Mostrando recursos 121 - 140 de 166,508

  1. Las categorías literarias

    Brenes Mesén, Roberto
    El objetivo del artículo es mostrar un recuento crítico de lo que ha sido y han hecho la retórica, la gramática y la lógica como instrumentos de análisis en la literatura. Además, describir el destino histórico de la crítica y la preceptiva, desde Aristóteles, hasta los teóricos contemporáneos.

  2. .:

    L. R. Ribas, Lídia Maria; Pinheiro da Silva, Hendrick
    Artigo científico que parte de uma análise bibliográfica exploratório-descritiva para construir uma perspectiva da transação tributária como mecanismo alternativo na solução de conflitos a partir da construção de juízos lógico-semânticos acerca dos enunciados presentes no direito positivo sobre a matéria, recorrendo-se nesta tarefa às lições da doutrina nacional. O trabalho parte das características do instituto em teoria geral do direito para posicionar a relação jurídica tributária como o objeto da transação na esfera do Direito Tributário, figurando a norma individual e concreta inserida pelo lançamento como aspecto essencial. Para esta, como potencial fonte de controvérsia, se propõe a utilização do...

  3. Necesidad social de la intervención universitaria en los procesos medioambientales en las comunidades costeras de Angola

    Domingos Víctor, Joao; Pérez Martinez, C. Lizette de la Concepción; Díaz Rodríguez, C. Santa Nurkis; Antúnez Sánchez, Alcides Francisco
    El trabajo tiene como pretensión fundamental realizar un estudio gnoseológico sobre el estado de conocimiento del Derecho del Medio Ambiente en la República de Angola, para esto se realiza un estudio y análisis de la actual normativa ambiental vigente y de los sistemas de derechos utilizados en materia de derecho comparado. Se ejecuta además todo un estudio desde las ciencias sociales que permiten hacer un abordaje desde una dimensión social a la problema ambiental, principales factores y adversos ambientales, que inciden en la protección de los recursos ambientales en Angola. Se realiza un estudio de la función universitaria como generadora...

  4. Media, estado democrático de derecho y construcción de la memoria

    Kaiser Costa, Lucas
    Gestada a partir da invenção da imprensa, em 1455, e cuja expansão foi possibilitada pelo crescimento do modelo capitalista e pelos mecanismos de globalização, a partir da modernidade, a mídia assume cada vez mais papel de protagonismo na construção da identidade dos indivíduos. O problema, porém, é que toda a potencialidade do sistema midiático, uma vez convergida a uma economia de mercado e monopolizada por poucos megagrupos, pautando-se, assim, numa lógica capitalista de busca pelo lucro, ou, ideologicamente comprometida a interesses particulares, faz com que se preste verdadeiro desserviço, na medida em que impossibilita a construção genuína da memória histórica...

  5. A política cultural da união europeia e a lógica de protecção das diversidades culturais dos estados-membros

    Laureano, Abel
    Os imperativos da integração da União Europeia conduzem naturalmente à desejabilidade da maior liberdade possível na circulação intracomunitária de pessoas e bens. Por outro lado, os Estados-Membros da União Europeia representam um autêntico mosaico multicultural, que dificulta tal liberdade. Face a este panorama, a União Europeia começou por adoptar precipuamente uma postura de contenção, a par da qual veio porém propor-se introduzir, desde certa altura, elementos activos de salvaguarda e promoção duma cultura europeia comum, assim se gerando todavia um quadro geral teórico complexo e um quadro prático de melindrosa exequibilidade.

  6. Hybrid quantum logic and a test of Bell's inequality using two different atomic isotopes

    Ballance, C. J.; Schäfer, V. M.; Home, J. P.
    Entanglement is one of the most fundamental properties of quantum mechanics1,2,3, and is the key resource for quantum information processing4,5 (QIP). Bipartite entangled states of identical particles have been generated and studied in several experiments, and post-selected or heralded entangled states involving pairs of photons, single photons and single atoms, or different nuclei in the solid state, have also been produced6,7,8,9,10,11,12. Here we use a deterministic quantum logic gate to generate a ‘hybrid' entangled state of two trapped-ion qubits held in different isotopes of calcium, perform full tomography of the state produced, and make a test of Bell's inequality with...

  7. Multi-element logic gates for trapped-ion qubits

    Tan, T. R.; Gaebler, J. P.; Lin, Y.; Wan, Y.; Bowler, R.; Leibfried, D; Wineland, D. J.
    Precision control over hybrid physical systems at the quantum level is important for the realization of many quantum-based technologies. In the field of quantum information processing (QIP) and quantum networking, various proposals discuss the possibility of hybrid architectures1 where specific tasks are delegated to the most suitable subsystem. For example, in quantum networks, it may be advantageous to transfer information from a subsystem that has good memory properties to another subsystem that is more efficient at transporting information between nodes in the network. For trapped ions, a hybrid system formed of different species introduces extra degrees of freedom that can...

  8. Single-chip microprocessor that communicates directly using light

    Sun, Cheng; Wade, Mark T.; Lee, Yunsup; Orcutt, Jason S.; Alloatti, Luca; Georgas, Michael S.; Waterman, Andrew S.; Shainline, Jeffrey M.; Avizienis, Rimas R.; Lin, Sen; Moss, Benjamin R.; Kumar, Rajesh; Pavanello, Fabio; Atabaki, Amir H.; Cook, Henry M.; Ou, Albert J.; Leu, Jonathan C.; Chen, Yu-Hsin; Asanovic, Krste; Ram, Rajeev J.; Popovic, M. A.; Stojanovic, V. M.
    Data transport across short electrical wires is limited by both bandwidth and power density, which creates a performance bottleneck for semiconductor microchips in modern computer systems—from mobile phones to large-scale data centres. These limitations can be overcome1,2,3 by using optical communications based on chip-scale electronic—photonic systems4-7 enabled by silicon-based nanophotonic devices8. However, combining electronics and photonics on the same chip has proved challenging, owing to microchip manufacturing conflicts between electronics and photonics. Consequently, current electronic—photonic chips9-11 are limited to niche manufacturing processes and include only a few optical devices alongside simple circuits. Here we report an electronic—photonic system on a...

  9. Los informes de responsabilidad social empresarial: su evolución y tendencias en el contexto internacional y colombiano: Evolution and Trends in the International and Colombian Conte

    Gómez Villegas, Mauricio; Quintanill, Diego Alexander
    This document is framed by interdisciplinary studies on corporate social responsibility. The research aimed to build an analytical framework to identify, characterize and assess the evolution of social responsibility reports. The present paper is the third one that presents the progress of such research. The central question is about the evolution of the production of CSR reports in Colombia and at the international level. Here we revisit the conclusions and the analytical framework central arguments that were developed in previous work and focus on the presentation and interpretation of the developments and trends in corporate social responsibility reports since the...

  10. Discutindo a lógica da autoprodução de moradias

    Nogueira, Priscilla
    O artigo apresenta a dinâmica da autoprodução de moradias, típicas de bairros periféricos de grandes metrópoles. Nessas áreas, vive uma variada e complexa classe média, fruto de sensíveis mudanças em curso na economia brasileira. Apesar de sempre terem construído e reformado suas moradias com poucos recursos, os autoprodutores são excluídos da construção formal e do contexto social para o qual arquitetos usualmente trabalham. Sem dinheiro vivo, mas com crédito aprovado, adquirem mais bens de consumo do que antes, mas continuam à margem das melhores oportunidades de educação e serviços e têm pouco ou nenhum conhecimento construtivo. Tradicionalmente, arquitetos são autores...

  11. Mujeres en venta (2015) y (des)Iguales (2015-2016): un análisis crítico de dos propuestas de documentales transmedia

    Dürr Missau, Lucas
    This article analyses the productions Mujeres en venta: trata de personas con fines de explotaci¬ón sexual (2015) and (des)Iguales (2015-2016) from a critic perspective. The main objective is to reflect about its narrative model, namely its structure and logic with the purpose of understanding the elements that contribute to its characterization as transmedia documentaries.

  12. Por uma crítica descolonial da ideologia humanista dos Direitos Humanos

    Leão Romaguera, Daniel Carneiro; Teixeira, João Paulo Allain; Frizzo Bragato, Fernanda
    The decolonial perspective search for pluralism in the production of knowledge which implies a break from Eurocentric construction of knowledge. Therefore positions itself critically in relation to the traditional narrative of historicism that resulted in the civilizing ideal professed in a more orthodox reading of Human Rights. From this perspective the article proposes on one hand relate the underlying humanist ideology on the discourse of Human Rights with Eurocentrism. On the other hand take the thread of decolonialism in a critical historiography line exposing possibilities that were or have been concealed hidden and destroyed by traditional rationality in construction of...

  13. A linguagem para ‘além’ da dimensão semântica

    Braga de Andrade, Claudia
    Language is a central issue in psychoanalysis and - as far as the Freudian project is concerned - it can be considered in two ways which are related to each other: as evidence of the therapeutic method, accomplished through speech, and in the formulation of the psychic apparatus. This article is about different perspectives and possibilities concerning the approach to language present in the Freudian discourse- which grants special consideration to both representation and dynamic pulsation. Language interferes directly when it comes to making one’s way to a clinical treatment and also signalizes distinct positions concerning the metaphysical logic of...

  14. A operatividade do discurso do analista: encontro faltoso e posição feminina

    Machado Pinto, Jeferson
    This article examines the father’s limits in organizing the economy of the instincts. It arguments that the paternal function structures the unconscious as a language, defining only one sex, the phallic, and demonstrates the impossibility of defining The Woman. The subject who is imprisoned by the signifying order is impeded to have access to the object and the woman embodies the suplement that the phallus lacks. This manner of organizing creates an infinite space between the lacking beings and, for this reason, the text follows the logic of compacity developed by Lacan to demonstrate the contingency of the loving encounter....

  15. Perversão e infância e adolescência

    Marques Caldeira Borges, Juliana; Gontijo de Brito Soares, Margarida Maria; Elias Pinheiro, Maria de Lourdes; Buzinari, Marlene; Gonçalves Mendes, Selma; Guedes Galvão, Sonia; Campos Santoro, Vanessa
    By going through the works of Freud and Lacan, the authors research perversion in childhood, going through the perverse polymorphism of the infant sexuality, increased with the view of the anatomic difference of the sexes, that leads the child to created sexual theories and fantasies. The phallic mother and the fetish are imaginary solutions with a straight relation of the Oedipal and castration complexes. Perversion is a particular position in face of the Oedipus, with a flaw in the symbolization of the law, the denial. Sexuality needs a second logic time, separated by the latency period, to confirm in act...

  16. Methodology to calculate the fracture gradient in a tectonically active zone: An application in colombian foothills

    Contreras, Oscar A.; Corzo Rueda, Reinel; Saavedra, Nestor Fernando; Calderón Carrillo, Zuly Himelda
    Fracture gradient estimates are fundamental to predict the pressure required to hydraulically fracture a formation. The main objective of this work is to propose a new methodology to calculate a fracture gradient value based on the application of two new different methods: Pseudo-Overburden Stress Method and Effective Stress Method. These new methods were obtained by modifying and improving two approaches proposed in the literature, putting them in a logic and systematic order, making possible their application to onshore wells, incorporating a new function to calculate calibration constants with the less associated uncertainty, and broadening their scope of application to involve...

  17. Populismo (en) democracia: Repensando los sentidos de la emancipación en el sur de América Latina

    Reano, Ariana
    This paper has two objectives. Firstly, it proposes rethinking the relationship between populism and democracy, by challenging the positions which create a radical antagonism between these two political dynamics. In order to do this, the paper refers to guidelines put forward by Ernesto Laclau, relating to the rupture and reconstruction of populism understood as political logic. This idea is complemented by contributions from Jacques Rancière, in order to explore the democratizing dimension of populist movements. Secondly, the article analyzes two examples of contemporary governments – that of Nestor Kirchner in Argentina, and of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in Brazil...

  18. El proyecto político y las capacidades de gobierno

    Spinelli, Hugo
    This article presents a theoretical overview of personal and institutional governance capacities (experience, leadership and knowledge on the individual level, and organizational capital available on the institutional level) and their relationship to politics and policies in the Latin American context. Using the theoretical production of Carlos Matus regarding the act of governing, diverse dimensions of this problem are put into discussion in relation to other authors and experiences in different historical moments. Theories, methods and techniques of government are explored and the need for state reform with an internal logic is analyzed. It is concluded that there is a need...

  19. Cuestiones de género en centros residenciales y de día para personas con discapacidad intelectual en Andalucía. Reflexiones desde el trabajo social

    Díaz Jiménez, Rosa María
    Al analizar los procesos de intervención de trabajadores/as sociales con personas con discapacidad intelectual en centros residenciales y de día de Andalucía, se ha comprobado que las cuestiones de género pueden explicar, por una parte, la invisibilidad científica de disciplinas con importante impacto en la intervención con personas en situación de vulnerabilidad social y por otra, la diferencia de trato en la intervención con personas con discapacidad intelectual en centros, un entorno institucional eminentemente feminizado. En nuestra investigación, mediante un marco conceptual interpretativo de lógica ascendente y una metodología cualitativa bajo los supuestos generales de la �Grounded Theory�, se ha...

  20. ¿Políticas de bienestar? Análisis de las implicaciones para la equidad de género de los programas de transferencias monetarias condicionadas. Caso México, Chile y Brasil

    Cevallos Barahona, Ana Ruth
    Los Programas de Transferencias Monetarias Condicionadas (PTMC) se promueven en los discursos oficiales como la principal estrategia de combate a la pobreza en buena parte de los países de América Latina. Sin embargo, en realidad plantean una nueva lógica de acceso a los beneficios sociales caracterizado por su carácter restrictivo y focalizado. Tal y como están definidos, parecería que también fundamentan buena parte de su éxito en asumir una lógica de división sexual del trabajo en los hogares, implicando un deterioro en el bienestar de las mujeres pobres. En este documento por tanto se intenta conocer la relación de las...

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