Recursos de colección

UTL Repository Universidade Técnica de Lisboa (32.124 recursos)

O Repositório Institucional da Universidade Técnica de Lisboa desenvolvido no âmbito do projecto RCAAP. Este repositório destina-se a recolher, preservar e disponibilizar o acesso às publicações científicas e didácticas de seis: Escolas da UTL: Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão, Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas , Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Faculdade de Arquitectura. O Instituto Superior Técnico, igualmente Escola Da UTL, tem repositório independente.

Mostrando recursos 1 - 17 de 17

  1. Institutions and Economic Growth of Landlocked Nations – part of dissertation

    Basnet, Subarna
    The study tries to scratch the relationship between institutions and economic growth under the landlocked constraint through empirically growing correlated random effect model with the base of pooled ordinary least square model and supporting models of fixed and random effect model. It includes a balance panel of 134 nations for 16 periods (2144 observations). It concludes that both landlocked and institutions are important variables to increase the output of the country. Landlocked nation decreases economic growth by 36% than no-landlocked nations, but the estimation of remoteness from the center to nearest sea becomes insignificance. Similarly, one standard deviation increase in...

  2. Labour content of international trade in intermediates : the case of Portugal

    Martínez-Galán, Enrique; Fontoura, Maria Paula
    This paper addresses the relation between international trade and employment in Portugal with regard to the labour content of trade in intermediates. It considers both the overall level of employment and labour disaggregated by skills (high-skill, medium-skill and low-skill). The assessment makes use of the newly developed internationally linked inputoutput (IO) database named World Input-Output Database (WIOD), complemented with the Socio-Economic Accounts (SEA) for skill-types of labour. The period analysed – 1995-2009 - is the longest possible taking into account the two databases used. The amount of labour required to produce imported intermediates (exported intermediates) is taken as a proxy...

  3. Effects of euro area monetary policy on institutional sectors : the case of Portugal

    Afonso, António; Silva, Jorge
    We study the effects of the euro area monetary policy on the institutional sectors in Portugal during the period 2000:4-2015:4. Our results show that the single monetary policy affected some variables that are proxies for the funding of each institutional sector of the economy: general government, other monetary financial institutions, non-financial corporations, households and the external sector. The period of the economic and financial adjustment programme influenced all institutional sectors, and financial integration in the euro area had an effect on the funding for the economy: there was a reduction of long term-to-GDP ratio, external funding to the Portuguese other...

  4. Fiscal sustainability analysis : the case of PALOP economies

    Afonso, António; Leão, Emanuel Reis; Tiny, Dilson; Bhimjee, Diptes C. P.
    The Global Financial Crisis has typically led to a significant widening of fiscal positions (i.e., higher budget deficits and public debt). We address the sustainability of public finances in Portuguese-speaking African countries (PALOP), through adequate econometric testing. Our findings for the period 1975-2015 suggest that most of the PALOP have compromised the sustainability of their corresponding fiscal positions, leading these economies to be set on unsustainable public finance trajectories.

  5. An approach to the structural features of the socio-economic activity of a country based on a Social Accounting Matrix. Evidences and multiplier e ects on distribution of income

    Santos, Susana
    A Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) is presented as a tool to study the socio economic activity of a country. This activity involves the monetary or nominal flows that are measured by the National Accounts, as well as production (organized in factors, industries and goods and services) and institutions (organized in households, general government, non-financial and financial corporations, non-profit institutions serving households, and rest of the world). In order to contribute to the definition of a methodology that can contribute to improving the knowledge of the different aspects of this activity, the potentialities of a SAM for its reading and interpreting are...

  6. Socio-economic studies with social accounting and socio-demographic Matrices. An (attempted) application to Mozambique

    Santos, Susana
    In looking for empirical evidence about the activity of countries, a proposal is made for studying (measuring and modelling) the activity of countries through the use of Social Accounting Matrices (SAMs) and Socio-Demographic Matrices (SDMs). SAMs and SDMs are presented as tools that have specific features for conducting studies in several different areas, as well as for supporting policy decision processes. Based on methodological principles that are derived mainly from the works of Richard Stone, emphasis is placed on the desirability of working in a matrix format, which includes not only people (SDM), but also, at the same time, activities,...

  7. Transparency, quality of institutions and performance in the Italian Municipalities

    Galli, Emma; Rizzo, Ilde; Scaglioni, Carla
    In this paper, we aim at evaluating from an economic perspective the recent Italian legislation on transparency to investigate whether the potentialities of transparency as a tool to improve performance and integrity are fully exploited. We first construct a synthetic indicator (CTI) consisting of two sub-indicators, CTI Integrity and CTI Performance, which are able to describe in numerical terms the overall degree of transparency of Italian public administrations as well as the two different aspects of the public activity’s transparency. Then, using as a sample of Italian municipalities, we address the question whether there is a relation between the fulfillment of transparency obligations and both the institutional...

  8. Assessing the sustainability of external imbalances in the European Union

    Afonso, António; Huart, Florence; Jalles, João Tovar; Stanek, Piotr
    We assess the sustainability of the current account (CA) balance, net international investment position (NIIP) and net external debt (NED) in a sample of EU countries using two complementary approaches. First, we employ both time-series and panel-data stationarity tests of current account balance-to-GDP ratios as well as cointegration tests of exports and imports of goods and services. Second, we assess the level of trade balance that stabilizes the NIIP and the NED. We find that there is sustainability of the CA balance mainly in a few surplus countries whereas there is more concern about the sustainability of the NIIP or NED in countries with a credit position...

  9. Observatório dos direitos Guiné – Bissau 2014-2016

    Sangreman, Carlos
    Este Working Paper é resultante do Relatório sobre os Direitos Humanos Económicos e Sociais na Guiné-Bissau, editado em livro pela Liga dos Direitos Humanos da Guiné-Bissau, pela Associação para a Cooperação entre Povos (ACEP) e pelo Centro de Estudos sobre África, Ásia e do Desenvolvimento (CESA) com financiamento da União Europeia e da Cooperação Portuguesa, que compila o terceiro e último ano do projeto Observatório dos Direitos. Este projecto analisou os dados recolhidos, no período de 2014 a 2016, nas regiões de Bissau (com exceção de Bolama/Bijagós), em função dos indicadores: Educação; Saúde; Habitação, água, energia e saneamento; Justiça e...

  10. Aging and diabetes : impact on employment and retirement

    Paralta, Sara
    Aging and diabetes influence employment and retirement of those older than 50.The aim of this study is to estimate the impact of diabetes on the ability to work or retire, and to investigate if the development of new job skills, for seniors aged more than 50, increase professional activity in a set of European countries. The fourth wave of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement (SHARE) has been explored by using categorical models that control for age, gender, marital status, education level, new skills and country factors. Diabetes decreases the probable level of professional activity and prolongs retirement. Disparities...

  11. Expectations and implications of Japan’s ‘new’ ODA charter for lusophone africa under TICAD process

    Raposo, Pedro Amakasu
    This paper compares and asks how Japan’s ‘new’ ODA Charter is influencing the direction of its aid policy to Lusophone Africa - so-called Portuguese-speaking African Countries of Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique and Sao Tome and Principe (PALOP) - in light of the TICAD process. The topic relates to Japan’s shift from traditional humanitarian and development ODA towards a more strategic agenda on behalf of the private sector, which in turn requires us to assess how the latest Development Cooperation Charter compared to previous ones and how it reflects each of them. This paper finds that although the ‘new’ Charter...

  12. A política do medicamento em Portugal durante o programa de ajustamento económico e financeiro

    Brito, João Pedro Faia de
    Mestrado em Economia e Políticas Públicas

  13. Social Accounting Matrix and the System of National Accounts: An Application

    Santos, Susana
    The purpose of this session is to show how the System of National Accounts (SNA) and the input-output (supply and use) tables are used to construct a Social Accounting Matrix (SAM). Based on the country's National Accounts, an aggregate SAM will be constructed for the Portuguese economy and their full consonance will be demonstrated by identifying both the items and balances of the various internal accounts of the System in the constructed SAM. The SAM will be shown as a working instrument for quantifying the flows in the economic circuit, and blocks of sub-matrices with common characteristics will be described...

  14. A SAM-based Model, constructed from the SNA, to be used for studying the distributional impacts of government policies in Portugal

    Santos, Susana
    An attempt will be made to study the impacts of government policies on the distribution of income, paying close attention to the corresponding response of the different macroeconomic aggregates and balances. The Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) will be chosen as the working instrument. A numerical version of the SAM, constructed from the System of National Accounts (SNA), will serve as the basis for the construction of an algebraic version of the same matrix for Portugal. This methodological choice was linked to the fact that, underlying the SAM, there are interrelated subsystems that, in the numerical version of the matrix, provide...

  15. Constructing a database for economic modelling from the System of National Accounts: a Social Accounting Matrix for Portugal

    Santos, Susana
    Based on the country's National Accounts, an aggregate Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) will be constructed for the Portuguese economy. The full consonance between the two will be demonstrated by identifying both the items and balances of the various internal accounts of the System of National Accounts in the constructed SAM. The balance of the government budget and the balance of payments will also be identified. Blocks of sub-matrices with common characteristics will be identified and described in terms of the national accounting transactions that are included in each of them. The SAM will be shown as a complete account of...

  16. Distribution of aggregate income in Portugal within the framework of a Social Accounting Matrix. Modelling the household sector

    Santos, Susana
    Based on the principle that the study of a sector should be carried out under a general equilibrium approach, and moving beyond the context of partial equilibrium, the Social Accounting Matrix, usually referred to as SAM, is one possibility for meeting such needs, in that it provides a complete account of the circular flows in the economy. The economic flows associated with households, enterprises, government and other institutions from 1995 to 2000 will be analysed from aggregated SAMs, based on the country's national accounts statistics. Accounting multipliers will be calculated to facilitate the study of the effects resulting from changes...

  17. Distribution of aggregate income in Portugal from 1995 to 2000 within a SAM (Social Accounting Matrix) framework. Modelling the household sector

    Santos, Susana
    Aggregated Social Accounting Matrices (SAMs) will be constructed for the Portuguese economy from 1995 to 2000, based on the country's national accounts statistics. The economic flows associated with households, enterprises, government and other institutions will be analysed, as well as their evolution, whilst accounting multipliers will be calculated to facilitate the study of the effects resulting from changes in household income. Therefore, SAMs are modelled and structural path analysis will be used for the decomposition of the calculated multipliers. At the end, the general guidelines will be established for following the study of income distribution and poverty in Portugal.

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