Recursos de colección

UTL Repository Universidade Técnica de Lisboa (37.462 recursos)

O Repositório Institucional da Universidade Técnica de Lisboa desenvolvido no âmbito do projecto RCAAP. Este repositório destina-se a recolher, preservar e disponibilizar o acesso às publicações científicas e didácticas de seis: Escolas da UTL: Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão, Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas , Faculdade de Motricidade Humana, Faculdade de Arquitectura. O Instituto Superior Técnico, igualmente Escola Da UTL, tem repositório independente.

Mostrando recursos 1 - 3 de 3

  1. Land reforms and population growth

    Lehmijoki, Ulla; Palokangas, Tapio
    One of the greatest puzzles in demographic history is why in the rich and urbanized England, fertility declined much later than in the poor and rural France. We consider the effects of a land reform on demographic growth by a family- optimization model where relative per capita wealth generates social status and welfare. We show that tenant farming is the major obstacle to escaping the Malthu- sian trap with high fertility and low productivity. A land reform provides peasants with higher returns for their investments, inducing them to increase their productiv- ity and status rather than their family size. Consequently,...
    - 29-jun-2018

  2. Profit sharing as entry deterrence mechanism

    Buccella, Domenico
    In a right-to-manage framework, this paper analyzes the optimal choice of the pay scheme (profit sharing vs. fixed wage) in a unionized duopoly with potential market entry and decentralized bargaining. The paper shows that, depending on the institutional features, both pay systems can arise as equilibria in Nash strategies. Under duopoly with committed bargaining, the fixed wage is the Nash equilibrium; with flexible bargaining, an agreement between the incumbent firm and its union about profit sharing arises as Nash equilibrium, if the union is not too strong. A monopoly with threat of entry reinforces the selection of profit sharing as...
    - 28-jun-2018

  3. Health status and labor force participation : evidence for urban low and middle income individuals in Colombia

    Iregui-Bohórquez, Ana María; Melo-Becerra, Ligia Alba; Ramírez-Giraldo, María Teresa
    This paper analyzes the relationship between individual health status and labor force participation using the first wave of the Colombian Longitudinal Survey. The empirical modeling strategy accounts for the presence of potential endogeneity between these two variables. The results show that there is a positive relationship between health and labor force participation in both directions, indicating that better health is likely to lead to a higher probability of participation in the labor market, but also that individuals who participate in the labor market are more likely to report better health. Interesting differences are uncovered when comparing the results by gender...
    - 28-jun-2018

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