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Working Papers in Linguistics: Volume 36 (September 1987)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 8 de 8

  1. Phonetic Characteristics of Levantine Arabic Geminates with Differing Morpheme and Syllable Structures

    Miller, Ann M.
    Phonologists distinguish two types of geminates: tautomorphemic (belonging to a single morpheme and composed of one set of phonological features) and heteromorphemic (belonging to separate morphemes and composed of two identical sets of phonological features). If there is a phonetic difference between geminates due to the fact that the second type has two separate sets of features while the first type has only one set, it would likely be cued by differences in duration or by movement during the duration of the consonant. Arabic provides a means for comparing these types of consonants since it has both occurring in a...

  2. Phonemic Quantity, Stress, and the Half-Long Vowel in Finnish

    Välimaa-Blum, Riitta
    An experiment was conducted to compare the duration of the final vowels in Finnish disyllabic words which have short stressed initial syllables -CVCV(V)- with that in words with long stressed initial syllables -CVVCV(V), CVCCV(V), CVVCCV(V). It was found that in the first group the final short and long vowels were systematically longer than in the second group. This is taken to suggest that stress interacts with phonemic quantity: on the initial syllable in the CVCV(V)-words there is a conflict between the phonemic duration of the vowel and the use of duration as a stress cue. This is resolved by spreading...

  3. Some Constraints on the Domain of Phrasal Resyllabification in French

    Laeufer, Christiane
    This paper examines the French phrasal resyllabification process known as enchainement 'linking' in the light of three recent proposals about connected speech phenomena and their relation to syntactic structure. It is based on a corpus illustrating linking consonants and initial consonants in minimal or near minimal pairs across different types of prosodic/syntactic boundaries. The sentences were read five times at three different speaking rates by two native speakers. The study shows that (1) with increasing rate of speech, the domain of the rule becomes larger, irrespective of prosodic structure, and (2) there exists a specific degree of disjuncture beyond which...

  4. Perceiving by Syllables or by Segments: Evidence from the Perception of Subcategorical Mismatches

    Johnson, Keith
    This paper describes an experiment in which two general hypotheses concerning speech perception are tested. According to the segment perception hypothesis the acoustic signal is interpreted in terms of segments analogous to those used by phoneticians in transcribing speech. The syllable perception hypothesis on the other hand holds that the speech signal is perceived in terms of syllable sized units. The experiment tests these two hypotheses by presenting subjects with a perceptual task for which the two make opposite predictions. Tokens with subcategorical mismatches were produced by cutting the fricatives [s] and [ʃ] from VC syllables (vowels were [i,a,o,u]) and...

  5. The Tonal Behavior of Osaka Japanese: An Interim Report

    Kori, Shiro
    This paper reports the results of a preliminary investigation of the FO characteristics of Osaka Japanese. It describes the realization of word accents in sentences and the interaction of focus with word accents. It discusses the basic unit of phrasing in Osaka Japanese sentences, and suggests that this unit is more closely tied to the word than in Tokyo Japanese because a word does not easily lose its acccentual integrity in larger prosodic contexts. Several other important differences from Tokyo Japanese tonal patterns are also revealed. First, Osaka has two distinct kinds of sharp FO falls, one at the accent...

  6. A Study of Toishan FO

    Lee, Gina
    Like other Chinese languages, Toishan uses tone to signal differences in meaning among words. With the exception of certain morphologically conditioned tone changes, which must be memorized by speakers, Toishan exhibits no tonal modifications; in particular, there appear to be no tonal modifications which are strictly phonologically governed. Given the absence of such changes, Toishan provides an ideal situation for examining the hypothesis that declination--a phonologically unmotivated lowering of FO, independent of tone--is a relevant component in a model of intonation. Three native speakers read paragraphs containing five pragmatically connected sentences of different length. Two target tones within each sentence...

  7. Intonation in Cantonese

    The experiment in this paper explores the nature of intonation in a language which has lexical tone. In a pilot study it was found that a method of accounting for tone preservation (the identifiability of lexical tones in sentence contexts) which included a declining tone space was better suited to the task than one which assumed a level tone space. The main experiment attempted to separate and observe the contributions to this general downtrend made by boundary effects, tonal interaction and declination. There appears to be evidence for one type of boundary effect (initial raising) and declination. The data of...

  8. Front Matter (Volume 36, September 1987)

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