Tío Sáenz, Marta
[EN] This article deals with the regularization of non-standard spellings of the verbal forms extracted from a corpus. It addresses the question of what the limits of regularization are when lemmatizing Old English weak verbs. The purpose of such regularization, also known as normalization, is to carry out lexicological analysis or lexicographical work. The analysis concentrates on weak verbs from the second class and draws on the lexical database of Old English Nerthus, which has incorporated the texts of the Dictionary of Old English Corpus. As regards the question of the limits of normalization, the solution adopted are, in the...
Fernández Smith, Gérard
[EN] The following paper is intended to display an approach to theoretical concepts regarding the field of language policy and planning, by presenting a series of examples of policies in different ambits which cannot be easily related to those processes and theoretical devices fostered by the existing and generally accepted theoretical models. For that reason, it is our opinion that there is a need to redefine some of those concepts, to provide more flexibility and applications to such models. In order to achieve our goals, we present and discuss, among others, examples regarding discriminatory use of language and, particularly, sexist...
Peñate Cabrera, Marcos
[EN] Although assessment experts have been researching the relationship between the different types of tasks and their level of difficulty, this process of analysis should be pursued further in order to acquire a more accurate vision of the variables involved. In this article we study the three types of tasks most frequently used in the different models of oral exams (one-to-one interview based on a photo, one-to-one interview based on a comic strip and a dialogue in pairs). In order to carry out this study we assessed 244 pupils from the second year of Bachillerato belonging to nine different schools...
Vangehuchten, Lieve; Verhoeven, Veronique; Thys, Peter
[EN] This paper examines the correlation between musical aptitude and pronunciation proficiency in an experiment with 29 university students of Spanish as a foreign language. The 29 participants took a test in Spanish pronunciation and prosody as well as in musicality. The pronunciation and prosody test consisted of two parts. The first part was a receptive phonemic discrimination test and the second part was a productive test in which they had to repeat words and sentences chosen for their prosodic characteristics. The musical aptitude test also consisted of a receptive part on musicality in general, as well as a productive...
Durán Escribano, Mª Pilar; Rubio Moreda, Ana Luz
[EN] The purpose of this study is to analyse the competent use of EAP linguistic features (passive voice, use of nominal groups, typical verb forms, and modality), by the Technical University of Madrid engineering students, in relation to their CEFR competence levels, from A2 to C1. The results obtained with the STATGRAPHICS programme serve to identify those specific grammar structures most difficult to Spanish engineering students so that their learning may be favoured. Results calibration to CERF reference levels also renders a more complete scale of linguistic competence applied to EAP contexts.
Ortego Antón, María Teresa; Fernández Nistal, Purificación
[EN] In recent decades there has been a revolution in expert knowledge, so general vocabulary has been gradually enlarged with a great number of terms traditionally limited to specialised discourse. In addition, expert knowledge is usually produced in the English language. However, the need to transfer it to other languages such as Spanish has emerged. To solve the difficulties which arise for users in the transference of specialised polysemic uses derived from metaphors they normally consult general bilingual dictionaries, despite the fact that this tool is not the most suitable when making decisions about equivalents of specialised vocabulary in other...
Vásquez González, Jorge Alberto
[EN] After discussing the notion of the subjunctive as the modus irrealis and elucidate its syntactic function and value, are presented literary examples of important American writers on the natural use of the adjectival subordinate explanatory, in order to cast doubt on the assertion some authors, such as the Real Academia Española (RAE) and the Instituto Cervantes, on its ungrammaticality in such clauses. While not as frequently used as the subjunctive in the adjectival subordinate especified, the paradox that is drawn not seem ungrammatical. The methodology, based on an unorthodox or dominant conception of modal division of Spanish verb conjugation,...
Díaz Hormigo, María Tadea
[EN] Research on neologisms can be of assistance in updating the entries of the elements of word formation in general dictionaries, although it is necessary first to clarify the concepts of “neology” and “neologism”, in order to apply them to morphological innovations, and to demarcate, both terminologically and conceptually, the morphological units which intervene in word formation. In this article, a research methodology is proposed; we present the linguistic resources available for use in obtaining different corpora of neologistic creations and we defend the validity of contrastive analysis to formulate proposals for the renovation of lexicographical compendia, which will be...