Coutinho, Carlos; Gooding, Paul
To date, digital preservation has generally focused on the preservation of specific data in the form of artefacts. However, in order to ensure that this data is accessible in the long term, it is vital that we consider how to extract and preserve information on the software and hardware contexts which this data depends upon to operate. We therefore need tools to assist in identifying, preserving and validating the processes which underpin the creation of data in digital libraries.
In particular, we need to consider the importance of preserving not just individual digital artefacts, but the platforms which allow digital...
Falcão, Patrícia; Ashe, Alistair; Jones, Brian
Tate has a small but growing collection of software-based artworks. From the outset basic preservation procedures, like testing equipment, backing up hard-drives and assets or thoroughly documenting the hardware and software were put in place, but it was clear that these procedures would need revising over time and as our experience grew. Tate’s earliest softwarebased artwork was created in 2003 and after 10 years the issues around aging technologies are becoming more obvious and new strategies for preservation are more urgently needed. The number of artworks being acquired and displayed is increasing and therefore better workflows must be developed to...
This workshop will introduce participants to web archiving concepts and challenges, including creating web archives and providing for access and research use.
This workshop provides high-level information on the features, development and current status of ISO standards for PDF relevant to archiving. It then provides an opportunity for participants to clearly identify and prioritize related requirements and solutions. Presented by the ISO Project Leader of ISO 32000, an independent consultant, the workshop will begin by reviewing the features and history of the technology and its associated standards. Thereafter, a set of breakout sessions will challenge participants to clearly specify their ideas and concerns about PDF and suggest a variety of solutions leveraging commercial software interests. Finally, workshop participants will come together to...
McKinney, Peter; Guenther, Rebecca; Zierau, Eld
This workshop provides an overview of the PREMIS Data Dictionary for Preservation Metadata, a standard addressing the information you need to know to preserve digital content in a repository. It includes an introduction to PREMIS and reports from the preservation community on implementation of the standard in various systems or contexts.
Moran, Jessica; O'Meara, Erin; Rosin, Leigh; Elford, Douglas; Jolly, Emma; Langley, Somaya; Mennerich, Donald; Lee, Christopher
This workshop is designed to gather together the community of digital archivists and others working specifically with born digital collections to discuss aspects of the appraisal, processing, and ingest process.
Grindley, Neil; Haage, Katarina; Stokes, Paul
The 4C Project is tasked with delivering a Roadmap report and it is this drive towards ‘economic efficiency’ in relation to digital curation that will be central to the agenda that it sets out. This workshop is an important opportunity to connect with stakeholders and get input for a critical deliverable of the project. But it is also an opportunity for participants to learn more about the economics of digital curation and to critically assess the efficiency and sustainability of their own services and solutions.
Closing Remarks of the iPRES 2014 Conference.
Dappert, Angela; Mayer, Rudolf; Pröll, Stefan; Rauber, Andreas; Page, Kevin; Palma, Raul; Garijo, Daniel
Awareness of the need to provide digital preservation solutions is spreading from the core memory institutions to other domains, including government, industry, SME and consumers. In many of these settings we are, however, faced with preserving more than just data. In the domain of eScience, for example, investigations are increasingly collaborative. Most scientific and engineering domains benefit from building on the outputs of other research by sharing information to reason over and data to incorporate in the modeling task at hand.
This raises the need for preserving and sharing entire eScience workflows and processes for later reuse. We need to define...
Summers, Lise; Travers, Meg
ICA-AtoM is an open source, web-based archival description software application that is based on International Council on Archives standards. The first version of it was released in 2008 with funding from a variety of organisations including UNESCO, World Bank Group Archives, the Dutch Archiefschool, the Direction des Archives de France and the United Arab Emirates Centre for Documentation and Research. In 2013, the State Records Office of Western Australia (SROWA) has invested in further development of the software, chiefly to include support for the Australian Series Registration System as well as simple preservation workflow. These additions to ICA-AtoM will be...
Miksa, Tomasz; Antunes, Goncalo; Vieira, Ricardo; Rauber, Andreas; Strodl, Stephan; Mayer, Rudolf
The increasing demands faced by repository systems and the growing popularity of workflow systems introduces new risks, creating new challenges to the digital preservation community. The application of risk management practices to digital preservation is a way of managing the risks associated with the use of such systems and to optimize the application of digital preservation treatments to such risks. In this paper, we present results of a case study conducted on two use cases: a repository system and an automated workflow representing a typical digital preservation quality assessment process. We used a risk assessment approach to identify risks related...
Francis, Peter; Kong, Alan
Archive authorities develop information resources to enable public offices to meet their obligations under their jurisdiction's public records laws. Particular care is taken to ensure that these materials equip their audience with the necessary context and knowledge. Our current work with the evaluation of tools and processes for the preservation of relational databases causes us to question whether good documentation will be enough.
In this paper we describe our experiences at the Public Record
Office Victoria (PROV), Australia, in developing processes and guidance for the preservation of relational databases. We find that these projects are different to ‘traditional’ transfers, and that their...
Cochrane, Euan; von Suchodoletz, Dirk; Rechert, Klaus
Digital preservation practitioners are beginning to answer questions about the costs related to the long-term availability of digital information. In order to successfully model these costs archival systems and workflows need to be fully understood and their costs identified. This can become exceedingly difficult for complex access and preservation strategies like emulation. If emulation is to be considered in a strategy mix its cost components need to be gathered and understood so that institutions can develop informed preservation plans and decide which strategy to follow. The digital preservation community now has a systematic understanding of storage and repository administration costs,...
Persistent identifiers (PIDs) have been recognized as a crucial enabling component for 2020 e-science infrastructures, having the potential of providing global keys for information access, reuse and exchange and creating a complex network of links which connect all the relevant entities in the research data landscape (e.g. digital objects to authors and datasets, authors to institutions and projects, projects to research products and fundings). The creation and full exploitation of this valuable network of connections is currently hindered by the fragmentation and lack of coordination of the persistent identifier ecosystem. Several initiatives have emerged with the aim of offering global...
McKinney, Peter; Knight, Steve; Gattuso, Jay; Pearson, David; Coufal, Libor; DeVorsey, Kevin; Anderson, David; Delve, Janet; Spencer, Ross; Hutař, Jan
In this paper we introduce the work of the National and State
Libraries Australasia Digital Preservation Technical Registry
Digital preservation practitioners must be able to assume technical and intellectual control of content they are charged with preserving. Our experiences tell us that the information and services used to underpin this control are insufficient. Enterprise-class digital preservation services require something better. We believe the solution outlined here is well placed to deliver information required to preserve digital content. Ultimately, this means that the practitioner can say with a strong degree of certainty that they do indeed have control of the content they are...
Allasia, Walter; Chang, Wo; Gordea, Sergiu; Bailer, Werner
This paper introduces the motivation and describes the model of a novel metadata standard for the exchange of preservation metadata of multimedia content. The model is being standardised as the MPEG Multimedia Preservation Application Format (MPAF), addressing the specific issues related to the preservation description information of audiovisual contents. Several standards for expressing metadata in digital preservation are available and have been taken into consideration in the paper and in the work done in MPEG. However, none of them is able to cover all the needed aspects related to the preservation of audiovisual content. Audiovisual files are in most cases...
Liebetraut, Thomas; Rechert, Klaus
Emulation-as-a-Service makes emulation widely available for non-experts and thus, emulation could prove valuable as a tool in digital preservation workflows. Providing these emulation services to access preserved and archived digital objects poses further challenges to data management. Digital artifacts are usually stored and maintained in dedicated repositories and object owners want to or are required to stay in control over their intellectual property.
In this paper we propose a distributed storage and data access model that ensures that the user stays in control over his digital objects by simultaneously providing efficient data transport and support for (space) efficient management of user...
Kargakis, Yannis; van Horik, René; Tzitzikas, Yannis
This paper presents Epimenides, a system that implements a novel interoperability dependency reasoning approach for assisting digital preservation activities. A distinctive feature is that it can model also converters and emulators, and the adopted modelling approach enables the automatic reasoning needed for reducing the human effort required for checking (and monitoring) whether a task on a digital object (digital collection in general) is performable. Finally, the paper describes (in the form of scenarios) concrete preservation activities of a research data archive (DANS) and elaborates on how Epimenides could be used and the benefits that would bring.
The study of personal digital archives is an emerging research area that crosses multiple domains including digital preservation, personal information management, archives, and recordkeeping. The practical need and desire for solutions and tools to meet the long-term preservation and access needs of individuals is increasing in relation to the ubiquitous production of digital information in contemporary society. To date, most digital preservation research has focused on the development of methods, tools, and solutions for institutional contexts such as libraries, archives, and other types of repositories. The personal context of an individual is distinct from organizational or institutional contexts, and necessitates...
O’Farrelly, Kevin; Sharpe, Robert; Braud, Maïté; Carr, James; Gairey, Alan
The archival community has recently been offered a series of cloud solutions providing various forms of digital preservation. However, Perservica is unique in providing not just bit-level preservation but the full gamut of digital preservation services that, up until recently, were available only to organizations using a system installed on-site following on from a complex, and potentially risky, software development project. This “new paradigm” thus offers a zero capital cost “pay as you go” model to perform not just bit-level preservation but also “active preservation”. This short paper will describe the practical difficulties of providing and operating such a comprehensive