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Nomenclatura Unesco > (11) Lógica

Mostrando recursos 121 - 140 de 140,166

121. A Colour Code Algorithm For Signature Recognition - Kulkarni, Vinayak B.
The paper ";A Colour Code Algorithm for Signature Recognition"; accounts an image processing application where any user can verify signature instantly. The system deals with a Colour code algorithm, which is used to recognize the signature. The paper deals with the recognition of the signature, as human operator generally make the work of signature recognition. Hence the algorithm simulates human behavior, to achieve perfection and skill through AI. The logic that decides the extent of validity of the signature must implement Artificial Intelligence Pattern recognition is the science that concerns the description or classification of measurements, usually based on underlying...

122. Internacionalización del capital y proceso productivo: análisis critico - Andreff, W.; Delaplace, G.; Duboeuf, F.; Gillard, L.; González-Vigil, Fernando; Lespes, J.; Bardais, L.
This research deals with the way of analysing the logic of capital reproduction, as a social relationship, focused on its internationalization. It presents a critical analysis of the most important authors and the political implications of their theories. The goal is to analyze these theoretical approaches to understand them and to contribute to the study of capital reproduction.

123. Il progetto di riforma del Senato. Un esame dei lavori preparatori e un confronto col Bundesrat austriaco - Ferraro, Luigi
Against the background of the process by now over many decades that has marked the debate over institutional reforms, the physiognomy and the functions of the Senate are examined in depth as to how they are regulated under the constitutional bill on the initiative of the government known as A.S. 1429-A, introduced in the XVII Legislature. It is observed first of all how the attempted reform, both as a whole and with particular reference to the role of the upper house, is placeable in the wake of analogous reform initiatives that have animated recent debate, first of all the contribution...

124. El estatus de víctima en el tribunal penal internacional: la importancia de una perspectiva comunicativa - Frisso, Giovanna María
This paper studies the recognition of victim status by the International Criminal Court from a communicative perspective. Assuming that the victim may contribute to censorship past behaviours and to take a decision that can be rationally accepted by all of those involved in international criminal proceedings. However, the positive impact of victim participation requires, in first place the maintenance of the internal logic of the reasoning processes that occur in international criminal proceedings, and second to respect the rights of the accused. The necessary recognition that be- fore the Court victims and defendants are juridical equal, it requires to affirm...

125. La genitalidad en la adolescencia - Maya Restrepo, Beatriz Elena
This paper is the product of the advice given to a research on this topic. It reviews the notion of phases of psychosexual development by taking into account Sigmund Freud's correction to the theory on sexuality in his paper The Infantile Genital Organization. Likewise, it is guided by Jacques Lacan's theorization on this topic, who introduces it into the logic of signifier and takes it away from the geneticist stances in order to give it a place in the subject's structure.

126. Deseo, lenguaje, moral: Perspectiva psicoanalítica - Uribe, Juan Guillermo
This paper is part of the research "On Excess and Its Regulation. Reflections from Psychoanalysis and Philosophy”, carried out by the Psicoanálisis, Sujeto y Sociedad [Psychoanalysis, Subject and Society] research group, University of Antioquia, Colombia. Kant's theory of desire –named by him as "faculty of desire"– and Sigmund Freud's "experience of satisfaction" are here compared. These are two approaches to desire, the former coming from Philosophy, the latter from clinic. In relation to language, Jacques Lacan's logic of signifier is here presented together with the consequence of the emergence of an unconscious subject –subject considered by Lacan as a response...

127. Mal-estar na política: notas de psicanálise, educação e cultura - Passone, Eric Ferdinando Kanai
O presente artigo inscreve uma leitura sobre omal-estar na política contemporânea. No campo do discurso psicanalítico,seguindo a trilha deixada por Freud, ao iniciar a investigação da dimensãopsíquica da política, Jacques Lacan propôs uma lógica interna ao pensamentopsicanalítico que abriu uma via à política do desejo – causada pela lei dodesejo. Como dimensão irredutível dos seres falantes, o mal-estar implicapensarmos a outra cena, isto é, o inconsciente que opera como dimensãosimbólica do humano. Ao interrogarmos o discurso moderno em torno do Estado deserviços de bens, a psicanálise revela a ilusão que representa o direito àfelicidade como um fator universal, operando a...

128. Las pasiones del ser, rastros de un real en el sujeto: Sobre las lógicas de la interpretación del deseo en las neurosis - Saldarriaga, Ana Victoria
In Seminar VI, Desire and its Interpretation (1958-59), Jacques Lacan examines and interprets the dream and fantasies of an Ella Sharp's patient. This paper reports on the three logical moments in Lacan's interpretation of desire in such formations of the unconscious, namely, the imaginary restitution, the symbolic restitution, and the real restitution of the affections and passions of being. It also indicates how, from the latter restitution, Lacan places the subject's position in relation to being and jouissance in a fantasy that, in its particularity, is one of the most universal.  

129. Goiânia e os diálogos (re)produtores de um “corpo híbrido” - de Mello, Marcelo
Goiânia was built to redefine the administrative logic of the Goiano territory. It was raised to break up the connections defined by the local oligarchy and consolidade an articulation with the economy based on the country’s southeast. The new capital was the central element in a universalizing discourse which announced the benefits brought about by the instauration of a new productive mentality in the State of Goiás. However, despite the eloquence with which the new capital was promoted, several elements which were not inserted in the original project started to emerge. Such elements represent the particular demands present in the...

130. Colores y olores del cuerpo tikuna - Goulard, Jean-Pierre
El totemismo se ha estudiado como categoría desde los comienzos de la antropología y continúa siendo de su interés: Lévi-Strauss propuso entenderlo como una lógica de clasificación y Descola lo considera uno de los cuatro modos deorganización ontológica, elaborado por los humanos para establecer relaciones con los no-humanos. En esta contribución analizaremos el totemismo mediante los elementos sensoriales que lo definen y se buscarán los denominadores comunes, para comprender cómo se establecen los epónimos de los clanes delos tikunas en el noroeste amazónico. Sin la intención de destacar las relacionesanatómicas, se evidencia que en dicho contexto prevalecen los lazos fisiológicos...

131. La razonabilidad estética como proceso interhumano y abductivo desde “Un descenso al Maelström” - Henao Ciro, Rubén Darío
El texto muestra los avances de una investigación cualitativa con enfoque hermenéutico en la cual se propone la razonabilidad estética desde la teoría de la abducción de Charles Sanders Peirce y de seguidores suyos que piensan la razonabilidad en la educación como Sara Barrena y Jaime Nubiola. Para ello se diseña y se pone en escena una estrategia didáctica, apoyada en el análisis de relatos de ficción y artículos de investigación. Los primeros resultados de la estrategia, muestran que los maestros en formación, tanto en literatura como en matemáticas, de la Universidad de Antioquia, desconocen las posibilidades lógicas y creativas...

132. J. M. Coetzee: en el callejón de Samuel Beckett - Sheinbaum, Diego
El autor muestra la influencia de Samuel Beckett en la obra del escritor sudafricano. Analiza las dos primeras novelas de J.M. Coetzee, Dusklands (1974) y In the Hearth of the Country (1977), para explicar cómo sus protagonistas comparten el solipsismo de los personajes becketianos; sin embargo, su destino cambia bajo la lógica del Colonialismo. A partir de este grado cero de la escritura, los personajes del novelista sudafricano inician un viaje que, en términos filosóficos, va de la parodia del ego cartesiano hacia el horizonte de reconocimiento hegeliano.

133. Fundamentos de la economía civil parael diseño de las organizaciones - Calvo, Patrici
El presente estudio tiene por objeto analizar el diseño de las organizaciones que subyacen tras el enfoque de «economía civil» desarrollado por los economistas italianos Luigino Bruni y Stefano Zamagni. Este tipo de organización, estructurada sobre la base de la lógica de la reciprocidad, está en disposición de generar y potenciar bienes relacionales y capital social tipo empoderamiento, recursos intangibles que son condición de posibilidad de una economía robusta, sostenible y sostenida

134. Sistema de inferencia difuso para la valoración de empresas - Rojas López, Miguel David; Zuluaga Laserna, Esteban; Valencia Corrales, Maria Elena
The objective of this research is to propose a tool based on diffuse logic that would allow its implementation in the valuation of companies, accepting the inclusion of non-quantitative variables and criteria that have not been included in said process. Initially, some of the main company valuation methodologies are explored, identifying the factors that have an impact on them. Then, they are established as supply for the tool proposed in this research work. Subsequently, the diffuse logic theoretical framework is presented, which is the basis of the mentioned tool. Then, the characteristics are established in diffuse terms of its own components, and several results are disclosed. The presented tool,...

135. Evolución de los conceptos y paradigmas que orientan la gestión ambiental ¿cuáles son sus limitaciones desde lo glocal? - Martínez Idrobo, Juan Pablo; Figueroa Casas, Apolinar
In this article was made an analysis of the chronological evolution of different paradigms and concepts related to the environmental management (EM). the review highlights those that have impacts on the guidance of the EM in the country and the concept of associated development, as well as the considered approaches and dimensions for establishing the relations between them. Although the environmental management is one of the public functions shared with the society, the implemented model of EM has been unidirectional and this limited the interinstitutional interactionwith the communities and the interdisciplinary relations. If this situation have a glocal-logic point of view in different ecosystems and regions, the predominance of...

136. I shop, therefore I am: Barbara Kruger - Val Cubero, Alejandra
The artist Barbara Kruger graduated from The Parson Design School in New York was fed from feminist currents of the 70�s and 80�s. She used advertising techniques with the employment of direct, short and shocking slogans, in shades of red and black. She used the language of the media to criticize, for more than four decades, the consumer society and gender relations aspects. Currently, her work has been phagocytized by the art market and it�s necessary to open up new paths that know the logic of commercial advertising, in order to subvert them.

137. Law in the Age of Media Logic: an Introduction - Bogoch, Bryna; Bybee, Keith J.; Holzman-Gazit, Yifat; Peleg, Anat
The eleven papers in this volume address a range of theoretical and empirical issues examined at the Oñati workshop, "Law in the Age of Media Logic." Several papers explore the politicization of the media's reporting of the Courts and of judicial nominations, and consider how this reporting affects public support of the judiciary in different countries, including Israel, the United States, and Canada. Several other papers assess the "trials by media" that play out in the coverage of the criminal justice system. These papers consider a number of topics, including the criminalization of firearms litigation, the tension between a free...

138. Sul perché, anche nel mondo dei Linked Data, non possiamo rinunciare al concetto di documento - Salarelli, Alberto
I Linked Data rappresentano una delle forme di utilizzo più interessanti e proficue dei dati aperti, dal momento che offrono la possibilità di correlare i contenuti di differenti archivi digitali realizzando strumenti informativi estremamente innovativi. Tuttavia comportano anche alcuni problemi, fra i quali spiccano la provenienza dei dati e la loro granularità. Per far fronte a questi problemi è importante non abbandonare il concetto di documento, tanto più cruciale proprio nel momento in cui la logica della decostruzione sottesa ai Linked Data sembra porlo in secondo piano. Solo mantenendo in vita il concetto di documento, infatti, è possibile contenere la...

139. Dinámica estocástica o compleja con información incompleta: una revisión desde el control - Gómez, Amalia Dávila; Peña Palacio, Alejandro; Ortiz Valencia, Paula A.; Delgado-Trejos, Edilson
El control de procesos con dinámica es- tocástica o compleja es exitoso siempre y cuando se pueda estimar un modelo que se ajuste bien al compor- tamiento, sin embargo, esta suposición pierde validez en aplicaciones donde la información del sistema es reducida o incompleta, muy comunes en ambientes reales de la industria. La literatura presenta diferentes esquemas de control, siendo los modelos neuro-difusos los que reportan mejor desempeño. Estos modelos con- jugan la capacidad de adaptación que tienen las redes neuronales con la robustez de los motores de inferencia que tiene la lógica difusa, para modelar el conocimien- to de...

140. Sistema de decisión basado en lógica difusa para la detección de distorsiones de la arquitectura de la glándula mamaria - Gómez Betancur, Duván Alberto; Branch Bedoya, John William
La distorsión de la arquitectura es un cambio anormal del tejido de la glándula mamaria con la consiguiente formación de lesiones finas y espiculadas que no están asociadas a la presencia de una masa. La distorsión es el tercer hallazgo mamográfico más común y por la dificultad de su detección es el primer causante de falsos negativos en los diagnósticos. Este artículo presenta la planeación, implementación y pruebas de un método que sirve como soporte para la detección de distorsiones de la arquitectura de la glándula mamaria a partir de imágenes de radiología de mama. El método asiste a los...

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