structures of these EU governance tools have relied on a non-clearly identifiable mix of legal and policy instruments. These changes in EU governance pose a challenge to the rule of law and its main tenets and do not sit well with the European Court of Justice (ECJ) because they occupy...

18. The Treaty of Lisbon – a step towards enhancing leadership in the EU? - Toemmel, Ingeborg
The Treaty of Lisbon as well as its predecessor – The Draft Constitutional Treaty – has been widely discussed under the objectives of the Laeken Declaration, aimed at improving the effectiveness, transparency and democratic accountability of the EU. Although these declared objectives play a role in the revision of the Treaties, a hidden agenda also underlies the reform. In light of an enlarged, but deeply divided Union challenged by ever more pressing problems, the lack of institutional provisions for effective leadership seems to be of major concern to the member states. However, enhancing leadership in the EU is not an...

19. Beyond Fortress Europe? How European Cooperation Strengthens Refugee Protection - Thielemann, Eiko
It is often said that European cooperation on asylum has led to the development of ‘Fortress Europe’, as asylum policies have become more restrictive and asylum seekers find it increasingly difficult to reach European territory and benefit from effective protection. There can be little doubt that there have been restrictive asylum policy trends in most, if not all, destination countries and there are many examples of how existing laws have failed asylum seekers in need of protection. We argue, however, that there is little evidence for the claim that steps towards a common European asylum policy have been responsible for, or exacerbated, such developments. On the contrary,...

20. The European Dimension of the Political Representation of Minorities - Stefanova, Boyka
The political integration of ethnic minorities is one of the most challenging tasks facing the countries of post-communist Europe. The roads to political representation in the mainstream political process are numerous and diverse. The EU accession of the Central and East-European countries has expanded the scope of the political participation of minorities by adding an electoral process at the regional level: the Elections for Members of the European Parliament. This paper focuses on the European elections as a form of political representation of ethnic minorities. It studies the ways in which EU-level electoral processes affect the scope and quality of...

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