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The KnowledgeBank at OSU (76.397 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

International Journal of Rural Criminology: Volume 3, Issue 2 (June 2017)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 9 de 9

  1. Critiquing the Inter-Disciplinary Literature on Food Fraud

    Smith, Robert; Manning, Louise; McElwee, Gerard
    The European Horsemeat Scandal of 2013 is a recent manifestation of the problem of ‘Food fraud’. It is important from a criminological perspective because it exists at the nexus between organized crime and bad business practice and is a contemporary example of criminal-entrepreneurship. From a practical perspective it is a pernicious criminal activity perpetuated by diverse organized-crime-groups, rogue-entrepreneurs and food-industry-insiders. It is a white-collar-crime committed in the commercial arena, across an extended international food-chain. Geographic and policy boundaries make it difficult to police. Although a high level of awareness of the fraud exists globally, there is a dearth of critical...

  2. Farm Crime in England and Wales: A Preliminary Scoping Study Examining Farmer Attitudes

    Smith, Kreseda; Byrne, Richard
    Farms stand apart from other rural businesses in the levels of crimes they experience, and the impact of farm crime reverberates far beyond the immediate rural community. However, there continues to be a lack of interest in farm crime as a research topic in both England and Wales. This study explores attitudes of farmers towards farm crime, crime prevention, the police, and potential predictors of farm victimisation2. An online survey was completed by 71 farmers; a further 55 farmers partially completed the survey providing important additional data. An analysis of the survey results shows low levels of confidence in and...

  3. An Exploratory Assessment of Agricultural Crimes in Georgia

    McIntyre, R. Neal, Jr.; Prine, Rudy K.; Knowles, Fred
    Rural crimes have often been ignored in criminological studies. An even lesser explored subject of inquiry is the nature and prevalence of agricultural or farm crimes within rural America. The examination of these type offenses is important to having a more accurate understanding of crime. The current study adds to our current knowledge of crime by exploring instances of agricultural crime in the State of Georgia. Using a victimization survey to gather data from individuals involved in the agricultural industry, the study provides an exploratory assessment of the prevalence of farm crimes in Georgia as well as examining factors, such...

  4. Farmers' Experiences as Victims of Crime: An Exploratory Study on the Isle of Anglesey

    Holmes, Tim; Jones, Jane
    Farming is not only a profession, for many it is a lifestyle. Farmers’ place of work is often their home and this reality poses several questions about the challenges farmers face with regard to dealing with victimisation and creating an effective crime prevention strategy. This paper reports on the findings of an exploratory study of farmers’ views on the Isle of Anglesey. A mixed method design was used based on postal surveys and interviews, to explore farmers’ experiences as victims of crime, and opinions on the support provided by local government agencies, the police, and the community. Findings suggest that...

  5. Crime Prevention on Farms: Experiences from Victoria, Australia

    Harkness, Alistair
    Whilst rural offending has hitherto been largely overlooked, the canon of scholarly examination of rural crime – including farm crime literature – is slowly growing. In addition to bearing financial costs for farming communities, rural crime bears significant social impacts. Implementation of crime prevention tactics and techniques is, therefore, essential to reducing farmer victimisation. Focussing on property theft from farms in Victoria, Australia, this article draws upon interviews with rural police members and survey data obtained from farmers, and considers the opportunities presented to offenders – often unwittingly by farmers themselves. It considers the situational crime prevention categories of increasing...

  6. Crop Theft and Soil Fertility Management in the Highlands of Ethiopia

    Chiwona-Karltun, Linley; Lemenih, Mulugeta; Tolera, Motuma; Berisso, Tadesse; Karltun, Erik
    Theft of crops in rural areas is largely attributed to poverty and hunger. Crop theft has the consequence of soil fertility management being vastly impaired, a possible association examined by very few studies. The emphasis of most soil fertility studies has been on the effect of biophysical conditions and economics, which are the lack of capability of farmers as well as the failure of macro-economic policies to support good soil fertility management practices. The challenges that farmers face at the individual, household and community levels, as well as the barriers hampering farmers from practicing adequate soil fertility management, are still...

  7. Farm Crime Victimisation in Kenya: A Routine Activity Approach

    Bunei, Emmanuel K.; Barasa, Francis O.
    Farmers globally and Kenyan farmers in particular are facing a number of challenges stemming from continuous change in the social-cultural, economic, and ecological context of farming and a concomitant rise in crimes against farms. While research has been carried out on the theft of cattle and crops, much of it has concentrated on the nature, cause and extent of farm crime, crime prevention, and reporting behaviours, and comparatively little has focussed on applying criminological theory to the situation in Kenya or any other region of the world. Thus, this paper uses Routine Activity Theory to explain what makes certain farms,...

  8. Introduction to Special Issue on Farm Crime

    Bunei, Emmanuel K.

  9. Editor's Introduction to Volume 3, Issue 2

    Donnermeyer, Joseph F.

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