Mostrando recursos 141 - 160 de 189.147

  1. Narrativa de experiênciaprática como possibilidade de justiça cognitiva

    Reis, Graça Regina Franco da Silva
    O presente texto tem como objetivo tratar as produções curriculares cotidianas como espaçostempos repletos de possibilidades de justiça cognitiva e consequentemente de justiça social. Para isso, realizo, inicialmente, uma discussão sobre a imposição do pensamento moderno ocidental que privilegia a sua lógica desenvolvimentista e monocultural sobre as demais lógicas, buscando legitimar uma única forma de viver. Em seguida, como forma de aproximação de uma prática mais emancipatória, proponho que os currículos são/sejam produzidos de forma mais ecológica (SANTOS, 2004), trazendo, para além da discussão teórica, uma narrativa de experiênciaprática (REIS, 2014) vivida por mim no ano de 2016 com uma...

  2. Classes d'âge en question

    Percheron, Annick
    Public opinion surveys have accustomed us to think in terms of age groups, to accept a given structuring by age and the very idea of a division by age groups. The logic of habitual age groups is here questioned as well as their relevance in two specifie fields : moral norms and political mobilization. The analysis shows the complexity of age effects in both the short run and the long run, and highlights a crucial time in life, between 38 and 46 years.

  3. The main barriers of Portuguese entrepreneurship ecosystem: Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM) approach

    Banha, Francisco Manuel; de Almeida, Maria Helena; Rebelo, Efigénio; Orgambídez Ramos, Alejandro
    This study is based on the technique Interpretive Structural Modelling (ISM) (Warfield, 1973), in order to delineate a flowchart that shows the main ten barriers (and their relationships) influencing the development of Portuguese Entrepreneurship Ecosystem. Through a process of modelling it was possible to reach a graphical representation that shows the operating sequence of these barriers in order to understand the logic of their relationship. The results show a model represented by a flowchart consisting of 10 barriers, three of them that are positioned at the base of the model have political-legislative features with high level of range in all...

  4. ¿De qué racismo(s) somos contemporáneos en Argentina? La persistencia del racismo como desafío explicativo para la sociología

    Ipar, Ezequiel; Giller, Diego
    Starting from the hypothesis that established for modernity a universal type of racism, in the first part of this article we study the concrete expressions of this phenomenon in the cases of Argentina, Bolivia and France. As a result of empirical material produced in a longer research concerning the “Problems of Argentinian democracy”, in the second part we proposed some interpretative hypothesis about the particularity of contemporary racism in Argentina. We focus on the ideological process emerging in the internal borders of politics, the subjective structure of the denial that affirms racism and the cultural logic of the racism.

  5. Des ethnologues chez les ayatollahs: approches ethnologiques de la révolution iranienne

    Digard, Jean-Pierre
    For the ethnologist, when the Iranian Revolution is approached from the inside, through its actors, it cannot be reduced to the logic of its causes and effects. It appears primarily as a life experience in which specifie cultural forms and processes common to all revolutionary movements are necessarily interwoven.

  6. Subjetividad y vínculo social: el conflicto constitutivo del imaginario individual en las organizaciones laborales

    Meneses Carvajal, Aldo
    This essay hinges upon contributions from the dynamic psychoanalytical approach as well as from the sociolog y of action being applied on organizations. Our research shows that diverse types of relationships exist between its members’ psychic apparatus and the organization models. This addresses the existing debate in social sciences on the preeminence of social structures in the individual’s consciousness in explaining the building of a social link in the widest sense of human behavior. We hypothesize about the conflictive nature of social constitution, which is based upon the organization’s logic of modern labor world and on culture itself.

  7. Contributos do ProNIC para a reabilitaçâo do património edificado: processo e tecnologia

    Mêda, Pedro; Sousa, Hipólito; Moreira, Joaquim
    A conjuntura atual coloca uma grande pressão sobre o sector da construção. A disponibilidade para o investimento é muito menor e é assumido que todos os donos de obra deverão adotar medidas que permitam aferir com mais eficácia as despesas e benefícios dos investimentos a realizar. As estratégias apontam para a reabilitação e designadamente para as intervenções sobre património edificado como uma das áreas de desenvolvimento num futuro próximo. Estas operações envolvem especificidades que as diferenciam de outras, sendo por isso ainda mais premente não só a consideração de todas as despesas envolvidas no processo construtivo, bem como a previsão dos custos de utilização/funcionamento. Estas são essenciais...

  8. Procesos participativos en la recuperación del patrimonio de las obras públicas

    Ramiro Nuño, María José; Hernández Jiménez, Verónica; Herrera Peral, Almudena
    Los diferentes elementos de la Obra Pública construidos a lo largo del territorio están sujetos al deterioro. Dada su vinculación con el mismo y su especial relación con el paisaje, se pretende conseguir que la población asuma la propiedad de los mismos y se identifique con ellos más allá de su apariencia o su uso cotidiano. Se trata de permitir que la comunidad local valore suficientemente las Obras Públicas de su entorno próximo como para considerarlas un recurso más de su Patrimonio Cultural susceptible de generar, un incremento del flujo de visitantes que se sientan atraídos por ellas. La metodología del trabajo deberá incluir las siguientes...

  9. Los paisajes contemporáneos aprovechables: estrategias de conocimiento, integración y gestión del sistema cultural

    Converti, Fabio
    Analizando las ciudades contemporáneas italianas se nota como el espacio urbano se haya extendido enormemente, fragmentado y extraviado en el curso de las últimas décadas; de ciudades compactas se ha pasado a asentamientos cada vez más dilatados y difusos sobre el territorio a causa de un crecimiento adicional de los tejidos urbanos modernos y dinámicas urbanizadoras cada vez más "moldeadores" o quizás "de-moldeadores�. Los cambios que han implicado la ciudad contemporánea son atados a nuevas formas de dispersión y concentración que han redefinido geografías y territorios modificando los carácteres en profundidad. También las preguntas sociales dirigidas a la ciudad tenderían a homologarse, mientras que los atributos considerados irrenunciables...

  10. Empleo y distribución del ingreso en Mar del Plata entre 1995 y 2013: clases ocupacionales y heterogeneidad estructural

    Chávez Molina, Eduardo
    La intención del presente artículo es poner el acento en la configuración de la desigualdad y los procesos de distribución en el caso particular de la ciudad de Mar del Plata (Argentina) en las últimas décadas, partiendo de una hipótesis de vieja data: la heterogeneidad estructural. Para ello, nos centramos en la descripción de los procesos mediante los cuales hombres y mujeres reproducen sus condiciones cotidianas de sobrevivencia basados en el carácter económico productivo en que se insertan y en las características sociopolíticas que ello implica: las clases sociales. Esta hipótesis remite a determinados supuestos: a) la centralidad de la...

  11. Planificación, participación y sustentabilidad del desarrollo en Puerto San Julián

    Mansilla, Claudia
    En este trabajo se describe la experiencia que la localidad de Puerto San Julián, en la Provincia de Santa Cruz, puso en marcha a partir de la creación de la Agencia de Desarrollo en el año 2004 y hasta el año 2013. Dicho proceso está inscripto en un contexto provincial y regional fuertemente impactado por las lógicas del mercado. Los esfuerzos colectivos desplegados en el territorio no fueron ni son una mera adaptación pasiva a esas dinámicas, sino un proceso de naturaleza política que incluyó desde el inicio la demanda social de construir el desarrollo sustentable. La perspectiva general que se sostiene...

  12. Da arquitetura da casa, evolução das lógicas de preconceção dos usos em habitação coletiva

    Costa, Gustavo Eduardo Sobral Brito Saraiva da
    Dissertação de Mestrado Integrado em Arquitetura, com a especialização em Arquitetura, apresentada na Faculdade de Arquitetura da Universidade de Lisboa para obtenção do grau de Mestre.

  13. Fuzzy Energy-Based Active Contours Exploiting Local Information

    Krinidis, Stelios; Krinidis, Michail
    Part 5: Fuzzy Logic

  14. Fuzzy Friction Modeling for Adaptive Control of Mechatronic Systems

    Kabziński, Jacek
    Part 5: Fuzzy Logic

  15. A Hybrid Method for Evaluating Biomass Suppliers – Use of Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets and Multi-Periodic Optimization

    Gerogiannis, Vassilis,; Kazantzi, Vasiliki; Anthopoulos, Leonidas
    Part 5: Fuzzy Logic

  16. Adaptive Intuitionistic Fuzzy Inference Systems of Takagi-Sugeno Type for Regression Problems

    Hájek, Petr; Olej, Vladimír
    Part 5: Fuzzy Logic

  17. Fuzzy Graph Language Recognizability

    Kalampakas, Antonios; Spartalis, Stefanos; Iliadis, Lazaros
    Part 5: Fuzzy Logic

  18. Prospects of germanium-based MOSFETs and tunnel transistors for low power digital logic

    Chern, Winston
    Moore's law has driven technological improvements for decades by halving the areal footprint of the transistor every two years and increasing the performance of making integrated circuits while reducing their cost. The ability to reduce the footprint of the device was enabled by advances in processing technology, novel materials and device design. As ever-smaller footprints are desired, power density limitations and performance degradation require more innovations on all fronts. Recently introduced improvements to integrated circuits are high-K and metal gate for MOSFETs (45-nm node onward), the FinFET (22-nm node onward) and air gaps between copper interconnects (14-nm node) illustrating that...

  19. RNAi-based logic circuitry coupled to Cas9-mediated transcriptional control in human cells and applications to stem cell technology

    Palacios, Sebastian Ricardo
    This work demonstrates fundamental advancements towards the construction of an RNAi-based molecular computing core genetically encoded in the genome of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs). This architecture can be theoretically programmed to precisely control stem cell differentiation. First, we use computational biology to analyze differential miRNA expression during human stem cell differentiation and guide biological design. We then design, build, and test proof-of-concept RNAi-based circuits in living human cells and couple them to Cas9-mediated transcriptional control. Finally, we demonstrate stable integration of an RNAi-based sensor in chromosome 19 (AAVS1 locus) of hiPSCs using landing pad technology followed by successful...

  20. Geometrical control of domain walls and the study of domain wall properties of materials with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy

    Zhang, Jinshuo, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Magnetic based devices such as hard disk drives (HDDs) are widely used in the computer industry because of their high memory capacity, non-volatility and low cost compared to semiconductor-based solid state disk drives (SSDs). However, they also suffer from low energy efficiency and low speed, due to the requirement for mechanical motion in order to access the data. In my thesis, I will first give a brief introduction to the motivation and background in the study of magnetic domain walls (DWs), which have attracted great attention due to their ability to be moved by field and/or current and corresponding potential...

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