Recursos de colección

ETD at Indian Institute of Science (3.494 recursos)

Repository of Theses and Dissertations of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. The repository has been developed to capture, disseminate and preserve research theses of Indian Institute of Science.

Centre for Nano Science and Engineering (cense)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 9 de 9

  1. Multielectron Bubbles : A Curved Two-dimensional Electron System in Confinement

    Joseph, Emil Mathew
    Electrons are weakly attracted to liquid helium due to the small but finite polarizability of helium atoms. However, they cannot enter the liquid unless their energy is more than 1 eV, due to the Pauli exclusion principle. As a result, electrons are bound perpendicular to the surface but are free to move parallel to the surface i.e., they form a two-dimensional electron system (2DES). If the electron density of the 2DES is increased above a critical value ( 1013 per m2) the surface becomes un-stable leading to the formation of charged bubbles known as multielectron bubbles (MEBs). In MEBs the...

  2. Cold Atmospheric Plasma System - Simulation, Fabrication, Diagnosis and Thinfilm deposition

    Anand, Venu
    In this thesis, we report the various aspects of fabricating a Cold Atmospheric Plasma system, which can be used for Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapour Deposition. The greatest advantage of this system is its vacuum free operation, which provides a cost e effctive alternative over conventional high vacuum systems. We have designed a reactor geometry for such a plasma system, in which, the contamination due to ambient air is kept at a minimum value using a low flow of Ar (500 sccm). Towards this end, we have modeled and simulated the flow pattern of Ar gas entering the reactor geometry and...

  3. Large Enhancement in Metal Film Piezoresistive Sensitivity with Local Inhomogenization for Nanoelectromechanical Systems

    Mohansundaram, S M
    High performance and low cost sensors based on microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) have become commonplace in today's world. MEMS sensors, such as accelerometers, gy- roscopes, pressure sensors, and microphones, are routinely used in consumer electronics, automobiles, industrial and aerospace applications. Basically, all these devices mea- sure tiny displacements of micromachined mechanical structures in response to external stimuli. One of the widely used techniques to detect these displacements is piezoresistive sensing. Piezoresistive sensors are popular in MEMS due to their simplicity and robustness. Traditionally, silicon has been the material of choice for piezoresistors due to its high strain sensitivity or gauge factor....

  4. Microporous Membranes Derived using Crystallisation Induced Phase Separation in PVDF/PMMA (Polyvinylidene Fluoride/ Polymethyl Methacrylate) Blends in Presence of Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes

    Sharma, Maya
    Segmental chain dynamics in polymer blends is a very important topic, not only from a fundamental point of view but also from technological applications. Because of the difficulties in the commercialization of new polymers, industries have turned increasingly towards blending of polymers to optimise their end use (mechanical, rheological) properties. The design of tailor-made materials would be enormously facilitated by the understanding of the blending phenomena at a molecular level. The key question to address is to understand the dynamics of each component of the blend modified by blending? The thesis has systematically studied the effect of multiwalled carbon nanotubes...

  5. Electrochemical Biosensors based on Novel Receptors for Diabetes Management

    Kumar, Vinay
    To address the challenge of accurate, low cost and robust biosensors for diabetes management and early detection of diabetes complications, we have developed novel, robust sensing chemistry (or receptors) for electrochemical POC biosensors. The biosensors have been developed for the bio-markers associated with diabetes management such as glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), glycated albumin, glucose, biomarkers associated with diabetes complications such as microalbuminuria, urine creatinine and albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) and biomarkers associated with anaemia and malnutrition conditions such as haemoglobin and serum albumin. For haemoglobin detection, a new POC bio sensing technique has been developed based on Aza-heterocyclic chemicals. The repeatability and...

  6. Engineering the Properties of Elemental 2D Materials using First-principles Calculations

    Manjanath, Aaditya
    Our vision is as yet unsurpassed by machines because of the sophisticated representations of objects in our brains. This representation is vastly different from a pixel-based representation used in machine storages. It is this sophisticated representation that enables us to perceive two faces as very different, i.e, they are far apart in the “perceptual space”, even though they are close to each other in their pixel-based representations. Neuroscientists have proposed distances between responses of neurons to the images (as measured in macaque monkeys) as a quantification of the “perceptual distance” between the images. Let us call these neuronal dissimilarity indices...

  7. Engineering the Properties of Elemental 2D Materials using First-principles Calculations

    Manjanath, Aaditya
    Our vision is as yet unsurpassed by machines because of the sophisticated representations of objects in our brains. This representation is vastly different from a pixel-based representation used in machine storages. It is this sophisticated representation that enables us to perceive two faces as very different, i.e, they are far apart in the “perceptual space”, even though they are close to each other in their pixel-based representations. Neuroscientists have proposed distances between responses of neurons to the images (as measured in macaque monkeys) as a quantification of the “perceptual distance” between the images. Let us call these neuronal dissimilarity indices...

  8. Controlling Defects in CVD Grown Graphene : Device Application Perspective

    Krishna Bharadwaj, BB
    Necessity is the mother of all inventions. With Si hitting the speed bottleneck, newer materials to replace Si are being sought out. The ex-foliation based experiments on graphene by Geim and Novoselov at this point was perfect as many of its physical properties were fascinating from an electronics standpoint and hence it was very soon projected as a Si replacement for logic applications. In addition, graphene is also an attractive alternative to applications such as radio frequency devices, ultra-sensitive mass/chemical sensing, high-speed optoelectronics and transparent conductors for photo-voltaic applications. While the widespread success and utility of Si can be attributed...

  9. ASIC Implementation of A High Throughput, Low Latency, Memory Optimized FFT Processor

    Kala, S
    The rapid advancements in semiconductor technology have led to constant shrinking of transistor sizes as per Moore's Law. Wireless communications is one field which has seen explosive growth, thanks to the cramming of more transistors into a single chip. Design of these systems involve trade-offs between performance, area and power. Fast Fourier Transform is an important component in most of the wireless communication systems. FFTs are widely used in applications like OFDM transceivers, Spectrum sensing in Cognitive Radio, Image Processing, Radar Signal Processing etc. FFT is the most compute intensive and time consuming operation in most of the above applications....

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