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The KnowledgeBank at OSU (76.052 recursos)
Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.
Buckeye East Asian Linguistics 2 (BEAL 2)
Buckeye East Asian Linguistics 2 (BEAL 2)
The hypothesis that Japanese and Korean share a common linguistic origin remains highly controversial, with detractors such as Vovin (2010) criticizing a lack of shared functional morphemes and phonological problems in proposed cognate vocabulary. Expanding on the analysis in Ratte (2015), this paper proposes concrete correspondences in the grammar and vocabulary of Old Japanese to Middle Korean. By analyzing the form and function of verbs in Old Japanese texts (Man'yōshū), this paper proposes a functional element *(w)o- that reveals striking correspondences in Japanese and Korean noun-modifying structures, and a verb *pə- that shows that identical verb-compounding structures exist in both...
This study is part of a project that aims to examine the similarity and/or dissimilarity in brain activation while participants take written tests and make conversation. Brain activation data were collected from one intermediate-level Japanese learner, and trend chart analysis and correlation analysis were conducted. Some common brain activation patterns were also observed in this participant throughout the project, such as hemispheric dominance for language tasks, and greater activation for conversation tasks than written test tasks. In addition, the trend chart analysis revealed that the deoxyhemoglobin data increased more than the oxyhemoglobin data around Broca's area in some cases. The...
This paper examines the Sino-Japanese (SJ) loanwords frequencies in literary works from Early Middle Japanese, in response to data cited in Frellesvig (2010). Frellesvig claims that lexical frequency of SJ loanwords increases over time as SJ loanwords become established in use. By surveying additional literary works of different genre, topic, and writing style, it's shown that these factors also influence the loanword frequency. By examining data given in previous studies, discrepancies found in Frellesvig are also corrected and more evidence for the fluctuation in the SJ loanword frequency is also provided based on genre, topic, and writing style.
This squib reports the uses of English idiomatic expressions observed in translated manga or comics. Assuming that the conversations in manga are samples of average daily conversations, the current findings may provide implications regarding natural informal English conversations. Idiomatic expressions were collected from four different manga titles (21 volumes) and they were categorized based on the original meanings of the major words in the expressions. Generally speaking, those found in the manga samples in this study have a similar trend to that in Makino's (2008) collection of idioms, i.e., those with human body parts are more frequently used than other...
Nakayama, Mineharu; Yoshimura, Noriko; Tsuchiya, Shinsuke
This study reports how English-speaking learners of intermediate Japanese refer to the subject noun referents previously introduced within a given discourse. Tsuchiya, Yoshimura & Nakayama (2015) and Nakayama, Yoshimura & Tsuchiya (2015) report that English-speaking L2 Japanese learners only rarely used kanojo 'she' during their telling of the story of The Little Match Girl. Instead, we observed a frequent use of null pronouns as well as a positive correlation between language proficiency and a repetitive use of referential nouns. The use of null pronouns, but not kanojo, may come from an instructional effect as those learners were taught the null...
The epistemic use of the Mandarin Chinese modal yào comes with typologically interesting properties. In this paper, the distribution and meaning of the epistemic use of yào will be described first. This use of yào is restricted to certain explicit strict comparative constructions, but forbidden in many other degree and non-degree constructions. Second, epistemic yào cannot appear above or below negation. Third, epistemic yào has a quantificational force stronger than that of existential modals, yet weaker than that of strong necessity modals. In the theoretical component of the paper, I argue that epistemic yào is a modifier for strict comparative...
This article investigates how a specific group of native Chinese speakers perceive the usage of four-character Chinese idioms, chengyu, as social markers employed by foreign learners of Chinese to build their second-culture persona. Specifically, this study examines listeners' perceptions via the Matched Guise Technique, utilizing 18 matched sets of audio recordings of chengyu usage in various social situations created by two non-native speakers and one native speaker of Chinese. Listener responses were collected in semi-structured interviews followed by a survey. The method of cognitive interviewing was adopted to collect quantitative data in both procedures to capture the complex cognitive processes...