Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 107

  1. Quo vadis, quality culture? Theses from different perspectives.

    Sursock, Andrée; Vettori, Oliver

  2. The Material and Visual Basis of Institutions

    Jones, Candace; Meyer, Renate E.; Jancsary, Dennis; Höllerer, Markus A.

  3. Provenienzforschung ins Museum: Ausstellungseröffnung und Restitution der Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien im Technischen Museum Wien

    Koll, Johannes; Zodl, Regina
    Am 4. Oktober 2017 wurde die Integrierung der Privatbibliothek des österreichischen Petrochemikers Dr. Leopold Singer (1869-1942), die zwei Jahre vorher von der Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien an dessen Erben und Erbinnen restituiert worden war, in die Dauerausstellung des Technischen Museums Wien gefeiert. Erstmalig werden damit Ergebnisse bibliothekarischer Provenienzforschung in einem international renommierten Museum der Öffentlichkeit zugänglich gemacht. Zugleich wurde ein Buch restituiert, das bis zum "Anschluss" Österreichs Dr. Martin Singer (1874-1950) gehört hatte.

  4. Aktuelle Debatte: Brexit-Strategien und die soziale Frage

    Becker, Joachim; Cetkovic, Predrag

  5. Editorial: Neue Weichen für die Weltwirtschaft

    Becker, Joachim; Prausmüller, Oliver

  6. Perception of Key Barriers in Using and Publishing Open Data

    Polleres, Axel; Umbrich, Jürgen; Figl, Kathrin; Beno, Martin
    There is a growing body of literature recognizing the benefits of Open Data. However, many potential data providers are unwilling to publish their data and at the same time, data users are often faced with difficulties when attempting to use Open Data in practice. Despite various barriers in using and publishing Open Data still being present, studies which systematically collect and assess these barriers are rare. Based on this observation we present a review on prior literature on barriers and the results of an empirical study aimed at assessing both the users' and publishers' views on obstacles regarding Open Data...

  7. New economic challenges for managing disease prevention and monitoring

    Collazzo Yelpo, Pablo
    Managing disease prevention and monitoring its progression benefits professionals facing the challenge of acquiring new knowledge and information for fighting the many diseases that negatively affect the life of people in areas such as public health systems, families, economic and business systems. From economic and operational points of view, Cancer Registries as organisations managing information by collecting, storing, reporting and interpreting data to improve cancer monitoring which is needed to plan health policies evaluation and design. Sustaining the role of the Cancer Registry as information system for fighting against cancer relies on paying attention on regulatory and ethical aspects with...

  8. Paradoxes of Social Impact Bonds

    Maier, Florentine; Barbetta , Gian Paolo; Godina, Franka
    Social Impact Bonds (SIBs) have alternatively been portrayed as a promising tool to improve the functioning of welfare systems, or as an instrument of neoliberalism that threatens to undermine them. Recently, a more nuanced understanding of the promises as well as pitfalls of SIBs has developed, as both practical experiences and published empirical evidence about implemented SIBs have increased in number. We aim to contribute to the development of such an understanding by means of a combination of qualitative and quantitative text analysis. In doing so, we analyse a comprehensive sample of 51 practitioner reports on SIBs. We identify two...

  9. The spatial autocorrelation problem in spatial interaction modelling: A comparison of two common solutions

    Griffith, Daniel; Fischer, Manfred M.; LeSage, James P.
    Spatial interaction models of the gravity type are widely used to describe origin-destination flows. They draw attention to three types of variables to explain variation in spatial interactions across geographic space: variables that characterize the origin region of interaction, variables that characterize the destination region of interaction, and variables that measure the separation between origin and destination regions. A violation of standard minimal assumptions for least squares estimation may be associated with two problems: spatial autocorrelation within the residuals, and spatial autocorrelation within explanatory variables. This paper compares a spatial econometric solution with the spatial statistical Moran eigenvector spatial filtering...

  10. The Value of Time: Its Commodification and a Reconceptualization

    Fellner, Wolfgang
    The discourse about commodification of time indicates that under the current socio-economic regime important values get systematically ignored. This paper reviews literature about the value of time in classical political economy, neoclassical economics, the household production approach, household economics, and activity models. Starting with neoclassical economics, all these approaches are largely in accordance with utilitarian methodology. Utilitarian methodology turns out to be incapable of explaining the value of time. The debate about "quality work" allows us to identify the following intrinsic values: power, playfulness, a sense of meaning, and a sense of belonging. These intrinsic values match with the "five...

  11. The potential role of employers in promoting sustainable mobility in rural areas: evidence from Eastern Austria

    Soder, Michael; Peer, Stefanie
    In industrialized countries, mobility represents one of the most important sources of CO2 emissions. Most research on promoting sustainable, climate-friendly modes of transportation has focused on urban areas. Rural areas-although characterized by high dependency on individual car ownership and usage-have received less attention. This article explores the potential role of rural employers in supporting sustainable alternatives to commuting by (single-occupied) motorized vehicles among their employees. We conduct a collective case study that considers five employers located in Eastern Austria (Burgenland), drawing from multiple data sources including structured surveys, expert interviews, focus groups, and site visits. Our analysis shows that employers have little incentive to implement measures that...

  12. A Diachronic Index and Glossary to What Is Justice? Collected Essays by Hans Kelsen

    Prebble QC, John; Opacic, Nina
    "What is Justice?" is a compilation of essays by Hans Kelsen that deal with problems of justice and their relationship to law, philosophy, and science. The broad scope and applicability of "What is Justice?" makes it a valuable source for research and writing across jurisdictions and in almost any area of law. Access to the English translation of "What is Justice?" is challenging because the book has no index. This present Index aims to provide scholars with a way in to Kelsen's work. Kelsen's tightly packed generalisations and conceptual arguments, which are intended to apply generally to all laws and legal...

  13. How many old people have ever lived?

    Sánchez-Romero, Miguel; Ediev, Dalkhat; Feichtinger, Gustav; Prskawetz, Alexia
    Background: Uninformed generalizations about how many elderly people have ever lived, based on a poor understanding of demography, are found in a surprising number of important publications. Objective: We extend the methodology applied to the controversial question "how many people have ever been born?" initiated by Fucks, Winkler, and Keyfitz, to the proportion of people who have ever reached a certain age y and are alive today (denoted as TT(y, T ))). Methods: We first analyze the fraction TT(y, T )) by using demographic data based on UN estimates. Second, we show the main mathematical properties of TT(y, T )) by age...

  14. Network migration: do neighbouring regions matter?

    Nowotny, Klaus; Pennerstorfer, Dieter
    This paper analyses the role of the spatial structure of migrant networks in the location decision of migrants to the European Union at the regional level. Using a random parameters logit specification, a significant positive effect of migrant networks in neighbouring regions on migrants' location decisions is found. Although this spatial spillover effect is smaller than the effect of networks in the host regions, omitting to control for this spatial dependence results in a 40% overestimation of the effect of regional migrant networks on the location decision of newly arriving migrants.

  15. Knowledge bases, innovation and multi-scalar relationships - Which kind of territorial boundedness of industrial clusters?

    Tödtling, Franz; Auer, Alexander
    Innovation is nowadays a highly interdependent process where firms rely on distributed knowledge sources at various spatial scales. It has been argued that innovation interactions are shifting increasingly from local/regional towards global scales and that the region as a space for supporting innovation and competitiveness of firms is losing in importance. We suggest, however, that firms and clusters rely on various kinds of knowledge bases and factors for their development that differ in their geographical mobility and territorial boundedness. Whereas codified knowledge as well as many kinds of goods and services, investment capital, and people have become mobile at a global scale due to improvements of transport-...

  16. Arbeitszeitverkürzung in der Praxis. Innovative Modelle in österreichischen Betrieben

    Gerold, Stefanie; Soder, Michael; Schwendinger, Michael
    Die vorliegende Studie beschäftigt sich mit Arbeitszeitverkürzung auf betrieblicher Ebene, ein Aspekt, der in der bisherigen Forschungsliteratur eher vernachlässigt wurde. Im ersten Teil der Studie werden sieben unterschiedliche Modelle betrieblicher Arbeitszeitverkürzung in Österreich beleuchtet. Dabei wird analysiert, welche Probleme den Anstoß zu einer Reduzierung der Arbeitszeit gaben, welche Aspekte und Motive diesen Prozess unterstützt haben, welche Barrieren und Risiken zutage traten und welche Faktoren schlussendlich zu einer erfolgreichen Umsetzung und Beibehaltung der Modelle beitrugen. Im zweiten Teil wird eines der untersuchten Modelle - die Freizeitoption - aus Perspektive der Beschäftigten analysiert. Dabei werden die Art der Verwendung sowie die subjektiven Auswirkungen auf Vereinbarkeit von Beruf und Familie, Lebensqualität und...

  17. Cross-sectional dependence model specifications in a static trade panel data setting

    LeSage, James P.; Fischer, Manfred M.
    The focus is on cross-sectional dependence in panel trade flow models. We propose alternative specifications for modeling time invariant factors such as socio-cultural indicator variables, e.g., common language and currency. These are typically treated as a source of heterogeneity eliminated using fixed effects transformations, but we find evidence of cross-sectional dependence after eliminating country-specific effects. These findings suggest use of alternative simultaneous dependence model specifications that accommodate cross-sectional dependence, which we set forth along with Bayesian estimation methods. Ignoring cross-sectional dependence implies biased estimates from panel trade flow models that rely on fixed effects.

  18. Der digitalisierte Forscher

    Kröll, Thomas
    Im 21. Jahrhundert ist der akademische Forscher nicht nur zunehmend digital informiert; die gesetzlich gebotene Evaluierung seiner Forschungsleistungen ist mitunter auch eine digital abgestützte. Dies bedeutet nicht nur Vorteile, sondern auch Risiken für den akademischen Forscher.

  19. Opportunities for knowledge co-production across the energy-food-water nexus: Making interdisciplinary approaches work for better climate decision making

    Monasterolo, Irene; Howarth, Candice
    The relationship between the energy-food-water nexus and the climate is non-linear, multi-sectoral and time sensitive, incorporating aspects of complexity and risk in climate related decision-making. This paper seeks to explore how knowledge co-production can help identify opportunities for building more effective, sustainable, inclusive and legitimate decision making processes on climate change. This would enable more resilient responses to climate risks impacting the nexus while increasing transparency, communication and trust among key actors. We do so by proposing the operationalization of an interdisciplinary approach of analysis applying the novel methodology developed in Howarth and Monasterolo (2016). Through a bottom-up, participative approach,...

  20. Trojan Horses or Local Allies: Host-country National Managers in Developing Market Subsidiaries

    Müllner, Jakob; Klopf, Patricia; Nell, Phillip C.
    We investigate a multinational corporation's (MNC) decision to appoint host-country national (HCN) managers to foreign subsidiaries based on the institutional context of and familiarity with the host country. HCN managers are commonly associated with specialized knowledge, superior responsiveness, and higher legitimacy. Yet, we argue that local familiarity of HCNs can also be perceived as risky or harmful by MNC parents. We analyze how formal and informal institutions affect the trade-off between positive effects and potential costs associated with HCN managers ("Local allies" vs. "Trojan horses"). We find that legal institutions protect foreign MNCs from potential costs, encourage the use of...

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