Recursos de colección

Caltech Authors (147.820 recursos)

Repository of works by Caltech published authors.

Group = Space Astrophysics Laboratory

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 163

  1. The Local Hosts of Type Ia Supernovae

    Neill, J. D.; Sullivan, M.; Howell, D. A.; Conley, Alex; Seibert, Mark; Martin, D. Christopher; Barlow, Tom A.; Foster, Karl; Friedman, Peter G.; Morrissey, Patrick; Neff, Susan G.; Schiminovich, David; Wyder, Ted K.; Bianchi, Luciana; Donas, José; Heckman, Timothy M.; Lee, Young-Wook; Madore, Barry F.; Milliard, Bruno; Rich, R. Michael; Szalay, Alex S.
    We use multi-wavelength, matched aperture, integrated photometry from the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX), the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, and the RC3 to estimate the physical properties of 166 nearby galaxies hosting 168 well-observed Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia). The ultraviolet (UV) imaging of local SN Ia hosts from GALEX allows a direct comparison with higher-redshift hosts measured at optical wavelengths that correspond to the rest-frame UV. Our data corroborate well-known features that have been seen in other SN Ia samples. Specifically, hosts with active star formation produce brighter and slower SNe Ia on average, and hosts with luminosity-weighted ages older...

  2. Halo occupation distribution modelling of green valley galaxies

    Krause, Elisabeth; Hirata, Christopher M.; Martin, Christopher; Neill, James D.; Wyder, Ted K.
    We present a clustering analysis of near-ultraviolet (NUV)–optical colour selected luminosity bin samples of green valley galaxies. These galaxy samples are constructed by matching the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7 with the latest Galaxy Evolution Explorer source catalogue which provides NUV photometry. We present cross-correlation function measurements and determine the halo occupation distribution of green valley galaxies using a new multiple tracer analysis technique. We extend the halo occupation formalism, which describes the relation between galaxies and halo mass in terms of the probability P(N, Mh) that a halo of given mass Mh contains N galaxies, to model the...

  3. Broadband UBVR_CI_C photometry of horizontal-branch and metal-poor candidates from the HK and Hamburg/ESO surveys. I

    Beers, Timothy C.; Flynn, Chris; Rossi, Silvia; Sommer-Larsen, Jesper; Wilhelm, Ronald; Marsteller, Brian; Lee, Young Sun; De Lee, Nathan; Krugler, Julie; Deliyannis, Constantine P.; Simmons, Andrew T.; Mills, Elisabeth; Zickgraf, Franz-Josef; Holmberg, Johan; Önehag, Anna; Eriksson, Anders; Terndrup, Donald M.; Salim, Samir; Andersen, Johannes; Nordström, Birgitta; Frebel, Anna; Rhee, Jaehyon
    We report broadband UBV and/or BVR_CI_C CCD photometry for a total of 1857 stars in the thick-disk and halo populations of the Galaxy. The majority of our targets were selected as candidate field horizontal-branch or other A-type stars (FHB/A, N = 576), or candidate low-metallicity stars (N = 1221), from the HK and Hamburg/ESO objective-prism surveys. Similar data for a small number of additional stars from other samples are also reported. These data are being used for several purposes. In the case of the FHB/A candidates they are used to accurately separate the lower gravity FHB stars from various higher...

  4. The FIREBall fiber-fed UV spectrograph

    Tuttle, Sarah E.; Schiminovich, David; Milliard, Bruno; Grange, Robert; Martin, D. Christopher; Rahman, Shahinur; Deharveng, Jean-Michel; McLean, Ryan; Tajiri, Gordon; Matuszewski, M.
    FIREBall (Faint Intergalactic Redshifted Emission Balloon) had a successful first engineering flight in July of 2007 from Palestine, Texas. Here we detail the design and construction of the spectrograph. FIREBall consists of a 1m telescope coupled to a fiber-fed ultraviolet spectrograph flown on a short duration balloon. The spectrograph is designed to map hydrogen and metal line emission from the intergalactic medium at several redshifts below z=1, exploiting a small window in atmospheric oxygen absorption at balloon altitudes. The instrument is a wide-field IFU fed by almost 400 fibers. The Offner mount spectrograph is designed to be sensitive in the...

  5. Nonadiabatic quantum phase transition in a trapped spinor condensate

    Świsłocki, Tomasz; Witkowska, Emilia; Matuszewski, Michał
    We study the effect of an external harmonic trapping potential on an outcome of the nonadiabatic quantum phase transition from an antiferromagnetic to a phase-separated state in a spin-1 atomic condensate. Previously, we demonstrated that the dynamics of an untrapped system exhibits double universality with two different scaling laws appearing due to the conservation of magnetization. We show that in the presence of a trap, double universality persists. However, the corresponding scaling exponents are strongly modified by the transfer of local magnetization across the system. The values of these exponents cannot be explained by the effect of causality alone, as...

  6. Phase ordering kinetics of a nonequilibrium exciton-polariton condensate

    Kulczykowski, Michał; Matuszewski, Michał
    We investigate the process of coarsening via annihilation of vortex-antivortex pairs, following the quench to the condensate phase in a nonresonantly pumped polariton system. We find that the late-time dynamics is an example of universal phase-ordering kinetics, characterized by scaling of correlation functions in time. Depending on the parameters of the system, the evolution of the characteristic length scale L(t) can be the same as for the two-dimensional XY model, described by a power law with the dynamical exponent z≈2 and a logarithmic correction, or z≈1 which agrees with previous studies of conservative superfluids.

  7. Interactive optomechanical coupling with nonlinear polaritonic systems

    Bobrovska, N.; Matuszewski, M.; Liew, T. C. H.; Kyriienko, O.
    We study a system of interacting matter quasiparticles strongly coupled to photons inside an optomechanical cavity. The resulting normal modes of the system are represented by hybrid polaritonic quasiparticles, which acquire effective nonlinearity. Its strength is influenced by the presence of a mechanical mode and depends on the resonance frequency of the cavity. This leads to an interactive type of optomechanical coupling, which is distinct from previously studied dispersive and dissipative couplings in optomechanical systems. The emergent interactive coupling is shown to generate effective optical nonlinearity terms of high order, which are quartic in the polariton number. We consider particular...

  8. Angular dependence of giant Zeeman effect for semimagnetic cavity polariton

    Mirek, R; Król, M.; Lekenta, K.; Rousset, J.-G.; Nawrocki, M.; Kulczykowski, M.; Matuszewski, M.; Szczytko, J.; Pacuski, W.; Piętka, B.
    The observation of spin-related phenomena of microcavity polaritons has been limited due to the weak Zeeman effect of nonmagnetic semiconductors. We demonstrate that the incorporation of magnetic ions into quantum wells placed in a nonmagnetic microcavity results in enhanced effects of magnetic field on exciton-polaritons. We show that in such a structure the Zeeman splitting of exciton-polaritons strongly depends on the photon-exciton detuning and polariton wave vector. Our experimental data are explained by a model where the impact of magnetic field on the lower polariton state is directly inherited from the excitonic component, and the coupling strength to the cavity...

  9. Discovery of an Enormous Lyα Nebula in a Massive Galaxy Overdensity at z = 2.3

    Cai, Zheng; Fan, Xiaohui; Yang, Yujin; Bian, Fuyan; Prochaska, J. Xavier; Zabludoff, Ann; McGreer, Ian; Zheng, Zhen-Ya; Greenberg, Richard; Cantalupo, Sebastiano; Frye, Brenda; Hamden, Erika; Jiang, Linhua; Kashikawa, Nobunari; Wang, Ran
    Enormous Lyα nebulae (ELANe), unique tracers of galaxy density peaks, are predicted to lie at the nodes and intersections of cosmic filamentary structures. Previous successful searches for ELANe have focused on wide-field narrowband surveys or have targeted known sources such as ultraluminous quasi-stellar objects (QSOs) or radio galaxies. Utilizing groups of coherently strong Lyα absorptions, we have developed a new method to identify high-redshift galaxy overdensities and have identified an extremely massive overdensity, BOSS1441, at z = 2-3. In its density peak, we discover an ELAN that is associated with a relatively faint continuum. To date, this object has the...

  10. iPTF Discovery of the Rapid “Turn-on” of a Luminous Quasar

    Gezari, S.; Hung, T.; Cenko, S. B.; Blagorodnova, N.; Yan, Lin; Kulkarni, S. R.; Mooley, K.; Kong, A. K. H.; Cantwell, T. M.; Yu, P. C.; Cao, Y.; Fremling, C.; Neill, J. D.; Ngeow, C.-C.; Nugent, P. E.; Wozniak, P.
    We present a radio-quiet quasar at z = 0.237 discovered "turning on" by the intermediate Palomar Transient Factory (iPTF). The transient, iPTF 16bco, was detected by iPTF in the nucleus of a galaxy with an archival Sloan Digital Sky Survey spectrum with weak narrow-line emission characteristic of a low-ionization nuclear emission-line region (LINER). Our follow-up spectra show the dramatic appearance of broad Balmer lines and a power-law continuum characteristic of a luminous (L_(bol) ≈ 10^(45) erg s^(−1)) type 1 quasar 12 yr later. Our photometric monitoring with PTF from 2009–2012 and serendipitous X-ray observations from the XMM-Newton Slew Survey in...

  11. Fireball Multi Object Spectrograph: As-built optic performances

    Grange, R.; Milliard, B.; Lemaitre, G.; Quiret, S.; Hamden, E.; Schiminovich, D.
    Fireball (Faint Intergalactic Redshifted Emission Balloon) is a NASA/CNES balloon-borne experiment to study the faint diffuse circumgalactic medium from the line emissions in the ultraviolet (200 nm) above 37 km flight altitude. Fireball relies on a Multi Object Spectrograph (MOS) that takes full advantage of the new high QE, low noise 13 μm pixels UV EMCCD. The MOS is fed by a 1 meter diameter parabola with an extended field (1000 arcmin2) using a highly aspherized two mirror corrector. All the optical train is working at F/2.5 to maintain a high signal to noise ratio. The spectrograph (R~ 2200 and...

  12. The GALEX Time Domain Survey. II. Wavelength-Dependent Variability of Active Galactic Nuclei in the Pan-STARRS1 Medium Deep Survey

    Hung, T.; Gezari, S.; Jones, D. O.; Kirshner, R. P.; Chornock, R.; Berger, E.; Rest, A.; Huber, M.; Narayan, G.; Scolnic, D.; Waters, C.; Wainscoat, R.; Martin, D. C.; Forster, K.; Neill, J. D.
    We analyze the wavelength-dependent variability of a sample of spectroscopically confirmed active galactic nuclei selected from near-UV (NUV) variable sources in the GALEX Time Domain Survey that have a large amplitude of optical variability (difference-flux S/N > 3) in the Pan-STARRS1 Medium Deep Survey (PS1 MDS). By matching GALEX and PS1 epochs in five bands (NUV, g_(P1), r_(P1), i_(P1), z_(P1)) in time, and taking their flux difference, we create co-temporal difference-flux spectral energy distributions (ΔƒSEDs) using two chosen epochs for each of the 23 objects in our sample, on timescales of about a year. We confirm the "bluer-when-brighter" trend reported...

  13. The faint intergalactic-medium red-shifted emission balloon: future UV observations with EMCCDs

    Kyne, Gillian; Hamden, Erika T.; Lingner, Nicole; Morrissey, Patrick; Nikzad, Shouleh; Martin, D. Christopher
    We present the latest developments in our joint NASA/CNES suborbital project. This project is a balloon-borne UV multi-object spectrograph, which has been designed to detect faint emission from the circumgalactic medium (CGM) around low redshift galaxies. One major change from FIREBall-1 has been the use of a delta-doped Electron Multiplying CCD (EMCCD). EMCCDs can be used in photon-counting (PC) mode to achieve extremely low readout noise (¡ 1e-). Our testing initially focused on reducing clock-induced-charge (CIC) through wave shaping and well depth optimisation with the CCD Controller for Counting Photons (CCCP) from Nüvü. This optimisation also includes methods for reducing...

  14. A Hubble Space Telescope Survey for Novae in M87. I. Light and Color Curves, Spatial Distributions, and the Nova Rate

    Shara, Michael M.; Doyle, Trisha F.; Lauer, Tod R.; Zurek, David; Neill, J. D.; Madrid, Juan P.; Mikołajewska, Joanna; Welch, D. L.; Baltz, Edward A.
    The Hubble Space Telescope has imaged the central part of M87 over a 10 week span, leading to the discovery of 32 classical novae (CNe) and nine fainter, likely very slow, and/or symbiotic novae. In this first paper of a series, we present the M87 nova finder charts, and the light and color curves of the novae. We demonstrate that the rise and decline times, and the colors of M87 novae are uncorrelated with each other and with position in the galaxy. The spatial distribution of the M87 novae follows the light of the galaxy, suggesting that novae accreted by...

  15. FIREBALL: the Faint Intergalactic medium Redshifted Emission Balloon: overview and first science flight results

    Milliard, Bruno; Martin, D. Christopher; Schiminovich, David; Evrard, Jean; Matuszewski, Matt; Rahman, Shahinur; Tuttle, Sarah; McLean, Ryan; Deharveng, Jean-Michel; Mirc, Frederi; Grange, Robert; Chave, Robert
    FIREBALL (the Faint Intergalactic Redshifted Emission Balloon) is a balloon-borne 1m telescope coupled to an ultraviolet fiber-fed spectrograph. FIREBALL is designed to study the faint and diffuse emission of the intergalactic medium, until now detected primarily in absorption. FIREBALL is a path finding mission to test new technology and make new constraints on the temperature and density of this gas. We report on the first successful science flight of FIREBALL, in June 2009, which proved every aspect of the complex instrument performance, and provided the strongest measurements and constraints on IGM emission available from any instrument.

  16. FIREBALL: the first ultraviolet fiber fed spectrograph

    Tuttle, Sarah E.; Schiminovich, David; Grange, Robert; Rahman, Shahinur; Matuszewski, Mateusz; Milliard, Bruno; Deharveng, Jean-Michel; Martin, D. Christopher
    FIREBall (the Faint Intergalactic Redshifted Emission Balloon) is a balloon-borne 1m telescope coupled to an ultraviolet fiber-fed spectrograph. FIREBall is designed to study the faint and diffuse emission of the warm hot intergalactic medium, until now detected primarily in absorption. FIREBall is a pathfinding mission to test new technology and make new constraints on the temperature and density of this gas. FIREBall has flown twice, the most recent flight (June 2009) a fully functioning science flight. Here we describe the spectrograph design, current setup, and calibration measurements from the campaign.

  17. Charge-coupled devices detectors with high quantum efficiency at UV wavelengths

    Hamden, Erika T.; Jewell, April D.; Shapiro, Charles A.; Cheng, Samuel R.; Goodsall, Tim M.; Hennessy, John; Hoenk, Michael; Jones, Todd; Gordon, Sam; Ong, Hwei Ru; Schiminovich, David; Martin, D. Christopher; Nikzad, Shouleh
    We report on multilayer high efficiency antireflection coating (ARC) design and development for use at UV wavelengths on CCDs and other Si-based detectors. We have previously demonstrated a set of single-layer coatings, which achieve >50% quantum efficiency (QE) in four bands from 130 to 300 nm. We now present multilayer coating designs that significantly outperform our previous work between 195 and 215 nm. Using up to 11 layers, we present several model designs to reach QE above 80%. We also demonstrate the successful performance of 5 and 11 layer ARCs on silicon and fused silica substrates. Finally, we present a...

  18. On the Classification of UGC 1382 as a Giant Low Surface Brightness Galaxy

    Hagen, Lea M. Z.; Seibert, Mark; Hagen, Alex; Nyland, Kristina; Neill, James D.; Treyer, Marie; Young, Lisa M.; Rich, Jeffrey A.; Madore, Barry F.
    We provide evidence that UGC 1382, long believed to be a passive elliptical galaxy, is actually a giant low surface brightness (GLSB) galaxy that rivals the archetypical GLSB Malin 1 in size. Like other GLSB galaxies, it has two components: a high surface brightness disk galaxy surrounded by an extended low surface brightness (LSB) disk. For UGC 1382, the central component is a lenticular system with an effective radius of 6 kpc. Beyond this, the LSB disk has an effective radius of ~38 kpc and an extrapolated central surface brightness of ~26 mag arcsec^(−2). Both components have a combined stellar...

  19. A Newly Forming Cold Flow Protogalactic Disk, a Signature of Cold Accretion from the Cosmic Web

    Martin, D. Christopher; Matuszewski, Mateusz; Morrissey, Patrick; Neill, James D.; Moore, Anna; Steidel, Charles C.; Trainor, Ryan
    How galaxies form from, and are fueled by, gas from the intergalactic medium (IGM) remains one of the major unsolved problems in galaxy formation. While the classical Cold Dark Matter paradigm posits galaxies forming from cooling virialized gas, recent theory and numerical simulations have highlighted the importance of cold accretion flows—relatively cool (T ~ few × 104 K) unshocked gas streaming along filaments into dark matter halos, including hot, massive, high-redshift halos. These flows are thought to deposit gas and angular momentum into the circumgalactic medium resulting in disk- or ring-like structures, eventually coalescing into galaxies forming at filamentary intersections....

  20. CHIMERA: a wide-field, multi-colour, high-speed photometer at the prime focus of the Hale telescope

    Harding, L. K.; Hallinan, G.; Milburn, J.; Gardner, P.; Konidaris, N.; Singh, N.; Shao, M.; Sandhu, J.; Kyne, G.; Schlichting, H. E.
    The Caltech HIgh-speed Multi-colour camERA (CHIMERA) is a new instrument that has been developed for use at the prime focus of the Hale 200-inch telescope. Simultaneous optical imaging in two bands is enabled by a dichroic beam splitter centred at 567 nm, with Sloan u′ and g′ bands available on the blue arm and Sloan r′, i′ and z_s bands available on the red arm. Additional narrow-band filters will also become available as required. An electron multiplying CCD (EMCCD) detector is employed for both optical channels, each capable of simultaneously delivering sub-electron effective read noise under multiplication gain and frame...

Aviso de cookies: Usamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios, para análisis estadístico y para mostrarle publicidad. Si continua navegando consideramos que acepta su uso en los términos establecidos en la Política de cookies.