Mostrando recursos 41 - 60 de 194

  1. A search for neutrino emission from the Fermi bubbles with the ANTARES telescope

    Adrian Martinez, Silvia; Albert, A.; Al Samarai, Imen; André, Michel; Anton, G.; Anvar, S.; Ardid, M.; Astraatmadja, T.; Baret, B.; Basa, S.; Bertin, V.; Biagi, S.; Bogazzi, C.; Bouhou, B.; Brunner, J.; Morganti, M.; Schmidt, J.; Stolarczyk, Th.
    Analysis of the Fermi-LAT data has revealed two extended structures above and below the Galactic Centre emitting gamma rays with a hard spectrum, the so-called Fermi bubbles. Hadronic models attempting to explain the origin of the Fermi bubbles predict the emission of high-energy neutrinos and gamma rays with similar fluxes. The ANTARES detector, a neutrino telescope located in the Mediterranean Sea, has a good visibility to the Fermi bubble regions. Using data collected from 2008 to 2011 no statistically significant excess of events is observed and therefore upper limits on the neutrino flux in TeV range from the Fermi bubbles...

  2. Searches for point-like and extended neutrino sources close to the galactic center using the antares neutrino telescope

    Adrian Martinez, Silvia; Albert, Andreas; André, Michel
    A search for cosmic neutrino sources using six years of data collected by the ANTARES neutrino telescope has been performed. Clusters of muon neutrinos over the expected atmospheric background have been looked for. No clear signal has been found. The most signal-like accumulation of events is located at equatorial coordinates R.A. =-46.°8 and decl. =-64.°9 and corresponds to a 2.2s background fluctuation. In addition, upper limits on the flux normalization of an E -2 muon neutrino energy spectrum have been set for 50 pre-selected astrophysical objects. Finally, motivated by an accumulation of seven events relatively close to the Galactic Center...

  3. Dark energy and thermonuclear supernovae

    Domínguez, Inmaculada; Bravo Guil, Eduardo; Piersanti, L.; Tornambé, A.; Straniero, O.; Höfflich, P.
    Nowadays it is widely accepted that the current Universe is dominated by dark energy and exotic matter, the so called StandardModel of Cosmoloy or _CDM model. All the available data (Thermonuclear Supernovae, Cosmic Microwave Background, Baryon Acoustic Oscillations, Large Scale Structure, etc.) are compatible with a flat Universe made by _70% of dark energy. Up to now observations agree that dark energy may be the vacuum energy (or cosmological constant) although improvements are needed to constrain further its equation of state. In this context, the còsmic destiny of the Universe is no longer linked to its geometry but to the...

  4. Simulations of radiative shocks and jet formation in laboratory plasmas

    Velarde, Pedro; González, Matthias; Oliva, Eduardo; Kasperczuk, Andrzej; Pisarczyk, Tadeusz; Ullschmied, Jiri; Stehlé, Chantal; Rus, Bedrich; García Senz, Domingo; Bravo Guil, Eduardo; Relaño, Antonio
    We present the simulations of two relevant hydrodynamical problems related to astrophysical phenomena performed by three different codes. The numerical results from these codes will be compared in order to test both the numerical method implemented inside them and the influence of the physical phenomena simulated by the codes. Under some conditions laser produced plasmas could be scaled to the typical conditions prevailing in astrophysical plasmas. Therefore, such similarity allows to use existing laser facilities and numerical codes suitable to a laser plasma regime, for studying astrophysical proccesses. The codes are the radiation fluid dynamic 2D ARWEN code and the...

  5. Supernovae and dark energy

    Domínguez, Inmaculada; Bravo Guil, Eduardo; Piersanti, Luciano; Straniero, Oscar; Tornambé, Amedeo
    A decade ago the observations of thermonuclear supernovae at high-redhifts showed that the expansion rate of the Universe is accelerating and since then, the evidence for cosmic acceleration has gotten stronger. This acceleration requires that the Universe is dominated by dark energy, an exotic component characterized by its negative pressure. Nowadays all the available astronomical data (i.e. thermonuclear supernovae, cosmic microwave background, barionic acoustic oscillations, large scale structure, etc.) agree that our Universe is made of about 70% of dark energy, 25% of cold dark matter and only 5% of known, familiar matter. This Universe is geometrically flat, older than previously...

  6. A population synthesis study of the luminosity function of hot white dwarfs

    Torres Gil, Santiago; García-Berro Montilla, Enrique; Krzesinski, Jurek; Kleinman, Scot J.
    Context. We present a coherent and detailed Monte Carlo simulation of the population of hot white dwarfs. We assess the statistical significance of the hot end of the white dwarf luminosity function and the role played by the bolometric corrections of hydrogen-rich white dwarfs at high effective temperatures. Aims. We use the most up-to-date stellar evolutionary models and implement a full description of the observational selection biases to obtain realistic simulations of the observed white dwarf population. Methods. Our theoretical results are compared with the luminosity function of hot white dwarfs obtained from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), for...

  7. Observation of SN2011fe with INTEGRAL - I : pre-maximum phase

    Isern Vilaboy, Jordi; Jean, Pierre; Bravo Guil, Eduardo; Diehl, Roland; Knödlseder, Jurgen; Domingo, A.; Hirschmann, Alina; Hoeflich, Peter; Lebrun, F.; Renaud, M.; Soldi, Simona; Elias-Rosa, Nancy; Hernanz Carbó, Margarita; Kulebi, Baybar; Zhang, X.; Badenes Montoliu, Carles; Domínguez, Inmaculada; García Senz, Domingo; Jordi, Carme; Lichti, G.; Vedrenne, G.; von Ballmoos, Peter
    Context. SN2011fe was detected by the Palomar Transient Factory in M101 on August 24, 2011, a few hours after the explosion. From the early optical spectra it was immediately realized that it was a Type Ia supernova, thus making this event the brightest one discovered in the past twenty years. Aims. The distance of the event offered the rare opportunity of performing a detailed observation with the instruments onboard INTEGRAL to detect the ¿-ray emission expected from the decay chains of 56Ni. The observations were performed in two runs, one before and around the optical maximum, aimed to detect the early...

  8. A Super-solar metallicity for the progenitor of Kepler's supernova

    Park, Sangwook; Badenes Montoliu, Carles; Mori, Koji; Kaida, Ryohei; Bravo Guil, Eduardo; Schenck, Andrew; Eriksen, Kristoffer A.; Hughes, John P.; Slane, Patrick O.; Burrows, David N.; Lee, Jae-Joon
    We have performed deep X-ray observations of the remnant of Kepler's supernova (SN 1604) as a Key Project of the Suzaku Observatory. Our main goal is to detect secondary Fe-peak elements in the supernova (SN) ejecta to gain insights into the Type Ia SN explosion mechanism and the nature of the progenitor. Here, we report our initial results. We made a conclusive detection of X-ray emission lines from highly ionized Mn, Cr, and Ni as well as Fe. The observed Mn-to-Cr line flux ratio is ~0.60, ~30% larger than that measured in Tycho's remnant. We estimate an Mn-to-Cr mass ratio...

  9. Experiments on the Ionospheric Models in GNSS

    Vinh, La The; Quang, Phuong Xuan; García Rigo, Alberto; Rovira Garcia, Adrià; Ibáñez Segura, Marcos - Deimos
    In GNSS, one of the main error sources of the Standard Positioning Service (SPS) is introduced by the ionosphere. Although this error can be cancelled by combining two signals at different frequencies, most of the single - frequency mass - market receivers do not benefit from this cancel l ation. For that reason, a set of parameter s is included in the navigation message in order to compute the ionospheric delay of any observation by the Klobuchar model. The Klobuchar model is a very simple model that is able to remove more than the 50% of the ionospheric delay. Recently, more accurate ionospheric models have been introduced such as Global Ionospheric Map (GIM) or the F ast P recise P oint P ositioning ( F PPP ) ionospheric model. In...

  10. Mathematical Methods Applied to the Celestial Mechanics of Artificial Satellites 2013

    Prado, Antonio F. Bertachini A.; Masdemont Soler, Josep; Zanardi, Maria Cecilia; Winter, Silvia Maria Giuliatti; Yokoyama, Tadashi; Gomes, Vivian Martins
    Postprint (published version)

  11. Lagrange y la primera formulación de la mecánica analítica

    Navarro, Luis

  12. Solar EUV flux rate estimation during mid and strong flares from the ionospheric electron content response signature in GNSS observations

    Hernández Pajares, Manuel; García Rigo, Alberto; Juan Zornoza, José Miguel; Sanz Subirana, Jaume; Monte Moreno, Enrique; Aragón Ángel, María Ángeles
    A simple and precise technique to measure the sudden Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV) radiation increase of the Sun, during mid and strong flares, has been formulated and demonstrated for the most active part of the last Solar Cycle. On the one hand, it is based on the short time scale of these events, which allows the validity of a simple global overionization model. And on the other hand on the prompt ionospheric response to the EUV ionization, which signature (in terms of the Global Navigation Satellite Systems -GNSSSolar Flare Activity Indicator, GSFLAI) is accurately measured in real-time from the existing global...

  13. Impact of higher order ionospheric delay on precise GNSS computation

    Hernández Pajares, Manuel; Aragón Ángel, María Ángeles; Defraigne, Pascale; Bergeot, Nicolas; Prieto Cerdeira, Roberto; Sanz Subirana, Jaume
    Peer Reviewed

  14. The shape of a galaxy is not much influenced by the potential as it might seem

    Cubarsí Morera, Rafael
    The dynamics of a galaxy as a stellar system in statistical equilibrium is usually obtained from the superposition principle, based on the linearity of the Boltzmann collisionless equation (BCE) in regard to the phase space density function. The term statistical equilibrium is a notion coming from statistical dynamics, although, from an analytical dynamics viewpoint, it should be associated with an invariant (conservative) density function under the BCE in the phase space. Similarly, dissipative forces like dynamical friction, which are essential to statistical dynamics, emerge in analytical dynamics via non steady-state phase density functions and/or potentials as solutions of the BCE....

  15. UV to far-IR reflectance spectra of carbonaceous chondrites - I. Implications for remote characterization of dark primitive asteroids targeted by sample-return missions

    Trigo Rodríguez, Josep Maria; Moyano Cambero, Carles E.; Llorca Piqué, Jordi; Fornasier, Sonia; Barucci, Maria Antonietta; Belskaya, Irina N.; Martins, Zita; Rivkin, Andrew S.; Dotto, Elisabetta; Madiedo, José María; Alonso Azcárate, Jacinto
    We analyse here a wide sample of carbonaceous chondrites from historic falls (e.g. Allende, Cold Bokkeveld, Kainsaz, Leoville, Murchison, Murray, Orgueil and Tagish Lake) and from NASA Antarctic collection.With the analysis of these meteorites we want to get new clues on the role of aqueous alteration in promoting the reflectance spectra diversity evidenced in the most primitive chondrite groups. The selected meteorite specimens are a sample large enough to exemplify how laboratory reflectance spectra of rare groups of carbonaceous chondrites exhibit distinctive features that can be used to remotely characterize the spectra of primitive asteroids. Our spectra cover the full electromagnetic spectrum from 0.2 to 25 μm...

  16. A white dwarf merger as progenitor of the anomalous X-Ray pulsar 4U 0142+61?

    Rueda, Jorge A.; Boshkayev, K.; Izzo, L.; Ruffini, R.; Loren Aguilar, Pablo; Kuelebi, B.; Aznar Siguan, Gabriela; García-Berro Montilla, Enrique
    It has been recently proposed that massive, fast-rotating, highly magnetized white dwarfs could describe the observational properties of some of soft gamma-ray repeaters and anomalous X-ray pulsars (AXPs). Moreover, it has also been shown that high-field magnetic white dwarfs can be the outcome of white dwarf binary mergers. The products of these mergers consist of a hot central white dwarf surrounded by a rapidly rotating disk. Here we show that the merger of a double degenerate system can explain the characteristics of the peculiar AXP 4U 0142+61. This scenario accounts for the observed infrared excess. We also show that the...

  17. Binary systems and their nuclear explosions

    Isern Vilaboy, Jordi; Hernanz Carbó, Margarita; José Pont, Jordi

  18. Introduction

    José Pont, Jordi

  19. Mean proton and alpha-particle reduced widths of the Porter-Thomas distribution and astrophysical applications

    Pogrebnyak, I.; Howard, C.; Iliadis, Christian; Longland, Richard Leigh; Mitchell, G.E.
    The Porter-Thomas distribution is a key prediction of the Gaussian orthogonal ensemble in random matrix theory. It is routinely used to provide a measure for the number of levels that are missing in a given resonance analysis. The Porter-Thomas distribution is also of crucial importance for estimates of thermonuclear reaction rates where the contributions of certain unobserved resonances to the total reaction rate need to be taken into account. In order to estimate such contributions by randomly sampling over the Porter-Thomas distribution, the mean value of the reduced width must be known. We present mean reduced width values for protons and α...

  20. Classical and recurrent nova models

    José Pont, Jordi; Casanova Bustamante, Jordi; García-Berro Montilla, Enrique; Hernanz Carbó, Margarita; Shore, Steven N.; Calder, A.
    Remarkable progress in the understanding of nova outbursts has been achieved through combined efforts in photometry, spectroscopy and numerical simulations. According to the thermonuclear runaway model, novae are powered by thermonuclear explosions in the hydrogen-rich envelopes transferred from a low-mass stellar companion onto a close white dwarf star. Extensive numerical simulations in 1-D have shown that the accreted envelopes attain peak temperatures ranging between 108 and 4 × 108 K, for about several hundred seconds, hence allowing extensive nuclear processing which eventually shows up in the form of nucleosynthetic fingerprints in the ejecta. Indeed, it has been claimed that novae can play...

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