Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 75

  1. Besprechung von: "Nach der Weltwirtschaftskrise: Neuanfänge in der Region?" (2011) (= Beiträge zur europ. Stadt- u. Regionalforschung, 8), von Scheuplein, Ch., Wood, G. (Hrsg.).

    Hofmayer, Albert

  2. Personalia. Wolfgang Schwarz zum 70. Geburtstag - eine Mehrebenenanalyse

    Hofmayer, Albert

  3. The impact of policies influencing the demography of age-structured populations: lessons from academies of sciences

    Riosmena, Fernando; Winkler-Dworak, Maria; Prskawetz, Alexia; Feichtinger, Gustav
    In this paper, we assess the role of policies aimed at regulating the number and age structure of elections on the size and age structure of five European Academies of Sciences. We show the recent pace of ageing and the degree of variation in policies across them and discuss the implications of different policies on the size and age structure of academies. We also illustrate the potential effect of different election regimes (regimens? types?) (fixed vs. linked) and age structures of elections (younger vs. older) by contrasting the steady-state dynamics of different projections of Full Members in each academy into...

  4. Bayesian Inference in the Multinomial Logit Model

    Frühwirth-Schnatter, Sylvia; Frühwirth, Rudolf
    The multinomial logit model (MNL) possesses a latent variable representation in terms of random variables following a multivariate logistic distribution. Based on multivariate finite mixture approximations of the multivariate logistic distribution, various data-augmented Metropolis-Hastings algorithms are developed for a Bayesian inference of the MNL model.

  5. Corporate Governance in Non-Profit-Organisationen: Verständnisse und Entwicklungsperspektiven

    Meyer, Michael; Maier, Florentine
    Im Rahmen dieses Beitrags wird ein Einstieg in die Diskussion zum Thema Corporate Governance von NPO geliefert, indem ein Überblick über unterschiedliche wissenschaftliche und alltagspraktische Verständnisse von Governance gegeben wird. Wissenschaftliche Governanceverständnisse werden charakterisiert, indem die Hauptmerkmale des politikwissenschaftlichen, des betriebswirtschaftlichen und des soziologischen Zugangs zur Governance dargestellt werden. Alltagspraktische Governanceverständnisse werden anhand einer Typologie dargestellt, die von betriebswirtschaftlicher über familiäre, professionalistische und zivilgesellschaftliche bis hin zu basisdemokratischer Governance reicht. Abschließend werden Überlegungen zur Zukunft der Governance von NPO angestellt. Eine weitere Verbreitung des be-triebswirtschaftlichen Governance-Diskurses ist wahrscheinlich. Alternative Governance-Zugänge bleiben jedoch notwendige Gegenpole, die wohl in Nischen des Nonprofitsektors...

  6. Non-algebraic convergence proofs for continuous-time fictitious play

    Berger, Ulrich
    In this technical note we use insights from the theory of projective geometry to provide novel and non-algebraic proofs of convergence of continuous-time fictitious play for a class of games. As a corollary we obtain a kind of equilibrium selection result, whereby continuous-time fictitious play converges to a particular equilibrium contained in a continuum of equivalent equilibria for symmetric 4x4 zero-sum games.

  7. On the Relative Disadvantage of Cooperatives: Vertical Product Differentiation in a Mixed Oligopoly

    Weiss, Christoph; Pennerstorfer, Dieter
    We investigate the incentive to provide goods of high quality in a vertically related market for different types of business organizations, a farmer-owned cooperative and an investor-owned firm. Contrary to the firm, the cooperative is characterized by decentralized decision making, which gives rise to overproduction and problems coordinating the quality decisions of its members (free riding). Comparing both manufacturers acting as monopolists we show that the cooperative will never supply final goods of higher quality than the firm, and that the problem of quality coordination is mitigated if the cooperative succeeds in preventing overproduction. When a cooperative faces competition of...

  8. Drivers of Convergence in Eleven Eastern European Countries, Policy Research Working Paper, 6185

    Crespo Cuaresma, Jesus; Oberhofer, Harald; Smits, Karlis; Vincelette, Gallina A.
    This paper investigates the drivers of growth and prosperity in a group of eleven European countries -- Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and Slovakia (the EU11). Since the EU11 began the transformation process, this group of emerging countries has made impressive strides as developing market economies and is anchoring development in European Union institutions. There are reasons to believe that the convergence of EU11 income per capita to Western European levels will continue, but will proceed more slowly. The paper concludes that trade and financial integration have sped along at a spectacular pace...

  9. Drivers of Convergence in Eleven Eastern European Countries, Policy Research Working Paper, 6185

    Crespo Cuaresma, Jesus; Oberhofer, Harald; Smits, Karlis; Vincelette, Gallina A.
    This paper investigates the drivers of growth and prosperity in a group of eleven European countries -- Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and Slovakia (the EU11). Since the EU11 began the transformation process, this group of emerging countries has made impressive strides as developing market economies and is anchoring development in European Union institutions. There are reasons to believe that the convergence of EU11 income per capita to Western European levels will continue, but will proceed more slowly. The paper concludes that trade and financial integration have sped along at a spectacular pace...

  10. The Challenges of Privacy by Design

    Spiekermann-Hoff, Sarah
    Heralded by regulators, Privacy by Design holds the promise to solve the digital world's privacy problems. But there are immense challenges, including management commitment and step-by-step methods to integrate privacy into systems.

  11. Diversification vs. specialization as alternative strategies for economic development: Can we settle a debate by looking at the empirical evidence?, ISID Working Paper 03/2012

    Kaulich, Florian
    Few ideas have been more vocally debated in the economic literature than that of diversification versus specialization as drivers of economic growth and development. Scores of scholars have written numerous articles debating the issue and, more importantly, policymakers across the globe have pioneered profoundly different policy approaches on the basis of such disagreements. As usual in the history of economic ideas, the most promising way to address a discussion with such strong ideological connotations is to assess the empirical evidence. Motivated by the seminal work of Imbs and Wacziarg (2003), this paper attempts to synthesize the vast literature on the...

  12. Designing the Organization for User Innovation

    Keinz, Peter; Hienerth, Christoph; Lettl, Christopher
    There is increasing consensus among practitioners and academics alike that we are in the midst of a paradigm shift from producer-centered and internal innovation processes toward user-centered and open innovation processes. This paradigm shift induces significant changes to the design of organizations. Even though the research field of user innovation has been developing over a period of more than four decades, there have been only occasional intersections with the research field of organizational design. In this article, we aim to provide an integrated perspective of the two fields. We first identify major user innovation strategies. We then derive the implications for each user innovation strategy on key...

  13. WORK ! BUY ! CONSUME ! Konsumsoziologische Diagnosen zur sozialen Ungleichheit

    Huber, Florian

  14. Der Zusam­men­hang von sozia­ler Klas­sen­zu­ge­hö­rig­keit und dau­er­haf­ten Armuts­la­gen in Öster­reich 1996 bis 2008

    Angel, Stefan
    (no abstract available)

  15. Editorial: Die gespaltene Gesellschaft: Der Fall Österreich

    Hofmann, Julia; Huber, Florian; Leibetseder, Bettina
    (no abstract available)

  16. Berlusconismo mit guten Manieren. Anmerkungen zur Regierungsumbildung in Italien

    Weissenbacher, Rudy
    (no abstract available)

  17. Die Linke und die Euro-Zone

    Becker, Joachim
    (no abstract available)

  18. Gay Tourism in Budapest: An Exploratory Study on Gay Tourists' Motivational Patterns for Traveling to Budapest

    Köllen, Thomas; Lazar, Szabolcs
    In contrast to East European cities, West European cities have increasingly targeted gay and lesbian travelers as part of their tourism campaigns. In order to exemplarily analyze the potential of international gay tourism for Budapest, nineteen semi-structured, in-depth interviews with non-Hungarian gay travelers, about their motivation to come and their experiences, were conducted in different gay establishments in the city. One result of the study is that their motivations for travel did not differ from "mainstream tourists"; while their expectations about gay life in the city were negative, their experiences were mixed. Implications for Budapest's city-marketing are discussed. (authors' abstract)

  19. Fooling the company - The Corporate Jester As Driving Force For Organizational Change

    Köllen, Thomas
    This conceptual article proposes the establishing of the position of a corporate jester to support organizational change processes. The article focuses on the inevitable transformations companies have to go through, given the diversification and pluralization of the workforce. The corporate jester theoretically is framed as part of an organizational "comical artifact staging", that by utilizing humor as an element of organizational change, experiences more openness and less resistance than more educative tools. (author's abstract)

  20. How Do Regional Headquarters Influence Corporate Decisions in Networked MNCs?

    Mahnke, Volker; Ambos, Björn; Nell, Phillip C.; Hobdari, Bersant
    In networked MNCs where knowledge and power are distributed, corporate strategy processes benefit from input arising from many different levels of the organization. Recently, the regional (i.e., supra-national) level has been emphasized as an important additional source of knowledge and input, and as a bridge between local subsidiaries and global corporate headquarters. This paper builds theory on the antecedents to regional headquarters' influence on corporate decisions (i.e., organizational, behavioral, and motivational). Based on a survey of regional headquarters in Europe and their relations with MNC headquarters, we provide empirical evidence that a regional headquarters' autonomy and signaling behavior have significant...

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