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Nomenclatura Unesco > (11) Lógica
Nomenclatura Unesco > (11) Lógica
Alvarez Benítez, Paula V.
There is an extensive bibliography on the culture of the architectural books and the world of architectural magazines has aroused great interest in recent years, nevertheless the culture of editing architecture is a vast territory yet to be discovered. It is usual to understand editing architecture as publishing or designing books, which has created a world of misunderstandings that makes it difficult to clarify. This paper shares some first reflections on the background, scope and differences of editing architecture. The idea of editing architecture is approached through six complementary “definitions”: the edition as a form, as an antagonistic logic, as...
This paper proposes understanding Marcuse’s theory on art and technology as a part of his theory of social rationality. Within this framework, the logics of art and technology appear as opposite ways of configuring that rationality, as well as a means of domination or emancipation, respectively. While the technological logic gives room to a loss of the power of negation and to the Marcusean theory of one-dimensional man, the esthetic experience connected through art restores a wider rationality that, by including the order of sensibility, enables social change.
López Levi, Liliana
The novel The Savage, by Guillermo Arriaga, enables us to study a neighborhood in Mexico City, at a specific moment: the Unidad Modelo (Model Housing Unit) of the late nineteen-sixties and early seventies. It is a middleclass housing area, built with the logic of modern architecture on the backdrop of the ideals of progress and post-revolutionary nationalism. Today it faces a reality where crime, insecurity and violence mark the territory. This is the starting point for a discussion of the relationship between civilization and barbarism from a socio-territorial point of view, and exploration of the intersection between literature and urban studies....
En este artículo cuestiono la tesis de que la estructura representacional de las actitudes implícitas responsables del comportamiento implícitamente sesgado es proposicional—en lugar de asociacionista. De acuerdo con la propuesta criticada, si la conducta implícita sesgada puede ocasionalmente ser modulada por consideraciones lógicas y evidenciales, entonces la estructura de las actitudes implícitas responsables de esa conducta es proposicional. Cuestiono, en particular, la verdad de este condicional. Sostengo que la sensibilidad de las actitudes implícitas a consideraciones lógicas y evidenciales resulta ser un criterio inadecuado para establecer su verdadera estructura representacional. Consideraciones de otro tipo, que enfatizan los desafíos planteados por...
Acero Fernández, Juan José
In this paper a critique to Cartwright’s approaches of capacities and nomological machines is carried out. This approaches share the idea that invariant knowledge is crucial for achieving policy purposes. However, it is shown that socioeconomic processes do not fit to the logic of stable causal factors, but they are more suited to the logic of “open-ended results”. On the basis of this ontological variation it is argued that ex-ante interventions are not appropriate in the socioeconomic realm. On the contrary, they must be understood in a “dynamic” sense. Finally, derivational robustness analysis is proposed as a useful tool for...
In this paper, I explore the possibility of applying the methods and results of Judgement Aggregation to the problem of logical disagreement. I develop and evaluate different ways in which individuals who logically disagree can generate a collective logic. I prove a version of the discursive paradox, where the majority voting of a group of structural logicians can give rise to a substructural logic; then I develop a more general impossibility result. After this, I analyze different ways to avoid the paradox, in particular some methods which appeal to domain restrictions. Finally, I consider the application of these results to the...
Lértora Mendoza, Celina A.
Legaz Lacambra, Luis
The idea of modernity is inextricably tied up with the one of progress. One mainreason for this connection is that the late eighteenth century, often consideredto be the onset of modernity, was in Europe also seen as the dawn of a newsociety evolving according to a different logic than any preceding one, namelywith an open horizon of future possibilities. This article explores the meaning ofthis opening by first looking at the elaboration of what is called here a “strongconcept of progress”, based on the connection between autonomy and reason,and by subsequently confronting this concept with the historical experienceswith progress. This...
This article intends to analyze the extent of Max Weber´s theorie in the global context of our society. It searchs in it the tools to explain the social facts according to variations that include each social frame. It deals with a reflection on the limits of the social theories that depend on a universal logic of development. The aim would be to stress on Weber´s theory to criticize the universal models of classical theory of modernization and reconstruct thesociological research from the point of view of comparative methodology.
La idea de modernidad está inextricablemente ligada a la de progreso. Una de las razones fundamentales de esta conexión es que el final del siglo xviii, considerado a menudo como el momento inicial de la modernidad, fue también percibido en Europa como el del nacimiento de una nueva sociedad que evolucionaba en función de una lógica distinta a todas las que la habían precedido: una sociedad que contaba con un horizonte abierto a las posibilidades futuras. El presente artículo explora el significado de esta apertura a través primero del estudio de la elaboración de lo que aquí llamamos un «concepto...
This article intends to analyze the extent of Max Weber´s theorie in the global context of our society. It searchs in it the tools to explain the social facts according to variations that include each social frame. It deals with a reflection on the limits of the social theories that depend on a universal logic of development. The aim would be to stress on Weber´s theory to criticize the universal models of classical theory of modernization and reconstruct the sociological research from the point of view of comparative methodology.
Silva Araújo, Maria Luciene da
A democratização do acesso à educação superior no Brasil nos instiga a pesquisar sobre as formas que as(os) estudantes ingressam neste ensino, apontando as iniciativas da instauração e a formulação de políticas voltadas para o acesso e a permanência no meio acadêmico. A partir disso, é de suma importância compreendermos a expansão do ensino superior, bem como quais interesses ele atende, mantendo-se na lógica da formação profissional voltada para o mercado de trabalho, trazendo à tona as recentes políticas de acesso a este ensino. Deste modo, a pesquisa que segue, oriunda de uma análise parcial do trabalho monográfico “ninguém tira...
Wilson, Emma Annette
Moreno Fernández, Agustín
Beyond the stereotypes and simplifications of René Girard’s work, this paper defends the critical, independent and complex character of his thought. One year after his death and in the 25th anniversary of his dialogue with several liberation theologians, we come back to the proceedings of the meeting. In this volume we can recognize the richness and nuances of Girard’s thinking, exemplified in his perspective on the Christ’s Passion, that he originally regarded as a non-sacrificial narrative, and then accepted as sacrificial, but keeping his own denunciation of the logic of sacrifice and agreeing with the theologians present at the meeting about its relation with the persistence of poverty, exclusion,...
The Colombian mining has acquired an important role in the economy of the country. Despite its relevancy, environmental and social impacts are not insignificant, on the contrary, the scope of this deterioration has demanded the adoption of public policies to counteract it. The country is lagging behind in Latin America in environmental policy, particularly as regards manage of so called mining environmental liabilities and abandoned, inactive, paralyzed or orphaned mine closure requiring measures to mitigate them or remedy them, in addition to the management of risks of effects both current and future. For a suitable management of these liabilities, it is convenient the design...
Aguirre Sala, Jorge Francisco
Aguirre Sala, Jorge Francisco
This article is a preliminary study about the semiotic analysis of cuisine by means of the cultural identity. The gastronomic textuality is an identitary marker that focuses its attention on migrants' 'eating' and characterizes the improvisation palimpsest as a generating logic of a new culinary text where formal and taste similarities oscillate indiscriminately.