Recursos de colección
ePub-WU OAI Archive (Vienna Univ. of Econ. and B.A.) (5.236 recursos)
Repository of Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration.
Repository of Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration.
Gineikiene, Justina; Schlegelmilch, Bodo B.; Ruzeviciute, Ruta
This study extends previous research by exploring perceptions of healthiness in the international food marketplace. To this end, it aims to fill an important gap by shedding light on the role of country of origin in shaping perceptions of healthiness. The authors provide evidence that domestic and foreign food products elicit different perceptions of healthiness. Consumers choose domestic products because they perceive them as healthier and more natural. The effect holds across different samples and product categories (apples, tomatoes, bread, and yogurt). However, this healthiness bias vanishes when products are presented as posing health risks and when products are introduced...
Kaiser, Alexander; Kragulj, Florian
We introduce a new methodological framework, called Bewextra, for the creation of the knowledge of needs in organizations. The development of our framework builds on theoretical engagement with literature from several disciplines including visioning and philosophy of needs as well as empirical data from vision development processes we have accompanied. To the best of our knowledge it is the first theoretical work that describes learning from an envisioned future and the generation of need knowledge as an abductive process in a methodologically replicable way. The advantages and practical implications of our method introduced are discussed in detail.
Tödtling, Franz; Sinozic, Tanja; Auer, Alexander
The health sector and medical technologies are of an increasing importance in society and for regional and national economies. Much like other life sciences industries, the medical devices sector relies upon specific factors and knowledge processes that shape and support its innovation capabilities and competitiveness. Previous studies have shown that growth and innovation in this sector depend on specific local factors and conditions as well as on markets and knowledge-interdependencies at higher spatial scales. There is still a research gap on the detailed nature of these driving factors and relationships, however. In this research, we have investigated these issues for...
Spash, Clive L.; Gattringer, Clemens
Human induced climate change poses a series of ethical challenges to the current political economy, although it has often be regarded by economists as only an ethical issue for those concerned about future generations. The central debate in economics has then concerned the rate at which future costs and benefits should be discounted. Indeed the full range of ethical aspects of climate change are rarely even discussed. Despite recent high profile and lengthy academic papers on the topic the ethical remains at best superficial within climate change economics. Recognising the necessary role of ethical judgment poses a problem for economists who conduct exercises in cost-benefit analysis and...
Lukmanova, Elizaveta; Tondl, Gabriele
This paper investigates a new category of influential factors on business cycle synchronization (BCS), so far hardly regarded in the BCS literature: It provides an empirical assessment of the impact of macroeconomic imbalances, as monitored by the European Commission by the scoreboard indicators since 2011, on BCS in the Euozone. We use a quarterly data set covering the period 2002-2012 and estimate the direct and indirect effects of macroeconomic imbalances in the pre- and post-crisis period in a simultaneous equations model. Business cycle correlation between EA members is measured by the recently proposed dynamic conditional correlation of Engle 2002 which...
Barakat, Bilal; Crespo Cuaresma, Jesus
We propose the use of methods based on the Shapley value to assess the fact that private returns to lower levels of educational attainment should incorporate prospective returns from higher attainment levels, since achieving primary education is a necessary condition to enter secondary and tertiary educational levels. We apply the proposed adjustment to a global dataset of private returns to different educational attainment levels and find that the corrected returns to education imply a large shift of returns from tertiary to primary schooling in countries at all income levels. (authors' abstract)
The sluggish development of corporate lending has remained the central concern of EU monetary policy makers as it is considered to hinder seriously the resurgence of growth. This paper looks at the development of loans to large corporations vs SMEs in the pre-crisis and post-crisis period and wishes to answer: (i) to which extent do allocated loan volumes actually contribute to Output growth? (ii) which factors determine the development of loans, considering above all loan interest rates? and (iii) what causes differences in loan interest levels across the EA? The results indicate that different loan developments in the EA explain...
Reutterer, Thomas; Hornik, Kurt; March, Nicolas; Gruber, Kathrin
This research presents a new approach to derive recommendations for segment-specific, targeted marketing campaigns on the product category level. The proposed methodological framework serves as a decision support tool for customer relationship managers or direct marketers to select attractive product categories for their target marketing efforts, such as segment-specific rewards in loyalty programs, cross-merchandising activities, targeted direct mailings, customized supplements in catalogues, or customized promotions. The proposed methodology requires cus- tomers' multi-category purchase histories as input data and proceeds in a stepwise manner. It combines various data compression techniques and integrates an opti- mization approach which suggests candidate product categories for segment-specific targeted marketing such that cross-category spillover effects for...
Gugler, Klaus; Haxhimusa, Adhurim; Liebensteiner, Mario
This paper seeks to investigate the current state of market integration among European electricity day-ahead spot prices. We provide reasoning that market integration brings about benefits, such as lower average prices and increased welfare from allocative efficiency. Yet, price convergence leads to higher prices in the low-price market and to lower prices in the high-price market, which creates winners and losers and thus makes the political implementation of market integration cumbersome. In our empirical analysis, we utilize a large sample of hourly spot prices of 25 European markets for the period 01.01.2010-30.06.2015 and combine it with other relevant data such...
Auf Basis von empirischer Feldforschung in Spanien diskutiert dieser Artikel organisationale Charakteristika von sozialen Bewegungsorganisationen. Soziale Bewegungsorganisationen gewinnen in quantitativer und qualitativer Hinsicht an Bedeutung. Sie haben häufig präfigurativen Charakter, d. h. sie versuchen, organisationalen Strukturen und Prozesse den angestrebten Zielen entsprechend zu gestalten. Der Artikel schließt mit Überlegungen, was aus den Experimenten und der Erfahrung dieser untypischen, sehr partizipativen und wenig hierarchischen Organisationen für die Führung und das Management auch von konventionellen Organisationen gelernt werden kann. (author's abstract)
Auf Basis von empirischer Feldforschung in Spanien diskutiert dieser Artikel organisationale Charakteristika von sozialen Bewegungsorganisationen. Soziale Bewegungsorganisationen gewinnen in quantitativer und qualitativer Hinsicht an Bedeutung. Sie haben häufig präfigurativen Charakter, d. h. sie versuchen, organisationalen Strukturen und Prozesse den angestrebten Zielen entsprechend zu gestalten. Der Artikel schließt mit Überlegungen, was aus den Experimenten und der Erfahrung dieser untypischen, sehr partizipativen und wenig hierarchischen Organisationen für die Führung und das Management auch von konventionellen Organisationen gelernt werden kann.