Recursos de colección
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Rossi, Maxime; Thierry, Antoine; Delbauve, Sandrine; Preyat, Nicolas; Soares, Miguel P.; Roumeguère, Thierry; Leo, Oberdan; Flamand, Véronique; Le Moine, Alain; Hougardy, Jean-Michel
This work was presented in abstract form at the 17th Congress of the European Society for Organ Transplantation (ESOT) in Brussels, Belgium (Brief Oral Presentation, BOS04 – Ischemia, Reperfusion, Metabolism and Aging, abstract N°BO33; 13–16 September 2015) and at the 16th Congress of the European Association of Urology (EAU) in Munich, Germany (Poster Session 48, Kidney Transplant: From Bench to clinical practice, abstract n°603; 11–15 March 2016).
Bauer, Andrea; Mylroie, Hayley; Thornton, C. Clare; Calay, Damien; Birdsey, Graeme M.; Kiprianos, Allan P.; Wilson, Garrick K.; Soares, Miguel P.; Yin, Xiaoke; Mayr, Manuel; Randi, Anna M.; Mason, Justin C.
Angiogenesis is an essential physiological process and an important factor in disease pathogenesis. However, its exploitation as a clinical target has achieved limited success and novel molecular targets are required. Although heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) acts downstream of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) to modulate angiogenesis, knowledge of the mechanisms involved remains limited. We set out identify novel HO-1 targets involved in angiogenesis. HO-1 depletion attenuated VEGF-induced human endothelial cell (EC) proliferation and tube formation. The latter response suggested a role for HO-1 in EC migration, and indeed HO-1 siRNA negatively affected directional migration of EC towards VEGF; a phenotype reversed...
Gozzelino, Raffaella; Arosio, Paolo
Biological iron is necessary for vital functions and also potentially toxic to the organisms. This dual effect raised the interest of many investigators to study the mechanisms controlling its homeostasis that are altered in many pathologic conditions. Recently the understanding of iron metabolism significantly improved with the discovery of genes responsible for genetic disorders, such as hemochromatosis, the IRE/IRPs machinery and the hepcidin-ferroportin axis, which allowed to elucidate the basis of cellular and systemic iron homeostasis. In addition, these advances disclosed a causal link between deregulation of iron homeostasis, inflammation and oxidative stress, often induced by the iron accumulation that...
Pejanovic, Nadja; Hochrainer, Karin; Liu, Tao; Aerne, Birgit L.; Soares, Miguel P.; Anrather, Josef
The NF-κB family member p65 is central to inflammation and immunity. The purpose of this study was to identify and characterize evolutionary conserved genes modulating p65 transcriptional activity. Using an RNAi screening approach, we identified chaperonin containing TCP1 subunit η (CCTη) as a regulator of Drosophila NF-κB proteins, Dorsal and Dorsal-related immunity factor (Dif). CCTη was also found to regulate NF-κB-driven transcription in mammalian cells, acting in a promoter-specific context, downstream of IκB kinase (IKK). CCTη knockdown repressed IκBα and CXCL2/MIP2 transcription during the early phase of NF-κB activation while impairing the termination of CCL5/RANTES and CXCL10/IP10 transcription. The latter...
Larsen, Rasmus; Gouveia, Zélia; Soares, Miguel P.; Gozzelino, Raffaella
Heme, iron (Fe) protoporphyrin IX, functions as a prosthetic group in a range of hemoproteins essential to support life under aerobic conditions. The Fe contained within the prosthetic heme groups of these hemoproteins can catalyze the production of reactive oxygen species. Presumably for this reason, heme must be sequestered within those hemoproteins, thereby shielding the reactivity of its Fe-heme. However, under pathologic conditions associated with oxidative stress, some hemoproteins can release their prosthetic heme groups. While this heme is not necessarily damaging per se, it becomes highly cytotoxic in the presence of a range of inflammatory mediators such as tumor...