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Hokkaido University Collection of Scholarly and Academic Papers (135.521 recursos)

HUSCAP (Hokkaido University Collection of Scholarly and Academic Papers) contains peer-reviewed journal articles, proceedings, educational resources and any kind of scholarly works of Hokkaido University.

?????????(The Review of the Society of Agricultural Economics)

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  5. Problems with the operation and management of Japanese fishing boats in the fishing grounds around the Senkaku Islands, with a focus on the pole-and-line fishing of groundfish

    Sasaki, Takafumi; Miyazawa, Haruhiko
    Problems have arisen not only between Japan and China but also between Japan and Taiwan over the Senkaku Islands. Under these circumstances, there are fishermen operating around the Senkaku Islands. In this paper, putting a focus on pole-and-line fishing boats for groundfish that belong to the Hinoshima Fishermen's Cooperative in Kumamoto Prefecture and the Ibusuki Fishermen's Cooperative in Kagoshima Prefecture, this paper discusses the utilization of fishing grounds and the forms of operation, clarifies the relationship between Chinese fishing boats and Chinese government vessels, and analyzes the problems these Japanese fishermen face in operations and management. The results of the...

  6. Problems with the operation and management of Japanese fishing boats in the fishing grounds around the Senkaku Islands, with a focus on the pole-and-line fishing of groundfish

    Sasaki, Takafumi; Miyazawa, Haruhiko
    Problems have arisen not only between Japan and China but also between Japan and Taiwan over the Senkaku Islands. Under these circumstances, there are fishermen operating around the Senkaku Islands. In this paper, putting a focus on pole-and-line fishing boats for groundfish that belong to the Hinoshima Fishermen's Cooperative in Kumamoto Prefecture and the Ibusuki Fishermen's Cooperative in Kagoshima Prefecture, this paper discusses the utilization of fishing grounds and the forms of operation, clarifies the relationship between Chinese fishing boats and Chinese government vessels, and analyzes the problems these Japanese fishermen face in operations and management. The results of the...

  7. Rを利用したCase 1 Best-Worst Scalingの実施手順

    合崎, 英男
    The application of Case 1 Best-Worst Scaling (BWS) to empirical studies consists of the following steps: (1) establishing the objective of applying BWS, (2) writing a scenario where respondents evaluate items, (3) creating choice sets, (4) preparing a questionnaire survey, (5) implementing the survey, (6) preparing the data set for analysis of the responses, and (7) measuring the relative importance of items. This paper provides Japanese R beginners with an explanation of how the support. BWS and other packages in R are used for implementing this series of steps via an illustration of consumers' valuation of fruits.

  8. Rを利用したCase 1 Best-Worst Scalingの実施手順

    合崎, 英男
    The application of Case 1 Best-Worst Scaling (BWS) to empirical studies consists of the following steps: (1) establishing the objective of applying BWS, (2) writing a scenario where respondents evaluate items, (3) creating choice sets, (4) preparing a questionnaire survey, (5) implementing the survey, (6) preparing the data set for analysis of the responses, and (7) measuring the relative importance of items. This paper provides Japanese R beginners with an explanation of how the support. BWS and other packages in R are used for implementing this series of steps via an illustration of consumers' valuation of fruits.

  9. 途上国における家畜保険による貧困削減の可能性 : ベトナムにおける家畜保険パイロット事業を事例に

    齋藤, 陽子; 窪田, さと子; グエン, ティ ミン ホア
    Controlling production risk in agriculture is one of the most important factors in stabilizing farmers' income over different time periods. However, financial and insurance markets are not well-developed in developing countries, including rural Vietnam, where opportunistic behavior, such as adverse selection and moral hazard, especially impede the development of a livestock insurance market. In 2011-2013, the government of Vietnam introduced an agricultural insurance system as a trial which the main focus on poverty alleviation. Our survey results indicate that farmers who received insurance payments were able to re-introduce new swine to their production, contributing to poverty alleviation. However, the enrollment...

  10. 途上国における家畜保険による貧困削減の可能性 : ベトナムにおける家畜保険パイロット事業を事例に

    齋藤, 陽子; 窪田, さと子; グエン, ティ ミン ホア
    Controlling production risk in agriculture is one of the most important factors in stabilizing farmers' income over different time periods. However, financial and insurance markets are not well-developed in developing countries, including rural Vietnam, where opportunistic behavior, such as adverse selection and moral hazard, especially impede the development of a livestock insurance market. In 2011-2013, the government of Vietnam introduced an agricultural insurance system as a trial which the main focus on poverty alleviation. Our survey results indicate that farmers who received insurance payments were able to re-introduce new swine to their production, contributing to poverty alleviation. However, the enrollment...

  11. 韓国における果樹農家の組織化に関する考察

    李, 香美; 金, 東煥; 高, 鐘泰; 朴, 紅
    Recently, as the issue of stabilizing supply and demand is becoming the goal of the agricultural administration, opinions insisting to strengthen bargaining powers and solving the supply and demand of agricultural products are being raised through production groups autonomically forming organizations in producing districts. This producers organizing is a method of strengthening the competitiveness of producing areas, not the goal. Hence, this study aims to search for a local and systematical competitiveness improvement method for the organization of farmer engaging directly in farming. In order to carry out this study, a Heckman Probit model was used for analyzing the mutual...

  12. 韓国における果樹農家の組織化に関する考察

    李, 香美; 金, 東煥; 高, 鐘泰; 朴, 紅
    Recently, as the issue of stabilizing supply and demand is becoming the goal of the agricultural administration, opinions insisting to strengthen bargaining powers and solving the supply and demand of agricultural products are being raised through production groups autonomically forming organizations in producing districts. This producers organizing is a method of strengthening the competitiveness of producing areas, not the goal. Hence, this study aims to search for a local and systematical competitiveness improvement method for the organization of farmer engaging directly in farming. In order to carry out this study, a Heckman Probit model was used for analyzing the mutual...

  13. 韓国における高原野菜産地の特質 : 太白市の白菜団地を対象に

    坂下, 明彦; 申, 錬鐵; 朴, 紅; 松木, 靖; 禹, 暎均
    Outdoor vegetable production areas are confronting extreme variabilities, including the severity of price fluctuations, as well as an insufficient labor force and soil fertility problems. Several measures have been put in place in Japan to lower production risks, including the creation of a price stabilization fund, the formation of a labor support organization, and the implementation of soil fertility measures. Meanwhile, outdoor production areas of Chinese cabbages and radishes in Korea are facing growing competition from China's exports. This study reveals the production and the distribution structure of the highland vegetabel production area in Gangwon-do Taebaek-si, and the features of...

  14. 韓国における高原野菜産地の特質 : 太白市の白菜団地を対象に

    坂下, 明彦; 申, 錬鐵; 朴, 紅; 松木, 靖; 禹, 暎均
    Outdoor vegetable production areas are confronting extreme variabilities, including the severity of price fluctuations, as well as an insufficient labor force and soil fertility problems. Several measures have been put in place in Japan to lower production risks, including the creation of a price stabilization fund, the formation of a labor support organization, and the implementation of soil fertility measures. Meanwhile, outdoor production areas of Chinese cabbages and radishes in Korea are facing growing competition from China's exports. This study reveals the production and the distribution structure of the highland vegetabel production area in Gangwon-do Taebaek-si, and the features of...

  15. 卸売業者による他市場売買参加権取得の意義

    山内, 優祐; 坂爪, 浩史
    As in the past, wholesalers that have a weak ability to collect fruit and vegetables have depended on the transfer from wholesalers and secondary wholesalers in another wholesale market that have a stronger ability. In recent years, however, more that more of these weak wholesalers are acquiring the formal buying right for different, stronger, wholesale market. This paper aims to clarify the significance of wholesalers acquisition of such formal buying rights. the analysis yielded the following results. First, the institutional characteristic of such collecting with a formal buying right compared to transfer are the payment is through the official payment...

  16. 卸売業者による他市場売買参加権取得の意義

    山内, 優祐; 坂爪, 浩史
    As in the past, wholesalers that have a weak ability to collect fruit and vegetables have depended on the transfer from wholesalers and secondary wholesalers in another wholesale market that have a stronger ability. In recent years, however, more that more of these weak wholesalers are acquiring the formal buying right for different, stronger, wholesale market. This paper aims to clarify the significance of wholesalers acquisition of such formal buying rights. the analysis yielded the following results. First, the institutional characteristic of such collecting with a formal buying right compared to transfer are the payment is through the official payment...

  17. 農業法人における従業員確保と人材育成 : 農業生産法人A社を事例として

    石丸, 百恵実; 柳村, 俊介
    In Japan, agricultural corporate farms are expected to offer stable jobs in rural and the number of them is increasing. However, more and more companies in rural areas cannot employ people since the rural population is shrinking. In this paper, we examine the employment policy toward social change in company A, a large-scale agricultural corporate farms producing and wholesaling vegetables in Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. The company has employed many people, including part-timers and full-timers, since 1987. The result show that the difficulty in local employment of part-timers was remarkable. Agricultural corporate farms should take measures to compensate for the decreased...

  18. 農業法人における従業員確保と人材育成 : 農業生産法人A社を事例として

    石丸, 百恵実; 柳村, 俊介
    In Japan, agricultural corporate farms are expected to offer stable jobs in rural and the number of them is increasing. However, more and more companies in rural areas cannot employ people since the rural population is shrinking. In this paper, we examine the employment policy toward social change in company A, a large-scale agricultural corporate farms producing and wholesaling vegetables in Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. The company has employed many people, including part-timers and full-timers, since 1987. The result show that the difficulty in local employment of part-timers was remarkable. Agricultural corporate farms should take measures to compensate for the decreased...

  19. 北海道水田地帯における中山間地域等直接支払制度の運用と課題 : 栗山町を事例として

    金丸, 大輔; 正木, 卓; 坂下, 明彦
    This paper takes up the case of Kuriyama Town, Hokkaido, particularly the efforts of the Kuriyama Town Agricultural Promotion Public Corporation, which generaly supports the operation of direct payment in hilly and mountainous areas, and sets out how the business of the town agricultural administration and the town municipal government has developed over the years, in order to clarify the operation of and problems involved in direct payment in hilly and mountainous areas of paddy fields in Hokkaido.

  20. 北海道水田地帯における中山間地域等直接支払制度の運用と課題 : 栗山町を事例として

    金丸, 大輔; 正木, 卓; 坂下, 明彦
    This paper takes up the case of Kuriyama Town, Hokkaido, particularly the efforts of the Kuriyama Town Agricultural Promotion Public Corporation, which generaly supports the operation of direct payment in hilly and mountainous areas, and sets out how the business of the town agricultural administration and the town municipal government has developed over the years, in order to clarify the operation of and problems involved in direct payment in hilly and mountainous areas of paddy fields in Hokkaido.

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