Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 24

  1. Intersexuality and Trans-Identities within the Diversity Management Discourse

    Köllen, Thomas
    Within both the scientific discourse on workforce diversity, and diversity management practice, intersexuality and transgender issues have hitherto remained marginalized topics. This chapter gives an overview of the discourses on both phenomena, and proposes starting points for more inclusive organizational diversity management initiatives. It is shown that both topics represent different aspects of the category of "gender". The common practice of conceptually lumping together intersexuality, transgenderism, and sexual orientation can be seen as one important reason that intersexuality and transgenderism are rarely considered in organizational diversity management programs in terms of concrete action. Against this background, a modified, and more...

  2. Time Series Petri Net Models - Enrichment and Prediction

    Rogge-Solti, Andreas; Vana, Laura; Mendling, Jan
    Operational support as an area of process mining aims to predict the temporal performance of individual cases and the overall business process. Although seasonal effects, delays and performance trends are well-known to exist for business processes, there is up until now no prediction model available that explicitly captures this. In this paper, we introduce time series Petri net models. These models integrate the control flow perspective of Petri nets with time series prediction. Our evaluation on the basis of our prototypical implementation demonstrates the merits of this model in terms of better accuracy in the presence of time series effects.

  3. Towards a Knowledge-Based Theory of Developing Sustainable Visions: The Theory Wave

    Kaiser, Alexander
    Although research and practice agree that visions are essential for organizations, the process of vision development remains elusive in academic literature. Presenting the "theory wave", this paper proposes a knowledge-based theory for developing sustainable visions to guide the creation of measures and actions in the future. Central to the theory wave, we suggest three features that characterize the development of sustainable visions; (1) learning from an envisioned future, (2) need orientation and (3) a wavelike process combining top-down and bottom-up approaches. Furthermore, by enhancing the creation of different kinds of knowledge, the theory-wave entails aspects of research on knowledge creation...

  4. Financial decisions in the household

    Kamleitner, Bernadette; Mengay, Till; Kirchler, Erich
    Financial decisions are a frequent occurrence within households. Depending on characteristics of the relationship between household members, the situation, and the concrete decision object, decisions can either be made jointly by multiple members of the household or individually by one member. This chapter outlines the four types of financial decisions (spending, saving and credit use, investment, money management) and identifies key parameters that are specific to and guide each of these decisions. The parameters that matter for a decision vary depending on whether a decision is being made individually or jointly. To understand the theoretical and practical implications of a decision...

  5. Social entrepreneurship and the non-profit sector

    Millner, Reinhard; Vandor, Peter

  6. Kurt Rothschild: A Personal Recollection

    Walther, Herbert
    (no abstract available)

  7. Comments on the paper by Heinz Kurz

    Kubin, Ingrid
    (no abstract availabe)

  8. Kurt W. Rothschild's Life and Work

    Altzinger, Wilfried; Guger, Alois; Mooslechner, Peter; Nowotny, Ewald
    (no abstract available)

  9. Process Mining Manifesto

    van der Aalst, Wil M. P.; Adriansyah, Arya; Karla Alves de Medeiros, Ana; Arcieri, Franco; Baier, Thomas; Blickle, Tobias; P. Jagadeesh Chandra Bose, R.; van den Brand, Peter; Brandtjen, Ronald; C. A. M. Buijs, Joos; Burattin, Andrea; Carmona, Josep; Castellanos, Malú; Claes, Jan; Cook, Jonathan; Costantini, Nicola; Curbera, Francisco; Damiani, Ernesto; de Leoni, Massimiliano; Delias, Pavlos; F. van Dongen, Boudewijn; Dumas, Marlon; Dustdar, Schahram; Fahland, Dirk; R. Ferreira, Diogo; Gaaloul, Walid; van Geffen, Frank; Goel, Sukriti; Günther, Christian W.; Guzzo, Antonella; Harmon, Paul; H. M. ter Hofstede, Arthur; Hoogland, John; Espen Ingvaldsen, Jon; Kato, Koki; Kuhn, Rudolf; Kumar, Akhil; La Rosa, Marcello; Maria Maggi, Fabrizio; Malerba, Donato; S. Mans, R.; Manuel, Alberto; McCreesh, Martin; Mello, Paola; Mendling, Jan; Montali, Marco; R. Motahari Nezhad, Hamid; zur Muehlen, Michael; Munoz-Gama, Jorge; Pontieri, Luigi; Ribeiro, Joel; Rozinat, Anne; Seguel Pérez, Hugo; Seguel Pérez, Ricardo; Sepúlveda, Marcos; Sinur, Jim; Soffer, Pnina; Song, Minseok; Sperduti, Alessandro; Stilo, Giovanni; Stoel, Casper; D. Swenson, Keith; Talamo, Maurizio; Tan, Wei; Turner, Chris; Vanthienen, Jan; Varvaressos, George; Verbeek, Eric; Verdonk, Marc; Vigo, Roberto; Wang, Jianmin; Weber, Barbara; Weidlich, Matthias; Weijters, Ton; Wen, Lijie; Westergaard, Michael; Thandar Wynn, Moe
    Process mining techniques are able to extract knowledge from event logs commonly available in today's information systems. These techniques provide new means to discover, monitor, and improve processes in a variety of application domains. There are two main drivers for the growing interest in process mining. On the one hand, more and more events are being recorded, thus, providing detailed information about the history of processes. On the other hand, there is a need to improve and support business processes in competitive and rapidly changing environments. This manifesto is created by the IEEE Task Force on Process Mining and aims...

  10. Investigating the Impact of Need Knowledge on Strategy Development in Organizations

    Kragulj, Florian; Fahrenbach, Florian
    Strategy development results from a knowledge-creating process to guide organizational behavior and achieve (long-term) goals. However, a strategy rarely considers the needs of the organization and its members explicitly. If known and considered, needs might have an existential impact on behavior. Therefore, we propose that a profound strategy should take into account needs. Arguably, the generation of any strategy can be considered as an organizational learning process, which is shaped by and results in knowledge. Therefore, a knowledge perspective might be helpful to study what impact the consideration of needs has on the outcome of a strategy development process. Since...

  11. A Knowledge Perspective on Needs as a Foundation for Organisational Learning Processes

    Kragulj, Florian
    Needs are crucial in organisational learning processes, but yet not formally conceptualised as a distinct type of knowledge. In this conceptual paper, I establish a knowledge perspective on needs and the transformation process from needs towards need satisfaction. Based on an ontology clarifying the concept of need and its means of satisfaction, I introduce need-based solution knowledge consisting of three distinct capacities to act. I argue why these capacities should be made explicit in group settings and point at possible leverage points for organisational practice. (author's abstract)

  12. Imageries of corporate social responsibility: Visual recontextualization and field-level meaning

    Höllerer, Markus; Jancsary, Dennis; Meyer, Renate; Vettori, Oliver
    In this paper, we explore how corporations use visual artifacts to translate and recontextualize a globally theorized managerial concept (CSR) into a local setting (Austria). In our analysis of the field-level visual discourse, we analyze over 1,600 images in stand-alone CSR reports of publicly traded corporations. We borrow from framing analysis and structural linguistics to show how the meaning structure underlying a multifaceted construct like CSR is constituted by no more than a relatively small number of fundamental dimensions and rhetorical standpoints (topoi). We introduce the concept of imageries-of-practice to embrace the critical role that shared visual language plays in...

  13. An enhanced theory of learning including learning from the future

    Kaiser, Alexander
    Previous studies showed that combining learning based on experiences in the past with learning from an envisioned future scenario results in more innovative and radical ideas as well as in a higher number of covered content domains. However, currently there is no holistic learning theory which integrates both sources of learning. The main purpose of our paper is to propose an enhanced theory of learning, linking the two most important sources of learning: learning from past experiences and learning from the future. Our suggested theory, which is based on the learning theory by Gregory Bateson, will be described in detail....

  14. Neural networks. A class of flexible non-linear models for regression and classification

    Fischer, Manfred M.
    (no abstract available)

  15. Zur "Macht-Losigkeit" der Wirtschaftswissenschaft - A Reappraisal

    Altzinger, Wilfried
    (no abstract available)

  16. A Critical Discourse Analysis: The Representation of Hillary Rodham Clinton and Women in the New York Times

    Kopf, Susanne
    This Critical Discourse Analysis investigates the representation of Hillary Rodham Clinton and women in the New York Times during the presidential candidacy campaigns 2008. First, relevant aspects of social practice in the United States of America are introduced. The concept of "women" in U.S. society, prevalent gender stereotypes, the public's perception of Rodham Clinton and leadership ideals are among the facets of social practice that are dealt with in the course of this essay. This is followed by a discussion of how aspects of social practice are drawn upon and utilised in the representation of Rodham Clinton and women by...

  17. A Review of Minority Stress Related to Employees' Demographics and the Development of an Intersectional Framework for Their Coping Strategies in the Workplace

    Köllen, Thomas
    Every employee embodies manifestations of every demographic that attach to him or her different minority and majority statuses at the same time. As these statuses are often related to organizational hierarchies, employees frequently hold positions of dominance and subordination at the same time. Thus, a given individual's coping strategies (or coping behavior) in terms of minority stress due to organizational processes of hierarchization, marginalization and discrimination, are very often a simultaneous coping in terms of more than one demographic. Research on minority stress mostly focuses on single demographics representing only single facets of workforce diversity. By integrating the demographics of age, disability status, nationality, ethnicity, race, sexual orientation,...

  18. Computing Semantic Association: Comparing Spreading Activation and Spectral Association for Ontology Learning

    Wohlgenannt, Gerhard; Belk, Stefan; Schett, Matthias
    Spreading activation is a common method for searching semantic or neural networks, it iteratively propagates activation for one or more sources through a network { a process that is computationally intensive. Spectral association is a recent technique to approximate spreading activation in one go, and therefore provides very fast computation of activation levels. In this paper we evaluate the characteristics of spectral association as replacement for classic spreading activation in the domain of ontology learning. The evaluation focuses on run-time performance measures of our implementation of both methods for various network sizes. Furthermore, we investigate differences in output, i.e. the resulting ontologies, between spreading activation and spectral association. The experiments confirm...

  19. A Prototype for Automating Ontology Learning and Ontology Evolution

    Wohlgenannt, Gerhard; Belk, Stefan; Schett, Matthias
    Ontology learning supports ontology engineers in the complex task of creating an ontology. Updating ontologies at regular intervals greatly increases the need for expensive expert contribution. This naturally leads to endeavors to automate the process wherever applicable. This paper presents a model for automated ontology learning and a prototype which demonstrates the feasibility of the proposed approach in learning lightweight domain ontologies. The system learns ontologies from heterogeneous sources periodically and delegates all evaluation processes, eg. the verification of new concept candidates, to a crowdsourcing framework which currently relies on Games with a Purpose. Furthermore, we sketch ontology evolution experiments to trace trends and patterns facilitated by...

  20. A UML Extension for the Model-driven Specification of Audit Rules

    Hoisl, Bernhard; Strembeck, Mark
    In recent years, a number of laws and regulations (such as the Basel II accord or SOX) demand that organizations record certain activities or decisions to fulfill legally enforced reporting duties. Most of these regulations have a direct impact on the information systems that support an organization's business processes. Therefore, the definition of audit requirements at the modeling-level is an important prerequisite for the thorough implementation and enforcement of corresponding policies in a software system. In this paper, we present a UML extension for the specification of audit properties. The extension is generic and can be applied to a wide variety of UML elements. In a model-driven development (MDD) approach,...

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