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Nomenclatura Unesco > (11) Lógica
(1101) Aplicaciones de la lógica (1102) Lógica deductiva
(1103) Lógica general (1104) Lógica inductiva
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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 164,785

1. Investigação das estratégias de ensino mnemônicas utilizadas no ensino de Ciências Naturais - Martins, Alexandre Cristante
Introdução: Atualmente o processo de ensino-aprendizagem nas escolas brasileiras ainda seguem propostas defasadas de currículos educativos atrelados a estratégias didático-pedagógicas questionáveis. Consequentemente, o desenvolvimento educacional de novas habilidades e competências que estimulem o raciocínio lógico dos alunos nas aulas de Ciências Naturais, a fim de torná-los capazes de resolverem situações-problema futuras, tem sido prejudicado. Objetivo: Analisar uma estratégia de ensino potencialmente explorável em sala de aula que auxilie os alunos a internalizarem conhecimentos a médio e longo prazo, por meio da aprendizagem associativa e significativa, que possam ser resgatados de forma hierarquizada quando necessários para a resolução de situações-problema. Métodos:...

2. Adaptive low power receiver combining ADC resolution and digital baseband for wireless sensors networks based in IEEE 802.15.4 standard - Santos, Maico Cassel dos
With the increase of Internet of Things applications and devices, many efforts to reduce power consumption in transceiver has been invested. Most of them targeted in RF frontend, converters, or in the digital baseband architecture individually. As result, there are few margins nowadays for power improvement in these blocks singly that compensates the huge hard work required. The next optimization step leads to a system level analysis seeking design space and new possibilities expansion. It is in this field that adaptive systems approaches are conquering ground recently. The solutions combines Radio Frequency (RF) and process variation techniques, Low Pass Filters...

3. Alguns despertares da consciência pela educação : arriscando-se para manter a esperança - Frasca, Louise Pontes
A educação, enquanto possibilidade de relação humana pode promover sentimentos dos mais elevados como, por exemplo: o encantamento, a paciência, o entusiasmo, a determinação, a perseverança e o amor. Compreender os espaços de ensino e aprendizagem, acolhedores e seguros, como meios propícios ao brotamento dessas realidades mágicas de criação e desenvolvimento nos reconstitui a esperança na jornada pelo conhecimento. Sob a luz do Paradigma Emergente, práticas educacionais inovadoras, experimentais e alternativas estão inspirando-se e buscando atingir o ideal transdisciplinar. Procurando entender melhor como esse ideal funciona me lancei no longo caminho autotransformador de minha própria formação tentando reorganizar e retirar...

4. Challenges for the University Intellectual Capital in the Knowledge Economy - Contantin BRĂTIANU; Florina PÎNZARU
Universities have always been fundamental institutions in any society due to their enduring mission of creating new knowledge through research, of training generations of professionals, and providing service for community. They have a long life cycle and need to adapt continuously to their changing environments. In the last decades, the emergence and development of knowledge society put forward new challenges to universities and to managing their intellectual capital. The purpose of this paper is to present three main challenges for the university intellectual capital in the knowledge economy, and to discuss how these challenges can be achieved. These challenges are...

5. Capitalistic Firms as Cognitive Intelligent and Explorative Agents. The Beer’s VSM and Mella’s Most Views - Piero MELLA; Patrizia GAZZOLA
In this paper we propose a general model to understand (not merely describe) the operating logic of Business Value-Creating Organizations and, in particular of the capitalistic firm - that is, the business for-profit organization. When viewed as autopoietic and teleological organizations, firms can be interpreted both as viable systems (following Beer’s Viable System Model, or VSM) and as operating systems for efficient transformation (following Mella’s MOEST, or Model of the Organization as an Efficient System of Transformation). Beer believes that organizations must be viewed as viable systems, which, through their structure, which is capable of learning and cognition, can achieve...

6. Strategic Public Relations and University Entrepreneurship in Present European Context - Andreea RĂCEANU
Mostly theoretical and following a descriptive - normative logic, with a specific focus on the models of higher education institutions and practices, the present paper addresses the subject of entrepreneurship within higher education area, in relation with current European policy context regarding higher education and university entrepreneurship. It proposes a strategic public relations framework as an integrating effective approach for actual opportunities and challenges that universities deal with presently. Various theoretical approaches and concrete actions emerged, from the complex perspectives of triple helix (organic relationships and interactions between universities, industry and government) to particular aims regarding the development of knowledge-based...

7. Transcendental syntax I: deterministic case - Girard, Jean-Yves
Special Issue: Computing with lambda-terms. A special issue dedicated to Corrado Böhm for his 90th birthday.Thanks to Marc Bagnol, Paolo Pistone and Maria Rengo for their feedback.

8. Encoding TLA+ into Many-Sorted First-Order Logic - Merz, Stephan; Vanzetto, Hernán
International audience

9. Transcendental syntax 2: non deterministic case - Girard, Jean-Yves
Using a non deterministic analytics, it is possible to expand the au- tonomous explanation of logic, a.k.a. transcendental syntax, to full logic, i.e., first order predicate calculus with equality. This paper concentrates on additives, intuitionistic negation and on a paradoxically unexplored territory: predicate calculus. First order terms are handled as proposi- tions and predicates as connectives, e.g., equality becomes logical equiv- alence. Transcendental syntax thus achieves a reduction of logic to its propositional fragment.

10. Proving Determinacy of the PharOS Real-Time Operating System - Azaiez, Selma; Doligez, Damien; Lemerre, Matthieu; Libal, Tomer; Merz, Stephan
International audience

11. A Rigorous Correctness Proof for Pastry - Azmy, Noran; Merz, Stephan; Weidenbach, Christoph
International audience

12. A Cubical Approach to Synthetic Homotopy Theory - Licata, Daniel,; Brunerie, Guillaume
International audience

13. π_n(S^n) in Homotopy Type Theory - Licata, Daniel,; Brunerie, Guillaume
International audience

14. Códigos desplazables : hacia una estética evolutiva de la arquitectura - Frediani Sarfati, Arturo
Epistemological Framework. The present thesis provides a specific approach to the realm of Evolutionary Aesthetics, and is probably the first architectural research effort to take into account the recent achievements of this young field.The purpose of the thesis is to explore the evolutionary raison d'étre of a number of architectural phenomena . The theoretical framework underlying the essay is built upon so-called "Displaceable Codes", a means for relating the evolutionary aspects of such phenomena with their cultural and logical aspects. Hence, I postulate that biology, culture and logic are displaceable levels insofar as they all have the ability to influence each...

15. Pickwick’s Interpolated Tales and the Examination of Suicide: The Science of an Ending - Andrew Scott Mangham
The death of the illustrator Robert Seymour, combined with other well-publicized cases of self destruction, had a defining impact on Dickens’s most formative work. In addition to the various moments of ‘accident and design’ that determined the pace and structure of 'The Pickwick Papers', the complex, philosophical questions that arose from the spectacle of suicide inspired the young Dickens to invent the style that came to define him. This essay examines Dickens’s engagements with science, medicine, and the logic of discovery through the intersections between 'Pickwick’s' interpolated tales and cases of alleged suicide.

16. From La Meduse to the Titanic: Gericault’s Raft in Journalistic Illustration up to 1912 - Tom Gretton
This essay discusses the practices of journalistic illustration in nineteenth-century weekly illustrated magazines in London: magazines such as the 'Illustrated London News 'and the 'Graphic'. It focuses on the way that Géricault’s schema for representing shipwreck survivors in rafts and boats, mostly in the processes of rescue, was a resource for journalistic illustration in London. It concentrates on the period after 1880, ending with a discussion of the presence of ‘The Raft’ in reports of the 'Titanic'’s sinking. The essay considers some of the ways in which Géricault’s schema may have been a resource in the mythopoetic response to the...

17. Géographie Volontaire and the Territorial Logic of Architecture - Kenny Cupers

This article explores the architectural and intellectual history of 'géographie volontaire', a series of experiments in inserting design volition into the study of territory. From the 1940s until the 1970s, an important group of geographers, engineers, state administrators, urban planners, and architects in France used the novel term 'géographie volontaire', or ‘volitional geography,’ to convey their ambitions for a comprehensive organization of space, from the modernization of housing and industry to the shaping of the national territory at large. It was therefore less a subdiscipline of geography than a particular logic for intervention, originating in wartime national planning and...

18. La gestion des ressources humaines au sein des ONG internationales: les relations siège-filiale dans un contexte instable (le cas du Burundi) - Hakizumukama, Alexis
Executive summary Applied to different contexts, the approach to management and HRM practices initially operative, considered by some as the essential and universal key to organizational success, may face some contextual constraints and lead to conflicting results. Now, the local context brings to the subsidiary of international organizations little or no opportunities for the Headquarters. At the same time, the local context adds specific constraints. The consideration of these opportunities and constraints by the officials of the subsidiary is a real managerial challenge for them. This implies much more than a simple transfer of what has always worked well elsewhere. This...

19. Medicina Democratica and the Seveso Disaster: lights and shadows of the Italian movement for environmental health in the 70's - Centemeri, Laura
The season of social movements activism and policy reforms that characterized the years straddling the decades of the 60's and 70's in Italy had in occupational health one of its main issues. Starting from the denunciation of hidden costs of industrial development in terms of workers illness caused by the way industrial production was organised, the struggle for occupational health extended to encompass a more broad idea of environmental health. Health issues inside factories were thus directly linked with those emerging outside, i.e. in the territory. In fact, Italy was witnessing in those years an "epidemiologic turn" (Carnevale and Baldasseroni,...

20. Electoral accountability and incumbency - Austen-Smith, David; Banks, Jeffrey S.
This volume's sample of contemporary political theory draws on the rational choice paradigm in general and game theory in particular, and reveals several facts. First, applications of game theory extend beyond the adaptations of those games made familiar by introductory texts—Prisoner's Dilemma, Chicken, and simple majority-rule voting games. Second, although the usual domain of research employing the mathematical tools has been elections and legislatures, international relations is now an especially fertile area of inquiry. Finally, because the contributions treat elections, legislative processes, and international relations, we see contemporary theory as an integrated subject. Specific models may employ different assumptions about...

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