Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 54

  1. Drivers of Convergence in Eleven Eastern European Countries, Policy Research Working Paper, 6185

    Crespo Cuaresma, Jesus; Oberhofer, Harald; Smits, Karlis; Vincelette, Gallina A.
    This paper investigates the drivers of growth and prosperity in a group of eleven European countries -- Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and Slovakia (the EU11). Since the EU11 began the transformation process, this group of emerging countries has made impressive strides as developing market economies and is anchoring development in European Union institutions. There are reasons to believe that the convergence of EU11 income per capita to Western European levels will continue, but will proceed more slowly. The paper concludes that trade and financial integration have sped along at a spectacular pace...

  2. The Challenges of Privacy by Design

    Spiekermann-Hoff, Sarah
    Heralded by regulators, Privacy by Design holds the promise to solve the digital world's privacy problems. But there are immense challenges, including management commitment and step-by-step methods to integrate privacy into systems.

  3. Diversification vs. specialization as alternative strategies for economic development: Can we settle a debate by looking at the empirical evidence?, ISID Working Paper 03/2012

    Kaulich, Florian
    Few ideas have been more vocally debated in the economic literature than that of diversification versus specialization as drivers of economic growth and development. Scores of scholars have written numerous articles debating the issue and, more importantly, policymakers across the globe have pioneered profoundly different policy approaches on the basis of such disagreements. As usual in the history of economic ideas, the most promising way to address a discussion with such strong ideological connotations is to assess the empirical evidence. Motivated by the seminal work of Imbs and Wacziarg (2003), this paper attempts to synthesize the vast literature on the...

  4. Designing the Organization for User Innovation

    Keinz, Peter; Hienerth, Christoph; Lettl, Christopher
    There is increasing consensus among practitioners and academics alike that we are in the midst of a paradigm shift from producer-centered and internal innovation processes toward user-centered and open innovation processes. This paradigm shift induces significant changes to the design of organizations. Even though the research field of user innovation has been developing over a period of more than four decades, there have been only occasional intersections with the research field of organizational design. In this article, we aim to provide an integrated perspective of the two fields. We first identify major user innovation strategies. We then derive the implications for each user innovation strategy on key...

  5. WORK ! BUY ! CONSUME ! Konsumsoziologische Diagnosen zur sozialen Ungleichheit

    Huber, Florian

  6. Der Zusam­men­hang von sozia­ler Klas­sen­zu­ge­hö­rig­keit und dau­er­haf­ten Armuts­la­gen in Öster­reich 1996 bis 2008

    Angel, Stefan
    (no abstract available)

  7. Editorial: Die gespaltene Gesellschaft: Der Fall Österreich

    Hofmann, Julia; Huber, Florian; Leibetseder, Bettina
    (no abstract available)

  8. Berlusconismo mit guten Manieren. Anmerkungen zur Regierungsumbildung in Italien

    Weissenbacher, Rudy
    (no abstract available)

  9. Die Linke und die Euro-Zone

    Becker, Joachim
    (no abstract available)

  10. Gay Tourism in Budapest: An Exploratory Study on Gay Tourists' Motivational Patterns for Traveling to Budapest

    Köllen, Thomas; Lazar, Szabolcs
    In contrast to East European cities, West European cities have increasingly targeted gay and lesbian travelers as part of their tourism campaigns. In order to exemplarily analyze the potential of international gay tourism for Budapest, nineteen semi-structured, in-depth interviews with non-Hungarian gay travelers, about their motivation to come and their experiences, were conducted in different gay establishments in the city. One result of the study is that their motivations for travel did not differ from "mainstream tourists"; while their expectations about gay life in the city were negative, their experiences were mixed. Implications for Budapest's city-marketing are discussed. (authors' abstract)

  11. Fooling the company - The Corporate Jester As Driving Force For Organizational Change

    Köllen, Thomas
    This conceptual article proposes the establishing of the position of a corporate jester to support organizational change processes. The article focuses on the inevitable transformations companies have to go through, given the diversification and pluralization of the workforce. The corporate jester theoretically is framed as part of an organizational "comical artifact staging", that by utilizing humor as an element of organizational change, experiences more openness and less resistance than more educative tools. (author's abstract)

  12. How Do Regional Headquarters Influence Corporate Decisions in Networked MNCs?

    Mahnke, Volker; Ambos, Björn; Nell, Phillip C.; Hobdari, Bersant
    In networked MNCs where knowledge and power are distributed, corporate strategy processes benefit from input arising from many different levels of the organization. Recently, the regional (i.e., supra-national) level has been emphasized as an important additional source of knowledge and input, and as a bridge between local subsidiaries and global corporate headquarters. This paper builds theory on the antecedents to regional headquarters' influence on corporate decisions (i.e., organizational, behavioral, and motivational). Based on a survey of regional headquarters in Europe and their relations with MNC headquarters, we provide empirical evidence that a regional headquarters' autonomy and signaling behavior have significant...

  13. The Complexity of the Business Network Context and Ist Effect on Subsidiary Relational (Over-) Embeddedness

    Nell, Phillip C.; Andersson, Ulf
    Many studies have focused on the effects of MNC subsidiaries' external relational embeddedness. Little attention has been given to its antecedents and especially to the potential effect that the business network context might have. We try to fill this gap and attempt to explain variation among subsidiaries' degree of relational embeddedness. Our results show a strong and robust effect of the business network context -- i.e. the network context in which the direct business relationships between the subsidiary and its partners are embedded -- on the degree of relational embeddedness. However, contrary to previous literature, we find an inverted u-shaped...

  14. Die langfristige Entwicklung der Einkommenskonzentration in Österreich, 1957-2009 Teil II: Methodik und Ergebnisse

    Altzinger, Wilfried; Berka, Christopher; Humer, Stefan; Moser, Mathias
    (no abstract available)

  15. Play it again, Sam: Die Renaissance der Industriepolitik in der Großen Rezession

    Reiner, Christian
    (no abstract available)

  16. The great synchronization of international trade collapse

    Antonakakis, Nikolaos
    In this paper we examine the extent of international trade synchronization during periods of international trade collapses and US recessions. Using dynamic correlations based on monthly trade data for the G7 economies over the period 1961-2011, our results suggest rather idiosyncratic patterns of international trade synchronization during collapses of international trade and US recessions. During the great recession of 2007-2009, however, international trade experienced the most sudden, severe and globally synchronized collapse. (author's abstract)

  17. Gaining Insight with Recursive Partitioning of Generalized Linear Models

    Rusch, Thomas; Zeileis, Achim
    Recursive partitioning algorithms separate a feature space into a set of disjoint rectangles. Then, usually, a constant in every partition is fitted. While this is a simple and intuitive approach, it may still lack interpretability as to how a specific relationship between dependent and independent variables may look. Or it may be that a certain model is assumed or of interest and there is a number of candidate variables that may non-linearly give rise to different model parameter values. We present an approach that combines generalized linear models with recursive partitioning that offers enhanced interpretability of classical trees as well as...

  18. Design and Evaluation of a Wiki-based Collaborative Process Modeling Environment

    Erol, Selim
    The area of business process management in general and and especially business process design has only recently discovered potential applications of social software to facilitate and support collaboration [Scheer and Klueckmann, 2009]. This development is also fueled by the practical insight that organizations have experienced top-down approaches in the design and implementation of business processes to be not effective. In fact, many process management initiatives failed due to a lack of acceptance of chosen methods and tools. As a consequence in many organizations so called [Klückmann and Scheer, 2009] "Guerilla approaches" have been followed where individual organizational units introduced their...

  19. Portfolio Optimization under Partial Information with Expert Opinions

    Frey, Rüdiger; Gabih, Abdelali; Wunderlich, Ralf
    This paper investigates optimal portfolio strategies in a market with partial information on the drift. The drift is modelled as a function of a continuous-time Markov chain with finitely many states which is not directly observable. Information on the drift is obtained from the observation of stock prices. Moreover, expert opinions in the form of signals at random discrete time points are included in the analysis. We derive the filtering equation for the return process and incorporate the filter into the state variables of the optimization problem. This problem is studied with dynamic programming methods. In particular, we propose a policy improvement method to obtain computable approximations of...

  20. Investigating Transatlantic Merger Policy Convergence

    Szücs, Florian
    We propose a framework to examine convergence in the jurisdictional patterns of the American FTC and the European Commission. Based on a sample of 595 merger cases scrutinized by either of these agencies in the 1995 - 2007 period, we estimate logit models of the probability of intervening in a merger for both jurisdictions and use them to predict the decisions of the respectively other agency. The results point to an increasing harmonization of merger regimes and corroborate the theoretical appraisal, that the 2004 reform of EU merger law constituted a step towards the US system. (author's abstract)

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