The business environment of rice farming
has deteriorated because of the continuous
decline in rice prices since the late 1990s.
In regions where agricultural land is actively
bought and sold,large-scale farmers have a
heavier debt burden than small-scale farmers.
Towards finding a way out of these circumstances,
farmers have started“incorporated
cooperative farm management”.
This paper aims at identifying the
improvements in farm management that are
brought by incorporated cooperative farm
First,the historical background of such
management is analyzed. In areas where
large-scale rice farming predominates,smaller
farmers have pursued organizational restructuring
toward achieving incorporated
cooperative farm management. Being heavily
indebted,these farmers formed cooperatives
for shared use of farm machinery and
joint ownership of farmland. These efforts,
however,failed to ameliorate their cash-flow