Recursos de colección
Gonçalves, C.; Padrão, P.; Abreu, S.; Graça, Pedro; Santos, R.; Moreira, P.
Introduction: Few data is available about the hydration status of active adolescents in free living conditions. Cell dehydration may be prevalent in healthy, free-living children at school and they could be in a state of chronic voluntary dehydration. Objective: This study aims to describe hydration status assessed by Free Water Reserve (FWR) in adolescents. Method: Two hundred participants (118 girls), aged 13-18 years completed the study. Urinary volume (ml/d) and urinary osmolality (mosm/kg) were measured by one 24h urinary collection, and coefficient of creatinine was used to validate completeness of urine collections. FWR (measured urine volume minus the obligatory urine volume) was...
Machado, Ausenda; Freitas, Graça; Guiomar, Raquel; Dias, Carlos Matias; Nunes, Baltazar
Background: Flu vaccine composition is reformulated on a yearly basis. As such, the vaccine effectiveness (VE) from previous seasons cannot be considered for subsequent years, and it is necessary to monitor the VE for each season. This study (MonitorEVA- monitoring vaccine effectiveness) intends to evaluate the feasibility of using the national influenza surveillance system (NISS) for monitoring the influenza VE. Material and methods: Data was collected within NISS during 2004 to 2014 seasons. We used a case-control design where laboratory confirmed incident influenza like illness (ILI) patients (cases) were compared to controls (ILI influenza negative). Eligible individuals consisted on all aged...