Recursos de colección

The KnowledgeBank at OSU (74.956 recursos)

Knowledge Bank contains collections of presentations, publications and reports related to Ohio State University.

Volume 2

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 27

  1. Announcements

    Butler, David
    calls for papers

  2. David Temperley, Music and Probability


    review of David Temperley's "Music and Probability". Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 2007, ISBN-13: 978-0-262-20166-7 (hardcover) $40.00.

  3. Documentation is Documentation and Theory is Theory: A Reply to Daniel Avorgbedor's Commentary "Documenting Spoken and Sung Texts of the Dagaaba of West Africa"


    In a response to an article that appeared in Empirical Musicology Review (Bodomo and Mora 2007), Avorgbedor (2007) takes issue with aspects of the paper. In our reply to Avorgbedor’s response we will firstly clarify some issues raised therein and secondly address the issue about the relationship between theory, description and documentation within linguistics and musicology.

  4. A Response to Cross & Rohrmeier's 'Comments on Facilitation and Coherence Between the Dynamic and Retrospective Perception of Segmentation in Computer-Generated Music'

    Bailes, Freya; Dean, Roger
    The commentary by Cross and Rohrmeier (2007) attempts to locate our paper (Bailes and Dean, 2007a) as a study of timbre, and points out the ongoing development of research in this area, including attempts to define psychoacoustic thresholds of perception. However, our work is directed to understanding broader psychological phenomena such as the impact of sound duration on the perception of structure in computer music, and the concordance between real-time and retrospective measures. We discuss further our identification of an asymmetrical detection of sound segmentation, questioning the conceptual distinctions of timbre perception that Cross and Rohrmeier propose.

  5. Comments on "Facilitation and Coherence Between the Dynamic and Retrospective Perception of Segmentation in Computer-Generated Music," by Freya Bailes and Roger T. Dean


    Although the study by Bailes & Dean (2007) addresses an underresearched area of auditory and musical perception, it raises questions concerning stimuli, methodology, and the study's relation to previous research, that are outlined in this commentary.

  6. Commentary on David Huron's "On the Role of Embellishment Tones in the Perceptual Segregation of Concurrent Musical Parts"

    Edworthy, Judy; Knast, Alicja
    In his article ‘On the Role of Embellishment Tones in the Perceptual Segregation of Concurrent Musical Parts’, David Huron (2007) takes four metrics known in the psychological literature to affect perceptual segregation and applies them to embellished versus unembellished versions of 50 of Bach’s chorales. In all cases he argues and demonstrates that the embellished versions of the chorales are more likely to induce segregation than the unembellished versions. This commentary concurs with his view, with the possible exception of co-modulation, for which we argue the data and analysis is both rather weak and somewhat unclear in its detail. It is argued in the commentary also that although...

  7. On the Role of Embellishment Tones in the Perceptual Segregation of Concurrent Musical Parts


    An analysis of 50 chorale harmonizations by J.S. Bach shows that the use of embellishment tones is consistent with several principles known to contribute to the perceptual segregation of auditory streams. The results imply that a major role of embellishment tones may be to enhance the perceptual independence of the individual parts or voices. In addition, it is shown that Bach tends to distribute embellishment tones in alternating voices. This “turn-taking” is consistent with a single-channel model of attention where asynchronous onset cues are used to refresh the presumed auditory image for each voice.

  8. Editor's Note


  9. Announcements


    Calls for Papers and Conferences

  10. Review: McPherson, G.E. (Ed.) The Child as Musician: A Handbook


    Review of McPherson, G.E. (Ed.) The Child as Musician: A Handbook of Musical Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. ISBN10 0-19-853031-5, ISBN13 978-0-19-853031-2 (hardcover) £80.00. ISBN10 0-19-853032-3, ISBN13 978-0-19-853032-9 (paperback) £34.95.

  11. Reply to "Embodied Rhythm" by Bruno Repp and "Do Preferred Beat Rate and Entrainment to the Beat Have a Common Origin in Movement?" by Laurel Trainor


    Two leading issues raised in commentaries on the authors’ earlier article (2007) involved the possible roles of gender differences and the vestibular system on test results. Those issues are discussed in this reply.

  12. Language Plots in Musical Spaces: A Response to Adams Bodomo and Manolete Mora


    The commentary begins with by briefly reviewing UNESCO’s activities in the documentation, preservation, and dissemination of cultural traditions worldwide, and particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Suggestions are then made regarding how the observations reported by Bodomo & Mora (2007) might be augmented by various theoretical, musical, and ethnolinguistic perspectives. The commentary also addresses challenges of designing and conducting research regarding integrative performance events and the construction, communication, and interpretation of cultural meaning.

  13. Facilitation and Coherence Between the Dynamic and Retrospective Perception of Segmentation in Computer-Generated Music


    We examined the impact of listening context (sound duration and prior presentation) on the human perception of segmentation in sequences of computer music. This research extends previous work by the authors (Bailes & Dean, 2005), which concluded that context-dependent effects such as the asymmetrical detection of an increase in timbre compared to a decrease of the same magnitude have a significant bearing on the cognition of sound structure. The current study replicated this effect, and demonstrated that listeners (N = 14) are coherent in their detection of segmentation between real-time and retrospective tasks. In addition, response lag was reduced from a first hearing to a second hearing, and...

  14. Documenting Spoken and Sung Texts of the Dagaaba of West Africa


    This article discusses a documentation of spoken texts, sung texts, and dances of the Dagaaba, a mainly oral West African cultural group based on actual interdisciplinary linguistic and musicological field research within the group. The importance of this documentation lies in the fact that traditional oral cultures are fast disappearing among some sections of such societies in the face of a ruthless process of globalization. The article outlines the socio-cultural organization of the communities investigated, gives a succinct description of the structure of Dagaare, language of the Dagaaba, and describes the structure of bawaa, their main dance, before analyzing transcriptions...

  15. Announcements


    Announcements: Calls for Papers and Conferences

  16. Review: David Huron, "Sweet Anticipation: Music and the Psychology of Expectation"


    review of David Huron's "Sweet Anticipation: Music and the Psychology of Expectation". Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2006. ISBN-10: 0-262-08345-0; ISBN-13: 978-0-262-08345-4 (hardcover) $40.00

  17. David Huron, Sweet Anticipation: Music and the Psychology of Expectation


    review of David Huron's "Sweet Anticipation: Music and the Psychology of Expectation". Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2006. ISBN-10: 0-262-08345-0; ISBN-13: 978-0-262-08345-4 (hardcover) $40.00

  18. A Response to Andrea R. Halpern's Commentary

    Bailes, Freya
    The author responds to points raised in Andrea Halpern’s commentary, which appeared in Vol. 2, No. 1 of Empirical Musicology Review. Discussion focuses on the apparent contradiction between self-reports of veridical mental imagery of musical timbre, and cognitive constraints on temporal memory for multidimensional sound.

  19. Commentary on Daniel Perttu's "A Quantitative Study of Chromaticism"

    Samplaski, Art
    The methodology used in Daniel Perttu’s article is analyzed for conformance to several criteria needed in quantitative studies. A number of problems are identified. Some of these appear to be deep structural issues given the nature of the question studied while others are caused by the methodology itself, by both the types of analyses carried out and the nature of the data source. Various suggestions to strengthen the study are made.

  20. A Quantitative Study of Chromaticism: Changes Observed in Historical Eras and Individual Composers


    Music historians have observed informally that Western music became increasingly chromatic between roughly 1600 and 1900. This view is tested formally, and the results are shown to be consistent with the standard view. Music historians have similarly assumed that the music of major composers such as Mozart and Beethoven became increasingly chromatic over their respective lifetimes. Measurements of chromaticism in both theme-based and opus-based samples are shown to be inconsistent with these intuitions. At face value, the results of this study affirm that Western art music has become more chromatic over time, but that five major composers' use of chromatic tones changed little (quantitatively) over the course of their...

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