Alberola Romá, Armando
[EN] Culture of survival: water shortage and excess in the Huerta of Alicante (XVI-XVIII centuries).
The Huerta of Alicante was along the Modern Age, one of the most interesting irrigated dryland in the
Eastern Iberian Peninsula. The secular water deficit led to an irrigation system based on a strict schedule
computation and the construction of dams to hold and divert the water generated by the extraordinary
autumn rainfall. The modelic Tibi's reservoir built (1579-1594) in the Montnegre river is an excellent
example of the pressing need to store water to irrigate the fields at key periods of the agricultural cycle,
but also an expression of the...
Rojas Rabiela, Teresa; Gutiérrez Ruvalcaba, Ignacio; Santos Pérez, Roberto
[EN] The first results of a research into the history of wheat and wheat mills in Mexico during
colonial times, one of the chapters of a larger project on the "History of hydraulic technology during
colonial times" are exposed. In this context, the case of mills established in Oaxaca, particularly in the
High Mixteca region, is presented. The information comes primarily from studies of various
contemporary authors, published historical sources, archival documents and maps from the colonial
Sales Martínez, Vicente; Ortega Reig, Mar Violeta; Palau-Salvador, Guillermo
[EN] There are wide arrays of examples of irrigation systems that have been able to self-manage water
as a common resource in the long term and in severe scarcity conditions. One of them is the Real
Acequia de Moncada (RAM) Irrigators Community, with 5000 ha and 13000 owners who collectively manage
water resources from the Turia River. Ostrom (1990), based in the case of the Huerta of Valencia,
proposed several principles associated to the success of collective management. The objective of this
work is to analyze two of them for the case of the RAM, (a) the presence of clearly defined boundaries
and (b) capacity of...
Argyelan, Timea; Díez Torrijos, Ignacio; Vallés Planells, María Concepción; Galiana Galán, Francisco
[EN] The Huerta de Valencia is defined as the agricultural plane irrigated by Turia River
that surrounds the city of Valencia, in the east coast of Spain. Its origins are dated in the 8th
century with the arrival of the Muslim tribes in Spain and it is one of the last six “huerta”
landscapes left in Europe. Traditionally, the Huerta has been in continuous evolution because
of changes in agricultural management that answered to changes in the demands from society.
But, since the second half of the twentieth century, landscape transformation has been faster
and more extensive resulting in profound changes. This paper focuses on land...
Fresquet Gozalvo, José
[EN] In order to understand the current situation of the irrigation in the municipality of Torrent, the
first years of the 20th century must be revisited, as the same characteristics of the initial design of around
the 11th century remained. Besides, the following extensions and modifications suffered throughout the
century must be studied. The changes that happened and especially the increase of irrigated surface were
not uniform. The first years of development were really slow and mostly aimed at the water supplies in
order to compensate the flow withdrawn by the city council with consumption purposes. Towards the
middle of the century the process speeded up...
Marqués Pérez, Inmaculada; Segura García del Río, Baldomero
[EN] The debate on the multifunctionality of agriculture and its connections with territorial policies
are the basis of the most appropriate approach to legitimize public interventions in the agricultural sector.
The main obstacle of this public intervention is to know the goods and services provided by agricultural
systems and elicitation of the social preferences for them. We created a descriptive approach for the
multifunctionality of agricultural systems that is based on the review of the scientific literature focused
on multifunctionality and the goods and services of agricultural systems. The review shows a large variety
of activities and approaches, which can be grouped by their economic dimension...
Carcel García, Carmen; Verdejo Gimeno, Pedro; Clemente Ramírez, David
[EN] The whole system of gardens that make Valencia: orchards of Castelló de la Plana, the Camp
of Morvedre, Orchard Xativa, Ribera del Xuquer, Plana de Gandia ... Let's focus on the very garden of
Valencia, it Huerta is recognized as Historic, since in addition to stand out as the most significant of the
orchards, due to its age and its complex irrigation system, is the geographical location where it sits Campanar.
This population, like other settlements in the garden, developed as suburbs on the outskirts of the
city. The origin of these Islamic centers is hard to decipher and that few of these documents...
Gozalvo Llácer, José Francisco; ÁVILA AGUILERA, TIRSO JOSÉ; Jordà Pla, Rafael; Máñez Rodero, Javier; Ciscar Juan, Salvador; SALAS TREJO, XAVIER
[EN] The historical irrigation system of Torrent --“Barranc de l'Horteta” and “Séquia de les Fonts”-
- has evolved as an independent hydraulic space. It is an ancient irrigation system, dating back from the
earliest recorded human settlements. The City Council has initiated actions to protect and restore this
heritage, actions that have recovered some of the most significant elements; now they seek to organize
these initiatives and future ones around the hydraulic system as a whole. The Master Plan Torrent
Hydraulic Heritage aims to coordinate efforts and to provide criteria to harmonize the actions of future
enhancement. As a part of this project, the route “El...
Guilló Durá, Margarita; MONTANER ALONSO, JUAN MIGUEL
[EN] The ancient wetland of the Albufera de Elche has important ecological and cultural values, not fully recognized by the local and regional administrations. The real protagonists of the conservation of this area, conscients of these values, struggle for their survival, using this valuable heritage. In this paper, the society for rural development Associació per al Desenvolupament Rural del Camp d’Elx (ADR) and the water users’ association Comunidad de Regantes de Carrizales describe the actions recently developed to protect the natural and cultural heritage of the wetland.