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The KnowledgeBank at OSU (79.989 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

Working Papers in Linguistics: Volume 58 (Autumn 2008)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 7 de 7

  1. Front Matter (Number 58, Autumn 2008)

  2. A Consumer's Guide to Contemporary Morphological Theories

    Stewart, Tom

  3. Discourse Constraints on Extraposition from Definite NP Subjects in English

    Maynell, Laurie A.
    This paper examines English restrictive relative clauses that are extraposed from definite NP subjects, and their relationship to the discourse context in which they may be uttered. In contrast to previous work on this topic (Huck & Na, 1990, 1992), I demonstrate that extraposed relative clauses need not contain information that is given with respect to discourse context. Rather, extraposed clauses may contain either discourse-given information or discourse-new information. What is critical for extraposition of relative clauses from definite NP subjects is how informative the relative clauses are with respect to the Question Under Discussion as defined by Roberts (1996)....

  4. Morphological Complexity Outside of Universal Grammar

    Hana, Jirka; Culicover, Peter W.
    There are many logical possibilities for marking morphological features. However only some of them are attested in languages of the world, and out of them some are more frequent than others. For example, it has been observed (Sapir 1921; Greenberg 1957; Hawkins & Gilligan 1988) that inflectional morphology tends to overwhelmingly involve suffixation rather than prefixation. This paper proposes an explanation for this asymmetry in terms of acquisition complexity. The complexity measure is based on the Levenshtein edit distance, modified to reflect human memory limitations and the fact that language occurs in time. This measure produces some interesting predictions: for...

  5. Knowledge- and Labor-Light Morphological Analysis

    Hana, Jirka
    We describe a knowledge and labor-light system for morphological analysis of fusional languages, exemplified by analysis of Czech. Our approach takes the middle road between completely unsupervised systems on the one hand and systems with extensive manually-created resources on the other. For the majority of languages and applications neither of these extreme approaches seems warranted. The knowledge-free approach lacks precision and the knowledge- intensive approach is usually too costly. We show that a system using a little knowledge can be effective. This is done by creating an open, flexible, fast, portable system for morphological analysis. Time needed for adjusting the...

  6. The Vocalization of /L/ in Urban Blue Collar Columbus, OH African American Vernacular English: A Quantitative Sociophonetic Analysis

    Durian, David

  7. Adventures With CAMiLLe: Investigating the Architecture of the Language Faculty Through Computational Simulation

    Culicover, Peter W.; Nowak, Andrzej; Borkowski, Wojciech; Woznicki, Katherine

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