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The KnowledgeBank at OSU (76.400 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

2017 Fall Undergraduate Research Student Poster Forum (11th)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 26

  1. The Impact of HIV Test Counselors in Iringa, Tanzania

    Brooks, Natalie
    Quality care is necessary for those living with HIV/AIDS and also for people who are at risk for contracting the virus. With improvements of HIV testing techniques and strategies over numerous years, public health initiatives and education has improved the lives of many as well as decrease the risks of contracting HIV. HIV counseling and testing (HCT) is the key to proper intervention for HIV/AIDS in communities heavily impacted by the virus. HCT allows clients to become informed on their HIV status, the sessions encourage safer sex and provides resources to the client for care and treatment. Through counseling and...

  2. The Impact of HIV Test Counselors in Iringa, Tanzania

    Brooks, Natalie
    Quality care is necessary for those living with HIV/AIDS and also for people who are at risk for contracting the virus. With improvements of HIV testing techniques and strategies over numerous years, public health initiatives and education has improved the lives of many as well as decrease the risks of contracting HIV. HIV counseling and testing (HCT) is the key to proper intervention for HIV/AIDS in communities heavily impacted by the virus. HCT allows clients to become informed on their HIV status, the sessions encourage safer sex and provides resources to the client for care and treatment. Through counseling and...

  3. The moderating effect of stress on the relationship between air pollution and self-rated health in minorities

    Brown, Katie
    Minorities have long been discriminated against in the United States, and redlining policies pursued in the 1920s-60s prevented African-Americans from moving outside polluted inner city neighborhoods. This policy resulted in the siting of many environmentally hazardous facilities in these neighborhoods, exposing racial minorities to increased levels of air pollution that persist to this day. Exposure to air pollution is associated with low birth weight, asthma, diabetes, heart attacks, strokes, and obesity. In addition to increased exposure to air pollution, minorities also experience higher levels of perceived discrimination, which is a reliable predictor of chronic stress. Chronic stress leads to constant...

  4. The moderating effect of stress on the relationship between air pollution and self-rated health in minorities

    Brown, Katie
    Minorities have long been discriminated against in the United States, and redlining policies pursued in the 1920s-60s prevented African-Americans from moving outside polluted inner city neighborhoods. This policy resulted in the siting of many environmentally hazardous facilities in these neighborhoods, exposing racial minorities to increased levels of air pollution that persist to this day. Exposure to air pollution is associated with low birth weight, asthma, diabetes, heart attacks, strokes, and obesity. In addition to increased exposure to air pollution, minorities also experience higher levels of perceived discrimination, which is a reliable predictor of chronic stress. Chronic stress leads to constant...

  5. The Impact of Pazopanib on the Cardiovascular System

    Justice, Cody; Kempton, Amber; Musa, Hassan; Lancione, Peter; Cefalu, Matt; Jenssen, Paul; Mohler, Peter; Ho, Thai
    Background: Pazopanib was FDA-approved in 2009 and has become the first line of treatment for renal cell carcinoma. Pazopanib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor that slows tumor growth and angiogenesis by its action on vascular endothelial and platelet-derived growth factor receptors. Unfortunately, the efficacy of this drug is limited by its cardiovascular toxicity, including hypertension. Goal: Gain a greater understanding of the mechanism of these side effects in order to: 1) identify patients who are at higher risk; 2) develop strategies to mitigate cardiovascular toxicity; and 3) aid in future drug development. Hypothesis: The hypertensive effects of pazopanib are due to...

  6. The Impact of Pazopanib on the Cardiovascular System

    Justice, Cody; Kempton, Amber; Musa, Hassan; Lancione, Peter; Cefalu, Matt; Jenssen, Paul; Mohler, Peter; Ho, Thai
    Background: Pazopanib was FDA-approved in 2009 and has become the first line of treatment for renal cell carcinoma. Pazopanib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor that slows tumor growth and angiogenesis by its action on vascular endothelial and platelet-derived growth factor receptors. Unfortunately, the efficacy of this drug is limited by its cardiovascular toxicity, including hypertension. Goal: Gain a greater understanding of the mechanism of these side effects in order to: 1) identify patients who are at higher risk; 2) develop strategies to mitigate cardiovascular toxicity; and 3) aid in future drug development. Hypothesis: The hypertensive effects of pazopanib are due to...

  7. The Impact of Pazopanib on the Cardiovascular System

    Justice, Cody; Kempton, Amber; Musa, Hassan; Lancione, Peter; Cefalu, Matt; Jenssen, Paul; Mohler, Peter; Ho, Thai
    Background: Pazopanib was FDA-approved in 2009 and has become the first line of treatment for renal cell carcinoma. Pazopanib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor that slows tumor growth and angiogenesis by its action on vascular endothelial and platelet-derived growth factor receptors. Unfortunately, the efficacy of this drug is limited by its cardiovascular toxicity, including hypertension. Goal: Gain a greater understanding of the mechanism of these side effects in order to: 1) identify patients who are at higher risk; 2) develop strategies to mitigate cardiovascular toxicity; and 3) aid in future drug development. Hypothesis: The hypertensive effects of pazopanib are due to...

  8. The African Slave Trade, American Slaves, and the Migration of Black Mythology

    Reinhard, Carley
    During the 1930s, as part of the W.P.A. Federal Writer’s project, over 2,000 interviews of former slaves were completed. These interviews were transcribed and compiled into a grand collection of first-person accounts of all the former slaves who could be located at the time. Within many of these narratives, hundreds of accounts detail folktales the slaves grew up hearing in their communities. The development of these folk stories, which seem unique to African American slaves in their specifics if not in their generalities, reflect aspects of the larger development of African American culture that arose due to forced migration from Africa and, for some, their movement...

  9. The African Slave Trade, American Slaves, and the Migration of Black Mythology

    Reinhard, Carley
    During the 1930s, as part of the W.P.A. Federal Writer’s project, over 2,000 interviews of former slaves were completed. These interviews were transcribed and compiled into a grand collection of first-person accounts of all the former slaves who could be located at the time. Within many of these narratives, hundreds of accounts detail folktales the slaves grew up hearing in their communities. The development of these folk stories, which seem unique to African American slaves in their specifics if not in their generalities, reflect aspects of the larger development of African American culture that arose due to forced migration from Africa and, for some, their movement...

  10. The African Slave Trade, American Slaves, and the Migration of Black Mythology

    Reinhard, Carley
    During the 1930s, as part of the W.P.A. Federal Writer’s project, over 2,000 interviews of former slaves were completed. These interviews were transcribed and compiled into a grand collection of first-person accounts of all the former slaves who could be located at the time. Within many of these narratives, hundreds of accounts detail folktales the slaves grew up hearing in their communities. The development of these folk stories, which seem unique to African American slaves in their specifics if not in their generalities, reflect aspects of the larger development of African American culture that arose due to forced migration from Africa and, for some, their movement...

  11. Assessing Blue Carbon Stock in Delaware's Tidal Marshes

    Hribar, Daniel
    Coastal wetlands offer numerous ecosystem services, including the ability to trap and store carbon and are today increasingly susceptible to human and climate-related stressors. Consequently, interest has expanded in tidal wetland potential to help offset carbon emissions through sequestration and vertical sediment accretion collectively referred to as “blue carbon”. There is an ongoing need to quantify the accumulation and standing stock of carbon within these systems and to assess how environmental gradients, especially salinity, affect the variability of stocks within marshes of an intrastate region. This question was investigated through collection of sediment cores covering a salinity gradient of 0-35...

  12. Assessing Blue Carbon Stock in Delaware's Tidal Marshes

    Hribar, Daniel
    Coastal wetlands offer numerous ecosystem services, including the ability to trap and store carbon and are today increasingly susceptible to human and climate-related stressors. Consequently, interest has expanded in tidal wetland potential to help offset carbon emissions through sequestration and vertical sediment accretion collectively referred to as “blue carbon”. There is an ongoing need to quantify the accumulation and standing stock of carbon within these systems and to assess how environmental gradients, especially salinity, affect the variability of stocks within marshes of an intrastate region. This question was investigated through collection of sediment cores covering a salinity gradient of 0-35...

  13. Assessing Blue Carbon Stock in Delaware's Tidal Marshes

    Hribar, Daniel
    Coastal wetlands offer numerous ecosystem services, including the ability to trap and store carbon and are today increasingly susceptible to human and climate-related stressors. Consequently, interest has expanded in tidal wetland potential to help offset carbon emissions through sequestration and vertical sediment accretion collectively referred to as “blue carbon”. There is an ongoing need to quantify the accumulation and standing stock of carbon within these systems and to assess how environmental gradients, especially salinity, affect the variability of stocks within marshes of an intrastate region. This question was investigated through collection of sediment cores covering a salinity gradient of 0-35...

  14. Cytoglobin Expression Is Induced in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells Through Endothelial Cell-Derived Notch Signaling: Implications of a Protective Role in Blood Vessel Function

    Dammeyer, Kristen
    Communication between endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells is required for normal blood vessel formation and function. My research focuses on understanding the molecular signaling pathways that govern cell-cell communication and maintain vascular function. The Notch signaling pathway is an established mediator in cell-cell communication. Notch signaling is activated in smooth muscle cells by adjacent endothelial cells and induces gene expression profiles that determine smooth muscle cell function. In this study, I identified Cytoglobin as a gene that is induced in smooth muscle cells by co-cultured endothelial cells. Cytoglobin is a hexa-coordinate hemoglobin that has been implicated in stress regulation...

  15. Cytoglobin Expression Is Induced in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells Through Endothelial Cell-Derived Notch Signaling: Implications of a Protective Role in Blood Vessel Function

    Dammeyer, Kristen
    Communication between endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells is required for normal blood vessel formation and function. My research focuses on understanding the molecular signaling pathways that govern cell-cell communication and maintain vascular function. The Notch signaling pathway is an established mediator in cell-cell communication. Notch signaling is activated in smooth muscle cells by adjacent endothelial cells and induces gene expression profiles that determine smooth muscle cell function. In this study, I identified Cytoglobin as a gene that is induced in smooth muscle cells by co-cultured endothelial cells. Cytoglobin is a hexa-coordinate hemoglobin that has been implicated in stress regulation...

  16. Progressing the Image to the Word: A Critical Study of the Cut-Ups

    Botkins, Zachary
    William S. Burroughs began the eleventh lecture of his undergraduate course at the City College of New York by opening with, "In the last class we considered writing as a magical operation" (Burroughs). While he doesn’t define the "magic" of it, Burroughs continues to justify this statement by explaining that magical operations enable one to produce qualitative and quantifiable results to any given experiment. Burroughs also claims that this process of magical experimentation offers insight into generalized criteria for the evaluation of any given text; and that within the experiments themselves resides insight into how to produce successful writing. While...

  17. Progressing the Image to the Word: A Critical Study of the Cut-Ups

    Botkins, Zachary
    William S. Burroughs began the eleventh lecture of his undergraduate course at the City College of New York by opening with, "In the last class we considered writing as a magical operation" (Burroughs). While he doesn’t define the "magic" of it, Burroughs continues to justify this statement by explaining that magical operations enable one to produce qualitative and quantifiable results to any given experiment. Burroughs also claims that this process of magical experimentation offers insight into generalized criteria for the evaluation of any given text; and that within the experiments themselves resides insight into how to produce successful writing. While...

  18. Edaphic and morphological variance in running buffalo clover (Trifolium stoloniferum) ecology

    Kubesch, Jonathan
    A pH study seeks to expand on earlier edaphic investigations, determining the role in RBC growth. Additionally the study explores RBC’s potential soil acidification (Barker and Kubesch 2017, unpublished data). Determining pH optima would, with the additional of other ecological indicators, screen the range for potential remnant populations or selecting priority conservation sites (Burkhart et al 2013; Morris et al 2002). Habitat specificity produces management implications, and with pH determining nutrient availability, pH optima may also correlate with site suitability for edaphic manipulations (Hattenbach 1996; Brady and Weil 2010; Morris et al 2002). Since the primary threat to running buffalo clover is loss or modification of habitat...

  19. Edaphic and morphological variance in running buffalo clover (Trifolium stoloniferum) ecology

    Kubesch, Jonathan
    A pH study seeks to expand on earlier edaphic investigations, determining the role in RBC growth. Additionally the study explores RBC’s potential soil acidification (Barker and Kubesch 2017, unpublished data). Determining pH optima would, with the additional of other ecological indicators, screen the range for potential remnant populations or selecting priority conservation sites (Burkhart et al 2013; Morris et al 2002). Habitat specificity produces management implications, and with pH determining nutrient availability, pH optima may also correlate with site suitability for edaphic manipulations (Hattenbach 1996; Brady and Weil 2010; Morris et al 2002). Since the primary threat to running buffalo clover is loss or modification of habitat...

  20. Edaphic and morphological variance in running buffalo clover (Trifolium stoloniferum) ecology

    Kubesch, Jonathan
    A pH study seeks to expand on earlier edaphic investigations, determining the role in RBC growth. Additionally the study explores RBC’s potential soil acidification (Barker and Kubesch 2017, unpublished data). Determining pH optima would, with the additional of other ecological indicators, screen the range for potential remnant populations or selecting priority conservation sites (Burkhart et al 2013; Morris et al 2002). Habitat specificity produces management implications, and with pH determining nutrient availability, pH optima may also correlate with site suitability for edaphic manipulations (Hattenbach 1996; Brady and Weil 2010; Morris et al 2002). Since the primary threat to running buffalo clover is loss or modification of habitat...

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