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Nomenclatura Unesco > (11) Lógica

Mostrando recursos 101 - 120 de 132,158

101. Compras como progresso em objetivos - Gonçalves, Manuela Albornoz
Consumidores usam produtos como meios de obtenção de objetivos. Às vezes, entretanto, os consumidores somente compram o produto e não o consomem. Isso ocorre, especialmente, quando os produtos comprados estão associados a objetivos contínuos, isto é, objetivos que requerem tempo e esforço para o seu cumprimento. Esta tese investiga se os consumidores percebem a compra de produtos associados a um objetivo contínuo como um progresso neste, seguindo a lógica desenvolvida por Fishbach e Dhar (2005), a qual propõe que quando os consumidores percebem um avanço na busca de um objetivo, tornam-se mais suscetíveis a adotar escolhas subsequentes inconsistentes com a...

102. A redução gerencial na transposição de conhecimentos do curso de Gestão Pública da Universidade Aberta do Brasil e da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - UAB/UFRGS - Wilson, Jefferson Luiz Trindade
Esta pesquisa considera um cenário em que a capacitação de servidores públicos passou a ser incentivada com a Reforma Gerencial da Administração Pública, em especial após a Emenda Constitucional n. 19, de 1998. Porém, tendo este incentivo se limitado a aspectos quantitativos da capacitação, sem que estivesse associado a um projeto político de atuação governamental e nem a uma política de pessoal consistente, os recursos aplicados não revertem na mesma medida em melhorias da Administração Pública. Considerando que, nesta ausência de direcionamento, as tecnologias gerenciais da Administração de Empresas (planejamento estratégico, gestão por competências, gestão pela qualidade, etc.) e a...

103. Brief Notes on the Meaning of a Genomic Control System for Animal Embryogenesis - Davidson, Eric
This article presents some reflections on how the recently published Boolean gene regulatory network (GRN) model for sea urchin endomesoderm development affects the problem of what we can expect to know about a developmental process. The Boolean computation demonstrated that, on a system-wide level, a topological GRN model can contain sufficient regulatory information to predict in silico all the spatial and almost all the temporal processes of regulatory gene expression observed in this phase of embryonic development. Conclusions that can be drawn illuminate the general and fundamental characteristics of developmental regulatory systems, such as their innate hierarchy and their reliance...

104. Toward Exact Number: Young Children Use One-to-One Correspondence to Measure Set Identity but Not Numerical Equality - Izard, Véronique; Streri, Arlette; Spelke, Elizabeth S.
Exact integer concepts are fundamental to a wide array of human activities, but their origins are obscure. Some have proposed that children are endowed with a system of natural number concepts, whereas others have argued that children construct these concepts by mastering verbal counting or other numeric symbols. This debate remains unresolved, because it is difficult to test children’s mastery of the logic of integer concepts without using symbols to enumerate large sets, and the symbols themselves could be a source of difficulty for children. Here, we introduce a new method, focusing on large quantities and avoiding the use of...

105. Learning a Markov Logic Network for supervised gene regulatory network inference - Céline Brouard; Christel Vrain; Julie Dubois; David Castel; Marie-Anne Debily; Florence d’Alché-Buc
Background: Gene regulatory network inference remains a challenging problem in systems biology despite numerous approaches. When substantial knowledge on a gene regulatory network is already available, supervised network inference is appropriate. Such a method builds a binary classifier able to assign a class (Regulation/No regulation) to an ordered pair of genes. Once learnt, the pairwise classifier can be used to predict new regulations. In this work, we explore the framework of Markov Logic Network (MLN) that combines features of probabilistic graphical models with the expressivity of first order logic rules. Results: Starting from a known gene regulatory network involved in...

106. Learning a Markov Logic Network for supervised gene regulatory network inference - Céline Brouard; Christel Vrain; Julie Dubois; David Castel; Marie-Anne Debily; Florence d’Alché-Buc
Gene regulatory network inference remains a challenging problem in systems biology despite numerous approaches. When substantial knowledge on a gene regulatory network is already available, supervised network inference is appropriate. Such a method builds a binary classifier able to assign a class (Regulation/No regulation) to an ordered pair of genes. Once learnt, the pairwise classifier can be used to predict new regulations. In this work, we explore the framework of Markov Logic Network (MLN) that combines features of probabilistic graphical models with the expressivity of first order logic rules. Starting from a known gene regulatory network involved in the switch...

107. Synthesis of Conversion Rules by Expanding Logic Programs - Hiroshi Mabuchi; Kiyoshi Akama; Hidekatsu Koike
In some cases a problem can not be solved effectively and automatically in only the space of a certain knowledge representation. We propose in this paper a natural and efficient method for solving a problem by expanding the space using the characteristics of the space in which the problem can not be solved. We deal with synthesis of conversion rules that simplify logical circuits as a concrete problem, and by comparing the synthesis of conversion rules in the space before expansion (space of logic programs) with that in the space after expansion, we show that expansion of logic programs is...

108. Evaluación de registros enfermeros e indicadores de resultados (NOC) en pacientes ingresados por fractura de cadera - Girbés Ruiz, Irene; Garrido Bartolomé, Ángela; González Sánchez, Esther; Valls Vila, Pilar; Dura Tendero, Silvia; Fonfria Peiro, Carmen; Campos Rubio, Francisco; Soriano Martínez, Mª Luisa; Martínez Solano, Aurelia; Campos Vila, Carmen
Dentro de la historia clínica, los registros de enfermería constituyen una documentación que recoge la actividad que la enfermera ha planificado y realizado, así como la información que se genera en la relación enfermera-paciente. Los registros de enfermería recogen una información valiosa sobre el paciente y la evolución de la enfermedad, sirviendo de base para obtener una metodología de trabajo lógica y científica. Las fracturas de cadera en los ancianos son un episodio mas del declinar fisiológico asociado al envejecimiento, la incidencia aumenta continuamente en los países desarrollados, la actuación medica y de enfermería en la fase aguda de la hospitalización es fundamental para mejorar el pronostico funcional de...

109. Mimetismo económico y asincronía social del cooperativismo en Colombia - Monsalve Z., Alveiro
Por haber nacido el cooperativismo en las entrañas de una lógica económica y social con profundas contradicciones entre sí �la lógica del sistema capitalista�, le es difícil diferenciarse de este en su práctica y en su racionalidad. La lógica del modelo capitalista tiene su propia identidad. La lógica del modelo cooperativo también tiene su propia identidad. Sin embargo, para coexistir en la práctica, es necesario que el cooperativismo se mimetice dentro del sistema capitalista con sus prácticas económicas individualistas y competitivas. Esta situación le resta identidad y eficacia social al cooperativismo y genera asimetría como propuesta innovadora en relación con la...

110. Experiencia de emprendimiento económico solidario: el caso de una asociación de recicladores en Bogotá - Valdés-Serrano, Ernesto
Este artículo es el resultado parcial de un acompañamiento realizado en el 2011 a una experiencia de emprendimiento económico solidario desarrollada por recuperadores de basura en Bogotá, para mostrar sus posibilidades y limitaciones en el marco de las políticas públicas para el manejo de residuos sólidos. Su interés se centra en comprender los alcances y las condiciones de este tipo de organizaciones, debido a que su lógica de reproducción no es el capital, sino el trabajo y las comunidades que constituyen su base o referencia de existencia. El enfoque de la investigación en curso es cualitativo y participativo, y busca...

111. La dimensión cognitiva y la adaptación a sus modelos de revitalización económica y urbana. El caso de la industria creativa del software en la Zona Metropolitana de Guadalajara - Canobbio Rojas, Claudia; González Romero, Daniel
The advent of cognitive and creative dimension in economic activity means a rethinking and a reassessment of the spatial logic of economics and urban geography in the modern world. The proliferation of economic and urban agendas geared towards the production of new spaces for the global creative economy brings new Urbanism, projecting creativity as a strategic base in an era of economic and urban regeneration in an international level. Methodologically draws on desk research as a strategy for the analysis and reflection on the development of phenomenology. The main purpose is to achieve results on the study case of the...

112. Quasi-classical description logic - ZHANG, Xiaowang; LIN, Zuoquan
In this paper, we present a paraconsistent description logic based on quasi-classical logic. Compared to the four-valued description logic, quasi-classical description logic satisfies all of the three basic inference rules (i.e., modus ponens, modus tollens and disjunctive syllogism) so that the inference ability of quasi-classical description logic is closer to that of classical logic. Quasi-classical description logic combines three inclusions (i.e., material inclusion, internal inclusion and strong inclusion) of four-valued description logic so that quasi-classical description logic satisfies the intuitive equivalence. Moreover, we develop a terminable, sound and complete tableau algorithm for quasi-classical description logic. As an important result, the...

113. On the power of SPARQL in expressing navigational queries - ZHANG, Xiaowang; VAN DEN BUSSCHE, Jan
Navigational queries on graph databases return binary relations over the nodes of the graph. The calculus of relations, popularized by Tarski, serves as a natural benchmark for first-order navigational querying. Recently, nested regular expressions (nre's) have been proposed to extend navigational querying to resource description framework graphs, i.e. ternary relations. This paper investigates the expressiveness of nre's and their relationship to basic SPARQL queries. An elegant proof is given to the effect that nre queries are already expressible as basic SPARQL queries. This result takes exception of nre's involving Kleene star (transitive closure), but on the other hand it holds...

114. Attractive photons in a quantum nonlinear medium - Firstenberg, Ofer; Peyronel, Thibault; Liang, Qi-Yu; Gorshkov, Alexey V.; Lukin, Mikhail D.; Vuletic, Vladan
The fundamental properties of light derive from its constituent particles—massless quanta (photons) that do not interact with one another. However, it has long been known that the realization of coherent interactions between individual photons, akin to those associated with conventional massive particles, could enable a wide variety of novel scientific and engineering applications. Here we demonstrate a quantum nonlinear medium inside which individual photons travel as massive particles with strong mutual attraction, such that the propagation of photon pairs is dominated by a two-photon bound state. We achieve this through dispersive coupling of light to strongly interacting atoms in highly...

115. Las entidades financieras de la economía social como herramienta para el desarrollo rural: Implicación de los recursos endógenos - Ruiz Guerra, Ignacio
Con el paso de los años se ha ido demostrando que a pesar de los ciclos de bonanza, crisis o estancamientos, el sector de la economía social subsiste en las situaciones mejores y crece en las peores. La razón está clara: la pertenencia a un lugar, una tierra y su sociedad. Esto es compatible con la bancarización, pues la economía social es un dinamizador económico en las zonas rurales y es responsable de la modernización y tecnificación en lo local. A partir de un proceso reflexivo a propósito de hallazgos de investigación en cooperativas de crédito españolas, realizado con el...

116. O Balanced Scorecard como Ferramenta de Gestão Estratégica e Orçamentária da Fundação Cultural de Florianópolis - Medeiros da Rosa, Marcelo; Petri, Sergio Murilo; Ramos Figueiredo Petri, Luana; Casagrande, Maria Deniza Henrique
As organizações públicas têm recebido, nos últimos anos, duras críticas sobre a forma que definem suas políticas, gerem os recursos e divulgam os resultados alcançados. Por este motivo, o setor público tem incorporado ferramentas provenientes do setor privado, motivado pela neces-sidade de profissionalizar sua gestão. A metodologia Balanced Scorecard (BSC) surge como uma opção aplicável na esfera pública, tanto para a avaliação do desempenho quanto na gestão orçamentária e estratégia. Entretanto, com base em pesquisa realizada na base de dados de periódicos da CAPES, verificou-se que a maior parte das publicações sobre o tema discute a aplicabilidade da metodologia em...

117. Políticas de educação especial em Portugal: uma análise a partir de um quadro de referência europeu - Fernandes, Preciosa
Similar to other European countries, special education in Portugal has moved forward and backward. Although established by the Law on the Portuguese Educational System (Law No. 46/86), based on the principles of an inclusive education, it is bounded to the homogenizing logic that characterizes school education in Portugal and in Europe. Consequently and foregrounded on the idea that special education is an integral component of the educational system, it is argued that European policies on special education influence the definition of national educational policies. From the methodological point of view, reports published by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development...

118. A instrução pelo riso em Santo Agostinho - Medeiros, Marcia Maria
Santo Agostinho autor de várias obras, entre elas a que originou este artigo, intitulada A Instrução aos Catecúmenos, e referenda partindo do pressuposto de que o ser humano está em peregrinação nesse mundo rumando para a Jerusalém Celeste. No livro analisado neste artigo, Santo Agostinho mostra como o catequista deve se utilizar da alegria e do riso enquanto elementos que facilitem o ensino da religião cristã aqueles e aquelas que pretendem fazer parte dela. A partir desse processo é possível perceber como o riso possui uma lógica de fundamental importância no que tange ao funcionamento das práticas sociais e culturais...

119. O setor privado no sistema educacional brasileiro: uma vertente da mercantilização da educação - Dascanio Ramos, Marilú; Oliveira Dri, Wisllayne Ivellyze
This article has the objective of identifying how the logic of the private sphere has interfered at the public politics about the continuing teachers formation in Brazil, showing that in several cases, these partners are a reflex of the state reforms in the last decades and has intensified the merchantable education process, also try to comprehend what are the impacts of this phenomenon at the Brazilian education. Methodologically this article shows the thematic coming from a systematic bibliographic review and the authors’ reflections. However, it is important to emphasize that the continuing teachers formation is a huge theme and has...

120. Estudo comparado de documentos curriculares oficiais (1979 e 1999) - de Cássia Tavares Silva, Fabiany
The study, which was recently completed, was conducted in the field of curricular history and school culture. The focus was the schooling of disabled people in Brazil. The analysis was based on the comparative study of two curricular documents produced by the Ministry of Education in 1979 and 1999. Studies for/in/with the use of comparative study procedures were analyzed, aiming to detect their theoretical-methodological contributions for the investigation of a curricular, specific, history, as well as the translations of school culture, determined by a specificity - disability. Two analytical categories were selected for the comparison: school time and space. We...

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