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Nomenclatura Unesco > (11) Lógica

Mostrando recursos 101 - 120 de 161,758

101. ¿Hacia dónde va la ciencia política? - Sartori, Giovanni
Los textos de Giovanni Sartori y de David D. Laitin son una muestra de que la reflexiónsobre la actualidad y el futuro de la ciencia política están presentes también en la comunidadcientífica internacional. El profesor Sartori hace un balance que abarca sesentaaños de la disciplina y afirma que está sufriendo un proceso de americanización. La cienciapolítica está hoy demasiado obsesionada, a su juicio, por la perfección metodológica yla cuantificación frente a la investigación y a la lógica que él defiende. El profesor Laitinintenta rebatir el análisis de Sartori estudiando las aportaciones de tres subcampos dela ciencia política, como exponentes, según...

102. Pretending God: Critique of Kant's Ethics - Abdullatif Tüzer
Due to his theory of deontological ethic, Kant is regarded, in the history of philosophy, as one of the cornerstones of ethics, and it is said, as a rule, that he has an original theory of ethics in that he posited the idea of free and autonomous individual. However, when dug deeper into Kant’s ethics, and also if it is exactly compared with theological ethic, it is clearly seen that all he has accomplished was to make a copy of the theological ethic and to use such secular terms as reason, conscience, good will, moral law, categorical imperative, universalizability, summum...

103. Planning by Case-Based Reasoning Based on Fuzzy Logic - Atmani Baghdad; Benbelkacem Sofia; Benamina Mohamed
The treatment of complex systems often requires the manipulation of vague, imprecise and uncertain information. Indeed, the human being is c ompetent in handling of such systems in a natural way. Instead of thinking in mathematical te rms, humans describes the behavior of the system by language proposals. In order to represent this type of information, Zadeh proposed to model the mechanism of human thought by approximate reasoning based on linguistic variables. He introduced the theory of fuzzy sets i n 1965, which provides an interface between language and digital worlds. In this paper, we prop ose a Boolean modeling of the fuzzy reasoning...

104. Un estudio piloto sobre los cuidadores de ancianos. A pilot study on elderly care - Alina Alfonso León
A medida que aumenta el nivel de envejecimiento demográfico, crece el interés desde diversas áreas del conocimiento humano de investigar en esta sensible temática. Este trabajo constituye un acercamiento a una importante cuestión que puede ser enmarcada dentro de las relaciones intergeneracionales: el cuidado de las personas mayores, desde el punto de vista de la carga que recae sobre los que ejercen esa tarea. El análisis de un pequeño grupo de entrevistas, arroja luz sobre este tema en la sociedad cubana. Los resultados revelan que los cuidadores cubanos no escapan a los sentimientos de intensa sobrecarga y a las lógicas...

105. Los nuevos escenarios de los movimientos indígenas en el Perú - Ricardo Melgar; Carlos Rubianes
Tratar los movimientos andino-amazónicos en uno de los países con mayor población originaria del continente parte de la consideración de su paradojal ausencia en la agenda etnopolítica internacional. Nos aproximaremos a los nuevos escenarios en que se reconstituyen los movimientos indígenas, y las simbólicas y demandas etnopolíticas que les corresponden. Sostenemos que las respuestas indígenas por ahora son múltiples y contradictorias, aunque la mayoría tiende a converger en la impugnación de alguno de los órdenes existentes y enfrentar la lógica depredadora de la política neoliberal.

106. Information technology and rural development in the Scottish Highlands and islands: A preliminary review of the issues and evidence. - Richards, Caspian; Bryden, John
This paper addresses several key questions relating to the relationship between Information and Communications Technology and rural development in the context of the Highlands and Islands of Scotland. Specifically, it assesses the perceived development problems of the Highlands and Islands of Scotland and the role which Information and Communications Technology is expected to play in addressing these problems. It further examines the logic of public intervention and the role of public policy in this respect. It assesses the evidence that investment in Information and Communications technology has positive impacts on development in this region. Finally, it asks what new research...

107. Transmisión y apropiación de la historia de prisión política: transgeneracionalidad del trauma psicosocial en nietos de ex presos políticos de la dictadura militar chilena - Faúndez, Ximena; Cornejo, Marcela; Brackelaire, Jean Luc
The article presents the results of a study on the transgenerational transmission of psychosocial trauma in the third generation of victims of the Chilean military dictatorship. The participants were 14 young people, grandchildren of former political prisoners, aged 21.4 on average, living in the Metropolitan and Araucanía regions. They were asked to use life stories to share their experiences as grandchildren of victims of political imprisonment. The results reveal a narrative process, which, beginning at certain stages, articulates the life stories of grandchildren framing it in a logic of transmission and transgenerational appropriation of the psychosocial trauma associated with the...

108. Las Juntas departamentales en la FAHCE-UNLP: un análisis de los cambios y continuidades a través del tiempo - Duarte, Yamila; Montenegro, Jésica
En este trabajo nos proponemos analizar la configuración y reconfiguración de un organismo legítimo de participación y representación política de los diversos claustros, en el gobierno universitario a nivel departamental en la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación de la Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Para esto, nos proponemos reconstruir la historia de la configuración de las Juntas Consultivas Departamentales (JCD) y presentar las condiciones políticas que posibilitaron la modificación y posterior institucionalización de las denominadas Juntas Asesoras Departamentales (JAD). Esta Unidad académica (UA) se organiza bajo una lógica disciplinar (Clark, 1983), brinda treinta y un carreras de grado,...

109. Eco-cities, Smart-cities : Soluciones a los retos de la ciudad contemporánea - González Izquierdo, María
Hoy en día las ciudades, como centros de innovación y economía global, constituyen el principal asentamiento de la humanidad. Con los avances tecnológicos de los últimos tiempos se ha impulsado el crecimiento económico, el consumo y la riqueza, propiciando una explosión demográfica sin precedentes, que se concentra sobre todo en las ciudades. Sin embargo, todo esto ha traído consigo graves consecuencias ambientales y sociales que amenazan a la humanidad y a la salud del planeta, como son el calentamiento global, la elevada contaminación, la congestión, la dispersión urbana, la pobreza urbana generalizada, etc. Así, desde el punto de vista de los diseños y...

110. Autonomous classification models in ubiquitous environments - Abad Arranz, Miguel Angel
Stream-mining approach is defined as a set of cutting-edge techniques designed to process streams of data in real time, in order to extract knowledge. In the particular case of classification, stream-mining has to adapt its behaviour to the volatile underlying data distributions, what has been called concept drift. Moreover, it is important to note that concept drift may lead to situations where predictive models become invalid and have therefore to be updated to represent the actual concepts that data poses. In this context, there is a specific type of concept drift, known as recurrent concept drift, where the concepts represented...

111. A marca Montijo: aplicação da metodologia ideas (R)evolution: modelo left and right branding - Fontes, João Paulo
As marcas territoriais são a resposta a um novo paradigma de desenvolvimento das identidades territoriais e nos dias de hoje chegam a uma nova era, a era da co-criação, a era em que criar uma marca, deve ser um processo conjunto onde os públicos e stakeholders envolvidos, têm papel fundamental. O Montijo não é exceção, e nesta lógica de interação, conhecemos um concelho com grandes valências, uma vastidão e diversidade humana e territorial fantásticas, uma bonita história e tradição, uma maravilhosa e benéfica posição geográfica, vários produtos regionais e fatores atrativos, mas carente de ligação, carente de uma conexão constante,...

112. Which place are we speaking from? Returning to a long standing talk about Law and Sociology - Wanda Capeller
Legal scholars that seek to perform social legal studies have to face the challenges and transformations of a globalized society. Legal education without a sociological perspective will not provide the theoretical tools to understand the complexities of the social world that go beyond the normative and formal logic. This article reveals the difficulties to tackle the conflictual relationship between Law and Sociology of Law, which is a consequence of the epistemological irony of the adoption of philosophical positivism by legal scholars. If Social Science tends to ignore Law as a founding element of social practices, many sociological paradigms mobilized Law...

113. A FUZZY-BASED CONGESTION CONTROLLER FOR CONTROL AND BALANCE CONGESTION IN GRIED-BASED WSN - Ali Dorri; Seyed Reza Kamel
A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is deployed with a large number of sensors with limited power supply in a wide geographically area. These sensors collect information depending on application. The sensors transmit the data towards a base station called sink. Due to the relatively high node density and source-to-sink communication pattern, congestion is a critical issue in WSN. Congestion not only causes packet loss, but also leads to excessive energy consumption as well as delay. To address this problem, in this paper we propose a new fuzzy logic based mechanism to detect and control congestion in WSN. In the proposed approach, a Monitor Node for each grid...

114. The Foundations of Understanding Religious Wisdom in the Discourse of Molavi - majid sadeghi; mohammad nasr e esfahani
Molavi has called religious and divine knowledge as religious wisdom. In his view, religion is a strong and unique kind of knowledge. Religious wisdom is a transcendental wisdom which aims to explain and provide various strategies for spiritual transcendence of human being. Other kinds of wisdom are physical wisdoms whose task is to explain the living and worldly affairs. He considers knowledge of self, God and the text as mediating between man and religious wisdom. In his view, anyone who lacks such kinds of knowledge as prerequisites of understanding religious wisdom should not expect the grasp of this kind of wisdom....

115. Semantic and Morphologic Analysis of Hojviri’s Dialectics - E Azimi Yancheshmeh; M Abedi
Dialectic is one of the expressive types of analogy in logic which is used in the form of question and response between two persons. Considering the definition of dialectic and type of dialectic discussions in Kashf al-Mahjoub, the word “debate-like” which has a semantic scope between debate and dialectic was chosen in this article. Then, all debate-likes were analyzed under two general categories of “semantic” and “morphological” analysis. In the first section, as a result of semantic analysis, the most important intellectual and ideological preoccupations of sufis and religious scholars were obtained. In the second section, all debate-likes were described...

116. Does Xaje Nasir-oddin-e Tusi Believe in Three-valued Logic? - Ali Reza Darabi; Asad _allahe falahiy
In his book Asaso Al-eqtebas, Xaje Nasir-od-dine-e Tousi has given an analysis of connected conditional propositions which is similar to the analysis of the conditional propositions in three-valued logic. It raises the following question: does Tusi accept propositions with values other that “True” and “False”? In this article we consider Tusi’s view and those of his followers, and compare it with those who accept the three valued logic. We will show that Xaje didn’t believe that propositions can have a third value. Also we will show that in his analysis of connected conditional proposition Xaje Nasir does not use the...

117. Necessary Conclusions in Moods with only One Necessary Premise A problem in Aristotelian modal syllogism - F Nabati
There are many criticisms about Aristotelian modal syllogism. Some logicians tried to provide adequate formulation of his total system but they were not successful. Therefore some logicians decided to account for those parts of the system which had been more controversial. The most controversial of the system is the "two barbaras" problem. The problem is about Aristotle's claim that moods with necessary major premise and assertoric minor premise have necessary conclusion while moods with assertoric major premise and necessary minor premise do not have necessary conclusion. Some logicians accept this, some believe that both of them have necessary conclusion, and...

118. Intra-Rule Existential Commitment of Al-Tousi on Contraposition and the Problem of Inversion - A Falahiy
Many rules of Ancient Logic need the existence of the subject, and this existence can be either added into the propositions’ structures or regarded as a part of the rules, as enthymematic premise. The two approaches can be named “intra-proposition” and “intra-rule” commitments. The first thinkers who used the latter explicitly are Avicenna and Nasir Al-din Al-Tousi, respectively, on Obversion and Contraposition. Al-Tousi added the proviso of the existence of the subject as not only the premise of Contraposition, but also as its conclusion. In contemporary period, Al-Muzaffar added Inversion to the body of Ancient Logic’s rules. Inversion can be...

119. Metaphysical Modality, Modality of Predicate and the Theory of - l nabavi
Aristotle in the Organon (1949: 9,30 a ,15-19) explicitly states that in a categorical syllogism when the minor premise is absolute (without modality operator) and the major is necessary, the conclusion will be necessary too. This Aristotle's view has been the source of many conflicts and disputes in the history of logic. The famous logicians and historians of logic in the twentieth century as "Nicholas Rescher" and "Becker" believe that Aristotle's view is justifiable and defensible (at least compared to the first figure) only if, the modality of major premise is considered as the property of predicate (modality de re)....

120. Lozomieh in Ibn Sina’s Logic and its Relation to Various Kinds of Conditionals in Modern Logic with Analysis and Critique of Some Views - M Hajihosseini
According to Ibn Sina's logic, Lozomieh is the only conditional that is suitable to be named real conditional. Also Lozomieh is among the foundations of Ibn Sina’s logic that the rules Modus Ponens and Modus Tollens would be applied only to it. Analyzing the relation between premises and conclusion in various kinds of syllogism in ancient Logic shows the importance of Lozomieh too. After providing the truth conditions of Lozomieh, the central aim of the present article is to review different views about Lozomieh and its relation to various kinds of conditionals in Modern logic. These views are as follows:...

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