ARCHIVE OF EUROPEAN INTEGRATION
A subject based repository for research materials on European integration and unification with materials from members of 15 institutions in Europe and the United States. The associated search engine AEIPlus allows simultaneous searching of both the AEI, and the European Research Papers Archive (ERPA), including the European Integration online Papers (EIOP).
Status = Unpublished
Mostrando recursos 101 - 120 de 1,648
"International institutions as decision-making systems: Lessons from the European Union" - Gehring, Thomas
This paper is organized in two main sections. Section 2 examines theoretical conceptions of the European Union and international institutions. It finds both the external and the internal perspective on institutions present in integration theory, while the latter is virtually missing in international relations theory. Section 3 outlines an interaction-oriented conception of international institutions that transfers the internal perspective of modern neo-functionalism to these institutions.
"The EU as an international negotiator" - Elgstrom, Ole; Stromvik, Maria.
In this paper we want to problematize this conventional view of the EU as a reactive, conservative international negotiator. We argue that the EU's structural features need not always result in a disadvantage for the Union in international negotiations. We also content that EU negotiation behavior to a large extent depends on contextual factors. Are negotiations symmetrical or asymmetrical? Are the intentions of the EU shams quo-oriented or change¬-oriented? All these negotiation-specific factors determine what bargaining pattern we expect to find. In addition to the EU's structural features (actor level characteristics) and the negotiation situation (interaction level characteristics), we also...
"Institution-building from below and from above: The European Community in global environmental politics" - Sbragia, Alberta M.
The European Union is now an important actor in the arena of global environmental politics. It is a signatory to important global treaties and a significant participant in global negotiations. Surprisingly, however, its role has been given very little scholarly attention. This paper explores how the Community constructed over time an international presence in the environmental field. It argues that the Community, while not a ‘state’ in the international arena, has undergone an institution-building process since 1973 which has garnered international recognition. CITES, the Vienna Convention, and UNCED are briefly discussed.
"The Commission and the European Union’s external policies" - Nugent, Neill.
This paper comes out of a study of the Commission in which I am currently engaged. The main focus of my study is the Commission’s institutional and decision-making structures. As part of the study, I am taking a particularly close look at external relations policy areas and am focusing most of my attention therein on the following questions: what are the Commission’s responsibilities?; how and why have these responsibilities changed over the years?; what are the structural arrangements within the Commission for handling the responsibilities; and how does the Commission deal with the potential problem of policy coordination, given the...
"Institutions, emergent interests, and bargaining power: The European Community and its member states in global politics" - Jupille, Joseph.
This paper puts forth an institutionalist account of the ways in which the EC shapes international outcomes. EC decision rules can amplify or attenuate the international bargaining power of certain member states, who are thereby able to effect international outcomes which would not have resulted in the absence of the EC. Unanimity rules in the EC will tend to amplify the international bargaining power of the lowest common denominator EC member state and attenuate the bargaining power of states with median preferences. The opposite conclusions pertain under EC qualified majority voting. Either effect will only occur when member states have...
“Beyond the Final Frontier? Integrating Another Level of Governance” - Young, Alasdair R.
This paper directly addresses the interaction between international regimes and European integration. It focuses on the European Union’s (EU) pivotal roles as the interface of the interaction between national, European and multilateral rules. I stress that there is truly an interaction, with intra-EU developments affecting multilateral regimes and vice-versa. I argue that the EU’s dual character as both an international institution and international actors affects both the form and substance of the positions articulated, collectively or not, by the member governments. The dual character also has particular implications for how multilateral regimes affect existing and future European and national rules....
“Developing Capabilities Reducing Expectations: The Rebirth of Civilian Power Europe?” - Whitman, Richard G.
The capability-expectations gap, advance by Christopher Hill in 1993 as a starting-point from which to conceptualize Europe’s international role, brought into sharp focus both the contemporary European Community (EC) art-of-the-state and the state-of-the-art in the study of the EC’s world role. The capabilities-expectations gap delineated two gaps: first, the gap between the capabilities of the Union and the expectations made of it; second, a gap between the expectation that we should have the ability to theorise about the EC and our capability to do so.
“Expanding Authority: The European Union and Extraterritorial Competition Policy” - Damro, Chad.
In this paper, I will focus on a relatively new supranational policy area-ECP-through which the EU is expanding its authority and significantly contributing to its presence as an international actor. The first section of the paper provides a brief discussion of the EU’s institutional capacity and legal foundation for exercising ECP. Second, I briefly comment on the EU’s somewhat ambiguous international identity. Next, I provide an empirical discussion of the BMD case, highlighting those aspects of particular importance for the current study. Fourth, assessing the outcome of the BMD case, I address the implications of the EU’s newly established authority...
“Flexible Models: External Policy and the European Economic Constitution” - Cremona, Marise.
In this paper I ask to what extent can the flexibility and differentiated integration that we are seeing emerge as a characteristic of the constitution of the European Union be applied to the EC’s external relationships? I provide a starting point, an outline of a framework to analyse the operation of ‘flexibility’ and ‘differentiation’ in the context of external policy. The fundamental question is just what these concepts might mean in this particular context, and from two rather different perspectives. From one perspective, the factors that condition the type of relationship offered by the EU to third states indicate a...
“Understanding Multilevel Complexity: The European Community’s Role in International Organisations and International Treaties” - Conzelmann, Thomas; Knodt, Michèle.
In this paper, we start from the hypothesis that the ‘qualitative leap’ which would give the EU a state-like character is not to be expected in the overseeable future. We accord with those who emphasize the sui generis character of the EU and work with the concept of ‘multi-level governance’ (Jachtenfuchs and Kohler-Koch 1996, Kohler-Koch 1998, 1998a). The concept has become common currency in analyses of the internal development of the EU, but has been used relatively little for understanding the international role of the EU. We seek to develop an understanding of how the concept of multi-level governance can...
"Towards convergence of the European activation policies?" in Are activation policies converging? The European employment strategy for young people. Brussels: ETUI - Serrano Pascual, A.
[From the Introduction]. Activation is a key notion in the European employment strategy, and the cornerstone of the European social model as presented by the European Institutions. It is a principle that has become central to the process of adapting our European societies to changes in production models, changes which have been conceptualised by the European institutions by means of repeated reference to the "movement towards a knowledge-based society". The principle of activation is used to make transformation ("modernisation") of the welfare state into the condition for adaptation of the European social model to the new conditions of production. Insofar...
"The EC Council Presidency at work." - Kirchner, Emil J.
[From the Introduction]. ...some Presidencies seem to do better than others under adverse conditions. For example, a comparison of Presidencies between 1986 and 1989 shows that some have been more successful than others either with regard to a range of policy objectives or in helping to solve acute problems. This raises a number of questions about the Presidency and the office holder; the extent to which the Presidency carries power irrespective of the office holder or the extent to which influence of the Presidency depends on the power position of the office holder. (3) For example, is size, experience, commitment...
The emergence of European political foundations: Political entrepreneurs and transnational transfers. GSPE Working Paper 05/29/2009 - Dakowska, Dorota.
Recently, the European Commission has made some significant steps towards the recognition of political party foundations at EU level. Firstly, it has agreed to acknowledge the political foundations as actors of European development policies. Secondly, it has launched a proposal leading to the creation of political foundations at EU level, linked to the European political parties. This article analyses the reasons, modalities and potential impact of this process. It focuses on the foundations' network-building activities as a means to attain legitimacy and access to the EU institutions. To understand this evolution, two factors will be emphasised: firstly, the mobilisation of...
"International Parliament Organs and European Institutional Organisation: The Case of the European Parliament" - Sabic, Zlatko.
The European Parliament is a member of the family of international parliamentary organs (lPOs). "Parts of international organisations, composed of parliamentarians", as they are often described, are in my view one of the most important achievements of the international community in the post world-war period. Though the IPOs are different among themselves, both in terms of their legal nature and in terms of their composition, the successes or failures of the European Parliament in its efforts to increasing its powers influences the success of similar attempts of other IPOs. To prove this relationship and to discuss possible consequences of further...
Experts and Academics as Idea Generator and Promulgator: Identifying the Social Policy Community of the European Union - Amiya-Nakada, Ryosuke.
The Social policy discourse of the EU is characterized by its continuous evolution. True, there are shifts in emphasis and change in the buzzwords; Social Model, Flexicurity, and Employability are examples. Still, beneath stylistic fluctuations, a common thread through policy development can be discerned since the Delors era. This paper is an attempt to figure out such continuity and seek its foundation in the existence of a rather stable policy community.
Specifically, the paper highlights the role of academics and policy experts. The paper proceeds in three steps. First, it traces the development of the social policy discourse since the Delors...
‘Working together, thinking differently?’ A presentation on the development of the strategic culture of the EU through the study of ESDP - Margaras, Vasilis.
The paper studies the emergence of the strategic culture of the European Union through the development of ESDP. It argues that ESDP should not only be judged in terms of missions and institutions. It should be also studied at a cognitive level. Therefore, researchers should take into account the practices and ideas of policy officials when it comes to the planning and implementation of ESDP police and military missions. The paper examines the development of these ESDP ideas and practices by conducting a study of the strategic culture of the EU. It argues that ideas, beliefs and practices that policy...
The European Union as an Institutional Scavenger:
International organization ecosystems and institutional evolution - McNamara, Kathleen; Newman, Abraham.
In this paper, we offer an alternative explanation for international organizational change, one that couples insights from organizational sociology with historical institutionalism. The core argument rests on two assumptions. First, we note that international institutions sit in a broader organizational ecosystem. This ecosystem develops over time and can provide the building blocks of change and evolution in particular organizational sites. As this ecosystem is a fundamentally social environment, understanding IO change requires attention to the cultural materials that make up that environment and provide the building block for institutional change, as highlighted in sociological approaches. Second, the capacity to engage...
New Perspectives on EU-Member State Relationships - Bulmer, Simon; Lequesne, Christian.
This paper aims to review the "state of the art" for examining EU-member state relations. It recognises first of all that EU-member state relationships are interactive. Member states are key actors in making EU policy, and their role in this process is central to policy-making studies. However, European integration has an important impact upon the member states: the phenomenon that has come to be known as Europeanization. We review the literatures concerned with these two directions of flow: the analytical issues raised and the theoretical perspectives deployed. We then turn to the empirical literature on EU-member state relationships, and how...
Citizens’ deliberations and the EU democratic deficit –
Is there a model for participatory democracy? - Abels, Gabriele.
There is a longstanding debate on the EU’s democratic deficit. Recently, the EU has responded to this by including the idea of participatory democracy in the Lisbon treaty. This corresponds to first experiments with means for citizens’ participation that are rooted in the idea of participatory and deliberative democracy and supported by the EU Commission. In contrast to interest group politics, these attempts aim at including ‘normal’, i.e. non-interested and unorganized citizens into policy-making. Examples of such ‘democratic experimentalism’ are the citizens’ deliberation ‘Meeting of Minds’ or the European Citizens’ Consultations on Europe’s future. The objective of the paper is...