Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 43

  1. Characterising Human Capital in the Craft Industry

    Kragulj, Florian
    Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play a significant role in Europe's economy. Since SMEs have distinct organisational practices and structures (e.g. owner-run, continuity over several generations, regional engagement), their intellectual capital (IC) differs from large enterprises. However, there is little research on IC in SMEs. Placing special attention on the craft industry, this research aims at closing this gap. It will present a cross-disciplinary review of research on craft to explore the role of knowledge and human capital in the craft industry. The findings point to overall characteristics which can guide future research and inform policy-making in the craft industry.

  2. Policy Issues in NEG Models: Established Results and Open Questions

    Commendatore, Pasquale; Hammer, Christoph; Kubin, Ingrid; Petraglia, Carmelo
    This paper provides a non-technical overview of NEG models dealing with policy issues. Considered policy measures include alternative categories of public expenditure, international tax competition, unilateral actions of protection/liberalisation, and trade agreements. The implications of public intervention in two-region NEG models are discussed by unfolding the impact of policy measures on agglomeration/dispersion forces. Results are described in contrast with those obtained in standard non-NEG theoretical models. The high degree of abstraction limits the applicability of NEG models to real world policy issues. We discuss in some detail two extensions of NEG models to reduce this applicability gap: the cases of...

  3. Introduction

    Commendatore, Pasquale; Kubin, Ingrid; Bougheas, Spiros; Kirman, Alan; Kopel, Michael; Bischi, Gian Italo
    This collected volume gives a concise account of the most relevant scientific results of the COST Action IS1104 "The EU in the new complex geography of economic systems: models, tools and policy evaluation", a four-year project supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology). It is divided into three parts reflecting the different perspectives under which complex spatial economic systems have been studied: (i) the Macro perspective looks at the interactions among international or regional trading partners; (ii) the Meso perspective considers the functioning of (financial, labour) markets as social network structures; and, finally, (iii) the Micro perspective focuses on the...

  4. Self-Enforcing Access Control for Encrypted RDF

    Fernández, Javier; Kirrane, Sabrina; Polleres, Axel; Steyskal, Simon
    The amount of raw data exchanged via web protocols is steadily increasing. Although the Linked Data infrastructure could potentially be used to selectively share RDF data with different individuals or organisations, the primary focus remains on the unrestricted sharing of public data. In order to extend the Linked Data paradigm to cater for closed data, there is a need to augment the existing infrastructure with robust security mechanisms. At the most basic level both access control and encryption mechanisms are required. In this paper, we propose a flexible and dynamic mechanism for securely storing and efficiently querying RDF datasets. By employing an encryption strategy based on Functional Encryption (FE) in...

  5. Strategies for executing federated queries in SPARQL1.1

    Buil-Aranda, Carlos; Polleres, Axel; Umbrich, Jürgen
    A common way for exposing RDF data on the Web is by means of SPARQL endpoints which allow end users and applications to query just the RDF data they want. However, servers hosting SPARQL endpoints often restrict access to the data by limiting the amount of results returned per query or the amount of queries per time that a client may issue. As this may affect query completeness when using SPARQL1.1's federated query extension, we analysed different strategies to implement federated queries with the goal to circumvent endpoint limits. We show that some seemingly intuitive methods for decomposing federated queries provide unsound results in the general case, and...

  6. Strategies for executing federated queries in SPARQL1.1

    Buil-Aranda, Carlos; Polleres, Axel; Umbrich, Jürgen
    A common way for exposing RDF data on the Web is by means of SPARQL endpoints which allow end users and applications to query just the RDF data they want. However, servers hosting SPARQL endpoints often restrict access to the data by limiting the amount of results returned per query or the amount of queries per time that a client may issue. As this may affect query completeness when using SPARQL1.1's federated query extension, we analysed different strategies to implement federated queries with the goal to circumvent endpoint limits. We show that some seemingly intuitive methods for decomposing federated queries provide unsound results in the general case, and...

  7. Data Integration for Open Data on the Web

    Neumaier, Sebastian; Polleres, Axel; Steyskal, Simon; Umbrich, Jürgen
    In this lecture we will discuss and introduce challenges of integrating openly available Web data and how to solve them. Firstly, while we will address this topic from the viewpoint of Semantic Web research, not all data is readily available as RDF or Linked Data, so we will give an introduction to different data formats prevalent on the Web, namely, standard formats for publishing and exchanging tabular, tree-shaped, and graph data. Secondly, not all Open Data is really completely open, so we will discuss and address issues around licences, terms of usage associated with Open Data, as well as documentation of data provenance. Thirdly, we will discuss issues connected...

  8. Management und Quantenphysik. Das Beispiel TELE

    Camen, Jutta; Müller-Camen, Michael; Stelzmann, Markus
    Die Managementpraxis ist immer noch stark vom Weltbild der klassischen Physik und damit von Reduktionismus, Determinismus und Positivismus geprägt. Ziel dieses Beitrages ist am Beispiel der Wiener Firma TELE zu illustrieren, wie das Paradigma der Quantenphysik in einer Zeit, die durch schnelle Veränderungen und unvorhersehbare Unternehmensumwelten gekennzeichnet ist, Management inspirieren kann. Nach einer kurzen Einführung in die klassische Physik, werden am Beispiel der quantenphysikalischen Phänomene Welle-Teilchen Dualismus, Heisenbergsche Unschärferelation und Feldtheorie Aspekte eines daran orientierten Quantenmanagement illustriert.

  9. Transnational Law and Economic Sociology

    Frerichs, Sabine
    (no abstract available)

  10. Transnational Law and Economic Sociology

    Frerichs, Sabine
    (no abstract available)

  11. From Social Rights to Economic Incentives? The Moral (Re)construction of Welfare Capitalism

    Frerichs, Sabine
    The notion of 'welfare capitalism' refers to a political-economic regime that integrates the functions of a capitalist market economy with the functions of a democratic welfare state. The term is commonly used by Esping-Andersen (1990) in The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism, but it is also linked to Marshall's (1950, p.14) idea of three generations of rights, which all form part of modern citizenship: civil rights, political rights, and social rights. The question that this chapter seeks to address is how social rights, which Esping-Andersen and Marshall understood as the apex of the democratic welfare state, remain bound to the...

  12. The Rule of the Market: Economic Constitutionalism Understood Sociologically

    Frerichs, Sabine
    Setting out from the works of Max Weber and Karl Polanyi, this chapter outlines a sociology of economic constitutionalism. The starting point is a functional definition of economic constitution as the law constituting the market order, no matter if it is public or private, national or international, official or informal law. Economic constitutionalism is understood as a system of thought, which emphasises the role of a liberal economic constitution in integrating the global economy. Adapting Weber's ideal-typical method, the economic constitution is conceived as a constitutional ideal type, next to juridical constitution, political constitution, social constitution, and security constitution. Sociologically...

  13. The Rule of the Market: Economic Constitutionalism Understood Sociologically

    Frerichs, Sabine
    Setting out from the works of Max Weber and Karl Polanyi, this chapter outlines a sociology of economic constitutionalism. The starting point is a functional definition of economic constitution as the law constituting the market order, no matter if it is public or private, national or international, official or informal law. Economic constitutionalism is understood as a system of thought, which emphasises the role of a liberal economic constitution in integrating the global economy. Adapting Weber's ideal-typical method, the economic constitution is conceived as a constitutional ideal type, next to juridical constitution, political constitution, social constitution, and security constitution. Sociologically...

  14. What Is the 'Social' in Behavioural Economics? The Methodological Underpinnings of Governance by Nudges

    Frerichs, Sabine
    Behavioural economics builds on psychology rather than on sociology, and on cognitive science rather than the science of culture. The same is true for new behavioural scholarship in the legal discipline, whether this is referred to as 'behavioural law and economics' or 'law and the behavioural sciences'. The result of a one-sided definition of a more realist research agenda in legal scholarship is an impoverished understanding of the 'social'. In Thaler and Sunstein's famous concept of nudging, social conformity appears as a property of the individual, which can be instrumentalized by social nudges. More generally, the cognitive strand of behavioural...

  15. What Is the 'Social' in Behavioural Economics? The Methodological Underpinnings of Governance by Nudges

    Frerichs, Sabine
    Behavioural economics builds on psychology rather than on sociology, and on cognitive science rather than the science of culture. The same is true for new behavioural scholarship in the legal discipline, whether this is referred to as 'behavioural law and economics' or 'law and the behavioural sciences'. The result of a one-sided definition of a more realist research agenda in legal scholarship is an impoverished understanding of the 'social'. In Thaler and Sunstein's famous concept of nudging, social conformity appears as a property of the individual, which can be instrumentalized by social nudges. More generally, the cognitive strand of behavioural...

  16. Intersexuality and Trans-Identities within the Diversity Management Discourse

    Köllen, Thomas
    Within both the scientific discourse on workforce diversity, and diversity management practice, intersexuality and transgender issues have hitherto remained marginalized topics. This chapter gives an overview of the discourses on both phenomena, and proposes starting points for more inclusive organizational diversity management initiatives. It is shown that both topics represent different aspects of the category of "gender". The common practice of conceptually lumping together intersexuality, transgenderism, and sexual orientation can be seen as one important reason that intersexuality and transgenderism are rarely considered in organizational diversity management programs in terms of concrete action. Against this background, a modified, and more...

  17. Time Series Petri Net Models - Enrichment and Prediction

    Rogge-Solti, Andreas; Vana, Laura; Mendling, Jan
    Operational support as an area of process mining aims to predict the temporal performance of individual cases and the overall business process. Although seasonal effects, delays and performance trends are well-known to exist for business processes, there is up until now no prediction model available that explicitly captures this. In this paper, we introduce time series Petri net models. These models integrate the control flow perspective of Petri nets with time series prediction. Our evaluation on the basis of our prototypical implementation demonstrates the merits of this model in terms of better accuracy in the presence of time series effects.

  18. Towards a Knowledge-Based Theory of Developing Sustainable Visions: The Theory Wave

    Kaiser, Alexander
    Although research and practice agree that visions are essential for organizations, the process of vision development remains elusive in academic literature. Presenting the "theory wave", this paper proposes a knowledge-based theory for developing sustainable visions to guide the creation of measures and actions in the future. Central to the theory wave, we suggest three features that characterize the development of sustainable visions; (1) learning from an envisioned future, (2) need orientation and (3) a wavelike process combining top-down and bottom-up approaches. Furthermore, by enhancing the creation of different kinds of knowledge, the theory-wave entails aspects of research on knowledge creation...

  19. Financial decisions in the household

    Kamleitner, Bernadette; Mengay, Till; Kirchler, Erich
    Financial decisions are a frequent occurrence within households. Depending on characteristics of the relationship between household members, the situation, and the concrete decision object, decisions can either be made jointly by multiple members of the household or individually by one member. This chapter outlines the four types of financial decisions (spending, saving and credit use, investment, money management) and identifies key parameters that are specific to and guide each of these decisions. The parameters that matter for a decision vary depending on whether a decision is being made individually or jointly. To understand the theoretical and practical implications of a decision...

  20. Financial decisions in the household

    Kamleitner, Bernadette; Mengay, Till; Kirchler, Erich
    Financial decisions are a frequent occurrence within households. Depending on characteristics of the relationship between household members, the situation, and the concrete decision object, decisions can either be made jointly by multiple members of the household or individually by one member. This chapter outlines the four types of financial decisions (spending, saving and credit use, investment, money management) and identifies key parameters that are specific to and guide each of these decisions. The parameters that matter for a decision vary depending on whether a decision is being made individually or jointly. To understand the theoretical and practical implications of a decision...

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