Recursos de colección

ETD at Indian Institute of Science (2.878 recursos)

Repository of Theses and Dissertations of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. The repository has been developed to capture, disseminate and preserve research theses of Indian Institute of Science.

Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit (sscu)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 64

  1. Exploration of 1,9-Pyrazoloanthrones as a Copious Reserve for Multifarious Chemical and Biological Applications

    Prasad, Karothu Durga
    Pyrazoloanthrone and its analogues form the central core of the thesis and the work is focused on the evaluation of chemical and biological applications of pyrazoloanthrones. Selective and sensitive detection of biologically, environmentally and industrially important molecular species such as fluoride, cyanide and picric acid by using pyrazoloanthrones as sensors form the first part while the second part deals with selective and specific kinase inhibition by pyrazoloanthrones to moderate inflammation associated disorders like septic shock. All the investigations are based on extensive crystallographic studies of the participating molecules. Chapter 1 provides a brief review on the history and biological importance...

  2. Exploration of 1,9-Pyrazoloanthrones as a Copious Reserve for Multifarious Chemical and Biological Applications

    Prasad, Karothu Durga
    Pyrazoloanthrone and its analogues form the central core of the thesis and the work is focused on the evaluation of chemical and biological applications of pyrazoloanthrones. Selective and sensitive detection of biologically, environmentally and industrially important molecular species such as fluoride, cyanide and picric acid by using pyrazoloanthrones as sensors form the first part while the second part deals with selective and specific kinase inhibition by pyrazoloanthrones to moderate inflammation associated disorders like septic shock. All the investigations are based on extensive crystallographic studies of the participating molecules. Chapter 1 provides a brief review on the history and biological importance...

  3. Syntheses, Structures and Characterization of New Coordination Polymer Compounds

    Sushrutha, S R
    The present thesis provides a systematic investigation of coordination polymers of 3d, rare-earth (4f) and main group element (Bi) using both rigid aromatic, flexible aliphatic linkers. Luminescent sensing behavior towards nitro aromatics, metal ions and ferroelectric behavior have been investigated using some of the prepared compounds. The possible usefulness of lone pair on the structure has been investigated using bismuth based coordination polymers. The thermal and optical behavior of lanthanide coordination polymers (Ce, Pr and Nd) have also been studied. Chapter 1 An Overview of Coordination Polymer (CP) Compounds This chapter presents a brief introduction to coordination polymer (CP) compounds. Starting from...

  4. Syntheses, Structures and Characterization of New Coordination Polymer Compounds

    Sushrutha, S R
    The present thesis provides a systematic investigation of coordination polymers of 3d, rare-earth (4f) and main group element (Bi) using both rigid aromatic, flexible aliphatic linkers. Luminescent sensing behavior towards nitro aromatics, metal ions and ferroelectric behavior have been investigated using some of the prepared compounds. The possible usefulness of lone pair on the structure has been investigated using bismuth based coordination polymers. The thermal and optical behavior of lanthanide coordination polymers (Ce, Pr and Nd) have also been studied. Chapter 1 An Overview of Coordination Polymer (CP) Compounds This chapter presents a brief introduction to coordination polymer (CP) compounds. Starting from...

  5. Thermoelectrics and Oxygen Sensing Studies of Selected Perovskite Oxides

    Behera, Sukanti
    Perovskite oxides show wide range of applications in the area of magnetism, ferroelectricity, piezoelectricity, thermoelectricity, gas sensing, catalyst development, solid oxide fuel cell, etc. This is due to flexibility in the structure and compositions that can be tuned by specific element doping. In the perovskite oxide (ABO3), large cation (A) is 12 -coordinated and smaller B-cation is 6 coordinated with oxide ions. Oxide materials are considered as better candidates for thermoelectric applications (interconversion of thermal into electrical energy) due to its non-toxicity and thermal stability at elevated temperature. These are insulating in nature and the conductivity can be increased by...

  6. Thermoelectrics and Oxygen Sensing Studies of Selected Perovskite Oxides

    Behera, Sukanti
    Perovskite oxides show wide range of applications in the area of magnetism, ferroelectricity, piezoelectricity, thermoelectricity, gas sensing, catalyst development, solid oxide fuel cell, etc. This is due to flexibility in the structure and compositions that can be tuned by specific element doping. In the perovskite oxide (ABO3), large cation (A) is 12 -coordinated and smaller B-cation is 6 coordinated with oxide ions. Oxide materials are considered as better candidates for thermoelectric applications (interconversion of thermal into electrical energy) due to its non-toxicity and thermal stability at elevated temperature. These are insulating in nature and the conductivity can be increased by...

  7. Electronic and Magnetic Structures of Some Selected Strongly Correlated Systems

    Pal, Banabir
    Transition metal oxides and chalcogenides are an ideal platform for demonstrating and investigating many interesting electronic phases of matter. These phases emerge as a result of collective many body interactions among the electrons. The omnipresent electron, depending on its interaction with other electrons and with the underlying lattice, can generate diverse phases of matter with exotic physical properties. The ultimate objective of Materials Science is to provide a complete microscopic understanding of these myriad electronic phases of matter. A proper understanding of the collective quant-tum behaviour of electrons in different system can also help in designing and tuning new electronic...

  8. Investigation of Transition Metal Oxides towards Development of Functional Materials for Visible Light Absorption/Emission and Reversible Redox Lithium Deinsertion/Insertion

    Tamilarasan, S
    Materials chemistry basically deals with rational design and synthesis of new solids exhibiting various functional properties. A sound knowledge of crystal structures and chemical bonding is needed to understand the properties of materials. Space group, cell parameters and atomic positions provide a basic crystallographic description of the structure. Crystal structure could be described in a detailed way in terms of close packing of anions and occupancy of cations in different coordination sites. The coordination polyhedra and their interconnectivity bring out the interrelationships between different structures and the properties exhibited. Transition metals (TMs) are d-block elements which occupy groups 3-12 in...

  9. Investigation of Transition Metal Oxides towards Development of Functional Materials for Visible Light Absorption/Emission and Reversible Redox Lithium Deinsertion/Insertion

    Tamilarasan, S
    Materials chemistry basically deals with rational design and synthesis of new solids exhibiting various functional properties. A sound knowledge of crystal structures and chemical bonding is needed to understand the properties of materials. Space group, cell parameters and atomic positions provide a basic crystallographic description of the structure. Crystal structure could be described in a detailed way in terms of close packing of anions and occupancy of cations in different coordination sites. The coordination polyhedra and their interconnectivity bring out the interrelationships between different structures and the properties exhibited. Transition metals (TMs) are d-block elements which occupy groups 3-12 in...

  10. Exploring Diverse Facets of Small Molecules by NMR Spectroscopy

    Chaudhari, Sachin Rama
    The thesis entitled “Exploring Diverse Facets of Small Molecules by NMR Spectroscopy” consists of six chapters. The main theme of the thesis is to exploit one and two dimensional NMR methodologies for understanding the diverse facets of small organic molecules, such as, weak intra- and inter- molecular interactions, chiral discrimination, quantification of enantiomeric excess and assignment of absolute configuration. Several new pulse sequences have also been designed to solve specific chemical problems, in addition to extensive utility of existing one and two dimensional NMR experiments. The results obtained on different problems, are discussed under six chapters in the thesis. The...

  11. Structural and Dynamic Studies of Protein-Nanomaterial Interactions

    Mondal, Somnath
    My thesis is divided into five chapters, starting with a general introduction in first chapter and sample preparation and protein-NMR assignment techniques in second chapter. The remaining three chapters focus on three different areas/projects that I have worked on. Chapter 1: Introduction to nanomaterials and all the experimental techniques This chapter reviews different kinds of nanomaterials and their application utilized for protein-nanomaterial interaction in our study, along with the introduction to different spectroscopy and microscopy techniques used for the interaction studies. Starting with introduction of nanomaterials and all the experimental techniques, which constitute the arsenal for structural studies of the protein-nanomaterial...

  12. Structural and Dynamic Studies of Protein-Nanomaterial Interactions

    Mondal, Somnath
    My thesis is divided into five chapters, starting with a general introduction in first chapter and sample preparation and protein-NMR assignment techniques in second chapter. The remaining three chapters focus on three different areas/projects that I have worked on. Chapter 1: Introduction to nanomaterials and all the experimental techniques This chapter reviews different kinds of nanomaterials and their application utilized for protein-nanomaterial interaction in our study, along with the introduction to different spectroscopy and microscopy techniques used for the interaction studies. Starting with introduction of nanomaterials and all the experimental techniques, which constitute the arsenal for structural studies of the protein-nanomaterial...

  13. Materials Chemistry in Search of Energy Materials : Photovoltaics and Photoluminescence

    Das, Shyamashis
    One third of world’s total energy is used in production of electricity and one fifth of the total electricity produced in the world is used in lighting. Hence, the materials that have high potential in the field of photovoltaic’s and photoluminescence have recently drawn special attention to meet the ever increasing energy demands. In this thesis, we have studied a few materials that hold tremendous promises in fabricating photovoltaics and photoluminescent devices. Any ferroelectric material is an efficient solar energy converter as it contains an the intrinsic dipolar field which can effectively separate the photo excited electron and hole. We...

  14. Novel NMR Methods for Fast Data Acquisition : Application to Metabolomics

    Pudakalakatti, Shivanand
    Synopsis My research work is focused on: (i) development of novel Fast NMR methods in solution state and their application to metabolomics and small molecules. (ii) NMR based metabolic study of human IVF to assess embryo viability for implantation. The major components of the embryo growth media were identified for evaluating the embryo quality. Described below are the projects carried out towards the dissertation of my PhD. Chapter 1 describes NMR methods which are the foundation stones for new Fast NMR methods developed. Typical 1D and 2D NMR experiments used in metabolomics and statistical methods for analysis are described. A...

  15. Exploring Transition Metal Oxides Towards Development of New Functional Materials : Lithium-ion Battery Cathodes, Inorganic Pigments And Frustrated Magnetic Perovskite Oxides

    Laha, Sourav
    Transition metals (TMs) are ‘elements whose atoms have partially filled d-shell, or which can give rise to cations with an incomplete d-shell’. In TMs, the d-shell overlaps with next higher s-shell. Most of the TMs exhibit more than one (multiple) oxidation states. Some TMs, such as silver and gold, occur naturally in their metallic state but, most of the TM minerals are generally oxides. Most of the minerals on the planet earth are metal oxides, because of large free energies of formation for the oxides. The thermodynamic stability of the oxides is determined from the Ellingham diagram. Ellingham diagram shows...

  16. Exploring Transition Metal Oxides Towards Development of New Functional Materials : Lithium-ion Battery Cathodes, Inorganic Pigments And Frustrated Magnetic Perovskite Oxides

    Laha, Sourav
    Transition metals (TMs) are ‘elements whose atoms have partially filled d-shell, or which can give rise to cations with an incomplete d-shell’. In TMs, the d-shell overlaps with next higher s-shell. Most of the TMs exhibit more than one (multiple) oxidation states. Some TMs, such as silver and gold, occur naturally in their metallic state but, most of the TM minerals are generally oxides. Most of the minerals on the planet earth are metal oxides, because of large free energies of formation for the oxides. The thermodynamic stability of the oxides is determined from the Ellingham diagram. Ellingham diagram shows...

  17. Synthesis And Self-Assembly Properties of Chiral Diketopyrrolopyrrole Based Copolymers

    Maity, Soham
    Applications of conjugated polymer (CPs) in optoelectronic devices are critically depend on nature of thin film morphology. In thin film of CPs, the distribution of conjugation length is highly heterogeneous because of conformational defects, distortions of polymer chain and aggregates. A greater understanding of the self-assembly properties of polymer in solution, in particular control over aggregation leads to richer description of electronic properties and hence reproducible fabrication of thin film devices. Recently, chiral CPs have attracted profound interest because of their promising chiroptical properties in thin films and easy control over the selective agglomeration process. In this thesis, we have...

  18. Synthesis And Self-Assembly Properties of Chiral Diketopyrrolopyrrole Based Copolymers

    Maity, Soham
    Applications of conjugated polymer (CPs) in optoelectronic devices are critically depend on nature of thin film morphology. In thin film of CPs, the distribution of conjugation length is highly heterogeneous because of conformational defects, distortions of polymer chain and aggregates. A greater understanding of the self-assembly properties of polymer in solution, in particular control over aggregation leads to richer description of electronic properties and hence reproducible fabrication of thin film devices. Recently, chiral CPs have attracted profound interest because of their promising chiroptical properties in thin films and easy control over the selective agglomeration process. In this thesis, we have...

  19. Crystal Engineering : From Molecule To Crystal Structure Landscape

    Dubey, Ritesh
    Crystal engineering underlies the essence of natural affiliation between the molecule on the one side and the crystal as a supramolecular assembly on the other. Molecular recognition is the fundamental cause for this efficient transformation and if we consider the crystal as a supramolecular entity then it is not at all difficult to conceive crystallization as an outstanding example of molecular recognition. In general, organic compounds often facilitate closed packed crystal structures as described by A. I. Kitaigorodskii in the form of the close packing principle but based on chemical features, there is still a small window to understand, to...

  20. Crystal Engineering : From Molecule To Crystal Structure Landscape

    Dubey, Ritesh
    Crystal engineering underlies the essence of natural affiliation between the molecule on the one side and the crystal as a supramolecular assembly on the other. Molecular recognition is the fundamental cause for this efficient transformation and if we consider the crystal as a supramolecular entity then it is not at all difficult to conceive crystallization as an outstanding example of molecular recognition. In general, organic compounds often facilitate closed packed crystal structures as described by A. I. Kitaigorodskii in the form of the close packing principle but based on chemical features, there is still a small window to understand, to...

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