Mostrando recursos 21 - 40 de 99

  1. Development of Distribution Logistics for Fast Moving Consumer Goods in Poland

    Hausmaninger, Martin
    This work analyzes the current situation of distribution logistics in Poland and tries to anticipate future developments in this area. It demonstrates, how the current economic growth and EU membership of Poland since 2004 influences these developments. The focus is on availability of infrastructure, cost of operations, the European distribution structure and distribution channel structures. The research shows that conditions for distribution operations in Poland are on the one hand good, because operation costs are low and warehouse space is cheap and sufficient in supply. On the other hand, the slow development of the road infrastructure and other issues cause...

  2. Viability of the Premium Airline Business Model - Analysis of business class-only services offered by Eos Airlines, MAXjet Airways and Lufthansa, Swiss, KLM in cooperation with PrivatAir Herausgeber: die

    Kuchta, Marek
    Between 2002 and 2005, Lufthansa, Swiss and KLM in cooperation with PrivatAir, start-up airlines Eos and MAXjet individually, launched scheduled business class-only services between Europe and the US. This paper qualitatively analyses the new business model from the strategic and operational point of view. Different approaches based on pull or push motivation have been identified and the characteristics of the service offerings extensively examined. From the strategic aspect, the analysis has proven that the products have an inherent value benefit for the respective target group. It has been established that short and ultra-long haul routes are not viable for the...

  3. Wettbewerb im Luftverkehr - Deregulierung und strategische Allianzen

    Strobach, Daniel
    Deregulation has influenced how network carriers operate. But despite extensive deregulation, as being adopted by the European Union, a certain level of regulation has remained in international traffic. The industry reacted to this situation by forming global strategic alliances. These alliances can not be assessed as anti-competitive in advance. Typical elements and their effects have to be analyzed in detail. For example code-sharing causes increasing and decreasing prices, depending on the market in focus. The actual negotiations on common rules for air traffic between the European Union and the United States of America could make way for a consolidation within...

  4. The efficiency of European transmission system operators. An application of dynamic DEA.

    Geymüller, Philipp von
    (no abstract available)

  5. Assessing the effects of quality regulation in Norway with a quality regulated version of dynamic DEA

    Geymüller, Philipp von; Burger, Anton
    In order to find out why energy-not-supplied in Norway - the most important indicator for the quality of service in the quality-regulation regime there - decreased more pronounced before the introduction of quality-regulation in 2001 than after it, we develop a dynamic quality-DEA-model and apply it to a representative sample of distribution-net operators. Our model enables us to calculate a counter-factual and thus to tentatively answer the question: What would have happened, had there been no quality-regulation? This way we find strong evidence that the quality-regulation in Norway did not have an effect on the behavior of the firms. (author's...

  6. Informelle Pflege und Betreuung älterer Menschen durch erwerbstätige Personen in Wien. Darstellung von Dimension und Struktur auf Basis bisheriger Erhebungen.

    Jung, Reinhard; Trukeschitz, Birgit; Schneider, Ulrike
    Overview of relavant satistical data sources, statistical sources on caring and informal care, surveys conducted by research institutes,census by Statistik Austria, Care needs of the elderly in Vienna, informal care and support of the elderly. (author´s abstract)

  7. Auswirkungen informeller Pflegetätigkeit auf das Erwerbsverhalten und Konsequenzen für ArbeitgeberInnen. Ein Literatursurvey.

    Muehlmann, Richard; Ludescher, Martin; Trukeschitz, Birgit; Schneider, Ulrike
    (kein Abstract vorhanden)

  8. The Non-profit Sector in Austria. An economic, legal und political appraisal Working.

    Neumayr, Michaela; Schneider, Ulrike; Meyer, Michael; Haider, Astrid
    (no abstract available)

  9. Nonprofits' functions in old and new democracies: an integrative framework and empirical evidence for Austria and the Czech Republic

    Schneider, Ulrike; Meyer, Michael; Pospisil, Miroslav; Skarabelova, Simona; Travnickova, Dana
    By analysing the multifarious concepts of NPOs' functions in literature and the definitions of the particular functions, the paper frames an overarching theoretical concept to structure the functions of NPOs. The framework delivered displays a triangle with the three main functions of NPOs, service delivery, public advocacy, and community building in its corners, which is empirically grounded in findings from a qualitative study in Austria and the Czech Republic. Although data show that NPOs in both countries fulfil identical functions, the relative importance of them varies: Austrian NPOs tend to specialize on one or two functions - mainly service and...

  10. " dem muss ich locker einen Job kriegen." Vier "aktivierende Maßnahmen" des AMS Niederösterreich - eine qualitative Evaluation

    Dawid, Evelyn
    (kein Abstract vorhanden)

  11. Die Bedeutung von Wiener Kindertageseinrichtungen für die Erwerbseinkommen von Eltern. Bestandsaufnahme und gesamtwirtschaftliche Effekte

    Schneider, Ulrike; Jung, Reinhard; Buchinger, Clemens; Luptácik, Mikulás
    Kinderbetreuungseinrichtungen leisten einen wertvollen Beitrag zur vorschulischen Bildung und tragen zur Entwicklung von sozialen Fähigkeiten bei. Neben ihrer gesellschaftspolitischen Bedeutung gehen von Kindertageseinrichtungen positive ökonomische Effekte für Familien und für die Gesamtwirtschaft aus: Zum einen sichern die Personal- und Sachaufwendungen der Kindertageseinrichtungen Beschäftigung und tragen zur volkswirtschaftlichen Wertschöpfung bei. So erhöht - wie eine vorausgehende Studie ermittelte - eine zusätzliche Million an Ausgaben der Wiener Kindertageseinrichtungen die Wertschöpfung über die gesamte österreichische Volkswirtschaft um 1,02 Mio. Euro und generiert 15 Vollzeitarbeitsplätze (vgl. Schneider et al. 2006). Zum anderen beeinflusst das Angebot an außerhäuslicher Kinderbetreuung die Erwerbsbeteiligung von Eltern. Sind Eltern...

  12. Deskriptive Ergebnisse der Organisationsstudie "Arbeitsmarktpolitische Bildungsmaßnahmen in Österreich 2006"

    Schedlberger, Markus; Schneider, Ulrike; Trukeschitz, Birgit; Irmer, Manon
    Series: Forschungsberichte / Institut für Sozialpolitik

  13. The influence of volunteers, donations and public subsidies on the wage level of nonprofit workers

    Haider, Astrid; Schneider, Ulrike
    In this article we add to the literature analyzing wages in the nonprofit sector by estimating a wage function based on employer-employee matched data for Austria. We concentrate on the influence of voluntary contributions on the wage level of paid workers. By using a quantile regression approach we find that the existence of volunteers reduces the wages of paid employees in nonprofit organizations. The number of volunteers, however, does not have an influence on the wage level. Donations have a small but positive effect for higher income groups only. By contrast, public subsidies increase wages of all paid workers in...

  14. Motive und Konsequenzen in einer Familiennachfolge: theoretische Überlegungen und empirische Ergebnisse für Österreich

    Weiss, Christoph; Diwisch, Sandra Denise
    Familienunternehmen spielen im wirtschaftlichen und gesellschaftlichen Kontext eine zentrale Rolle. Ein unterscheidendes Charakteristikum des Familienunternehmens gegenüber anderen Unternehmen ist per Definition die Unternehmensnachfolge, da der Fortbestand eines Familienunternehmens als solches nur dann gesichert ist, wenn dieses an ein Familienmitglied übertragen wird. Die vorliegende Arbeit fasst die ökonomische Literatur zu den Motiven und Konsequenzen der Unternehmensnachfolge zusammen. Ausführlicher wird auf empirische Ergebnisse für Österreich eingegangen, wobei die Konsequenzen von Unternehmensnachfolgen für das Beschä ftigungswachstum des betrachteten Unternehmens untersucht werden. Unter Anwendung des nichtparametrischen Propensity Score Matching Ansatzes wird ein positiver und signifikanter Zusammenhang zwischen einer realisierten Nachfolge und dem Beschäftigungswachstum gefunden,...

  15. Testing the tax competition theory. How elastic are national tax bases in Western Europe?

    Riedl, Aleksandra; Rocha-Akis, Silvia
    In this paper, we test one of the fundamental assumptions in the tax competition literature, namely, that a country's taxable income depends on the tax policies pursued in the domestic and in neighbouring countries. Based on a panel of annual data of 14 western European countries spanning the period 1982 to 2004, we show that the common trend in falling corporate income tax (CIT) rates can in part be explained by the existence of fiscal externalities in the form of international resource flows. Our results confirm the presumption put forward in recent empirical tax reaction function studies, that interdependent tax...

  16. Professionalität im "Offenen Kanal" - Okto - ein Widerspruch?

    Geppl, Monika; Kreuch, Gerhard; Ludescher, Martin; Auer, Roland
    Der vorliegende Forschungsbericht setzt sich mit dem Wiener Fernsehsender "Okto" auseinander, dessen Konzept einerseits auf dem Fundament Offener Kanäle aufbaut, sich andererseits aber von diesem bewusst abgrenzt. Offene Kanäle haben als nicht-kommerzielle Medien den Anspruch, Personen, die im öffentlich-rechtlichen und privat-kommerziellen Rundfunk nicht vorkommen, Wort und Bild zu geben und den ehrenamtlichen ProduzentInnen dabei einen möglichst freien und gleichberechtigten Zugang zur Produktion und Öffentlichkeit zu gewähren. Mittels selbst gestalteter und unzensierter Beiträge soll die durch öffentlich-rechtliche und privat-kommerzielle Sender geprägte Fernsehlandschaft komplementiert werden. Okto grenzt sich nun, trotz ideeller Verbundenheit, bewusst von diesem ursprünglichen Konzept Offener Kanäle ab. Okto will...

  17. Banning the Bahn: transport infrastructure effects on Austrian cluster firms

    Bergman, Edward M.; Maier, Gunther; Lehner, Patrick
    The adequacy of existing transport infrastructure to four distinct clusters in Austria's key regions is tested by examining the willingness of logistics managers to pay for additional service improvements. Findings show an overall willingness to pay for multiple service improvements; this reveals a general dissatisfaction with current shipping options, regardless of transport mode, where rail mode services ("Bahn") provoke the greatest dissatisfaction. Willingness to pay for improvements generally increases by degrees of regional EU remoteness and relative youth of cluster industries, as hypothesized from Schumpterian assumptions concerning infrastructure innovation.

  18. The Vienna software cluster: local buzz without global pipelines?

    Trippl, Michaela; Tödtling, Franz; Lengauer, Lukas
    The goal of this paper is to examine innovation activities in the Vienna software industry and to get a better understanding of the nature and geography of knowledge linkages in this sector. In the literature there seems to be a growing consensus that innovation rests on both informal local knowledge linkages and formal global networks, i.e. a combination of "local buzz" and "global pipelines". Recent studies on the software sector, however, show that the importance of different types of knowledge sources, the spatial dimension of knowledge transfer and the relevance of different channels of knowledge exchange in the software industry...

  19. Breaking the vicious cycle in peripheral rural regions: the case of "Waldviertler Wohlviertel" in Austria

    Kurka, Bernhard; Maier, Gunther; Sedlacek, Sabine
    Loss of population is a well-known phenomenon in peripheral rural regions. The most identified problems are based on structural weaknesses in terms of decreasing business activities and a lack of public infrastructure. In such regions population is mainly older causing major changes in social infrastructure. For instance many schools and kindergartens close down for lack of demand, which hinders young families to migrate to such regions. The result is typically a negative cumulative process of loss of population, loss of jobs, loss of infrastructure, further out migration. It is an enormous challenge for such regions to overcome this vicious circle....

  20. Cluster life-cycles: an emerging synthesis

    Bergman, Edward M.
    (no abstract available)

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