Mostrando recursos 1 - 8 de 8

  1. Network Centrality and Market Prices: Empirical Evidence

    Firgo, Matthias; Pennerstorfer, Dieter; Weiss, Christoph
    We empirically investigate the importance of centrality (holding a central position in a spatial network) for strategic interaction in pricing for the Austrian retail gasoline market. Results from spatial autoregressive models suggest that the gasoline station located most closely to the market center - defined as the 1-median location - exerts the strongest effect on pricing decisions of other stations. We conclude that centrality influences firms' pricing behavior and further find that the importance of centrality increases with market size.

  2. Manifestationen von Verwaltungsparadigmen in den Reformen des österreichischen Bundeshaushaltsgesetzes

    Polzer, Tobias
    Öffentliche Verwaltungen sind ständig Reformen unterworfen. Auch das öffentliche Haushaltsrecht in Österreich, obwohl tendenziell weniger anfällig für kurzlebige Reformen, wurde in den letzten drei Jahrzehnten umfassend novelliert. Auf globaler Ebene lassen sich in der Literatur für die vergangenen Dekaden drei dominierende "Verwaltungs-" bzw. "Reformparadigmen" identifizieren, die Orientierung für Reformen im öffentlichen Sektor bildeten bzw. bilden und sich aus in einer Zeitperiode gehäuft diskutierten Ideen zur Verwaltungmodernisierung herauskristallisierten: Public Administration, New Public Management und Public Governance. Aufbauend auf die neo-institutionalistische Organisationstheorie geht diese Dissertation der Frage nach, wie sich diese Paradigmen in den Reformen des österreichischen Bundeshaushaltsgesetzes der letzten 30 Jahre...

  3. Parental leave policies and the gender division of housework. Studying the association between different leave indicators and the unexplained gender gap in housework.

    Dearing, Helene
    (no abstract available)

  4. Trade Costs and Income in European Regions: Evidence from a regional bilateral trade dataset

    Fichet de Clairfontaine, Aurélien; Hammer, Christoph
    Using a New Economic Geography (NEG) model, this study estimates the relationship between regional per capita income and the market accessibility of regions. This accessibility cannot be observed directly, so it has to be constructed. We follow a two-step-procedure as suggested by Redding and Venables (2004) and use results of a gravity-type model to infer \real market potential". To this end, we make use of a novel dataset of bi-regional trade ows between (and within) 254 European NUTS-2 regions (for 26 European countries excluding Bulgaria and Romania) for the year 2010. In a second step we test the hypothesis that access to domestic as well as to...

  5. Asymmetric information in the regulation of the access to markets

    Ghislandi, Simone; Kuhn, Michael
    It is frequently argued that the high costs of clinical trials prior to the admission of new pharmaceuticals are stifling innovation. At the same time, regulation of the access to markets is often justified on the basis of consumers` inability to detect the true quality of a product. We examine these arguments from an information economic perspective by setting a framework where the incentives to invest in R&D are influenced by the information structure prevailing when the product is launched in the market at a later stage. In this setting, by changing the information structure, regulation (or the lack of) can...

  6. Market Structure and Competition in Transition: Results from a Spatial Analysis

    Lábaj, Martin; Morvay, Karol; Silanic, Peter; Weiss, Christoph; Yontcheva, Biliana
    The present paper provides first microlevel (indirect) empirical evidence on changes in the determinants of firm profitability, the role of fixed and sunk costs, as well as the nature of competition for a transition economy. We estimate size thresholds required to support different numbers of firms for four retail and professional service industries in a large number of geographic markets in Slovakia. The three time periods in the analysis (1995, 2001 and 2010) characterize different stages of the transition process. Specific emphasis is given to spatial spill-over effects between local markets. Estimation results obtained from a spatial ordered probit model...

  7. Bequests and the Accumulation of Wealth in the Eurozone

    Humer, Stefan; Moser, Mathias; Schnetzer, Matthias
    This paper empirically compares the contribution of the two major wealth accumulation factors - earned income and inheritances - to the net wealth position of households in the Eurozone. The elasticities of both wealth sources differ considerably across countries and are overly non-linear. Depending on the position in the wealth distribution, an increase of one percentile in the income distribution corresponds to 0.1-0.6 percentiles in the net wealth distribution. We find substantially stronger effects for inheritances vis-á-vis income. In Greece, Portugal, and Austria, households have to climb around three percentiles in the income distribution to compensate a one percentile increase in the inheritance distribution. The findings clearly suggest...

  8. Estimating Industry-level Armington Elasticities For EMU Countries

    Aspalter, Lisa
    In an open economy economic agents distribute their spending between domestic and various import goods and they may reconsider their choice whenever relative international prices change. Armington elasticities quantify these reallocations in demand for goods produced in different countries. Recent analytical frameworks allow to further differentiate between a macro elasticity of substitution between domestic and import goods and a micro elasticity between different import sources. Despite the relevance of Armington elasticities for evaluating trade policy there has been no systematic study on whether micro and macro elasticities significantly differ for highly integrated economies within a free trade area and whether...

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