Recursos de colección

RiuNet. Repositorio institucional de la Universitat de Valencia (99.709 recursos)

RiuNet es el Repositorio Institucional de la Universitat Politècnica de València, gestionado por la Biblioteca, cuyo objetivo es ofrecer acceso en Internet a la producción científica, académica y corporativa de la comunidad universitaria con la finalidad de aumentar su visibilidad y hacerla accesible y preservable.

VITRUVIO

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 27

  1. The construction of the Cathedral of Antigua Guatemala in the 17th century from the pictorial documents

    Garin, Alberto; de la Maza, Osmín; Castaño, Enrique
    [EN] In 1678, the painter Antonio Ramírez elaborated a picture explaining the condition of the works of the cathedral of Santiago de Guatemala (now la Antigua Guatemala), a picture that allows us to establish the evolution undergone by the cathedral from the second half of the XVII century to its current state. Throughout this evolution, we want to highlight those construction elements that have been able to withstand not only the course of time, but above all, the force of the numerous earthquakes that have affected Guatemala since 1678 until today. In addition, Ramirez's work offers a series of brief...

  2. Selecting and Installing Energy-Efficient Windows to Improve Dwelling Sustainability

    Friedman, Avi; Matheson, Morgan
    [EN] Windows play a significant role in achieving comfort in buildings by letting in natural light, solar warmth, fresh air and permitting outdoor views. On the other hand, poor quality windows can be the source of overheating or unwanted infiltration or exfiltration of air. Quality windows, therefore, influence the dwelling’s energy consumption and consequently its sustainability. Heat losses through the building envelope can occur in any of three mechanisms: conduction, convection and radiation. In all cases, windows are the “weakest link”. As such, windows represent the most important investment in the construction or renovation of any dwelling. They are also...

  3. Memory and technology

    Niglio, Olimpia
    [EN] The concept of "memory" has different meanings when analyzed within specific cultural contexts. In general, the memory expresses the ability of man to keep track of events, information, sensations, ideas, experiences, and recall this consciousness as soon as certain motivations make necessary the contribution of past experience.

  4. Matter, material, architecture. The tectonic conception between spontaneous consciousness and critical consciousness

    Rociola, Giuseppe Francesco
    [EN] Talking about of place and matter as indissoluble terms of architectural practice could at first appear tautological, because of the essential link that makes them participating in the construction of anthropic structures. But nowadays it has become of utmost importance to emphasize it, in the light of the profound changes that concern the architecture in the last decades, during which the importance of technology as a value in itself that summarizes all the meanings of the project has questioned the link always existed among materials, building and language, as expression of a type-morphological world in which to recognize themselves...

  5. Evaluation of the Structural Stability of an Octagonal Dome with Meridional Cracks. Case Study: Temple of Santa Lucia, Ambalema, Colombia

    Olmedo Montoya, Jorge; Niglio, Olimpia; Brigith Romero, Karol
    [EN] This work performed a comparative analysis between the construction process carried out when building the dome at the Temple of Santa Lucía, in Ambalema-Colombia and the typical process of an octagonal dome. Additionally, the structural stability is assessed of the dome of the case study against service and dynamic loads. To compare with the case study, known domes were taken as examples from structures in Italy and Spain. The analysis includes a study on the dome’s geometry and the constructive errors found. Methodology: The dome’s stability was evaluated through structural analysis software for which the dome was simplified into...

  6. Design and comfort in office space

    Lepore, Michele M.
    [EN] The theme of office space is of particular interest because it is a sector strongly involved by technological development. The high concentration of plant engineering systems makes it essential to the attention to environmental parameters and to research on the quality of the relationship which binds man to artificial dimension of built space. In the design of office spaces, the general objective must be to be able to achieve a new working environment relationship. A ratio in which optimal balance is always sought in terms of igrothermal, acoustic and luminous comfort conditions, without noting that the psychological and sociological...

  7. Legal challenges in the implementation of Nearly Zero Energy Buildings (nZEB) in Spain

    Cárcel Carrasco, Francisco Javier; Peñalvo López, Elisa; Morcillo, Isolda
    [EN] Construction activities that include renovation work and energy retrofits add almost twice as much value as the construction of new buildings, and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) contribute more than 70% of the value added in the EU building sector. This article analyses the legislation associated to Nearly Zero Energy Buildings (nZEB) in Spain in order to identify the factors that will leverage their massive implementation. The paper is organized in three main sections: first one, it describes the geographical and social context of nZEB in Spain, then legislative requirements and policies are analysed; and finally, it identifies the...

  8. Urban microclimate parameters for buildings energy strategies

    Lepore, Michele
    [EN] Today, the cities need to increase energy efficiency, reduce polluting emissions and achieve a sufficient level of sustainability. The urban microclimate plays an important role on the buildings energy consumption and the feeling of comfort in the spaces. The microclimate parameters are of central importance for the activities that are carried out in the open spaces and to a large extent determine the use. The responses to the microclimate may be unconscious but very often result in a differentiated use of open spaces just as function of the different climatic conditions. For this reason, the aim of this work...

  9. The need for municipal action planning against flood risk: the risk-informed journey of the municipality of Oliva (Spain)

    Porta-Sancho, Juan R.; Castillo Rodríguez, Jesica Tamara; Escuder Bueno, Ignacio; Perales-Momparler, Sara
    [EN] Society demands higher safety levels, including those actions related to urban planning and protection against natural hazards and manmade threats. Therefore, authorities respond to these demands through new regulatory and operational frameworks to cope with existing and future risks. The Spanish regulatory framework regarding flood risk management, based on the European context, defines the required procedures for emergency management, involving all authorities responsable for civil protection and urban planning. This framework requires all municipalities at medium or high flood risk to develop and implement local action plans against flood risk (PAMRI, by its acronym in Spanish), which must include...

  10. The natural matter as a new architectural paradigm

    Perraudin, Gilles
    Perraudin, G. (2016). The natural matter as a new architectural paradigm. VII-VIII. doi:10.4995/vitruvio-ijats.2016.7022.

  11. The integrated design of building services by an equipped and eco-efficient module (MOTE2)

    Giordano, Roberto; Allione, Cristina; Clos, Andrè; Montacchini, Elena; Tedesco, Silvia
    [EN] The targets set out by European Directives concerning the energy savings in the construction sector refer both to building envelope and to its services. With regard to building services it is mandatory meeting requirements related to heating, cooling, lighting and ventilation.Building services take up a variable space in the buildings that cannot be considered anymore negligible and they would always be fully integrated into buildings.Equipped and Eco-efficient Technological Module (MOTE2) is a research project aimed at implementing the integration in a unique services cupboard of some building services: heating and cooling; domestic hot water; mechanical ventilation.The project was organized...

  12. Redesign a part of the city. From polluting road to sustainable linear square in three “P”: profile, permeability, photocatalysis.

    Luigini, Alessandro
    [EN] The project presented here is a best practice applied to the routine of public service work. The financial investment necessary to ground makeover asphalt was diverted for a functional and environmental regeneration of an area of almost one hectare. The project, basically, wonders about the many possibilities of urban renewal that can arise from the ordinary activities of public works management, and how targeted action can bring parts of cities to a more appropriate relationship with the environment.

  13. Design/build: A Relevant Pedagogy for Architecture Education

    Chamel, Olivier
    [EN] The predominance of drawing as a mean to create and represent architecture, whether in an educational setting or in professional practice, has had a profound influence on the design process. Drawings are so much a part of that process that they can often be mistaken for architecture itself. But drawings are not architecture, rather they are tools to create and control.Historically, drawings greatly contributed to the establishment of the profession of architect inaugurated by the Italian Renaissance. They became the means by which architects gained control over design and by extension over the construction process. Control of the design...

  14. Basalt fibers: the green material of the XXI-century, for a sustainable restoration of historical buildings

    Di Ruocco, Giacomo
    [EN] In recent decades in the construction industry, the need to experience consolidation techniques with non-corroding materials is being developed. Studies and tests have been led about integration of basalt fibers in concrete structures: they have shown improvements both in terms of mechanical strength and in terms of intervention of consolidation durability (Ólafsson, Thorhallsson, 2009). The basalt rock can be used to produce not only basalt bars, but also fabrics, paddings, continuous filaments and basalt network. Some applications of these basalt-composites materials concern the consolidation of civil construction structures, thermal and acoustic insulation, security clothing, etc. Some years ago the...

  15. Structural survey and diagnosis of historical constructions – the experience of the Construction Institute

    Paupério, Esmeralda; Romão, Xavier; Arêde, António; Costa, Aníbal; Varum, Humberto; Guedes, João; Vila Pouca, Nelson
    [EN] The sustainable rehabilitation of an historical construction can only be achieved if there is adequate knowledge about its state of conservation. To obtain such knowledge, reliable structural survey and diagnosis procedures need to be employed. An overall definition of the more important technical procedures that need to be considered is addressed to provide general guidelines for the structural survey and diagnosis of historical constructions. A more detailed description of some of the methods is then also performed. Several case studies are then presented to illustrate these approaches, emphasizing the importance of the technical inspection and survey data in the...

  16. Social inclusion in the regeneration processes of historic centres

    Castagneto, Francesca
    [EN] This paper deals with the theme of city users’ participation in the urban renewal processes. Although not a new approach, in the last years it has been considered as the best way to reach meaningful results in the planning of urban design strategies that take into account the citizens’ needs and desires. The paper focuses only on one part of a complex European Research Project carried out in the period 2011-2013 within the cooperation programme between Italy and Malta. During the research development we decided to do a specific activity related to urban knowledge and based on the cooperation...

  17. Smart port city of Odessa: brilliant embodiment of Vitruvius` theories of beauty

    Dobrolubsky, Andrey; Ieksarova, Nadia; Yeksarov, Vladimir
    [EN] The condition of successivedevelopment, sustainability of the whole is a continuous relation between the present, the past and the future. An interdisciplinary approach aimed to create the holistic picture of the world helps to get an objective assessment of the logic of the environment changing process. The birth of a new Polis of the North Black Sea Region at the end of 18th c. led to the complex of geostrategic economic prerequisites for the development of the southern territories of the Russian Empire.The generation of the founders of the port city of Odessa (J. de Ribas, F. de Volan...

  18. Re-thinking the validity of the past. Deconstructing what authenticity and integrity mean to the fruition of cultural heritage

    García-Esparza, Juan Antonio
    [EN] There is a lively ongoing debate on Critical Heritage Studies and the Authorised Heritage Discourse, but quite a few authors have viewed the issue from a canonical perspective where the wider Cultural Built Heritage visual experience is assessed and valued in relation with authenticity and integrity. The terms static authenticity and dynamic authenticity appear in this text as dependent on heritage connectivity. Two main arguments are developed in this study. Firstly, a general overview of the context is proposed in order to understand the vernacular internationally. Secondly, the article offers an inside view intended to provide an accurate interpretation...

  19. Integrated sensor network for monitoring steel corrosion in concrete structures

    Ramón Zamora, José Enrique; Gandía Romero, José Manuel; Valcuende Payá, Manuel Octavio; Bataller Prats, Román
    [EN] Corrosion is one of the main triggering factors affecting the service life and durability of structures. Several methods are used for corrosion studies but electrochemical techniques are the most commonly applied. Corrosion processes monitoring and control by means of non-destructive techniques, such as the implementation of embedded sensors, has been the target of many works.  It is possible to obtain relevant information of structural corrosion processes in real time. This document describes a system including specific equipment and which allows obtaining relevant information about these corrosion processes. This system is formed by a sensor network. There are several types...

  20. In situ experimentations for the compatibility and durability of the restorations: the case study of the Sassi of Matera

    Mecca, Ippolita
    [EN] The research intends to make a study of the interventions of restoration realized in a sample area, (“Sassi of Matera”), so as to establish an operating methodology with interpretative and implementable rules for the assessment of the concept of durability and service life in recovery interventions, starting from the preliminary phases of intervention, therefore that is from the project It is intended, in particular, to assess durability of the recovery intervention, analysing the aspects of subject compatibility, performance harmony and programmed maintenance. Starting from an initial check based on validation of the choices made by means of on site experiments...

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