Vives, José Luis; Bassa, Victoria; Ayala, Nuria
[EN] This text presents a detailed account of the history, construction and conservation of this building and its structure prior to intervention, and serves as an interesting example of the construction techniques used by local Baroque and Neoclassical master builders. It then presents the practical programme for enterprise, innovation and knowledge in the local town council as well as the intervention criteria used to guide the restoration. The analysis of the historical construction, mainly rammed earth walls and tile vaults, the repair of wooden eaves using wood prostheses, and the intervention on existing tile vaults which resort to local building...
[EN] This text presents an in-depth study of the Italian postwar atmosphere that eventually gave birth to the Venice Charter. It investigates the debate on Italian historic centres, many of which were heav-ily bombed during the Second World War. At the time, debate on their future focused on whether to protect them or open up to urban planning. The article reviews the role of the main advocates of the international charter on monument protec-tion, Piero Gazzola and Roberto Pane, together with other Italian and international figures such as Raymond Lemaire, in their prolonged struggle to ensure the recognition of anonymous...
[EN] This article describes the lengthy restoration of a major palace in the city of Venice. This included not only the delicate repair of the structure and inte-rior appearance of the palace, which had previously been greatly neglected, protecting it principally from the rising waters of Venice, but also the provi-sion of a complex museumization programme. The compromise achieved between material conserva-tion and updating to contemporary standards and museumization are an excellent example of the benefit of adopting clear criteria for the careful res-toration of monumental buildings, even ones which are severely damaged and technically highly chal-lenging. The restoration process...
Di Biase, Carolina
[EN] This article analyses the evolution of the concept of cultural heritage in recent years, examining the oc-casions on which it was considered to review the articles of the 1964 Venice Charter as a result of changes within the discipline. This work also exam-ines critical observations of the concept and useful-ness of these charters and the proposals arisen to modify the charter, especially in connection with dif-ferent anniversaries and various international con-ventions. Finally, it highlights the importance of a group of lecturers from the Politecnico di Milano pre-senting an alternative to the classic concept of res-toration based on permanent care...
[EN] This article illustrates the methodology, criteria
and design options considered in the intervention
to visually and materially restore the original
flooring of the basilica of Santo Stefano Rotondo.
The author examines the choices and different
effects in a carefully considered intervention with
an extremely detailed design and execution. The
second part of the text includes a similar reflection
on the challenge of planning lighting and designing
appropriate lamps for each situation according
on the desired atmosphere for the space and the
distinctive connotations of the types and shapes
of lamps proposed. Although the age and the
religious involved great complexity, the character
of the basilica intervention dealt sensitively with
[EN] The author expounds on the subject of the sometimes diffuse limits between replica and restoration by referring to parallel examples from the world of art, technology, cinema, furni-ture, applied arts, etc., subsequently returning to the world of architecture and evaluating the concept of authenticity and the ethical limits of replicas from first principles. A particularly re-vealing approach in this issue is the introduction of the concepts of scale and the final aim of the intervention leading to a clear resolution of any doubts arising. The text is of great interest given its detailed analysis of actions usually linked to...
de Miguel, Berta; Pardo Redondo, Gabriel
[EN] Nondestructive evaluation techniques are extensively used in the field of architectural heritage conservation in the United States. This paper outlines the most used techniques, classifying them in visual assessment techniques, and techniques based on wave propagation. Depending on the type of wave, the latter group is subdivided in electromagnetic and acoustic techniques. The final section includes a two nondestructive techniques facilitators: unmanned aerial vehicles and Tablet PC Annotation System
[EN] The Landmark Trust is a UK charity that spe-cialises in rescuing historic buildings at risk and restoring them to the highest standards. They are then let for self-catering holidays to pay for future maintenance. Founded in 1965, the Trust now has a portfolio of 200 historic buildings in its care across England, Scotland and Wales, with a few also in France, Italy and Belgium. Most of these buildings would not have survived without its help. This paper explains the how the Trust was founded, and charts its progress to the present day.
[EN] In 1877, a small group of pioneering enthusiasts in England took up the ideas of art critic John Ruskin and ‘invented’ the country’s first building conser-vation movement. The organisation they founded - the SPAB - survives to this day. This paper exa-mines how the Society’s original ideas - set out in its Manifesto - have shaped building conservation work in the UK and beyond. Today the Society’s work has broadened to embrace education and training, and responds to new challenges facing historic buildings, such as the need to reduce car-bon emissions by improving the energy efficiency of the building...
Nädele, Mikael; Losman, Caroline
[EN] Gothenburg Courthouse has been given new life. The exterior and the interior has both been renovated and taken, as it were, into custody. It has been adapted to the needs of a modern organization. That has been possible because of Gunnar Asplund’s foresight: the plans were based on openness and transparency with circulation at the center. That description could have been taken directly from a modern office concept developed today for the office of the future. There is also the additional factor that the most important and most central aspect of the building is its origins in the deeply...
[EN] The article gives a brief summary of why and how
buildings are listed in England. It then goes on to
describe the framework through which local planning
authorities control their alteration and demolition,
using examples from Ashburton, a small town in
the county of Devon. The decision-making process is
then examined, again with examples, and the options
for appeal or enforcement action described
Chusid, Jeffrey M.
[EN] This article presents a brief a overview illustrating the process for commissioning, designing and build-ing this house using the characteristic prefabricated blocks of Wright’s California period. It also describes the subsequent life of the building, a nerve centre for the artistic avant-garde of Los Angeles, featuring ma-jor modifications by well-known architects including Rudolph Schindler, Gregory Ain and John Lautner. This text reflects the extreme technical complexity of restoring this house, originally built with an attractive yet extremely fragile and problematic construction system. This was further complicated by its location in a seismic region and damage from the 1994 Los...
Este estudio experimental es fruto de un proyecto de investigación desarrollado desde la Universidad de Nápoles Federico II por una plataforma de profesores y especialistas dirigidos por la autora. El extenso yacimiento arqueológico de Pompeya, uno de los más visitados del mundo, ha servido como proyecto piloto para examinar el estado de la cuestión sobre la accesibilidad a estos lugares para personas con discapacidad física y/o perceptiva y diseñar soluciones específicas que permitan una así denominada accesibilidad ampliada al monumento, que no renuncie sin embargo a las instancias de la conservación del mismo. Este estudio piloto adquiere una especial relevancia por la reflexión realizada, los criterios adoptados, el carácter sensato y razonable de...
Hernández Martínez, Ascensión
[EN] The progressive amplification of the concept of heritage during the last century led to consider as monuments not only cathedrals or the most traditional buildings in historic architecture, but also the most relevant instances of contem-porary architecture. The identification and as-sessment of the 20th century buildings logically led to their conservation and restoration in the most necessary cases. However, intervention on them has provoked a deep debate in which even a specific way to restore this architecture has been posed
La restauración, puesta en valor y musealización de la Tienda Olivetti diseñada por Carlo Scarpa en un local de la Plaza de San Marcos de Venecia es un motivo de enhorabuena. El ensayo de inserción de una arquitectura contemporánea sensible con el lugar desde un punto de vista compositivo, metafórico, material y de las técnicas constructivas empleadas, y en un enclave tan delicado como este dio como resultado esta obra maestra. Tras unos años de desidia y uso apretado del espacio para comercio turístico de baja estofa y merced a las llamadas de atención de varios organismos e instituciones italianas,...
El castillo de Astley, cerca de Nuneaton en las Midlands inglesas, era un complejo en ruinas resultante de ocho siglos de adiciones y tres décadas de decadencia. Cuando el Landmark Trust nos encargó la construcción de una casa que sacara el máximo partido a las preexistencias, decidimos construir en contacto directo con los restos, manteniendo su carácter ruinoso. Al hacerlo, nos enfrentamos a la delicada labor de buscar el equilibrio entre la crudeza de la ruina sin escala y la mesurada calidez de una vivienda. Respondimos a esta tensión mediante las características complementarias de la carpintería y las fábricas, amoldándonos...