Oliveira, Raquel Lara Velez; Schneider, Valéria; Bonafé, Fernanda Salloume Sampaio; Maroco, João; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini
Background: In the correctional context, occupational characteristics may contribute to the development of burnout. Objective: To compare the scores of Emotional Exhaustion (EE), Cynicism (CY) and Professional Efficacy (PE) of staff members according to occupational variables in two correctional facilities (CF1 and CF2). Methods: 339 Brazilian employees from two correctional facilities completed a socio-demographic/occupational questionnaire and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS). The comparison between the scores obtained on each MBI-GS factor, according to variables of interest vs. correctional facilities, was performed using analysis of variance (ANOVA-two way: p < 0.05). Results: Statistically significant differences were observed between the levels...
Pechorro, Pedro Fernandes dos Santos; Maroco, João; Ray, James V.; Gonçalves, Rui Abrunhosa; Nunes, Maria Cristina de Oliveira Salgado
Research on narcissism has a long tradition, but there is limited knowledge regarding its application among female youth, especially for forensic samples of incarcerated female youth. Drawing on 377 female adolescents (103 selected from forensic settings and 274 selected from school settings) from Portugal, the current study is the first to examine simultaneously the psychometric properties of a brief version of the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI-13) among females drawn from incarcerated and community settings. The results support the three-factor structure model of narcissism after the removal of one item due to its low factor loading. Internal consistency, convergent validity, and...
Seruca, Tânia Catarina Mira; Silva, Carlos Fernandes da
This study sought to analyse the relation between executive functions and
criminal recidivism. We assessed a set of cognitive abilities associated with
executive functioning in a group of recidivist offenders (n = 19), primary
offenders (n = 25) and non-offenders (n = 30). Our results, tested with nonparametric
statistics and Monte Carlo method, revealed that there were no
executive differences between both groups of offenders but, when compared
with non-offenders, the recidivists showed a worse performance in
Trail Making Test part B, and the primary offenders presented a significant
lower score on Porteus Maze Test Age score. This study suggests that
there can be a different pattern of executive...