Mostrando recursos 1 - 11 de 11

  1. Regarding the Mismatch Hypothesis and Stereotype Threat in the Debate over Affirmative Action

    Whitt, Walter Fuller
    The debate over affirmative action has played a significant role in shaping the world of academia over the past several decades. Accordingly, researchers Mary Fischer and Douglas Massey attempt to evaluate many of the arguments surrounding the social policy in their paper “The effects of affirmative action in higher education.” Drawing from the National Longitudinal Survey of Freshman, the authors conclude that there is no basis for the Mismatch Hypothesis and only a limited statistical basis for Stereotype Threat. We replicated their results and extended their analysis by examining a variety of regression specifications including demographic information, socioeconomic background, and...

  2. Stereotype Threat or a Lack of Control(s)? Evaluating Robustness Against Changes in Specifications

    Hill, Remington Grey
    Affirmative action in higher education has been controversial since 1961. The Source of the River (Douglas Massey and Fischer (2003)) uses the National Longitudinal Survey of Freshmen—a demographic and socioeconomic survey of nearly 4,000 students entering 28 highly selective colleges in 1999—to evaluate explanations of minority underachievement in college. The authors develop two measures of vulnerability to stereotype threat. The authors focus on the stereotype threat hypothesis, and conclude that stereotype threat undermines minority achievement. We replicate their results, and investigate the robustness of their specification. We find that their main conclusion is fragile: controlling for other demographic characteristics, the...

  3. Bell Curve Conclusions: Flawed due to Missing Data Error?

    Xu, Nicholas
    The Bell Curve, written by Murray and Herrnstein, is one of the most controversial books of the last few decades, exploring the role human intelligence plays in predicting a variety of social factors. I examine one of their more notorious conclusions that intelligence, as measured by an IQ test, is a stronger predictor for future poverty than Family's Socioeco­nomic Status. sing the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (1979), we run regressions examining the relationship between Family SES, IQ test scores, and Age against probability of being in Poverty. Instead of using Bell Curve's method of dropping data that contained incomplete...

  4. IQ and Poverty: Testing the Bell Curve on a Novel Data Set

    Eid, Diab Tony
    In their controversial work The Bell Curve, Charles Murray and Richard Herrnstein hypothesize that intelligence plays a significant role in determining later life outcomes. Using data from the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, Herrnstein and Murray specifically claim that Youth IQ is more important than Parental Socioeconomic Status in affecting future odds of living in poverty. We explore their hypothesis using the same statistical decisions but on a new data set: the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. Our findings mirror those of Herrnstein and Murray; IQ has a larger effect than socioeconomic status on the likelihood of being...

  5. Parental Socioeconomic Status or IQ? An Exploration of Major Determinants of U.S. Poverty

    Smith, Dillon Montgomery
    The Bell Curve by Charles Murray and Richard Herrnstein is one of the most controversial academic works of the last few decades. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youths (1979), we performed a number of regressions of poverty status in 1989 on parental socioeconomic status, IQ, race, sex, and age. We replicate their results which show that IQ is a more important predictor of poverty status than parental socioeconomic status (SES). We extend their analysis to other groupings and find that, while similar, the underlying relationship between the variables and poverty status varies across groups. We then compared...

  6. The Bell Curve Review: IQ Best Indicates Poverty

    Palmer, Ben Scott
    The Bell Curve (Herrnstein and Murray (1994)) is a very controversial piece of economics literature. The Bell Curve, which examines the effect of IQ on various social problems, is broken down into four sections: “The Emergence of the Cognitive Elite”, “Cognitive Classes”, “Social Behaviors”, and “National Context.” For survey statistics, Herrnstein and Murray (1994) use the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) data from 1979, which includes 12,686 people from ages 14 to 22, and contains Socioeconomic status (SES), IQ, and other related data. Herrnstein and Murray (1994) generate IQ from the Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT), a test all...

  7. Revisiting the effect of affirmative action on minority student outcomes

    Onuoha, Angel
    The use of affirmative action has been at the forefront of the debate regarding the fairness of the college admissions process for years. Utilizing data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Freshman (NLSF), M. Fischer and Massey (2007) test the effects of race-based admission policies. Providing a specific focus on cumulative GPA, they conclude that the effect of affirmative action is minimal. Testing the robustnessof this claim, I replicate their results. Their regression specification suffers from issues of high correlation between their SAT and individual affirmative action variable. When adjusting for these problems, affirmative action actually has a negative effect...

  8. History & the Neomnivore

    Gasteratos, Kristopher Spiros; Biehl, Colton
    The areas of concern within animal agriculture have become increasingly worse in the last few decades as the production capacity of animal products has increased rapidly. At the same time, the prospect of making animal products without animals, called Cellular Agriculture, has revealed itself scientifically, and is showing promise towards curbing the associated problems with animal agriculture -- ranging from public health and food scarcity, to animal welfare and ecological degradation. This modernization of agriculture calls to thought the innovators and trailblazing communities throughout history; for they too were once before the beginning path of their revolution. And so History...

  9. Consumer Interest Towards Clean Meat

    Gasteratos, Kristopher Spiros; Sherman, Ryne
    In recent years, the prospect of producing “clean meat” ex-vivo without farming animals, has gained popularity as multiple startups around the world have showcased prototypes aimed at revolutionizing animal agbiotech. While consumer acceptance research of clean meat is now an emerging topic, this is the first study which engaged it beginning in 2015, the largest with 5,000+ individuals surveyed, and the longest lasting concluding in 2017. Here we report the results of this study gauging consumer interest on the populations of the largest meat consuming nations per capita, the United States and Australia.

  10. Moral Veritas - Utilitarianism 2017

    Gasteratos, Kristopher Spiros
    Moral Veritas consists of technical & ethical analyses of revolutionary technologies on the horizon. This 2017 entry focuses on three such radical technologies under the moral lens of utilitarianism.

  11. Nature & the Neomnivore

    Gasteratos, Kristopher Spiros
    Nature & the Neomnivore is an elaboration by Kristopher Gasteratos of the Cellular Agriculture Society's core tenant, "For the world." Animal agriculture, at its current scale, requires an exceptional degree of ecological resources and is among the most overlooked causes of environmental detriment. This report seeks to segment the basis for animal agriculture’s contribution to greenhouse gas emissions, fresh water consumption, and arable land use, among other tangential environmental consequences of animal husbandry. Upon establishment of the salience of these issues, this report will guide examination of an alternative method of animal product acquisition, cellular agriculture. A primary purpose of this...

Aviso de cookies: Usamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios, para análisis estadístico y para mostrarle publicidad. Si continua navegando consideramos que acepta su uso en los términos establecidos en la Política de cookies.