Mostrando recursos 61 - 78 de 78

  1. Creative destruction and economic welfare in Swedish regions: spatial dimensions of structural change, growth and employment

    Lundquist, Karl-Johan; Olander, Lars-Olof; Svensson Henning, Martin
    In its aim to explore some of the concrete consequences of regional renewal, this paper deals with the question to what extent dramatic structural transformation and renewal in Swedish regions is paralleled by favourable developments of household income, employment growth and value added total growth. We stud ied the period 1978 to 2004, building on previous research concerning the regional consequences of the dramatic technology-shift process that has been taking place in Sweden. Long-term changes in the relationships between Swedish regions are analysed by establishing conceptual connections between regional long-term economic transformation and welfare. It is argued that there are...

  2. Bewertung von Versicherungsprodukten aus Kundensicht

    Lechner, Gerda
    Aufgrund des langen Bestehens vieler Versicherungsunternehmen und ihrer entsprechend gereiften Produktportfolios drängt sich dem außenstehenden Betrachter (Kunde) bei manchen Anbietern der Eindruck eines unflexiblen und sehr konservativen Unternehmens auf. Dies manifestiert sich vor allem in fest eingefahrenen Vertriebswegen, Arbeitsabläufen und komplexen Strukturen. Jedoch gewinnt bei vielen Versicherern der Absatz per E-Commerce als zusätzliche oder alternative Vertriebsschiene an Bedeutung, wobei die Ursachen hierfür zum überwiegenden Teil in erhofften Kosteneinsparungen und der scharfen Konkurrenz zwischen den einzelnen Anbietern zu finden sind. Darüber hinaus werden die Kunden auch in Bezug auf das Produkt "Versicherung" immer preissensitiver. Letztendlich kann der Kundenwunsch zur möglichst kostengünstigen...

  3. A GLM framework for item response theory models. Reissue of 1994 Habilitation thesis.

    Hatzinger, Reinhold
    The aim of the monograph is to contribute towards bridging the gap between methodological developments that have evolved in the social sciences, in particular in psychometric research, and methods of statistical modelling in a more general framework. The first part surveys certain special psychometric models (often referred to as Rasch family of models) that share common properties: separation of parameters describing qualities of the subject under investigation and parameters related to properties of the situation under which the response of a subject is observed. Using conditional maximum likelihood estimation, both types of parameters may be estimated independently from each other....

  4. Who is Going to Win the EURO 2008? A Statistical Investigation of Bookmakers Odds.

    Leitner, Christoph; Zeileis, Achim; Hornik, Kurt
    This June one of the biggest and most popular sports tournaments will take place in Austria and Switzerland, the European soccer championship 2008 (UEFA EURO 2008). Therefore millions of soccer fans in Europe and throughout the world are asking themselves: "Who is going to win the EURO 2008?" Many people, including sports experts and former players, give their guesses and expectations in the media, but there is also a group with financial incentives, like some economists who expect economical increases for the country of the winning team and bookmakers and their customers who directly make money with their beliefs. Some...

  5. Who is Going to Win the EURO 2008? A Statistical Investigation of Bookmakers Odds.

    Leitner, Christoph; Zeileis, Achim; Hornik, Kurt
    This June one of the biggest and most popular sports tournaments will take place in Austria and Switzerland, the European soccer championship 2008 (UEFA EURO 2008). Therefore millions of soccer fans in Europe and throughout the world are asking themselves: "Who is going to win the EURO 2008?" Many people, including sports experts and former players, give their guesses and expectations in the media, but there is also a group with financial incentives, like some economists who expect economical increases for the country of the winning team and bookmakers and their customers who directly make money with their beliefs. Some...

  6. Largest Laplacian Eigenvalue and Degree Sequences of Trees

    Biyikoglu, Türker; Hellmuth, Marc; Leydold, Josef
    We investigate the structure of trees that have greatest maximum eigenvalue among all trees with a given degree sequence. We show that in such an extremal tree the degree sequence is non-increasing with respect to an ordering of the vertices that is obtained by breadth-first search. This structure is uniquely determined up to isomorphism. We also show that the maximum eigenvalue in such classes of trees is strictly monotone with respect to majorization. (author´s abstract)

  7. Shareholder value orientation, distribution and growth - short- and medium-run effects in a Kaleckian model

    Hein, Eckhard
    We discuss the effects of rising shareholder power on distribution and capital accumulation in a Kaleckian model. Increasing shareholder power is associated with decreasing managements' animal spirits, on the one hand, and increasing dividends distributed to shareholders, on the other hand. In the short run, increasing shareholder power may either have positive ('finance-led'), negative ('normal') or intermediate ('profits without investment') effects on capacity utilisation, profits and capital accumulation. In the medium run, the positive ('finance-led') effects may be maintained in a stable environment under very special conditions, whereas the negative ('normal') and the intermediate ('profits without investment') effects turn into...

  8. The effect of import penetration on labor market outcomes in Austrian manufacturing industry

    Onaran, Özlem
    This paper estimates the effects of imports on employment, wages, and the wage share in Austria for the period of 1990-2005 using panel data of manufacturing industry. Imports are disaggregated according to their origin and as final vs. intermediate imports. There is evidence of significant negative effects of imports on employment, wages and the wage share. Particularly workers in high skilled sectors experience negative effects. Offshoring to both Eastern Europe and the developed countries have a negative impact on employment, whereas offshoring to the East has a positive effect on wages, indicating the dominance of scope effects. (author´s abstract)

  9. The transfer of western human resource practices to Russian subsidiaries

    Denisova-Schmidt, Elena
    Using one subsidiary of one international consumer goods company as an example, the author shows the main challenges of HR Management and their consequences for business activities in Russia. This empirical study details HR practices at the Russian subsidiary of one international consumer goods manufacturer with headquarters in Western Europe (hereafter referred to as ABC Russia for confidentiality). The author spent a few weeks in Moscow with the task of 1) reviewing the recruitment market and establishing trends with regard to the availability of candidates, salary movements and turnover of employees; and 2) making recommendations on how ABC Russia should...

  10. The effect of foreign affiliate employment on wages, employment, and the wage share in Austria

    Onaran, Özlem
    This paper estimates the effects of outward Foreign Direct Investment (employment in the affiliates abroad) on employment, wages, and the wage share in Austria using panel data for the period of 1996-2005. There is evidence of significant negative effects of FDI on both employment and wages, and consequently on the wage share. The results are not limited to workers in low skilled sectors or blue collar workers. The negative employment effect is primarily due to the rise in the employment in the foreign affiliates in Eastern Euope. The negative wage effects are originating from affiliate employment in both the East...

  11. Session Clustering Using Mixtures of Proportional Hazards Models

    Mair, Patrick; Hudec, Marcus
    Emanating from classical Weibull mixture models we propose a framework for clustering survival data with various proportionality restrictions imposed. By introducing mixtures of Weibull proportional hazards models on a multivariate data set a parametric cluster approach based on the EM-algorithm is carried out. The problem of non-response in the data is considered. The application example is a real life data set stemming from the analysis of a world-wide operating eCommerce application. Sessions are clustered due to the dwell times a user spends on certain page-areas. The solution allows for the interpretation of the navigation behavior in terms of survival and...

  12. Motive für die Wahl der Pressefotografie als Beruf

    Delgado Martin, Carolina; Kontsekova, Judit; Schinko, Georg
    The paper investigates people's motivations to work as press photographers. Against the background of precarious working conditions and a relatively poor image of the occupation, why people choose to work in this field seems like an interesting question. Several theories of occupational choice are examined for their usefulness with regard to the focus of the research, taking into account the processual nature of the formation of motivations as well as the special attributes of the field of press photography. A combination of phenomenological and biographical concepts is selected as the theoretical framework of the study, and key elements thereof are explained. The data obtained through several narrative interviews is analyzed and...

  13. Intercultural Communication between Germans and Poles at the European University Viadrina

    Hiller, Gundula Gwenn
    The European University Viadrina at Frankfurt (Oder) is, due to its location on the German-Polish border and its high rate of international students (40 %), a place predestined to explore the subject of intercultural communication. However, the students in fact do not notice the interculturalism in their everyday lives. German and Polish students form two big groups which are distant from one another and the communicative interaction is very limited. As former studies have already asserted, the contact hypothesis works only under special conditions. The origins of the group formation and the mutual lack of interest are complex. This study...

  14. Partial Credit Models for Scale Construction in Hedonic Information Systems

    Mair, Patrick; Treiblmaier, Horst
    Information Systems (IS) research frequently uses survey data to measure the interplay between technological systems and human beings. Researchers have developed sophisticated procedures to build and validate multi-item scales that measure real world phenomena (latent constructs). Most studies use the so-called classical test theory (CTT), which suffers from several shortcomings. We first compare CTT to Item Response Theory (IRT) and subsequently apply a Rasch model approach to measure hedonic aspects of websites. The results not only show which attributes are best suited for scaling hedonic information systems, but also introduce IRT as a viable substitute that overcomes severall shortcomings of...

  15. Intercultural aspects of new Russian politeness

    Rathmayr, Renate
    This paper is dedicated to surveying the present situation and the spread of the new Russian politeness phenomenon (NRP), and its evaluation and assessment by Russian native speakers in respect to the inter-cultural aspects of new Russian politeness. In terms of pragmatic change, the question is whether NRP is a short-lived linguistic fad or whether it is a thorough change in Russian pragmatic behaviour we are dealing with. The following paper is intended to show some empirical results of this survey of observations and responses relating to the spread and acceptance of politeness phenomena. Furthermore, the focus is on emotional...

  16. Contrasting the dynamic patterns of manufacturing and service FDI: Evidence from transition economies

    Riedl, Aleksandra
    We contribute to the foreign direct investment (FDI) literature by providing first empirical evidence on the relative importance of location fac- tors for service and manufacturing FDI. This is of particular interest as the global stock of inward FDI in the service sector has become predominant in the last ten years. Based on a sectoral panel of eight new European member states in the period of 1998 to 2004 we perform a dynamic panel analysis al- lowing for individual adjustment periods across sectors. Results support our assumption that investment into the service sector, which is characterized by low installation costs,...

  17. Casual wear and casual behaviour. The different fates of non-conformism in Russia and 'the West'.

    Klingseis, Katharina
    In this paper I will critically reflect upon an intercultural experience connected with appearance, dress, and the different mutual perceptions of 'others' in public space in current Moscow and Vienna. I will construe this experience as fundamentally different attitudes towards informal behaviour, appearance and gender ambivalence. One of the main causes of this situation I have located in the 1960s, a period of anti-authoritarian subcultural upheaval in the Soviet Union as well as 'the West'. The very different social, economic and political contexts of their emergence and their further ('socialist' vs. capitalist) trajectories are, as I will argue, at the...

  18. Causes, consequences, and cures of myopic loss aversion - an experimental investigation

    Fellner, Gerlinde; Sutter, Matthias
    We examine in an experiment the causes, consequences and possible cures of myopic loss aversion (MLA) for investment behaviour under risk. We find that both, investment horizons and feedback frequency contribute almost equally to the effects of MLA. Longer investment horizons and less frequent feedback lead to higher investments. However, when given the choice, subjects prefer on average shorter investment horizons and more frequent feedback. Exploiting the status quo bias by setting a long investment horizon or low feedback frequency as a default turns out to be a successful behavioural intervention that increases investment levels. (author´s abstract)

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