Recursos de colección

DSpace at MIT (104.280 recursos)

This site is a university repository providing access to the publication output of the institution. Registered users can set up email alerts to notify them of newly added relevant content. A certain level of encryption and security is embedded in the site which may cause some users accessibility problems.

Publications and Working Papers

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 126

  1. Voting by Overseas Citizens and Deployed Military Personnel

    Inbody, Donald S.
    The principal problem in serving overseas citizens and military voters is how best to return a marked ballot to local election officials. Prior to 2009, insufficient time was provided for an overseas voter’s ballot to be delivered and make it back in time to be counted. While the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA) of 1986 required all states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. territories to permit U.S. citizens abroad to register to vote and to vote by absentee ballot, it did not provide for uniform standards by which states must abide in ensuring overseas voters could...

  2. Election Administration during Natural Disasters and Emergencies: Hurrican Sandy and the 2012 Election

    Stein, Robert M.
    The conduct of elections is constrained by a myriad of factors that vary greatly across the 3,000+ jurisdictions authorized to administered elections in the United States. Among these factors are anticipated and unanticipated natural and man-made emergencies. Weather is foremost among the anticipated and probabilistic factors that can influence the operation of an election. Rain and other hazardous weather (e.g., hurricanes, tornados, earthquakes, et al) can deter voters from voting (Gomez et al 2007) and interrupt balloting on and before Election Day. For example, damage to roads and buildings can impede voters and poll workers from getting to and operating...

  3. Reducing Obstacles to Voting for People with Disabilities

    Schur, Lisa
    The Presidential Commission on Election Administration’s mission includes identifying best practices and making recommendations to promote voting accessibility and improve the experiences of voters with disabilities. This White Paper reviews the evidence on voter turnout and voting difficulties among people with disabilities, and identifies best practices for removing obstacles that can limit their ability to exercise the right to vote. As will be seen, while progress has been made, significantly more needs to be done to make the election system fully accessible.

  4. Report on Provisional Ballots and American Elections

    Shaw, Daron; Hutchings, Vincent
    Both empirical and anecdotal data indicate that the use of provisional ballots in U.S. elections is a mixed bag. On the one hand, providing voters whose eligibility is unclear with an opportunity to cast a provisional ballot might prevent many voters from being disenfranchised. Indeed, the evidence from several states (for example, in California provisional ballots were estimated to be 5.8% of all ballots cast in 2008) indicates that the incidence of disputed eligibility can be quite substantial, and that provisional balloting options are substantively important. On the other hand, those states with provisional balloting systems may be less likely...

  5. Administration of Absentee Ballot Programs

    Burden, Barry C.
    1. Americans cast their ballots in three main ways: at a traditional neighborhood polling place on election day; early, in person at a government office or voting center; and absentee, which is usually submitted early by mail. The proportion of all ballots cast by the latter two methods continues to rise steadily. 2. The introduction and expanded use of convenience (absentee and early) voting does not seem to have increased voter turnout. 3. Because they generally take place before election day, both absentee and early voting complicate late changes in ballots. 4. Compared with traditional and early voting, absentee voting results in more...

  6. the Recruitment and Training of Poll Workers: What We Know from Scholarly Research

    Burden, Barry C.; Milyo, Jeffrey
    In every election an army of temporary poll workers must be recruited and trained to both assist the public in exercising the right to vote and to enforce the rules governing the voting process. These poll workers are geographically dispersed and serve as the front line workers interacting with tens of millions of voters. Principal-agent theory suggests that this is a difficult task for election officials. Because they are self-selected, poll workers may not be the most qualified. Because they are spread across many jurisdictions simultaneously, they have discretion to shirk their duties. Success or failure in these endeavors is...

  7. Poll Workers and Polling Places

    Hall, Thad E.; Moore, Kathleen
    In the year after the 2000 presidential election debacle in Florida, there was a sharp focus by many organizations, commissions, and interest groups to determine how to address the problems associated with ensuring that the events of November 2000 did not occur again (e.g., Carter and Ford 2001; VTP 2001). Not surprisingly, the discussion of these entities focused strongly around two important issues. First, there was a sharp focus on the issues related to voting technologies. Given that the difficulty, if not impossibility, of determining how to count certain ballots and the intent of the voter in marking such ballots,...

  8. Voter Confidence in 2010: Voter Identification, Perceptions of Fraud, Winning and Losing and the Voter Experience

    Atkeson, Lonna Rae
    Over the last decade, scholars of American politics have invested research time and effort into the study of election administration and election performance. These include studies onresidual vote analysis (Wand et al 2001; Ansolabhere and Stewart 2005; Mebane 2004), election auditing (Atkeson, Alvarez and Hall 2009; Ansolabehere and Reeves 2004), the role of pollworkers (Hall, Monston and Patterson; Clausen et al, Atkeson et al 2009), the role of technology (Tomz and Van Howling 2003; Avarez and Hall 2004; Stein et al 2008; Knack and Kropf 2003;Kimball and Kropf 2005, 2008), provisional votes (Atkeson, Alvarez and Hall 2009; Alvarez and Hall...

  9. The American Internet Voter

    Hall, Thad E.; Sinclair, Betsy
    Since the creation of the Internet, there have been a seemingly never-ending number of books and analyses about the role of the Internet in Politics. Many of these books fail to keep in mind that the behavior of elites--well-educated and politically active individuals who often represent the peer group of these authors--is not generally representative of the behavior of the public at large. Pundits and political campaign, but few have systemically examined the role of the Internet in participatory politics for the average voter. Instead of relying on case studies, this paper uses nationally representative survey data from 2004-2008 to...

  10. Voting Technology and Innovation

    Hall, Thad E.
    The 2008 election was different from the last two presidential elections in that there was a clear winner on Election Day and the winner was a Democrat, Barack Obama. Controversies over voting technology that raged in 2000 and 2004 were relatively dormant. Instead, the election controversies that did come up were mostly discussions of lines to vote.1 This lack of discussion does not mean that there were not important issues related to voting technology that took place in 2008, just that they were not things deemed important by the media. In fact, the 2008 election has proven to be a...

  11. Voter Attitudes Toward Poll Workers in the 2008 Election

    Hall, Thad E.
    At a conference on election reform held by the National Academies of Science in 2004, Indiana’s Secretary of State, Todd Rokita, referred to poll workers as “the street level lawyers” of elections. The reason for his statement was obvious: poll workers, in polling places, are the people who determine how well an election is run and have the power over its implementation (Alvarez and Hall 2006; Claassen, Magleby, Monson, and Patterson 2008; Hall, Monson, and Patterson, forthcoming). Because elections are held on a single day in a single window of time, poll workers often are the final arbiters of the...

  12. Electronic Elections in a Politicized Polity

    Hall, Thad E.
    Since the 2000 presidential elections, the evolution of electronic technologies in American elections—from voting machines to computerized voter registries—has occurred within the context of a highly partisan, polarized, and politicized environment. The decision about the type of voting systems to use within a given state has become especially political and these debates have affected the confidence and attitudes of voters toward various voting technologies. In this paper, we consider the evolution of voter confidence over this period and the evolution of the political debate that relates to electronic voting. We note that confidence in voting systems is affected by several...

  13. Is There Racial Discrimination at the Polls? Voters' Experience in the 2008 Election

    Ansolabehere, Stephen
    In 1965, the United States Congress enacted the Voting Rights Act to end discrimination against black voters at the polls in Southern states and throughout the nation. The Act prohibited the use of “tests” and other devices used to prevent people from voting. At issue was not the content of tests themselves but the wide latitude available to those charged with registering and authenticating voters. Poll workers and election officers applied literacy tests, poll taxes, and other mechanisms differentially to voters according to race, resulting in extremely low rates of voter registration and participation among blacks and Hispanics. Forty years after...

  14. UOCAVA: A State of the Research

    Hall, Thad E.
    The problems faced by overseas civilians, military personnel, and their dependents—individuals covered by the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA)—have existed since the nation’s founding. From the Civil War to today, there have been efforts to improve voting for military voters, often to little avail. Since the 1960s, there have also been efforts to address the voting needs of civilians living overseas and the dependents of military personnel to cast ballots. UOCAVA and its amendments are the latest in this history that attempted to improve the voting experience for these individuals. Unfortunately, there is little high quality research today...

  15. 7.00x Introduction to Biology: The Secret of Life MITx on edX Course Report - 2013 Spring

    Seaton, Daniel Thomas; Reich, Justin; Nesterko, Sergiy O.; Mullaney, Tommy; Waldo, Jim; Ho, Andrew Dean; Chuang, Isaac
    This report describes 7.00x: Introduction to Biology - The Secret of Life, one of the first 11 courses offered by MITx on edX, a platform for delivering massive open online courses (MOOCs). Offered in the Spring of 2013, the content of 7.00x reflects the topics taught in introductory biology courses at MIT and many biology courses around the world. This report describes the course structure, in terms of the number of basic e-text, auto-graded problems, and video components. Following a methodology established for analysis of the first 17 HarvardX and MITx courses (Ho et al, HarvardX and MITx: The first...

  16. Scantegrity Responds to Rice Study on Usability of the Scantegrity II Voting System

    McBurnett, Neal; Carback, Richard T.; Chaum, David; Clark, Jeremy; Conway, John; Essex, Aleksander; Herrnson, Paul S.; Mayberry, Travis; Popoveniuc, Stefan; Rivest, Ronald L.; Shen, Emily; Sherman, Alan T.; Vora, Poorvi L.
    This note is a response to, and critique of, recent work by Acemyan, Kortum, Bryne, and Wallach regarding the usability of end-to-end verifiable voting systems, and in particular, to their analysis of the usability of the Scantegrity II voting system. Their work is given in a JETS paper [Ace14] and was presented at EVT/WOTE 2014; it was also described in an associated press release [Rut14]. We find that their study lacked an appropriate control voting system with which to compare effectiveness, and thus their conclusions regarding Scantegrity II are unsupported by the evidence they present. Furthermore, their conclusions are contradicted...

  17. Partisanship and Voter Confidence, 2000-2012

    Sances, Michael W.; Stewart III, Charles H.
    To what degree is voter confidence in election procedures driven by satisfaction with the outcome of an election, as opposed to trust in government or objective features of the polling place, such as voting technology? Using approximately 30 national surveys over the past decade, we find a consistent relationship between voting for the winner and confidence in election administration. This confidence varies as a function of question wording and electoral context. Respondents are more confident in the quality of the vote count locally than nationally. They are responsive to electoral results at the state and national levels in forming their...

  18. Practical Provably Correct Voter Privacy Protecting End-to-End Voting Employing Multiparty Computations and Split Value Representations of Votes

    Rivest, Ronald L.; Rabin, Michael O.
    Continuing the work of Rabin and Rivest we present another simple and fast method for conducting end to end voting and allowing public verification of correctness of the announced vote tallying results. This method was referred to in as the SV/VCP method. In the present note voter privacy protection is achieved by use of a simple form of Multi Party Computations (MPC). At the end of vote tallying process, random permutations of the cast votes are publicly posted in the clear, without identification of voters or ballot ids. Thus vote counting and assurance of correct form of cast votes are...

  19. Written Testimony of Charles Stewart III Before the U.S. Senate Committee on Rules and Administration

    Stewart III, Charles H.
    THERE IS A NEED FOR A MORE DATA-CENTERED APPROACH TO ELECTION ADMINISTRATION. Election policymaking would greatly benefit from metrics-based policymaking, and the development of measures similar to those in policy areas like education and health care. Elections are awash in data, managing elections is increasingly metrics-driven, and a growing network of experts is dedicated to a metrics-based approach to improving elections. A major barrier to the development of metrics-based election administration is uncertainty about the future of the EAC.

  20. Practical End-to-End Verifiable Voting via Split-Value Representations and Randomized Partial Checking

    Rivest, Ronald L.; Rabin, Michael O.
    We describe how to use Rabin's "split-value" representations, originally developed for use in secure auctions, to efficiently implement end-to-end verifiable voting. We propose a simple and very elegant combination of split-value representations with "randomized partial checking" (due to Jakobsson et al. [16]).

Aviso de cookies: Usamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios, para análisis estadístico y para mostrarle publicidad. Si continua navegando consideramos que acepta su uso en los términos establecidos en la Política de cookies.